Conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in jordan




Yüklə 0.55 Mb.
səhifə1/9
tarix30.04.2016
ölçüsü0.55 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9


The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan


The General Corporation for the Environment Protection


CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN JORDAN


First National Report


of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on the Implementation of Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity


Amman

December 2001

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report was made possible through the cooperation of a large number of institutions, public bodies, scientists and professionals. It is a product of a collaborative, comprehensive effort undertaken by the General Corporation for the Environment Protection, with the extensive support of Jordanian experts representing the public, academic and private sectors. Conservation and Sustainable Use Of Biological Diversity In Jordan (First National Report) was facilitated by the United Nation Development Programme with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).


The General Corporation for the Environment Protection, the project coordinator and the project team would like to acknowledge the support provided by the Ministry of Planning, Jordanian universities, ministries and affiliated Government authorities, and the resource experts who have worked on the study.
Thanks and gratitude are also extended to the United Nations Development Programme for its support and facilitation during the study.
Special recognition is extended to Engineer Faris Al-Juniedi (General Director of GCEP), Engineer Ghazi Odat (Deputy General Director of GCEP), and to the former project coordinator, H.E Dr. Alia M. Hatough-Bouran (Ambassador of Jordan in Brussels).

Special appreciation is extended to the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature and Jordanian Environment Society for providing the project with the available documents and studies. The project team also would like to express deep appreciation for the all those who contributed in the studies, their input and suggestions that enriched the scientific material.


We would like to extend our gratitude to the international expert Mr. Jacques Prescott (IUCN) for his efforts in the revision, drafting and editing of the document. Thanks and recognition go to Dr. Iyad Abomoghli Assistant Resident Representative of UNDP in Amman for his support. The project team is grateful for the valuable comments and suggestions provided by Dr. Hani Daraghmi/GEF Regional Coordinator in Cairo, and by the Project Steering Committee.
Compiled and Edited by Dr. Abdel-Muti M. Tellawi

Project Coordinator, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan



List of Contributors

(Participating Agencies and Organizations)
Project Team:

Dr. Abdelmuti M. Tellawi: Project Coordinator, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Project.

Mr. Jaquas Prescott: International Consultant and Drafter
Dr. Odeh Jayyosi/ JES: National Consultant Water Use

Eng. Mohammed Ayesh/JES: National Consultant Environmental Education and Awareness

Dr. Ayed Omari/ Moutah Univ.: National Consultant Forestry

Dr. Kamal Tadrus/ Private Sector: National Consultant Range Management.

Dr. Nabeel Helat/ Science and Tech. Univ.: National Consultant Animal Production and Marine.

Eng. Yanal Abeda/Industrial Chamber of Amman: National Consultant Industry and Energy.

Dr. Ahmed Oqlah/ Yarmuk Univ.: National Consultant Flora.

Dr. Sameer Masoud/ Moutah Univ.: National Consultant Microbiology and Biotechnology

Eng. Qasim Omari/ Private Sector: National Consultant Mineralogy.

Dr. Hani Soub/ Jordanian Univ.: National Consultant Agriculture (Plant Production)

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature: National Consultant Wild life.

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature: National Consultant Eco-tourism.

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature: National Consultant Wild life Reserves

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature: National Consultant Endangered Biological Species.

Mrs. Rabab Al-Tal/Private Sector: National Consultant Environmental Legislation.

Dr. Abdelmuti M. Tellawi: National Consultant Land Use.

Dr. Aamer Jabbareen/ Jordanian Univ.: National Consultant Biodiversity Economy.
Project Management Team:

Dr. Abdelmuti M. Tellawi: Project Coordinator, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Project.

Dr. Iyad Abumoghli: UNDP.

Engineer Khalaf Aloklah:GCEP.

Engineer Nadia Juhari: Ministry of Planning.

Engineer Raed Bani-Hani: GCEP.

Eng. Rania Al-Nimer: Adminst. Support /Secretary.

Mr. Bashar Rawashdeh: Adminst. Support /Accountantt.
Project Steering Committee:

Engineer Faris Al-Junaidi: General Director of GCEP, Head of the Steering Committee

Dr. Iyad Abumoghli: UNDP

Engineer Khalaf Aloklah:GCEP-Directorate of Nature and Land Conservation

Engineer Nadia Juhari: Ministry of Planning.

Dr. Abdelmuti M. Tellawi: Project Coordinator, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan.

