Tropical bird diversity

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Most birders are aware that bird diversity varies according to latitude. The arctic region has few resident birds, the temperate zone has more, and the tropical belt has the most. Half-way between the United States and the equator is tiny Costa Rica, which has over 850 species -- more species than in the entire United States. Ecuador, sitting right on the equator, is the culmination of this trend:

With over 1500 species of birds, Ecuador offers more bird diversity in less space than any other country in the world.

Geographic good fortune has blessed Ecuador with a wide variety of faunal zones, including some of the richest on this planet, each with its characteristic birds. Ecuador's Amazonian faunal zone alone has more than 600 species of birds, and several other Ecuadorian zones are nearly as rich.

Ecuador's small size and well-developed transportation system means that this diversity can be easily accessed and experienced even by those with limited time and money.
The key to seeing lots of species in Ecuador is to visit as many different faunal zones as possible. However, if your goal is to observe a selection of birds closely, you will have a more satisfying experience by picking one or two zones and remaining there as long as possible.


By Jiovanny Rivadeneira & Pedro Aguinda
07.08.02 – 01.06.03

Great Tinamou

White - throated tinamou

Cinereous Tinamou

Little Tinamou

Undulated Tinamou

Variegated Tinamou

Bartlett's Tinamou

Herons, Bitterns and Egrets
Rufescent Tiger - Heron

Cocoi Heron

Snowy Egret

Striated Heron

Capped Heron

Boat - billed Heron

Ibises and Spoonbills
Green Ibis

Glossy Ibis

Kites, Eagles, Hawks

Gray – headed Kite

Swallow – tailed Kite

Slender - billed Kite

Double – toothed Kite

Plumbeous Kite

Tiny Hawk

Gray - bellied Hawk

Crane Hawk

Slate – colored Hawk

Black – faced Hawk

White Hawk

Great Black – Hawk

Roadside Hawk

Short - tailed Hawk

Crested Eagle

Harpy Eagle

Black-and-white Hawk - Eagle

Black Hawk - Eagle

Ornate Hawk – Eagle

Tinamus major


Crypturellus cinereus

Crypturellus soui

Crypturellus undulatus

Crypturellus variegatus

Crypturellus barletti

Tigrisoma lineatum

Ardea Cocoi

Egretta thula

Buturides striatus

Pilherodius pileatus

Cochlearius cochlearius



Plegadis falcinellus

Pandion haliaetus

Leptodon cayanensis

Elanoides forficatus

Rostrhamus hamatus

Harpagus bidentatus

Ictinia plumbea

Accipiter superciliosus

Accipiter poliogaster

Geranospiza caerulescens

Leucopternis schistacea

Leucopternis melanops

Leucopternis albicollis

Buteogallus urubitinga

Buteo magnirostris

Buteo brachyurus

Morphnus guianensis

Harpia harpyja

Spizastur melanoleucus

Spizaetus tyrannus

Spizaetus ornatus

Falcons and Caracas
Black Caracara

Red – throated Caracara

Yellow - headed Caracara

Barred Forest - Falcon

Lined Forest – Falcon

Slaty – backed Forest – Falcon

Collared Forest - Falcon

Buckley's Forest - Falcon

Laughing Falcon

Bat Falcon

Curassows, Guans and

Speckled Chachalaca

Spix's Guan

Common Piping – Guan

