Turkmen English Dictionary a spa project of Peace Corps Turkmenistan Contributing Editors

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Turkmen - English

a SPA project of Peace Corps Turkmenistan

Contributing Editors:
Jonathan Garrett

Greg Lastowka

Akgul Muhammetmuradova

Jahan Myradova

Kimberly Naahielua

Meena Pallipamu

Muhammed Rustamov

Meretgul Sharipova

Aynabat Yaylymova

© 1996 Garret, Lastowka, Naahielua, Pallipamu

This dictionary is, to our knowledge, the first comprehensive Turkmen/English dictionary to be printed. It consists of over 10,000 words and definitions and is intended as a general-purpose dictionary.

This dictionary was conceptualized, researched, and written as a secondary project of Peace Corps volunteers living in Turkmenistan, aided by Peace Corps staff and local counterparts. Its first printing was funded by a Small Project Assistance grant from the United States Goverment through Peace Corps Turkmenistan. We hope that it will aid in communication and mutual understanding between the people of our two countries.

Please direct any comments, corrections, or ommissions to Turkmen Dictionary Project, c/o Peace Corps Turkmenistan, P.O. Box 258, Krugozor, Central Post Office, Ashgabat 744000.
This dictionary was a cooperative effort. We would like to extend our thanks to: Ainabat Yaylymova for her enthusiasm and dedication to the project; Muhamet Rustamov of Bairam Ali for his expertise and assistance in translating obscure phrases and usages; Mehri Karkulova and Zuhre of the Peace Corp Staff in Ashgabat for their proofreading and general assistance; Berdi and Gulya Orazahatov of Bairam Ali for their encouragement and support; Sofia Esenovna Bagirova of Buzmein for her encouragement; and special thanks to Atgul Muhammetmuradova for her assistance throughout the project.

The authors also wish to acknowledge the contribution of V. Mesgudov, whose Turkmen/Russian Student's Dictionary was an important resource.

Above all, the authors would like to thank our Turkmen friends, families, and co-workers, who taught us their language and made this book possible.

Jonathan Garrett

Greg Lastowka

Kimberly Naahielua

Meena Pallipamu
Ashgabat, September 1996

adj. adjective

adv. adverb

anat. anatomical

bot. botanical

col. colloquial

fig. figurative use

geol. geological

geom. geometrical

gram. grammatical

i.e. for example

mat. mathematical

med. medical

mil. military

n. noun, or noun-adjective

poet. poetic language

r. denotes that the word in question is either exists in the Russian language, or is derived from a word that exists in the Russian language.

v. verb

zool. zoological
Notes on Method
Every attempt was made to find the most reasonable and accurate translation for all words. In cases where a single Turkmen word has no single equivalent in English, multiple possible translations are separated by a comma, i.e.:
çekisme discussion, debate

When a word has various meaning in Turkmen, the multiple meanings are separated by numbers, i.e.:

gujak 1. embrace 2. armfull
When a two completely different words are spelled alike, their different meanings are separated by Roman numerals, i.e.:
saz I. music, musical II. accurate, intact
Where two words are spelled alike, but differentiated by a long vowel (see Appendix), they are listed as above, with the long vowel indicated by the vowel letter in brackets, i.e.:
at I. horse II.[a:] 1. name 2. vowel
Occasional examples of usage are given to help readers understand the word in context, or understand how the word is used in an idiomatic way. In this case, the illustrated word is followed by a colon, which is followed by the example, i.e.:
dek like, as: Bu burç dek ajy = This is hot as a pepper
In most cases, part of speech is obvious and ommitted in the interest of conserving space. However, when the part of speech is would otherwise be ambiguous, it is indicated.

When single-word translations are impossible, or clarification of usage is necessary, editorial text is written in italics. For short one or two word comments, parentheses are used.

