Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament -1999 Seeding Round A

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Set L
L1. As the novel begins, the central character, a 44-year old former sportswriter, has just finished showing some clients a potential home. He then travels up to Connecticut to his ex-wife's house to collect his son Paul for several trips to various sports halls of fame. The character of Frank Bascombe in a way represents everyman. Set on the Fourth of July weekend in 1988—for 10 points—identify this Pulitzer Prize winning novel of Richard Ford that shares its name with a Will Smith summer blockbuster.
answer: Independence Day
L2. In a complete nonsequitor, this film begins with the solemn announcement that it is "respectfully dedicated to the memory of Mr. Elias Howe who in 1846 invented the sewing machine." A surreal parody of gimmicky James Bond-type thrillers, this 1965 Richard Lester comedy features bloodthirsty Hindus running around the world pursuing a sacrificial ring that has become stuck on a musician's finger. For 10 points—name this second feature film starring the Beatles.
answer: Help!
L3. Some time before George Bush played first base for Yale, this U.S. president, a third baseman, had also been on the Yale team. As chief executive he made six appointments to the Supreme Court, more than any other one-term president. When naming Edward White as Chief Justice he commented that "the one place in the government which I would have liked to fill myself I am forced to give to another." For 10 points—what president who preferred being a judge ultimately succeeded White as Chief Justice?
answer: William Howard Taft
L4. After spending three years studying under architect Erik Asplund, he came to the U.S. where he studied under Alvar Aalto. Among his famous designs is the National Assembly building in Kuwait which was completed in 1983. However, this man is most famous for a problematic design begun in 1953. After his sail-shaped towers were redesigned at a lower angle—for 10 points—what architect resigned from the project he had begun, the Sydney Opera House?
answer: Jorn Utzon
L5. Considered the most important indoleamine, it is an organic compound of formula C10H12N2O. It is formed from tryptophan and is found in animal and human tissue, particularly in the gastric mucous membranes and the blood serum, which led to its name. Like acetylcholine it works in transmitting the nervous impulse between nerve cells, though it is primarily active in stimulation of smooth muscle. For 10 points—identify this neurotransmitter linked to suicide and OCD.
answer: serotonin
L6. Astronaut Scott Carpenter, actors Lon Chaney and Douglas Fairbanks, conductor Paul Whiteman, and boxer Jack Dempsey. All were born in this state, as were Dalton Trumbo, Mamie Doud Eisenhower, the "unsinkable" Molly Brown, and Byron "Whizzer" White. For 10 points—what state whose official flower is the Rocky Mountain Columbine owes its nickname to the year of its admission to the union in 1876?
answer: Colorado (the "Centennial" state)
L7. In 1988, following the expiration of copyright, a unique Act of Parliament restored royalty income from all versions of this play to the Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, the institution to which the author donated all rights in 1929, a quarter century after its first performance. For 10 points—name the children's classic subtitled "The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up."
answer: Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up
L8. This agreement officially abandoned the old formula "of whom the region, of him the religion," meaning that subjects of a prince who switched religions no longer were compelled to change their own faith. The result of concurrent negotiations at Osnabrück and Münster, it rewarded the Dutch, French, and Swedes at the expense of the Habsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire. For 10 points—what 1648 settlement ended the Thirty Years War?
answer: Peace of (or Treaty of) Westphalia
L9. His best selling works were the two publications Psychology of Learning and The Measurement of Intelligence. As a result of studying animal intelligence, he formulated his famous "law of effect," which states that a given behavior is learned by trial-and-error, and is more likely to occur if its consequences are satisfying. For 10 points—name this American psychologist who devised a series of wooden crates that required various combinations of latches and levers to open them.
answer: Edward Lee Thorndike
L10. Her parents might have been the sea deities Phorcys and Ceto, but most accounts list her mother as Callirrhoe, the daughter of Oceanus, and her father as Chrysaor, the son of Medusa. She had an incestuous and bestial relationship with Orthus, one of her children. In addition she also sired the dragons of the Hesperides and of the Golden Fleece, as well as the goatlike Chimera, the Nemean lion, Cerberus, and the Sphinx. For 10 points—name this monster of Greek myth and wife of Typhon.