Nocturnal Curassow

Salvin's Curassow

New World Quails
Marbled Wood – Quail

Rails, gallinules and Crakes
Gray - breasted Crake

Chestnuts - headed Crake

Blackish Rail

Gray - necked Wood – Rail



Gray-winged trumpeter

Daptrius ater

Ibycter americanus

Milvago chimachima

Micrastur ruficollis

Micrastur gilvicolis

Micrastur mirandollei

Micrastur semitorquatus

Micrastur buckleyi

Herpetotheres cachinnans

Falco rufigularis


Ortalis guttata

Penelope jacquacu

Pipile pipile

Nothocrax urumutum

Mitu salvini



Laterallus exilis

Anurolimnas castaneiceps

Pardirallus nigricans

Aramides cajanea


Heliornis fulica

Psophia crepitans

Greater Yellowlegs

Lesser Yellowlegs

Spotted Sandpipper

Pectoral Sandpiper

Gulls, Terns
Yellow-billed Tern

Pigeons and Doves
Pale - vented Pigeon

Ruddy Pigeon

Plumbeous Pigeon

Ruddy Ground - Dove

Blue Ground – Dove

Gray – fronted Dove

Sapphire Quail – Dove

Ruddy Quail – Dove

Parrots and Macaws
Blue and yellow Macaw

Scarlet Macaw

Chestrut – fronted Macaw

Red – bellied Macaw

White - eyed Parakeet

Dusky – headed Parakeet

Maroon – tailed Parakeet

Blue - winged Parrotlet

Cobalt – winged Parakeet

Scarlet - shouldered Parrotlet

Black – headed Parrot

Orange – cheeked Parrot

Blue – headed Parrot

Yellow – crowned Amazon

Orange - winged Amazon

Mealy Amazon

Cuckoos and Anis
Yellow - billed Cuckoo

Dark - billed Cuckoo

Squirrel Cuckoo

Black – bellied Cuckoo

Little Cuckoo

Tringa melanoleuca

Tringa flavipes

Actitis macularia

Calidris melanotos

Sterna superciliaris

Columba cayennensis

Columba subvinacea

Columba plumbea

Columbina talpacoti

Claravis pretiosa

Leptotila rufaxilla

Geotrygon saphirina

Geotrygon montana

Ara ararauna

Ara macao

Ara severa

Orthopsittaca manilata

Aratinga leucophthalmus

Aratinga weddellii

Pyrrhura melanura

Forpus xanthopterygius

Brotogeris cyanoptera

Touit huetii

Pionites melanocephala

Pionopsitta barrabandi

Pionus menstruus

Amazona ochrocephala

Amazona amazonica

Amazona farinosa

Coccyzus americanus

Coccyzus melacoryphus

Piaya cayana

Piaya melanogaster

Piaya minuta

Greater Ani

Smooth – billed Ani

Pavonine Cuckoo

Rufous - vented ground Cuckoo


Tropical Screech - Owl

Tawny – bellied Screech – Owl

Ferruginous Pygmy – Owl

Crested Owl

Spectacled Owl

Black – banded Owl

Great Potoo

Common Potoo

Rufous Potoo

Nightjars and Nighthawks
Short - tailed Nighthawk

Lesser Nighthawk

Sand - colored Nighthawk


Ocellated Poorwill

Ladder - tailed Nightjar

White – collared Swift

Chapman's Swift

Short – tailed Swift

Gray – rumped Swift

Pale - rumped Swift

Lesser Swallow - tailed Swift

Neotropical Palm – Swift

Rufous – breasted Hermit

Pale - tailed Barbthroat

Great – billed Hermit

White - beared Hermit

Straight - billed Hermit

Crotophaga major

Crotophaga ani

Dromococcyx pavoninus

Neomorphus geoffroyi

Optisthocomus hoazin

Otus choliba

Otus watsonii

Glaucidium brasilianum

Lophostrix cristata

Pulsatrix perspicillata

Strix huhula

Nyctibius grandis

Nyctibius griseus

Nyctibius bracteatus

Lurocalis semitorquatus

Chordeiles acutipennis

Chordeiles rupestris