Printer's Note

At the time of this printing, a complete computer-based font of the new Turkmen alphabet characters was not available to the general public. As a result, three characters have been substituted with close equivalents. These characters are as follows:

Official Character Substitute Character
¥ / ÿ
£ / £
? / ?

abadanylyk   well-being

abadanlaºdyrmak   to make well

abadanlaºmak   to be made well

abanmak   to lean over

abat   intact

abatlyk   intactness

abraØ   reputation

abuna   subscription

abunay   subscriber

abzal   tool

abzallar   instruments

abzallaºdyrmak   to make a tool

a gšz   greedy

a   open

a-aan   freely, frankly : A-aan aØtsana = Please speak frankly

aar   key

agšzlylyk   greed, fighting by greedy people

amak   to open

ayk   adj. open

aylyº   opening

ada   island

adaglamak   to betrothe

adagly   betrothed

adalat   fairness

adalatly   fair, just

adalatlylyk   justice

adalatsyzlyk   injustice

adalga   term, title

adam   person, man

adamkŠrilik   philanthropy

adamzat   humanity

adata   normal, okay

adatlanmak   to adapt

adaty   usual

admiral   r. admiral

adres   r. address

adykmak   to acquire

adyl   lavish, wealthy

ady–daky   named after

affiks   r. affix

afiºa   r. poster

afrikaly   African

aga   1. older brother 2. (Balkan dialect) uncle

agajet   withered, wrinkled

agaran   1. creamy froth of al 2. foam, froth 3. lightened, whipped up

agdar-du–der etmek   to turn upside-down

agdarmak   to overturn, push over

agdyk   overmuch

agdyklyk   predominance

aglaba   often, the greater part

aglamak   to cry, weep

agralmak   1. to grow heavy, weighten 2. to advance in pregnancy

agram   weight

agramly   heavy

agsak   lame

agsamak   to limp

agºamky   adj. evening

agºamlyk nahar   dinner

agtarmak   to search, to look for

agtaryº   search, quest

agtyk   grandchild

agy   weeping, crying

agyl   pen, enclosure

agyr   heavy

agyrlyk   weight

agyrmak   to hurt

agyrtmak   to hurt, cause pain

agyry   1. ill 2. troubles

agyz beklemek   to fast

agyz   mouth

agyzzyryk   horse's bit

agza   member

agzala   disjointed

agzamak   1. to mention someone else 2. to give voice to

agzybir   friendly

agzybirlik   friendship

ah   darn!

aha   aha!

ahlak   moral (of a story)

ahmyr etmek   to regret, lament

ahmyr   regret, lament

ahwalet   adverb

ahyr   1. trough 2. end, exit

ahyrky   last, final

ahyryn   last, final

ajal   death

ajamak   1. to be spoiled 2. to be fermented

ajatmak   1. to spoil 2. to ferment

ajaØyp   wonderful, beautiful

ajdarha   dragon

ajšze   on an empty stomach

ajy   spicy, peppery, hot

ajyga   ajyga, a spicy Turkmen salad or sauce made from potatoes, garlic, peppers, and onions

ajykmak   to be hungry, hunger

ak   white

akaba   flowing

akar   stream, flow

akdyrmak   to release, let flow water or any other liquid

akgšwŸnli   honest, open-hearted

aklamak   to whiten, white-wash

aklawy   lawyer

akmak   1. foolish, stupid 2. to flow

akmaklyk   stupidity

akrobat   r. acrobat

aktiw   r. active

aktØor   r. actor

akØuzli   pale

akyl   mind

akyldar   intellectual

akylly    smart, clever

akylsyz   stupid

akylsyzlyk   stupidity

akym   stream, flow

akytmak   to pour

al   pink

ala   multi-colored (2 colors)

alabahar   early spring

alabeder   multi-colored (3 or more colors)

ala   exit, escape

alasyz   inescapable

alasyzlyk   inevitability, unavoidability

alada   cares, troubles

alada etmek   to care for, go to trouble over

aladalanmak   to care for, go to trouble over

aladaly   troubled, preoccupied

aladandan   in the pre-dawn

alahekik   magpie

alahuberen   alahuberen, a species of white and gray snake

alaja   talisman of camel hair

alajy   purchaser, customer

alaka   rat

alamat   mark, sign, signifier

alamatlandyrmak   to signify

ala–   hill

alarmak   to dazzle

alarylmak   to stare threateningly, to glare angrily

alasarmyk   cloudy, uncertain

alaØaz   early spring: ol alaØaz Øaly boldy = he came out of his bad mood

alak   friendly, sociable

aldamak   to lie

aldanmak   to deceive oneself

aldaw   deception, lie

aldawy   liar, rascal, faker

aldygyna   to the best of (my, its, his) ability : Men buni aldyguna etdim = I tried my best to do this

aldym-berdimli   hard-fought, give-and-take

algy   debt

aljyramak   to be insecure

aljyra––y   insecure, uncertain, afraid to act

aljyratmak   to make someone/something a nervous wreck

alkym   chin

allanŠme   wonderful

alma   1. apple 2. (as a command) Don't take it!