answer: Echidna
L11. When this man taught at the University of Zurich, Einstein was in several of his courses, and he remarked that "the boy seemed sleepy and inattentive." His most original achievement was his "geometry of numbers," which led to his work on convex bodies and packing problems. For 10 points—identify this German mathematician who laid the mathematical foundation for the theory of relativity by coupling space and time together in a four-dimensional "space-time continuum."
answer: Hermann Minkowski
L12. Its executive director, Richard Tafel, has authored the 1999 book Party Crasher, which is part memoir, part political statement in support of inclusiveness. The organization was slapped down by the standard-bearer of its own party in 1996, when Bob Dole refused its $1,000 campaign donation. For 10 points—what organization of gay Republicans takes its name from the birthplace of the first Republican president?
answer: Log Cabin Republican Club
L13. A 20-game loser for the Orioles in 1954, he was traded to a better team in the off-season. In 1959 he was traded again, to the Athletics along with Hank Bauer, Norm Siebern and Marv Throneberry, in exchange for Roger Maris and two others. Like David Wells four decades later, he attended San Diego's Point Loma High. Also like Wells, he pitched a perfect game for the Yankees. For 10 points—name this pitcher whose perfecto came in the 1956 World Series.
answer: Don Larsen
L14. Beginning as a Civil War volunteer, he rose to succeed John M. Schofield in 1895 as commanding general of the United States Army. In 1894, he headed troops sent to Chicago in the wake of the Pullman Strike, and he went on to command the U.S. expedition to Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War. But he is probably best-remembered for earlier service in the Indian Wars. For 10 points—name this general who accepted the surrenders of both Chief Joseph and Geronimo, the namesake of a Montana city on the Yellowstone River.
answer: Nelson Appleton Miles (namesake of Miles City, Montana)
L15. Situated on the outskirts of the Paris suburb of Montparnasse, it attracted such poets as Max Jacob and Guillaume Apollinaire, in addition to artists such as Jean Metzinger, Fernand Leger, and Marc Chagall. In the early 20th century it was abuzz with creativity as the center of avant-garde activity in France. For 10 points—name this settlement, known in French as La Ruche, and sharing its name with the state symbol of Utah.
answer: The Beehive (accept early "La Ruche")
L16. Its Fifth Act, set 15 years after the first four, ends with the death of the title character. The first four acts, all set in the year 1640, bear the titles "A Performance at the Hôtel de Bourgogne," "The Bakery of the Poets," "Roxane's Kiss," and "The Cadets of Gascoyne." For 10 points—what verse drama first performed in 1897 concerns a swashbuckling love poet with an enormous nose?
answer: Cyrano de Bergerac, by Edmond Rostand
L17. Though Muslims constitute less than one percent of its population, in 1973 its longtime president converted to Islam and changed his name to Omar. A part of French Equatorial Africa from 1910 to 1957, its town of Lambaréné was the site of Albert Schweitzer's famous hospital. For 10 points—what African country bordering Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Republic of the Congo has as its only large cities the ports of Port-Gentil and Libreville?
answer: Gabon or Gabonese Republic or République Gabonaise
L18. This most common bacterium in the Enterobacter family is vital for the proper uptake and manufacture of Vitamin K and B-complex vitamins. Its most famous type might be the K12 strain which has been completely mapped. Currently there are four recognized virulent strains of it collectively referred to as the EEC group. For 10 points—identify this not usually harmful bacteria that resides in the human gut.
answer: Escherichia coli
L19. Half-German, he greatly admired Frederick the Great, and when the death of his aunt Elizabeth gave him the throne he immediately ended Russian participation in the military coalition against Prussia. He also paraded his Lutheranism and insulted the Orthodox Church—but what really assured that his reign would be short was the ambition of his wife and her liaison with Grigory Orlov of the imperial guard. For 10 points—what czar of Russia was deposed in 1762 by his not-so-great wife Catherine?
