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Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar:

Make up the sentences with the following word – combinations:

to win the faith

to do one’s best

a good doctor

to diagnose a disease

Medical Institute

Future profession

Medical students



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Miya hujumi” usuli.

Bu muammoni yechishda berilgan qisqa vaqt davomida guruh talabalari “My future profession” matnini birin-ketinlik bilan gapirib berilishi javobini tekshiramiz va javob to’liq bo’lmasa uni o’qituvchi nazorati ostida talabalar faolligini to’ldiramiz.

Talabalar biliini mavzuga oid baholash mezonlari.
19-Mavzu: “both”, and “either ... or”, “neither ... nor”. Juft bog’lovchilari. Text: The Diet
a)og’zaki suhbat

Read correcty

or [o:] ea [i:]

organ easy

normal disease

order beat

organize eat

orbit meal

ordinal meat

Mavzu bayoni

both”, and “either ... or”, “neither ... nor”. Juft bog’lovchilari.

Both … and, neither…nor, either …or yordamida gaplar tuzing va ularning ishlatilishini tushuntiring.

M: Both my friend and me like ice ceem …

Mavzuni tushuntiring.
The Diet
Once my mother took me a lecture “Diet in health and diseasse”. I listened it with great interest. Some facts from this lecture I think will be interesting for you too so I will retell them to you.

If a person wants to be in good health he must be careful about his diet. People who do heavy physical work need more food than people work.

It is impossible to work out mathematically what each person must eat is important to know that a diet must consist of enough of proteins carbohydrates, fats, minerals, water and vitamins.

So you know that a diet must consist of enough of proteins in fish, meat, liver, kidneys, cheese, eggs, milk, sugar, bread, potatoes.



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, interaktiv usul ko’rgazma .

Mavzuning asosiy savollari: Learn by heart the following medical combinations:

1.diptheria

2. prostration

3.tonsil

4. larynx

5. toxemia

6.delirium

7. disinteorate

8. backache

9. smear


10. culture

11. extreme

12. convalescence

13. fatal

14. outcome

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar. Quyidagi so’z birikmalarini tarjima qiling :

1. the pain radiated to the back;

2. considerable disturbances of metobolic rate;

3. a frequent sharp pain in the substernal area ;

4. the diminshed waves of electocordiogram;

5. marked deviations in the electrocerdiogram readings;

6.the overstrain may produce nervous system disturbances.

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Golereya bo’ylab sayohat” usuli.

Komandalar orasida (2-3 kishi) berilgan mavzuni, masalan ga oid tayyorlab kelgan materiallarni ajartib olib, komanda bilan tahlil qilib daftarlariga qisqacha yozib olishadi, keyin guruh oldida aytib berishadi. talabalarga vazivani shunday taqsimlash kerakki, har bir talaba shu ishga jalb qilinishi lozi.” Asepsis” matniga oid rasmla tarqatma materiallar, maketlar tuzganlarga qo’shimcha ball qo’shiladi.

Murakkab to’ldiruvchi yoki murakkab egani qo’llab gaplarni tarjima qiling.

1. Ma’lumki, o’n ikki barmoq ichakning yorilgan yarasi ko’p hollarda ko’p qon yo’qotish bilan kechadi.

2. Ma’lumki siydik tutilishi buyrak kasalligining klinik manzarasidir.

3. Vaqt-vaqti bilan bo’lib turadigan lixoradka tuberkulyoz kasalligining ko’p hollarida uchrar ekan.

4. Studentlar otorinolaringolog tomoqdan narsa olayotganini kuzatib turdilar.
1. I have ... sugar ... salt.

A) neither /nor C) neither/or

B) so/so D) or/either

2. –We visitiol … New York … Washington

-Aren’t you properly sure that you uisitel New yorl?

-N, I m’not.