almak   to take

al–asamak   to hurry, make haste

al–asan   hurried

al–asatmak   to hasten

altmyº   sixty

alty   six

altyn   gold

aluw-satuw   commerce

alyjy   buyer

alym   scientist

alymlyk   science (degree)

alyn   forehead, way, lead

alyndaky   fore

alynda–y   head scarf

alyp gelmek   to come taking, to bring

alys   far

alysda   distant

alyº-alyº   exchange

alyºmak   to exchange

amal   action

aman   1. health, safety, wholeness 2. safe

amanat   unknown property

amatly   comfortable, handy

amatsyz   uncomfortable

angyz   spicy plant

anna   friday

anonom   anonymous

ant   oath

anyk   obvious

anyklamak   to make clear

anyklyk   clarity

a–   mind, thought

a–-bilim   education, knowledge

a–-dŸºŸnje   prospect, vista

a–almak   to wonder

a–karmak   to look over

a–kaw   stinker

a–kawmak   to emit an unpleasing odor

a–latma   expression, formula

a–latmak   to express, signify

a–ly   sober

a–mak   to feel, understand

a–ry   opposite

a–sat   easy

a–syrmak   to understand

a–zak   frost

ap-ak   whitest

apbasy   two-sided

ar almak   to take revenge

ar   revenge

ar-namys   integrity

ara   interval, middle

araba   cart (animal driven)

arabaglanºyk   tie, connection

araŠk   border

araŠkdeº   bordering

aray   intermediary

arada   recently

aradan ykmak   to die

aradan   since then

aragatnaºyk   tie, connection

arak   vodka

arakesme   recess, break. time-out

aralamak   to take apart

aralaºmak   to attack

aralyk   1. distance, interval 2. middle-sized

aram   moderately

aram-aram   sometimes, now and then

arassa   clean

arassalamak   1. to clean 2. to peel

ardynjyramak   to cough up

arga   woof, weft (carpet-making term)

argyn   tired

argynlyk   weariness

arheolog   r. archeology, archeologist

arheologik   r. archeological

arhitektura   r. architecture

arhiw   r. archive

arka   back (physical)

arkadaØŠn   brace, support

arkalanmak   to hope

arkalaºmak   to give a hand to, assist

arkalaºyk   mutual aid

arkalaºyk   support

arkaly   supported, helped by

arkan   prone

arkaØyn bolmak   to count on

arkaØyn   safe

arkaØynlamak   to quiet, to make still

arman   impossible fantasy

armyt   pear

arpa   barley

arryk   skinny

arryklamak   to get skinny

arslan   lion

artdyrma   increase, multiply

artilleriØa   r. artillery

artist   r. artist, actor

artmak   1. to increase 2. to peel

artyk   extra

artykma   1. extra 2. very: artykma gyz = very good girl

ary   bee

arza   declaration

arzan   inexpensive

arzuw   dream, wish

arzuw etmek   to wish

arzuwlamak   to wish

as   lizard

asfalt   r. asphalt

asgy   hanging peg

asgyn   weak

asgynlamak   to weaken

asgynlyk   weakness

asgyrmak   to sneeze

aslynda   generally

asmak   to hang up

asman   air, sky

aspirant   r. graduate student

assa   gently

assistent   r. assistant

assyryn   secret

assyrynlyk   secretiveness

ast   bottom, below

astronom   r. astronomer

astronomiØa   r. astronomy

asuda   peaceful

asudalyk   peace

asyl   tribe, kin : sizi– asly–iz kim? = Who are your kin?