answer: Peter III
L20. He wrote in his autobiography, "As nearly as I can get at the facts, I was born in the year 1858 or 1859. At the time I came into the world no careful registry of births of people of my complexion was kept. My birthplace was near Hale's Ford, in Franklin County, Virginia." Chapter 14 of the same work consists of his 1895 "Atlanta Exposition Address," articulating a viewpoint much criticized by W.E.B. DuBois. For 10 points—name this author of the 1901 autobiography Up From Slavery.
answer: Booker T(aliaferro) Washington
L21. He gets free bar drinks from his friend John. An old man sitting next to him is making love to his tonic and gin. He's working at nine o'clock on a Saturday when the regular crowd shuffles in. They request him to sing them a song and sing it tonight. For 10 points—identify this instrument-playing title character of a Billy Joel song.
answer: The Piano Man
L22. A simple demonstration of this chemical law can be seen by placing a balloon over an empty bottle and then placing the bottle over the heat source, which will cause the balloon to expand. It can be stated mathematically as V over T equals K, where V, T, and K are volume, temperature, and a constant, respectively. For 10 points—identify this gas law that states that, assuming constant pressure, volume and temperature are directly proportional.
answer: Charles' law (accept Gay-Lussac's law)
L23. Its unique smell comes from a trace amount of perfume and from the one percent admixture of kerosene added to keep it from sticking to hands and clothing. Mostly, however, it is nothing but wheat flour mixed with tap water, and there's little chance that a child would eat enough of it to cause harm. For 10 points—name this modeling compound marketed for kids by Hasbro.
answer: Play-Doh
L24. Though it appeared in Mesopotamian pictorial arts, it first surfaced in writing as the gentle ch'i-lin in China. Certain poetical passages of the Old Testament refer to an animal called a re'em which is identified with this animal. The earliest description in Greek literature was by Ctesias, who called it, at first, the Indian wild ass. However—for 10 points—what mythical animal is most often identified with the medieval tradition that it could be captured only by a virgin maid?
answer: unicorn

Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999
Set M
M1. Its artist is actually the young man in the left center of the painting wearing an opera hat. A figure of ambiguous sex and dressed in a blue shirt prostrates itself before the central figure. On the right side of the painting a young boy brandishes two pistols, one held in his defiantly raised right hand. The artist himself participated in the July 1830 event which inspired this painting. The central figure possesses a musket in her left hand and the raised French flag in the other in—for 10 points—what Eugène Delacroix painting?
answer: Liberty Leading the People or La Liberté guidant le peuple
M2. In Chapter Two of this work the author visits the British Museum library in an attempt to trace the different fates of men and women in history. Chapter One begins with a mention of Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Russell Mitford, Fanny Burney, and other British female writers. The work concludes with a discussion of Shakespeare's sister. For 10 points—identify this early 20th-century feminist essay written by Virginia Woolf.
answer: A Room of One's Own
M3. Serving as an economics advisor to both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, he is known for introducing the use of mathematics to explain economic phenomena. His book first published in 1948, Economics: An Introductory Analysis, has sold more than four million copies and been translated into more than a dozen languages. For 10 points—identify this MIT professor who won the 1970 Nobel in Economics.
answer: Paul Anthony Samuelson
M4. Zoe Caldwell in 1982 and Diana Rigg in 1994 won Tony Awards as Best Actress for portraying this character in separate revivals. Centuries before Congreve wrote the line about hell having no fury like a woman scorned, she embodied that observation in a famous tragedy by Euripides. For 10 points—name this woman who, to revenge herself upon Jason for casting her off, murders both a Corinthian princess and her own sons.
answer: Medea
M5. Disease of this organ often correlates with the occurrence of celiac disease, and its main product is inhibited by atresia. The main vessel leading out of this organ is the cystic duct, and the surgical procedure to remove it is called a cholecystectomy [koh-lih-sih-STEK-ta-me]. For 10 points—identify this small pear-shaped muscular sac located under the right lobe of the liver, whose main function is to store and concentrate bile.