A) either/or C) or/or

B) neither/or D) both land

3. People use … words and gestures to upress their feelgs.

A) neithee C) both

B) as D) either


20-Mavzu. Text: “ New Investigations on the Vascular Structure of the Heart”.
Text: “NEW INVESTIGATIONS ON THE VASCULAR

STRUCTURE OF THE HEART”

Great work on modern Anatomy was begun in the 15th and 16th centuries.

In the 20th century anatomy became an exact science. It was considered that the heart was mainly a muscular organ. The heart chambers, the valves, the muscular bands and the coats were well described.

But not much was said about the heart vessels.

But in 1968 prof. Seraphim a Samoilova a surgeon determined that the heart consisted of thin vascular tubes and came to the conclusion that the heart was a dilated large vessel included in muscular tissues.

The structure of the heart as a band of vesseis is very intricate and varies with age and diseases Seraphima Samoilova included all the findings of her research work into the book called “The Anatomy of Cardiac-Blood Vessels”

This book was published in Leningrad in 1970. It helps a surgeon to perform operations on the heart.

Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, kartochkalr, audio magnitafon.

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Aylana stol atrofida” usuli.

“Aylana stol atrofida “usulida guruh ikkita kichik guruhga bo’linadi va bunda ikkita guruh a’zolari “New Investigations on the Vascular Structure of the Heart” matnida uchraydigan so’zlarni ko’proq va tezroq aytishi kerak.

modern Anatomy – zamonaviy anatomiya

heart chambers – yurak katerlari

valves – klapanlar

muscular tissues – muskul to’qimasi

surgeon – jarroh

So’zlarni eng ko’p, eng tez aytgan guruh talabalariga o’qituvchi tomonidan yuqori ball qo’yiladi.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalarning mustaqil ishi:

Answer the questions:



1) Retell the structure of the heart.

2) Where is the heart ?

3) With what is the ventricular part consists of ?

4) Is the apex composed of the left ventricular directed forword ?

5) How the walls of the artrium looks like ?

Talabalar bilimini mavzuga oid baholash mezonlari.
1) Choose the appropriate answer.

A.Who is fond of swimming?

B. . . . . . .

A. I was D. He was

B. She was E. They were

C. I am

2) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

- Where is Doctor Safarov ?

- He ... the patient.

A.Operating .

B. Is operating.

C. Operated.

D. Has been a doctor Safarov

E. Will operate


21-Mavzu: Text :” Rheumatic Endocarditis “
a) og’zaki suhbat

[ai] [iə]

might clear

light clearly

right near

flight here

Mavzu bayoni

RHEUMATIC ENDOCARDITIS
The patient complained of a general malaise, early fatigue on exertion, cardiac discomfort and palpitation.

The physician found him to have been having an increase of body temperature to a subfebrile level for a prolonged period of time. The patient stated that the onset of the disease had been preceded by tonsillitis. The patient’s pulse rate had become irregular and accelerated on physical exertion.

The blood analysis revealed moderate leucocytosis and an elevated ESR. The electrocardiogram showed the changes in the most important readings. On percussion the doctor determined the heart to be slightly enlarged. These findings of the physical examination were confirmed by the X-ray examination.

While listening to the patient’s heart the doctor found a soft systolic murmur to be heard at the heart apex. These symptoms were accompanied by diastole murmur heard at the apex and base of the heart. The doctor estimated the murmurs to be varying in their intensity and duration. It was evidence of an inflammatory process in the valves. The doctor determined the organic changes in the mitral, aortic and tricuspid valves to be clearly marked.

The physician considered the patient to be ill with rheumatic endocarditis and insisted on his following a strict bed regimen at the in-patient department.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

1. What most characteristic clinical manifestations has rheumatic endocarditis?

2.What readings does the electrocardiogram show in case of rheumatic endocarditis?

3. How can a therapeutist determine the enlargement of the heart?

4. How can systolic and deastolic heart murmurs be revolved in patients with rheumatic endocarditis?

5. What regimen must a patient with rheumatic endocarditis follow?



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Rasmlar, kartochkalar,multemedia.