Nyctidromus albicollis

Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

Hydropsalis climacocerca

Streptoprocne zonaris

Chaetura chapmani

Chaetura brachyura

Chaetura cinereiventris

Chaetura egregia

Panyptila cayennensis

Tachornis squamata

Glaucis hirsuta

Therenetes niger

Phaethornis malaris

Pheathornis hispidus

Pheathornis bourcieri

Reddish Hermit

Buff - tailed Sicklebill

Gray - breasted Sabrewing

Napo Sabrewing

White - necked Jacobin

Festive Coquette

Black - bellied Thorntail

Blue - tailed Emerald

Fork – tailed Woodnymph

Rufous – throated Sapphire

Golden - tailed Sapphire

Glittering - throated Emerald

Black – throated Brilliant

Gould's Jewelfront

Fiery Topaz

Black – eared Fairy

Long – billed Starthroat

Trogons and Quetzals
Pavonine Quetzal

Black – tailed Trogon

Amazonian White – tailed Trogon

Collared Trogon

Black – throated Trogon

Blue – crowned Trogon

Amazonian Violaceous Trogon

Ringed Kingfisher

Amazon Kingfisher

Green Kingfisher

Green – and - rufous Kingfisher

American Pygmy Kingfisher

Broad – billed Motmot

Rufous Motmot

Blue – crowned Motmot

White – eared Jacamar

Yellow – billed Jacamar

Purplish Jacamar

Great Jacamar

Pheathornis ruber

Eutoxeres condamini

Campylopterus largipennis

Campylopterus villaviscensio

Florisuga mellivora

Lophornis chalybeus

Popelairia langsdorffi

Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Thalurania furcata

Hylocharis sapphirina

Chrysuronia oenone

Amazilia fimbriata

Heliodoxa shreibersii

Heliodoxa aurescens

Topaza pyra

Heliothryx aurita

Heliomaster longirostris

Pharomachrus pavoninus

Trogon melanurus

Trogon viridis

Trogon collaris

Trogon rufus

Trogon curucui

Trogon violaceus

Megaceryle torquata

Chloroceryle amazona

Chloroceryle americana

Chloroceryle inda

Choroceryle aenea

Electron platyrhynchum

Baryphthengus martii

Momotus momota

Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis

Galbula albirostris

Galbula chalcothorax

Jacamerops aureus

Puffbirds and Nunbirds
White – necked Puffbird

Pied Puffbird

Chestnut - capped Puffbird

Collared Puffbird

White – chested Puffbird

Lanceolated Monklet

Brown Nunlet

Black – fronted Nunbird

White – fronted Nunbird

Yellow – billed Nunbird

Swallow – winged Puffbird

New World Barbets
Scarlet - crowned Barbet

Gilded Barbet

Lemon – throated Barbet

Golden – collared Toucanet

Chestnut - eared Araçari

Many – banded Aracari

Ivory – billed Aracari

Lettered Aracari

Channel - billed Toucan

White – throated Toucan

Woodpeckers and Piculets
Rufous - breasted Piculet

Lafresnaye's Piculet

Spot - breasted Woodpecker

Yellow – throated Woodpecker

White - throated Woodpecker

Chestnut Woodpecker

Scale – breasted Woodpecker

Cream – colored Woodpecker

Ringed Woodpecker

Lineated Woodpecker

Yellow – tufted Woodpecker

Little Woodpecker

Red – stained Woodpecker

Crimson – crested Woodpecker

Red – necked Woodpecker

Notharchus macrorhynchos

Notharchus tectus

Bucco macrodactylus

Bucco capensis

Malacoptila fusca

Micromonacha lanceolata

Nonnula brunnea

Monasa nigrifrons

Monasa morphoeus