asylly   noble

asylmak   to hang

asylyp durmak   tohang, be hanging

asyr   century

aº   food

aºa   too much

aºak   below : aØagy– aºagynda bolmak = to be underfoot

aºaklamak   to lower

aºaky   beggar, low-life

aºgar   lye

aºgazan   stomach

aºmak   to cross : Kšeden aºdym = I crossed the street

aºpez   cook

aºyk   sheep knee-bones (used in a children's game like dice)

aºyr   somersault

aºyrmak   to get across

at   1. horse 2. [a:] first name 3. [a:] noun 4. (as a command) shoot!

at calysma   pronoun

at capysyk   horse race

at Øatak   stable

at-abraØ   authority, reputation

ata   grandfather

ata-baba   forefather

ata-ene   parents

atagzy   1. mouthful, bite 2. pliers

atanak   cross

atanaklaØyn   upon the cross

atarmak   to get started (about cooking)

atdaº   namesake

atgulak   1. wedding gifts 2. a kind of grass

atlandyrmak   to name, call

atlaØyn   1. [a:] namely 2. on top

atlaz   1. r. atlas 2. r. satin

atletika   r. athletics

atly   1. [a:] namely 2. [a:] topmost 3. [a:] famous 4. on horseback

atmak   1. throw 2. put 3. shoot (a weapon) 4. to add drink or food

atmosfera   r. atmosphere

atom   r. atom

atØatak   stall, booth

atØuzli   narrow

atyjy   shooter

atym   fingerful (about a tablespoon)

atyr   scent

atyºmak   to shoot down

atyz   garden bed

auditoriØa   r. auditiorium

aut   out (as used in sports)

aw   hunt

awamak   to hunt

awatmak   to hunt (something)

awy   hunter

awlamak   to hunt

awuºamak   to hunt (something)

awy   poison

aØ   1. moon 2. month

aØa   palm

aØagu   geo. foot, bottom

aØak   leg, end

aØaky   mosquito (lit. "legger")

aØakgap   footwear

aØakgap   shoe

aØaklamak   to finish

aØakly   leggy, fast

aØakØala–a   barefoot

aØal   wife, woman

aØamak   to take care of

aØan   obvious

aØat   memorial ceremony

aØawly   cautious

aØaz   frost

aØba-aØ   every month

aØbogdaº   "Indian style" : AØbogdaºy–y gurup otyrØarys = We're sitting "Indian style"

aØdylmak   to pronounce : By sšz nŠhile aØdilØar? = How do you pronounce this word?

aØdylyº   pronunciation

aØdym   song

aØdymi   singer

aØdy–   1. moonlit, moon (adj.) 2. obvious

aØdy–laºdyrmak   to make clear, explain

aØgyr   stallion

aØgyt   determination

aØgytly   determined

aØlag   1. circle 2. gulf

aØlamak   to turn, reflect

aØlanjyramak   to stroll, saunter

aØlanma   rotation

aØlanmak   1. to go around, turn

aØla–-saØla–   a little stroll

aØlar   seasons

aØlaw   1. circle 2. racetrack

aØlawly   circular, curvy, winding

aØlyk   1. salary 2. monthly

aØmana   fence

aØna   window, glass, mirror

aØnadan   reflective

aØnalamak   to make glassy

aØra   singular, unique

aØralyk   loneliness, separation

aØratyn   specific, particular

aØratynlyk   specificity

aØry   different

aØrylmak   1. to get out 2. to complete 3. to die

aØy   bear (animal)

aØyl-saØyl   obvious

aØylgan   fright, horror

aØyp   worthy of blame

aØypgy   accusative (gram.)

aØyplamak    to blame

aØyrmak   to complete

az   little, few

az-azdan   little by little

az-oblak   a little bit

aza   ill

azalmak   to lessen

azap   torment, torture

azar bermek   to give trouble, pain

azar   trouble, pain

azaºmak   to get lost

azat   free

azatlyk   freedom

azgyrylmak   to holler

azmak   to get spoiled

azot   r. nitrogen

azyk   food

baba   grandfather

babatda   on the part of

babatdan   from that, that's why

bada   initially

bada-bat   immediately

badamjan   eggplant

badyna   immediately

bag   1. tree 2. lace, shoelace

bagaj   r. baggage

bagana   sheep skin

bagjyk   lace

baglamak   to join, connect

baglanyºyk   joint, unison

baglanyºykly   united

baglaØjy   united, joined

bagly bolmak   to depend on
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