Sample aod screening tools (This does not represent a comprehensive list)



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SAMPLE AOD SCREENING TOOLS

(This does not represent a comprehensive list)



AOD Screening Tools


Priority populations


Time to complete


Setting


Areas Screened


Cost

Reliability/

Validity


Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series – Best Practice Guidelines (suggested protocols for screening and assessment)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=hstat5.part.22441

High rate users



10 minutes


Appropriate for Schools



AOD use, frequency, recent use; identify abuse, need for treatment/assessment

Free


n/a


GAIN Short Screener
(Chestnut Health Systems, 2005)


http://www.chestnut.org/LI/gain/GAIN_SS/index.html

High rate users, COSAPs and foster youth; available in Spanish




5 minutes



Appropriate for Schools; juvenile justice settings

AOD use, frequency, recent use, mental health, behavior; identify need for further assessment

Yes


Highly reliable/

valid/


specific


Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ)

(Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse, 1991)

http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Assesing%20Alcohol/InstrumentPDFs/50_PESQ.pdf

High rate users


10 minutes


Appropriate for schools



Identifies need for further assessment, AOD use & frequency

Yes


Highly reliable/valid


Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI)

http://eib.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index4200EN.html

Binge drinkers


10 minutes



Appropriate for schools

Identifies alcohol use, frequency, potential abuse

Free


Highly reliable


DAP Quick Screen

(Vienna Pediatrics Associates, 1990)
http://eib.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index4381EN.html

High rate users, COSAPS, foster youth



10 minutes



Appropriate for schools; traditionally used by physicians

Identify risk for substance abuse



Free

Not research based



Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)

(National Institute for Drug Abuse –NIDA, 1991)

http://eib.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index3654EN.html

High rate users, ideal for COSAPS, foster youth; available in Spanish



20 minutes


Appropriate for schools



Designed to identify potential problem substance abuse and mental health areas that require further in-depth assessment



Free

Highly reliable/

valid



AOD Screening Tools


Priority populations


Time to complete


Setting


Areas Screened


Cost

Reliability/

Validity


AlcoholScreening.Org

http://www.alcoholscreening.org/

Binge drinkers


10 minutes; self-administered online survey




Appropriate for schools, online access needed

Identifies hazardous, binge-drinking and at-risk for binge-drinking behavior


Free


n/a


MAYSI-II

http://www.maysiware.com/MAYSI2.htm



High rate users, ideal for COSAPS, foter youth



10 minutes


Primarily used in juvenile justice settings but can be used in schools



AOD risk and abuse, frequency, recency; ID for potential treatment or assessment; mental health component identifies need for treatment

Yes


Validated on adjudicated, high risk & mainstream

youth population




SASSI (Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory)

http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Assesing%20Alcohol/InstrumentPDFs/66_SASSI.pdf



High rate users



10 minutes


Primarily used in mental health settings



Psychological screening, identify need for assessment for substance abuse disorder

Yes


Extremely reliable and valid


CRAFFT

http://www.projectcork.org/clinical_tools/pdf/CRAFFT.pdf



High rate users



5 minutes


Appropriate for school settings



Identify need for assessment for substance abuse

Free


Internally consistent, high sensitivity and specificity rates among adolescents who use AOD.







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