Dr. Saeed Damhouryeh: University of Jordan

Engineer Rania Abedelkhaleq: Ministry of Water & Irrigation

Mr. Nawzat Abedah: Ministry of Tourism

Mr. Essa Mahadeen: Radio and Television Corporation

Engineer Khaled Irani: Royal Society for Conservation of Nature

Mr. Yahia Shihadeh: Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature

Dr. Mohammed Alajloni: Project Coordinator – Agro-biodiversity Project

Engineer Subhieh Soaefan: Ministry of Agriculture (NCARTT)

Engineer Suliman Alabbadi: Ministry of Agriculture

Engineer Ahmad Almefleh: Royal Jordanian Geographic Center

Engineer Esam Qararaeh : Jordanian Cooperative Corporation

Dr. Sami Alsunnaa: Private Sector

Mrs. Ghadah Alabdullat: National Women Committee Gathering

Engineer Raed Bani-Hani: GCEP- Biodiversity Unit

Mr. Amjad Alghubari:GCEP- Environmental Legislation

Abbreviations

ASEZA: Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authorities.

CBD: Convention on Biological Diversity

CNM: Contingent Valuation Method.

COP: Countries Of Parties

CPC: Cleaner Production Center.

DOS: Department Of Static.

EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment.

FAO: Food And Agriculture Organization.

GCEP: General Corporation for Environment Protection

GEF: Global Environmental Facility

GIS: Geographic Information System.

GNP: Gross National Product.

GOJ: Governmental Of Jordan.

GRU: Genetic Resources Unit.

GTZ: German Technical Cooperation.

ICARDA: International Center For Agriculture Recherché In Dry Areas.

IUCN: International Union For The Conservation Of Nature

JBD: Jordan Biodiversity Data Base.

JES: Jordan Environment Society

JSDCBD: Jordanian Society For Desertification Control And Badia Development.

JUST: Jordanian University Of Science And Technology.

JVA: Jordan Valley Authority.

LMO: Living Modified Organisms.

MOA: Ministry Of Planning.

MOTA: Ministry Of Tourism Antiquities.

MWI: Ministry Of Water And Irrigation.

NBSAP: National Biodiversity Strategy And Action Plan.

NCARTT: National Center For Agriculture Research And Technology Transfer

NCPC: National Cleaner Production Center.

NEAP: National Environment Action Plan

NES: National Environment Strategy

NEWS: National Environmental and Wildlife Society.

NGO: Non- Governmental Organization.

NRA: Natural Resources Authority .

NUB: National Unit For Biodiversity

RJSED: Royal Jordanian Society For Ecological Diving .

RSCN: Royal Society For The Conservation Of Nature

RSS: Royal Scientific Society.

SAP: Strategic Action Plan.

SMES: Small and Medium Enterprises.

SSSI: Sites Of Special Scientific Interest.

UNCED: United Nations Conference On The Environmental Development

UNDP: United Nations Development Programme

UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO: United Nations for Education , Science and Culture Organization

USAID: United State Agency For The International Development

WWF: World Wildlife Fund


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Conservation and Sustainable use of Biological diversity in Jordan

No.

Subject

Page




-Acknowledgement

-List of contributors

-Abbreviations


2

3

5






-Executive summary

8

Theme 1

INTRODUCTION TO THE BIODIVERSITY OF JORDAN

17

1.1

Historical roots of conservation in Jordan

17

1.2

Biological Diversity in Jordan

21

1.3

Role, importance and value of biodiversity

21

1.3.1

Direct values of biodiversity

22

1.3.2

Indirect values of biodiversity

24

1.3.3

Global importance of Jordanian Biodiversity

24

1.4

Ecosystems

26

1.5

Threats facing biodiversity

30

Theme 2

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS IN THE FIELD OF BIODIVERSITY

32

2.1

Legislation

32

2.2

Institutions

36

2.3

Evaluation of environmental legislation and institutions

40

2.4

National protected areas policy

44

2.5

Public awareness and participation

45

Theme 3

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

48

3.1

Protected areas

48

3.2
Species At Risk

51

3.3

Land tenure and land use planing

54

Theme 4

BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES IN JORDAN

58

4.1
Flora (Wild Plants)

58

4.2

Forests

62

4.3

Terrestrial and Freshwater Wild Fauna

65

4.4

Marine Life and Fisheries

67

4.5

Biodiversity of Genetic resources in Jordan: Plant Genetic Resources

70

4.6

Microorganisms

73

Theme 5
THE IMPACT OF INDUSTRY ON BIODIVERSITY

76

5.1

Agriculture Resources : Plant Production

76

5.2

Animal Production

78

5.3

Rangeland Production

80

5.4

Mining

81

5.5

Industry And Factory Production

82

5.6

Biotechnology And Biosafety

83

5.7

Eco-Tourism

86

Theme 6

OBJECTIVES OF JORDAN’S BIODIVERSITY STRATEGY

89

6.1

A National Biodiversity Strategy for Jordan

89

6.2

Preparatory Process

92

6.3

Action Plan

93

6.4

Proposed Implementation Process

94

6.5

Criteria for setting priorities for ecosystem conservation

100
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə