New England Sikh Study Circle 2002 Sikh History – Senior, Lesson Four September 29, 2002 Guru Amardas Ji & Guru Ramdas Ji Key Facts
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England Sikh Study Circle
2002 Sikh History – Senior,
September 29, 2002
Guru Amardas Ji &
Guru Ramdas Ji Key Facts :
Guru Amar Das Ji was born in 1479; he became Guru in 1552 at the age of 73.
His father’s name was Tej Bhan Bhalla.
When Guru Amar Das Ji was in his sixties, he became aware of Guru Angad through listening to Bibi Amro, his brother Manak Chand’s wife, sing Gur Nanak Dev Ji’s bani.
Guru Amardas Ji was drawn to Guru Angad and he moved to Khadur to serve him.
Even at an advanced age, Guru Amardas Ji spared no effort in serving the Guru. One of his responsibilities was to fetch water for the Guru’s bath from a river that was at quite a distance.
Guru Angad Ji, pleased at his selflessness and his devotion bestowed the Gurgaddi upon Guru Amardas Ji in 1552.
Guru Angad’s son, Datu, who wanted the Gurgaddi subjected Guru Amardas Ji to much harassment, which the Guru bore patiently.
To avoid conflict the Guru moved from Khadur to Goindwal.
Guru Amardas Ji had a significant role in organizing the growing community of Sikhs. He appointed 22 Manjis for the propagation of Sikhism. These Manjis were spread across Punjab, Kashmir and Sind.
Guru Amardas Ji showed a strong commitment to the equality of women; several women were appointed to Manjis; Guru Amardas Ji was in favour of the re-marriage of widows and condemned the barbaric practice of Sati.
Guru Amardas Ji added the Bani of Guru Angad and his own Bani to the Pothis that contained Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s Bani.
Guru Amardas Ji showed his commitment to the equality enshrined in Guru Ka Langar by insisting that all devotees had to eat in the Pangat; it is said that the might Mughal Emperor Akbar was asked to sit in the Pangat before the Guru would give him an audience.
Guru Amardas had a disciple called Bhai Jetha, who had pleased him greatly by performing selfless seva. Bibi Bhani, the Guru’s daughter was married to him.
Bhai Jetha was born in 1534; his father’s name was Hari Das and his mother’s Anup Devi.
Bhai Jetha went on to have three sons, Pirthi Chand, Mahadev and Arjan.
Bhai Jetha was a trusted disciple of Guru Amardas Ji. He was sent to the Mughal Emperor Akbar’s court to refute charges that Sikhism maligned Hindus and Muslims.
Bhai Jeths was given the name Ram Das by Gur Amardas Ji and the Gurgaddi was bestowed upon him.
Guru Ram Das Ji founded the city of Ramdaspur, which is modern day Amritsar. Guru Ramdas Ji , thus created a new center for Sikhs and Sikhsim.
Guru Ramdas Ji composed the Lavaan in Raag Suhi and instituted Anad Karaj.
Guru Ramdas Ji made significant contributions to Gurmat Sangeet by introducing Partaals into gurbani.