answer: gall bladder
M6. Admiral Nelson was made a baron following this battle of August 1-2, 1798, which resulted in the destruction of virtually all of the participating French fleet. This ended Napoleon's hopes of striking at British India, and isolated the French expeditionary corps in Egypt. For 10 points—identify this naval engagement fought in Aboukir Bay at the head of the delta.
answer: Battle of the Nile (accept Battle of Aboukir on early buzz)
M7. He composed the music for the 1940 film The Great Dictator, as well as for 1941's The Little Foxes. The Beatles made a hit out of his tune "Till There Was You." He is best known, however, for the musical inspired by his boyhood home in Mason City, Iowa. For 10 points—name this man who created Professor Harold Hill and the song "Seventy-six Trombones" for his play The Music Man.
answer: Meredith Willson
M8. This 1971 novel interweaves the story of a wheelchair-bound man living in California in 1970 with that of his 19th-century pioneer grandparents, finding emotional parallels between past and present. Its title is a geological term for the slope at which rocks cease to roll. For 10 points—name this Pulitzer prize-winning novel by Wallace Stegner.
answer: Angle of Repose
M9. The largest one in the United States is believed to be Hogback Ridge, a 17-mile-long one of these structures in North Dakota. Their name derives from the Irish Gaelic for "back" or "ridge," and they are often referred to as "basket of eggs" topography. For 10 points—identify these small hills, composed of a base of gravel and sand and a cap of glacial sediment that elongate in the direction that the glacier was flowing.
answer: drumlin
M10. He was the first philosopher to teach the doctrine of emanation, which supposes a transmission of powers from the Absolute Being through a series of agencies, the last of which is matter. Establishing a school in Rome in AD 244, he spoke on asceticism and grouped his works together in 54 treatises in Greek, later called the Enneads. For 10 points—identify this Roman philosopher, the founder of Neoplatonism.
answer: Plotinus
M11. Big one-handed backhands are now rare in women's tennis, and this 18-year-old owes hers to coach Pete Fischer. In 1999 she became the first since John McEnroe to enter Wimbledon as a qualifier and advance as far as the semifinals—yet press attention was focused as much on her birth certificate as on her play. For 10 points—what woman now acknowledged as the daughter of Julius Erving shares her surname with Cuban boxer Teófilo and a family of Illinois politicians?
answer: Alexandra Stevenson
M12. The portrait studio he established at the corner of Broadway and Fulton streets in New York City in 1844 was immediately successful. In 1860 his "Cooper Union" daguerreotype of Abraham Lincoln helped boost Lincoln's popularity during the presidential campaign. For 10 points—what man, who biographer James Horan called "historian with a camera," is best-remembered for organizing a corps of photographers who followed the armies to provide photographic documentation of the Civil War?
answer: Mathew Brady
M13. The central character of this opera wants to redeem himself and win back the love of Anne Trulove. The central character, Tom, is responsible for his situation as he squandered his inherited fortune and sold his soul to the Shadow, i.e., the Devil. The composer asked Chester Kallman and W. H. Auden to write the libretto in a Mozartian fashion. For 10 points—identify this Igor Stravinsky opera that takes its name and the basis for its plot from a set of eight engravings of the same name by William Hogarth.
answer: The Rake's Progress
M14. Oscar Wilde said that the 19th century, as we know it, is largely an invention of this man. As a guide to the century he was born right on schedule, in Tours in 1799; but he only lived to see the first half of it, dying in Paris in 1850. A few months before his death he married the Polish countess Evelina Hanska, with whom he had conducted a romantic correspondence for nearly two decades. For 10 points—name this prolific writer whose depiction of his times was set forth in the 90-odd novels and novellas that comprise "The Human Comedy."