Monasa flavirostris

Chelidoptera tenebrosa

Capito aurovirens

Capito auratus

Eubucco richardsoni

Selenidera reinwardtii

Pteroglossus castanotis

Pteroglossus pluricinctus

Pteroglossus azara

Pteroglossus inscriptus

Ramphastos vitellinus

Ramphastos tucanus

Picumnus rufiventris

Picumnus lafresnayi

Chrysoptilus punctigula

Piculus flavigula

Piculus leucolaemus

Celeus elegans

Celeus grammicus

Celeus flavus

Celeus torquatus

Dryocopus lineatus

Melanerpes cruentatus

Veniliornis passerinus

Veniliornis affinis

Campephilus melanoleucos

Campephilus rubricollis

Dusky Spintail

Dark - breasted Spinetail

Ruddy Spinetail

Speckled Spinetail

Orange - fronted Plushcrown

Eastern Woodhaunter

Chestnut – winged Hookbill

Chestnut - winged Foliage - gleaner

Cinnamon - rumped Foliage - gleaner

Rufous - rumped Foliage - gleaner

Rufous - tailed Foliage - gleaner

Olive – backed Foliage – gleaner

Buff - throated Foliage - gleaner

Brown - rumped Foliage - gleaner

Ruddy Foliage - gleaner

Slender - billed Xenops

Plain Xenops

Rufous - tailed Xenops

Tawny - throated Leaftosser

Short – billed Leaftosser

Black – tailed Leaftosser

Plain – brown Woodcreeper

Wedge – billed Woodcreeper

Olivaceous Woodcreeper

Long - billed Woodcreeper

Cinamon – throated Woodcreeper

Strong – billed Woodcreeper

Amazonian Barred - Woodcreeper

Black - banded Woodcreeper

Straigth – billed Woodcreeper

Ocellated Woodcreeper

Spix's Woodcreeper

Buff – throated Woodcreeper

Lineated Woodcreeper

Red – billed Scythebill

Typical Antbirds
Fasciated Antshrike

Undulated Antshrike

Great Antshrike

White - shouldered Antshrike

Plain – winged Antshrike

Mouse – colored Antshrike

Spot - winged Antshrike

Synallaxis moesta

Synallaxis albigularis

Synallaxis rutilans

Cranioleuca gutturata

Metopothris aurantiacus

Hyloctistes subulatus

Ancistrops strigilatus

Philydor erythropterus

Philydor pyrrhodes

Philydor erythrocercus

Philydor ruficaudatus

Automolus infuscatus

Automolus ochrolaemus

Automolus melanopezus

Automolus rubiginosus

Xenops tenuirostris

Xenops minutus

Xenops milleri

Sclerurus mexicanus

Sclerurus rufigularis

Sclerurus caudacutus

Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Glyphorynchus spirurus

Sittasomus griseicapillus

Nasica longirostris

Dendrexetastes rufigula

Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

Dendrocolaptes certhia

Dendrocolaptes picumnus

Xiphorhynchus picus

Xiphorhynchus ocellatus

Xiphorhynchus spixii

Xiphorrhynchus guttatus

Lepidocolaptes albolineatus

Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

Cymbilaimus lineatus

Frederickena unduligera

Taraba major

Thamnophilus aethiops

Thamnophilus schistaceus

Thamnophilus murinus

Pygiptila stellaris

Dusky – throated Antshrike

Cinerous Antshrike

Pygmy Antwren

Short – billed Antwrenn

Amazonian Streaked - Antwren

Plain – throated Antwren

Stipple - throated Antwren

Ornate Antwren

Rufous – tailed Antwren

White – flanked Antwren

Long - winged Antwren

Rio Suno Antwren

Gray Antwren

Dot - winged Antwren

Dugand's Antwren

Gray Antbird

Blackish Antbird

