Bird species Habitat use



Yüklə 167.97 Kb.
tarix21.04.2016
ölçüsü167.97 Kb.
Supplementary Table 5. Functional groups of bird species recorded from Guangua Wereda of Awi Zone, Gojjam, Amhara National Regional State, NW Ethiopia

Bird species

Habitat use

Dietary guild

Foraging stratum

Nesting stratum

Nest type

Residency

Flock

Abyssinian crimsonwing [Cryptospiza salvadorii Reichenow.]

Forest restricted

Granivore

Understory

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

single

Abyssinian ground hornbill [Bucorvus abyssinicus (Boddaert).]

Non-forest

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

Abyssinian groundthrush [Zoothera piaggiae (Bouvier).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

Ant-follower

Abyssinian slaty flycatcher [Melaenornis chocolatinus (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

single

Abyssinian white-eye [Zosterops abyssinicus Guérin-Meneville]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Presumed resident

None

Abyssinian woodpecker [Dendropicos abyssinicus (Stanley).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

Mixed

African citril [Serinus citrinelloides Rüppell]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Presumed resident

single

African dusky flycatcher [Muscicapa adusta (Boie).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Air

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

African emerald cuckoo [Chrysococcyx cupreus Shaw.]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Multistrata







Resident

Single

African firefinch [Lagonostica rubricata (Lichtenstein).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Closed

Resident

single

African golden oriole [Oriolus auratus Vieillot.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Intra-Afrotropical migrant

Mixed

African goshawk [Accipiter tachiro (Daudin).]

Forest restricted

Carnivore/scavenger

Air

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

African harrier hawk [Polyboroides typus Smith.]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Single

African hawkeagle [Hieraaetus spilogaster (Bonaparte).]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

African hill babbler [Pseudoalcippe abyssinica (Rüppell).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

African hobby [Falco cuvieri Smith.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Air

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

African paradise-flycatcher [Terpsiphone viridis (Müller).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Air

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Augur buzzard [Buteo rufofuscus augur (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Air

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

Baglafecht weaver [Ploceus baglafecht (Daudin).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Single

Banded barbet [Lybius undatus (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

none

Black saw-wing [Psalidoprocne pristoptera (Rüppell).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Air

Ground

Cavity

Resident

single

Black-billed wood-dove [Turtur abyssinicus (Sharpe).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

single

Black-billed woodhopoe [Phoeniculus somaliensis (Ogilvie-Grant)]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Cavity

Resident

single

Black-headed batis [Batis minur Erlanger.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

Single

Black-headed siskin [Serinus nigriceps (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Resident

single

Black-winged lovebird [Agapornis taranta (Stanley).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

Single

Blue-breasted bee-eater [Merops variegatus Vieillot]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Air

Ground

Cavity

Resident

single

Blue-headed coucal [Centropus monachus Rüppell.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Ground

Closed

Resident

None

Brown-rumped seedeater [Serinus tristriatus Rüppell.]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Presumed resident

Mixed

Brown-throated wattle-eye [Platysteira cyanea (Müller).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Presumed resident

Mixed

Bruce's green pigeon [Treron waalia (Meyer).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Cape crow [Corvus capensis Lichtenstein.]

Non-forest

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Single

Cardinal woodpecker [Dendropicos fuscescens (Vieillot)]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

Mixed

Cinamon-bracken warbler [Bradypterus cinnamomeus (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

None

Common bulbul [Pycnonotus barbatus (Desfontaines).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

Common fiscal [Lanius collaris Linnaeus.]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

Single

Crowned eagle [Stephanoaetus coronatus (Linnaeus).]

Forest restricted

Carnivore/scavenger

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

None

Dark-capped yellow warbler [Chloropeta natalensis Smith.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

Ant-follower

Double-toothed barbet [Lybius bidentatus (Shaw).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Presumed resident

Single

Dusky turtle dove [Streptopelia lugens (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Single

Egyptian goose [Alopochen aegyptiacus (Linnaeus).]

Non-forest

Granivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Single

Erckel's francolin [Francolinus erckelii (Rüppell).]

Forest restricted

Granivore

Ground

Ground

Open

Resident

Single

Ethiopian oriole [Oriolus monacha (Gmelin).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

single

European bee-eater [Merops apiaster Linnaeus]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Air

Ground

Cavity

Palaerctic migrant

Mixed

Fan-tailed raven [Corvus rhipidurus Hartet.]

Non-forest

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Giant kingfisher [Megaceryle maxima (Pallas).]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Ground

Cavity

Resident

None

Greater blue-eared starling [Lamprotornis chalybaeus Ehrbenberg]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Greater honeyguide [Indicator indicator (Sparrman).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy







Resident

Mixed

Grey woodpecker [Dendropicos goertae (Müller).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Grey-backed camaroptera [Camaroptera brachyura (Vieillot).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Closed

Resident

single

Groundscraper thrush [Psophocichla litsitsirupa (Smith).]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Single

Hadeda ibis [Bostrychia hagedash (Latham).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

Helmeted guineafowl [Numida meleagris (Linnaeus).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Understory

Ground

Open

Resident

Single

Hemprich's hornbill [Tockus hemprichii (Ehrenberg).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Air

Ground

Cavity

Resident

single

Hooded vulture [Necrosyrtes monachus (Temminck).]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Understory

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Klaas's cuckoo [Chrysococcyx klaas (Stephens).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy







Resident

None

Laughing dove [Streptopelia senegalensis (Linnaeus).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Single

Lemon dove [Columba larvata Temminck.]