answer: Honoré de Balzac (or Honoré Balssa)
M15. It yields less juice than Sylvaner grape, with which it is crossed to produce the Müller-Thurgau hybrid, but this variety of vitis vinifera produces wines of extraordinary finesse, with a flowery bouquet, delicate fruitiness and full body. Widely planted in the Mosel and Rhine valleys, it is dominant in the best German white wines. For 10 points—what noble grape variety is often associated in America particularly with the Rheingau vineyard area around Johannisberg?
answer: Riesling (accept Johannisberg Riesling)
M16. This scientist demonstrated fundamental techniques in statistics, notably in the calculation of the correlation between pairs of attributes. He is noted for two advances in science, the first of which was devising a method of identification via fingerprinting. However, this cousin of Charles Darwin is better known for the arguments made in his book Hereditary Genius. For 10 points—identify this founder of the controversial field of eugenics.
answer: Sir Francis Galton
M17. It is a city located on Interstate 10, just across the river from a sister city named for a president—though not for a U.S. one. Site of the army's Fort Bliss, it borders both New Mexico and, across the Rio Grande in Juárez, the Mexican state of Chihuahua. For 10 points—what is this largest Texan border town?
answer: El Paso, TX
M18. The official accounting of this event showed 379 dead and over 1,000 wounded. Its unrepentant instigator was dismissed, but remained a hero to many in Britain, with the House of Lords passing by a large majority a motion in his favor. General Dyer's order to disperse a prohibited meeting in the Jalianwala Bagh by opening fire without warning resulted in—for 10 points—what notorious 1919 massacre in the Punjab?
answer: Amritsar massacre (prompt on "Dyer" massacre or "Jalianwala Bagh" massacre)
M19. The first edition to this work began with an "Advertisement" asserting that poems determined "how far the language of conversation in the middle and lower classes of society is adapted to the purposes of poetic pleasure." In the second edition this was replaced by a Preface, which asks and answers the question "what is a poet?" For 10 points—name this work containing such poems as "Tintern Abbey" and Rime of the Ancient Mariner, a famous literary collaboration of Wordsworth and Coleridge.
answer: Lyrical Ballads
M20. Owner of the first color lithography shop in Massachusetts, he also wrote four books on teaching children about color. But his principal career started early in the 1860s with a board game, the object of which was to avoid financial ruin and obtain a happy old age—he called it "The Checkered Game of Life." For 10 points—name this American game pioneer, named for a British poet, whose namesake company, now a division of Hasbro, Inc., makes such products as the "Game of Life" and "Candy Land."
answer: Milton Bradley
M21. In 1976 Japanese scientist Susumo Tonegawa used recombinant DNA techniques to explain the variability of these molecules. There are five classes of them, one of which is also known as reagin. Each one consists of two heavy chains and two light chains, which in turn consist of a variable and a constant region. For 10 points—identify these molecules that are produced by lymphocytes in response to an antigen, and can be found by the millions in the blood.
answer: antibodies or antibody or immunoglobulin(s)
M22. After accepting a professorship at Yale he established that school's anthropology department. A founder of ethnolinguistics, he is best known for his contributions to the study of North American Indian languages by giving them a specific classification and division scheme. For 10 points—identify this pupil of Franz Boas, who in turn developed a famous linguistic hypothesis with his pupil, Benjamin Whorf.
answer: Edward Sapir
M23. In 1900 his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination petered out following two injudicious missteps. Widespread derision met his declaration that "since studying the subject, I am convinced that the office of President is not such a very difficult one to fill." And the public resented news that he had deeded over to his new social-climbing wife the Washington home given as a gift of the people in thanks for his military success of 1898. For 10 points—name this man who had less success as a politician than he had smashing Spanish warships in Manila Bay.
answer: Admiral George Dewey
M24. After his autobiographical poem of 1932, Spectorsky, led to accusations of "anti-sociability," he devoted himself for many years mainly to translations of foreign poets. His quarter-century of silence ended with a novel, published in translation in Italy after its rejection by Soviet censors. For 10 points—what writer was subsequently compelled to refuse the Nobel Prize awarded him on the basis of this novel, Doctor Zhivago?
answer: Boris (Leonidovich) Pasternak

Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999
Set N
N1. In biological applications it is often used to determine what fraction of cells in a healthy culture will remain unaffected when a strain of viruses is added, or it can be used to calculate the number of telephone calls at a business in a given time period. It is applicable to "intervals" on the space or time axes and it describes the probabilities of random occurrences. For 10 points—identify this probability distribution named for the Frenchman who discovered it.
answer: Poisson distribution
N2. Always opposed to radicalism, this London-born emigrant to the U.S. tried unsuccessfully to organize a new non-socialist International out of the world's labor movements. He favored a rather conservative trade unionism aimed at increasing benefits within the capitalist system rather than attempting to alter it. For 10 points—what prominent cigar maker was founding president of the American Federation of Labor?
answer: Samuel Gompers
N3. Given a name meaning "wood," an attempt to clear its thick forests resulted in a fire that raged for seven years in the 1420s. The potash left from the consumed wood proved to be perfect fertilizer for the vineyards of Malmsey grapes imported from Crete to replace the forests, and the result was the islands' famous namesake wine. For 10 points—name this autonomous region of Portugal, an archipelago west of Morocco.
answer: Madeira Island(s) or the Madeiras
N4. This school's Wildcats have won eight NCAA titles in men's cross-country and track, while its women harriers have won seven. Its men's basketball team has reached the NCAA championship game twice, losing to UCLA in 1971, but winning in 1985 when coached by Rollie Massimino and led by center Ed Pinckney. For 10 points—Steve Lappas now coaches hoops at what Big East conference school from Pennsylvania?
answer: Villanova
N5. Thoroughly dishonorable where it comes to women, he is a reckless libertine who ultimately dies in a duel with Altamont, after having seduced Calista, Altamont's betrothed. So goes the action in the play in which he appears, Nicholas Rowe's The Fair Penitent (1703). For 10 points—what rakish character is this, whose name has come to be applied to any scheming seducer of women?
answer: Lothario
N6. He escaped from prison in 1944 and was not re-arrested until December 1989. Far from being a fugitive all that time, rather he spent 22 years as head of state, following in the footsteps of his political mentor and onetime fellow prisoner, Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej [gay-OR-gay gay-OR-gyew-DAYZH]. For 10 points—what repressive dictator was executed, along with his wife Elena, after being toppled by a popular uprising in Romania?
answer: Nicolae Ceausescu [chow-SHESH-koo]
N7. It was first proposed by Francis Crick in 1966 and resulted from the observation that a set of codons for one amino acid possessed the same first two letters, only differing in the third. It theorized that hydrogen bonding at third position was not as specifically adherent, explaining the several triplets for all amino acids other than tryptophan and methionine. For 10 points—identify this "hypothesis" that allows for the anticodon of a single transfer RNA species to pair with more than one triplet in mRNA.
answer: wobble hypothesis
N8. In Old English he was known as Tiw [tiv], and he was apparently concerned with the formalities of war, especially treaties. He came to be identified by the Romans with their own Mars, and this god's name eventually gave rise to the day of Tuesday. In Norse myth, as a guarantee of good faith, he placed his hands between the jaws of Fenris wolf, but Fenris bit off his hand, hence his identification as the one-handed god. For 10 points—name this son of Odin and Norse god of war.
answer: Tyr
N9. Formed in 1975 in London, one half of the duo that made up this band was songwriter and lyricist Eric Woolfson. Throughout their career they recorded concept albums, including adaptations of Asimov and Poe books, such as their first album, Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Their only Top Ten hit came with the 1982 song "Eye in the Sky." For 10 points—name this progressive British band described as a "project."