Black Antbird

White - browed Antbird

Black – faced Antbird

Warbling Antbird

Yellow – browed Antbird

Spot – backed Antbird

Scale – backed Antbird

Banded Antbird

Spot - winged Antbird

Silvered Antbird

Black Bushbird

Black - throated Antbird

Plumbeous Antbird

Sooty Antbird

White - plumed Antbird

Bicolored Antbird

Hairy - crested Antbird

Black - spotted Bare - eye

Reddish - winged Bare – eye

Antthrushes and Antpitta
Rufous – capped Antthrush

Black – faced Antthrush

Striated Antthrush

Scaled Antpitta

Ochre - striped Antpitta

White - lored Antpitta

Thrush – like Antpitta

Tapaculos, gnateaters
Rusty – belted Tapaculo

Thamnomanes ardesiacus

Thamnomanes caesius

Myrmotherula brachyura

Myrmotherula obscura

Myrmotherula multostriata

Myrmotherula hauxwelli

Myrmotherula haematonota

Myrmotherula ornate

Myrmotherula erythrura

Myrmotherula axillaris

Myrmotherula longipennis

Myrmotherula sunensis

Myrmotherula menetriesii

Microrhopias quixensis

Herpsilochmus dugandi

Cercomacra cinerascens

Cercomacra nigrescens

Cercomacra serva

Myrmoborus leucophrys

Myrmoborus myotherinus

Hypocnemis cantator

Hypocnemis hypoxantha

Hylophylax naevia

Hylophylax poicilinota

Dichrozona cincta

Schistocichla leucostigma

Sclateria naevia

Neoctantes niger

Myrmeciza atrothorax

Myrmeciza hyperythra

Myrmeciza fortis

Pithys albifrons

Gymnopithys leucaspis

Rhegmatorhina melanosticta

Phlegopsis nigromaculata

Phlegopsis erythropte

Formicarius colma

Formicarius analis

Chamaeza nobilis

Grallaria guantimalensis

Grallaria dignissima

Hylopezus fulviventris

Myrmothera campanisosa

Liosceles thoracicus

Ash-throated Gnateater

Golden – faced Tyrannulet

Slender – footed Tyrannulet

White - lored Tyrannulet

Southern beardless - Tyrannulet

Yellow – crowned Tyrannulet

Gray Elaenia

Forest Elaenia

Mottle - backed Elaenia

River Tyrannulet

Lesser Wagtail - Tyrant

Ochre – bellied Flycatcher

Ringed Antpitpit

Short – tailed Pygmy – Tyrant

Double – banded Pygmy – Tyrant

White – eyed Tody – Tyrant

Rusty - fronted Tody - Flycatcher

Yellow - browed Tody - Flycatcher

Brownish Twistwing

Rufous - tailed Flatbill

Dusky - tailed Flatbill

Gray – crowned Flatbill

Golden - crowned Spadebill

White - crested Spadebill

Amazonian Royal - Flycatcher

Ruddy – tailed Flycatcher

Black – tailed Flycatcher

Sulphur - rumped Flycatcher

Cinnamon Flycatcher

Eastern Wood Pewee

Western Wood Pewee

Tropical Pewee

Olive - sided Flycatcher

Drab Water - Tyrant

Bright – rumped Attila

Cinnamon Attila

Grayish Mourner

Eastern Sirystes

Dusky – capped Flycatcher

Swainson's Flycatcher

Short – crested Flycatcher

Great Kiskadee

Lesser Kiskadee

Boat – billed Flycatcher

Social Flycatcher

Gray - capped Flycatcher

Dusky – chested Flycatcher

Streaked Flycatcher

Conopophaga peruviana

Zimmerius chrysops

Zimmerius gracilipes

Ornithion inerme

Camptostoma obsoletum

Tyrannulus elatus

Myiopagis caniceps

Myiopagis gaimardii

Elaenia gigas

Serpophaga hypoleuca

Stigmatura napensis

Mionectes oleagineus

Corythopis torquata

Myiornis ecaudatus

Lophotriccus vitiosus