Forest restricted

Frugivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Presumed resident

single

Mocking cliffchat [Myrmecocichla cinnamomeiventris (Lafresnaye).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Single

Montane white-eye [Zosterops poliogaster Heuglin.]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Mosque swallow [Hirundo senegalensis Linnaeus]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Mountain thrush [Turdus olivaceus Linnaeus.]

Forest restricted

Frugivore

Understory

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Mountain wagtail [Motacilla clara Sharpe.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Ground

canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Narina's trogon [Apaloderma narina Stephens]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Northern black flycatcher [Melaenornis edolioieds (Swainson).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

Northern puffback [Dryoscopus gambensis (Lichtenstein).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

None

Nubian woodpecker [Campethera nubica (Boddaert)]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

None

Olive sunbird [Cyanomitra obscura (Jardine).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Multistrata

Understory

Closed

Resident

None

Pale flycatcher [Melaenornis pallidus (Müller).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

Single

Red-cheeked cordenblue [Urae ginthus bengalus (Linnaeus).]

Non-forest

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Red-chested cuckoo [Cuculus solitarius (Stephens).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy







Intra-Afrotropical migrant

None

Red-eyed dove [Streptopelia semitorquata (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

single

Red-shouldered cuckooshrike [Campephaga pheinica (Latham)]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Presumed resident

Single

Red-throated wryneck [Jynx ruficollis Wagler.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Multistrata

Understory

Cavity

Resident

None

Rupell's robin-chat [Cossypha semirufa (Rüppell)]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Resident

Ant-follower

Scarlet-chested sunbird [Chalomitra senegalensis (Linnaeus).]

Forest associated

Nectarivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Silvery-cheeked hornbill [Ceratogmna brevis (Rüppell)]

Forest restricted

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Slender-billed starling [Onychognathus tenuirostris (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Ground

Open

Resident

Mixed

Speckled mousebird [Colius striatus Gmelin.]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

single

Spectacled weaver [Ploceus ocularis Smith.]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Closed

Resident

Mixed

Spotted creeper [Salpornis spilonotus (Franklin).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Streaky seedeater [Serinus striolatus (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

Striped kingfisher [Halcyon chelicuti (Stanley).]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Swainson's sparrow [Passer swainsonii (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Understory

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Single

Tacazze sunbird [Nectarinia tacazze (Stanley).]

Forest associated

Nectarivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Closed

Resident

Single

Tawny-flanked prinia [Prinia subflava (Gmelin).]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Closed

Resident

single

Thick-billed raven [Corvus crassirostris Rüppell.]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

Tree pipit [Anthus trivialis (Linnaeus).]

Forest restricted

Insectivore

Ground







Palaerctic migrant

single

Tropical boubou [Laniarius aethiopicus (Gmelin).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Understory

Open

Resident

single

Variable sunbird [Cinnyris venusta (Shaw and Nodder).]

Forest associated

Nectarivore

Understory

Understory

Closed

Resident

single

Vinaceous dove [Streptopelia vinacea (Gmelin).]

Forest associated

Granivore

Ground

Understory

Open

Resident

Mixed

Violet-backed starling [Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Gmelin).]

Forest associated

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Partial migrant

Mixed

Wattled ibis [Bostrychia carunculata (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

single

White-backed black tit [Parus leuconotus Guérin-Méneville.]

Forest associated













Resident

Single

White-backed vulture [Gyps africanus Salvadori.]

Forest associated

Carnivore/scavenger

Ground

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

Mixed

White-cheeked turaco [Tauraco leucotis (Rüppell).]

Forest restricted

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Open

Resident

single

White-collared pigeon [Columba albitorques Rüppell.]

Non-forest

Granivore

Ground

Ground

Open

Resident

Mixed

White-rumped babbler [Turdoides leucopygius (Rüppell).]

Non-forest

Insectivore

Ground

Ground

Open

Resident

Single

White-winged cliff chat [Myrmecocichla semirufa (Rüppell).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Understory

Ground

Closed

Resident

Single

Woodland kingfisher [Halcyon senegalensis (Linnaeus).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Multistrata

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Yellow-fronted parrot [Poicephalus flavifrons (Rüppell).]

Forest restricted

Frugivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

single

Yellow-fronted tinkerbird [Pogoniulus chrysoconus (Temminck).]

Forest associated

Insectivore

Canopy/subcanopy

Canopy/subcanopy

Cavity

Resident

None



Page of



Yüklə 167.97 Kb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

gir | qeydiyyatdan keç
    Ana səhifə


yükləyin