answer: Alan Parsons Project
N10. After his first trip to Paris in 1885, he painted such works as The Evening Hour and Evening on Karl Johan Street. His 1892 exhibition at the Union of Berlin Artists so shocked authorities that the show was closed in a week. He had a particular affinity for the work of Henrik Ibsen and designed sets for the productions of Hedda Gabler and Ghosts. The childhood trauma caused by the death of his mother and sister from tuberculosis inspired his most famous painting. For 10 points—name this Norweigan artist of The Scream.
answer: Edvard Munch [moongk]
N11. Its first appearance in English was a 1655 translation by Richard Fanshawe. Its opening lines declare it the story of heroes who, leaving their native land behind them, opened a way to Ceylon, and further, across seas no man had ever sailed before. For 10 points—identify this seafaring epic of Vasco da Gama and other Portuguese navigators, named by author Luís de Camoens for the sons of the mythical founder of Portugal, Lusus.
answer: the Lusiads or Os Lusíadas
N12. Its five-year mission was to fix longitude more accurately by setting up a chain of chronometric stations, and to chart the coasts of Peru, Chile, Tierra del Fuego, and Patagonia. It is better remembered now, however, for activities carried out by the young protégé of Cambridge professor John Stevens Henslow, who served on the voyage as ship's naturalist. For 10 points—name this vessel which from 1831 to 1836 carried Charles Darwin around the world.
answer: H.M.S. Beagle
N13. They are normally very stable, except for the cyclic types, which can be prepared by reacting cycloalkenes with peroxy- acids. Cyclic varieties of them include tetrahydrofuran and oxirane, and the most common method for making their straight chain type is the Williamson synthesis. For 10 points—identify this group of compounds that contain a dicoordinated oxygen atom, and which possess the formula R-O-R, where the R's are carbon groups.
answer: ethers
N14. The longer one issues from Methy Lake and flows across northern Saskatchewan and Manitoba to enter Hudson Bay at its namesake town. The shorter one lies in Labrador and empties into the Atlantic near Rigolet. The latter, formerly known as the Hamilton, was renamed in 1965 following the death of a great statesman. For 10 points—what name common to two Canadian rivers is also part of the name of a Louisville racetrack?
answer: Churchill (River)
N15. "Five books. Five bestsellers. Over five million copies sold. After fifteen years, [blank] returns." So ran the advertisements in fall 1998 for Incident at Twenty Mile, the reappearance after 15 years of this author of thrillers. For 10 points—who sold hugely with each of this previous books, The Main, Shibumi, The Summer of Katya, The Loo Sanction, and The Eiger Sanction?
answer: Trevanian (or Rodney Whitaker)
N16. Along with Rimsky-Korsakov this man completed Borodin's unfinished opera Prince Igor. He moved to Paris in 1928, where he died in relative obscurity eight years later. Not particularly known for his eight symphonies, other lesser works include the symphonic poem The Kremlin and the ballet The Seasons. For 10 points—identify this Russian composer best known for his symphonic poem Stenka Razin, and the ballet Raymonda.
answer: Alexander Glazunov
N17. The armies met a mile north of the titular town and deployed along the Broad Moor Valley. Initially Henry Ireton and his cavalry on the left wing were driven back, but Prince Rupert pushed too far, and the Parliamentary cavalry on the right was able to regroup under Cromwell and assault the Royalist center. For 10 points—identify this decisive 1645 victory for the New Model Army over the forces of King Charles I.
answer: Battle of Naseby
N18. This disease of segmental deletion was first reported by Jerome LeJeune in 1963. It is associated with the loss of much of the short arm of chromosome 5. This partial monosomy usually results in gastrointestinal and cardiac complications and mental retardation. Infants with the syndrome also exhibit abnormal development of the larynx. Consequently—for 10 points—what disease gets its name from the resulting sound, which is similar to the meowing of a cat?
answer: cri-du-chat [cree-du-SHAY] syndrome (prompt on "cry of the cat")
N19. On May 30, 1977, while with the Indians, he threw a no-hitter versus the Angels. His last appearance, September 26, 1998, was his 1,071st, breaking a tie with Hoyt Wilhelm for the most in major league history. He spent his first 13 seasons as a starter, and then 11 more in relief—enough to retire as third on the all-time saves list behind Lee Smith and John Franco. For 10 points—name this mustachioed pitcher who was 1992 American League MVP while closing for the A's.
answer: Dennis Eckersley
N20. Characters in this work include Clickett, the Ofling; Sophy Crewler, Mealy Potatoes, Miss Mowcher, Mr. Jorkins, Mr. Creakle, Rosa Dartle, Mr. Murdstone, Steerforth, Betsey Trotwood, Dora Spenlow, Agnes Wickfield, Mr. Micawber, and Uriah Heep. For 10 points—in what semi-autobiographical Dickens novel?
answer: David Copperfield
N21. Long a part of Scottish homicide law, England and Wales did not adopt this defense until 1957. It is not a plea of temporary insanity, but it is most frequently asserted in connection with murder cases requiring proof of a particular mental state on the part of the accused. For 10 points—identify this two-word legal principle that absolves an accused person of part of his crime if he suffers from such an abnormality of mind as to substantially impair his responsibility in committing a violation.
answer: diminished responsibility
N22. Though he got his first major break playing Barry in Risky Business, you may remember him from such forgettable roles as the bellboy in Blame It on the Bellboy or Rodrigo in Babes in Toyland. He played the annoying Meego in the 1997 TV series of the same name, but his best work came in the awful comedy Second Sight, and as the hilariously funny Serge in the Beverly Hills Cop series. For 10 points—name this actor best known for playing Balki Bartokomous in the TV series Perfect Strangers.
answer: Bronson Pinchot
N23. Compensation of Texas for ceding border claims; abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia; a stricter Fugitive Slave Law; popular sovereignty for the new territories of Utah and New Mexico; and California to enter the union as a free state. Such were the provisions of this omnibus series of measures devised by Henry Clay to make some concessions to both North and South. For 10 points—name this legislative measure passed after Millard Fillmore succeeded President Taylor.
answer: Compromise of 1850
N24. Leo wrote The City and Man, and David Friedrich wrote The Life of Jesus. Franz Josef lost a 1980 bid to become West German chancellor; Lewis chaired the Atomic Energy Commission and served as Secretary of Commerce under Eisenhower. For 10 points—these men shared what surname, also associated with denim trousers and operas such as Die Fledermaus and Der Rosenkavalier?
answer: Strauss

Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999
Details are sketchy, but it is certain that their initiation comprised two stages, with the second, or epopteia, only being undertaken after a year's probation. The Greater one took place every five years in the month of Boedromion, or September to October. The festival was climaxed by a solemn procession from the titular temple in Athens to the titular city. Traditionally based on the teachings of Demeter—for 10 points—name these most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece.
answer: Eleusinian mysteries [el-yoo-SIN-ee an]
He still holds the record for most collegiate rushing touchdowns in one quarter, as he once scored four against the University of Michigan in the first twelve minutes of the game. Though he ended his career as a defensive back, it was as a running back wearing number 77 that this "Wheaton Iceman" gained fame. For 10 points—what star's exploits at the University of Illinois earned him the nickname "The Galloping Ghost?"
answer: Harold (Red) Grange
With the addition this year of David Kennedy's Freedom From Fear it has now published four of ten planned volumes in its "History of the United States" series, under the general editorship of C. Vann Woodward. This project is not to be confused with its one-volume "History of the American People" which was a 1965 bestseller authored by Samuel Eliot Morison. For 10 points—name this prestigious university press founded in 1478.
answer: Oxford University Press (accept Oxford History of the United States)
As a proper noun it designates Attic Greek, though it serves a much broader use in linguistics. Examples of it include Standard Macedonian, the Italian of late 14th-century Naples, and the language of modern China in the 7th to 10th centuries. A contemporary one is the Belgrade-based variety of Serbo-Croation. For 10 points—name this term, which identifies a compromise language made up of several dialects of the same language.
answer: koine
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