Hemitriccus zosterops

Poecilotriccus latirostris

Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum

Cnipodectes subbrunneus

Ramphotrigon ruficauda

Ramphotrigon fuscicauda

Tolmomyias poliocephalus

Platyrinchus coronatus

Platyrinchus platyrhynchos

Onychorhynchus coronatus

Terenotriccus erythrurus

Myiobius atricaudus

Myiobius sulphureipygius

Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Contopus virens

Contopus sordidulus

Contopus cinereus

Contopus cooperi

Ochthornis littoralis

Attila spadiceus

Attila cinnamomeus

Rhytipterna simplex

Sirystes sibilator

Myiarchus tuberculifer

Myiarchus swainsoni

Myiarchus ferox

Pitangus sulphuratus

Philohydor lictor

Megarynchus pitangua

Myiozetetes similis

Myiozetetes granadensis

Myiozetetes luteiventris

Myiodynastes maculatus

Sulphur - bellied Flycatcher

Piratic Flycatcher

Variegated Flycatcher

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher

Sulphury Flycatcher

Tropical Kingbird

Eastern Kingbird

Fork – tailed Flycatcher

Chestnut - crowned Becard

White - winged Becard

Black – capped Becard

Pink – throated Becard

Black – tailed Tityra

Black - crowned Tityra

White - browed Purpletuft

Cinereous Mourner

Screaming Piha

Purple – throated Cotinga

Plum – throated Cotinga

Spangled Cotinga

Bare – necked Fruitcrow

Purple – throated Fruitcrow

Black - necked Red-Cotinga

Golden – headed Manakin

Wire - tailed Manakin

White - crowned Manakin

Blue – crowned Manakin

Blue – backed Manakin

White - bearded Manakin

Striped Manakin

Dwarf Tyrant – Manakin

Wing – barred Piprites

Crows, Jays & Magpies
Violaceous Jay

Black - billed Peppershrike

Red – eyed Vireo

Yellow – green Vireo

Myiodynastes luteiventris

Legatus leucophaius

Empidonomus varius

Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus

Tyrannopsis sulphurea

Tyrannus melancholicus

Tyrannus tyrannus

Tyrannus savana

Pachyramphus castaneus

Pachyramphus polychopterus

Pachyramphus marginatus

Platypsaris minor

Tityra cayana

Tityra inquisitor

Iodopleura isabellae

Laniocera hypopyrra

Lipaugus vociferans

Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema

Cotinga maynana

Cotinga cayana

Gymnoderus foetidus

Querula purpurata

Phoenicircus nigricollis

Pipra erythrocephala

Pipra filicauda

Dixiphia pipra

Lepidothrix coronata

Chiroxiphia pareola

Manacus manacus

Machaeropterus regulus

Tyranneutes stolzmanni

Piprites chloris

Cyanocorax violaceous

Cyclarhis nigrirostris

Vireo olivaceus

Vireo flavoviridis

Dusky – capped Greenlet

Tawny – crowned Greenlet

Swainson's Thrush

Black – billed Thrush

Lawrence's Thrush

Hauxwell's Thrush

White - necked Thrush

Brown - chested Martin

Gray - breasted Martin

White - banded Swallow

Southem Rough – winged Swallow

Black – capped Donacobius

Thrush – like Wren

Coraya Wren

House Wren

White – breasted Wood – Wren

Musician Wren

Southern Nightingale - Wren

Wing – banded Wren

Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens
Tawny –faced Gnatwren

Tropical Gnatcatcher

New World Warblers
Yellow Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler

Blackburnian Warbler

Canada Warbler

Buff – rumped Warbler

Tanagers, Honeycreepers
Short – billed Honeycreeper

Purple Honeycreeper

Hylophilus hypoxanthus

Hylophilus ochraceiceps

Catharus ustulatus

Turdus ignobilis

Turdus lawrencii

Turdus hauxwelli

Turdus albicollis

Progne tapera

Progne chalybea

Atticora fasciata

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Donacobius atricapillus

Campylorhynchus turdinus

Thryothorus coraya

Troglodytes aedon

Henicorhina leucosticta

Cyphorinus arada

Microcerculus marginatus

Microcerculus bambla

Microbates cinereiventris

Polioptila plumbea

Dendroica aestiva

Dendroica striata

Dendroica fusca

Wilsonia canadensis

Basileuterus fulvicauda

Cyanerpes nitidus

Cyanerpes caeruleus

Red - legged Honeycreeper

Green Honeycreeper

Blue Dacnis

Black – faced Dacnis

Yellow – bellied Dacnis

White - bellied Dacnis

Guira Tanager

Yellow - backed Tanager

Orange - headed Tanager

Thick – billed Euphonia

Orange – bellied Euphonia

White - vented Euphonia

Rufous – bellied Euphonia

White – lored Euphonia

Masked Tanager

Turquoise Tanager

Opal – rumped Tanager

Opal – crowned Tanager

Paradise Tanager

Green – and – gold Tanager

Yellow – bellied Tanager

Bay - headed Tanager

Swallow Tanager

Blue – gray Tanager

Palm Tanager

Silver – beaked Tanager

Masked Crimson Tanager

White – winged Tanager

Summer Tanager

Scarlet Tanager

Red - crowned Ant - Tanager

Gray - headed Tanager

White - lined Tanager

Flame – crested Tanager

Fulvous – crested Tanager

White - shouldered Tanager

Fulvous Shrike – Tanager

Magpie Tanager

Saltators and Grosbeaks
Buff – throated Saltator

Grayish Saltator

Slate – colored Grosbeak

Red - capped Cardinal

Blue - black Grosbeak

Yellow - shouldered Grosbeak

Cyanerpes cyaneus

Chlorophanes spiza

Dacnis cayana

Dacnis lineata

Dacnis flaviventer

Dacnis albiventris

Hemithraupis guira

Hemithraupis flavicollis

Thlypopsis sordida

Euphonia laniirostris

Euphonia xanthogaster

Euphonia minuta

Euphonia rufiventris


Tangara nigrocincta

Tangara mexicana

Tangara velia

Tangara callophrys

Tangara chilensis

Tangara schrankii

Tangara xanthogastra

Tangara gyrola

Tersina viridis

Thraupis episcopus

Thraupis palmarum

Ramphocelus carbo

Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Piranga leucoptera

Piranga rubra

Piranga olivacea

Habia rubica

Eucometis penicillata

Tachyphonus rufus

Tachyphonous cristatus

Tachyphonous surinamus

Tachyphonus luctuosus

Lanio fulvus

Cissopis leveriana

Saltator maximus

Saltator coerulescens

Saltator grossus

Paroaria gularis

Cyanocompsa cyanoides

Parkerthraustes humeralis

Emberizine Finches
Blue - black Grassquit

Lined Seedeater

Lesson's Seedeater

Black – and - white Seedeater

Yellow - bellied Seedeater

Chestnut - bellied Seedeater

Orange – billed Sparrow

Yellow – browed Sparrow

American Orioles and Blackbirds
Yellow – rumped Cacique

Red – rumped Cacique

Solitary Cacique

Casqued Oropendola

Crested Oropendola

Russet – backed Oropendola

Green Oropendola

Olive Oropendola

Shiny Cowbird

Giant Cowbird

Moriche Oriole

Orange - backed Troupial

Oriole Blackbird

Volatinia jacarina

Sporophila lineola

Sporophila bouvronides

Sporophila luctuosa

Sporophila nigricollis

Sporophila castaneiventris

Arremon aurantiirostris

Ammodramus aurifrons

Cacicus cela

Cacicus haemorrhous

Cacicus solitarius

Clypicterus oseryi

Psarocolius decumanus

Psarocolius angustifrons

Psarocolius viridis

Psarocolius yuracares

Molothrus bonariensis

Molothrus oryzivorus

Icterus chrysocephalus

Icterus croconotus

Gymnomystax mexicanus

Dropping down from Quito, flying over three of the most beautiful volcanoes in the Andes (Cotopaxi, Antisana, and Cayambe), we land in Tena.
Tena is a city with economic development that nearby cities Coca and Lago Agrio look upon with envy.
After a two hour drive from Tena we enter the planet's largest remaining tropical rainforest, the Amazonian Rainforest. It extends over most of the six million square kilometers of the Amazon Basin.
This, the world's greatest network of rivers and lakes, contains about 20% of the world's fresh water and roughly 10% of all of the species of animals on earth.
Approximately 2% of the Amazon Rainforest lies within Ecuador's borders in the eastern part of the country.
Gareno Lodge is probably the most important piece of this tropical treasure on the northeastern slope of Ecuador's Amazonian Rainforest. It protects 10,000 hectares of mostly virgin terra firme forest, rolling hills, river borders and swamps.
For a forest of 10,000 hectares, it is home for more species of plants and animals than almost anywhere else on earth.
The area where Gareno lodge is located is part of the largest Pleistocene center of endemism in the Amazon basin. This area of rainforest survived the last ice age and later repopulated the forest with species of birds, which after having evolved in isolation, were new and unique to the region.
One out of every three species of the 1,700 species of birds known to occur in Ecuador are found here in the Gareno lodge area.
We Gareno Lodge aim to create a new public awareness of the importance of birds and how their preservation is dependent upon preservation of this unique ecosystem.
Our goal of contributing to a better future for everyone goes hand in hand with preserving this unique region, not only for the present and for the birds, but for future generations of people in this region for years to come.

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