Quyidagi so’zlarni yodlang, gaplarni tarjima qiling:

insufficiency [Insə`fi∫ənsI] n yetishmovchilik. Cardiac insufficiency was diagnosed in this patient.

eliminate [IlimineIt] v yoqotmoq. The pain was eliminated due to the administration of this drug.

nowrish [`n/\rI∫] v oziqlantirmoq, boqmoq; to be well nourished yaxshi boqilgan bo’lmoq, to’ladan kelgan.

The patient was a well nourished male.

tablespoonful [`teIblspu:n] n osh qoshig’ida.

You must take a tablespoonful of this medicine. Bu doridan bir osh qoshog’ida ichishingiz kerak.
22-Mavzu: Text : The Treatment of Rheumatic Endocarditis.
a) og’zaki suhbat ey, oa, au harf birikmalari quyidagicha talaffuz qilinadi :

ey [ei] urg`uli bo`g`inda they, grey, obey

ey [i:] urg`usiz bo`g`inda hockey, trolley

oa[ou] oak, oat, roal, boal, coat, coast

au[o:] august, autumn, because, cause, aurition

Mavzu bayoni
The Treatment of Rheumatic Endocarditis”

The patient with the diagnosis of rheumatic endocarditis was treated at the in-patient department. He was administered antibiotic therapy to eliminate the primary focus of infection. He was also administered Adonis preparations to control cardiovascular insufficiency. The preparations of Adonis were administered in the dosage of a tablespoonful three times a day. The patient took aspirin in the dosage of 1 gr four times a day.

The physician recommended the patient’s diet to be nourishing and containing many vitamins. But his diet had to be limited in salt. The patient was allowed only a limited amount of fluid.

The patient had been following the administered treatment for 45 days. By that time his condition had become much better.

Having been discharged from the hospital he had to come to the out-patient department for regular follow-up examinations. In spring and autumn he had to undergo aspirin and bicillin treatment to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Choose the correct answer:

1. What disease may the rheumatic endocarditis be preceded by?

A. It may be preceded by tonsillitis

B. It may be preceded by lung abcess

2. What examination can the enlargement of the heart be determined by?

A. It can be determined by percussion and X-ray examination

B. It can be determined by electrocardiogram

3. What must the diet of a patient with rheumatic endocarditis contain?

A. It must contain much salt.

B. It must contain many vitamins.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Ruchka stol ustida” usuli

Bunda guruhdan 3 kishi tanlanib, o`rtaga qo`yiladi, ular “baliq” bo`lsa, qolgan talabalar kuzatuvchilar bo`ladi. Bu holat “Nima, qayerda, qachon” teleo`yiniga o`xshaydi. O`rtadagi talabalar bir minut ichida javob topolmasa, ular o`rniga boshqa uchlik o`tiradi. Bu uslubning afzallik tomonlari:

1.” The Treatment of Rheumatic Endocarditis” matni so’zlab beriladi.

2. Matn tarjima qilinadi.

3. Talabalarning bilimlari tekshiriladi.

4. Savol-javob qilish bilimi oshadi.

5. O`yin usulida o`tkaziladi.

6. Har bir talaba ishtirok etadi.

Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate antonym to the underlined word.

London is a large city in the country.

A. great

B.small

S.famous


D.big

E wonderful

2) Choose the apprepriate preposition

The doctor prescribed me a medicine... my headache.

A. out of B. for C. with

D. on E. from


23-mavzu: Text : “Atherosclerosis and its Treatment”.
a) og’zaki suhbat.

ie [i:] piece, chief, field

ou [au] out, about, round, sound, pound, found.

au [o:] autumn, pause, auxillary



Mavzu bayoni
Text : Atherosclerosis and its Treatment
Atherosclerosis is one of the diseases of the cardiovascular system which is due to many causes. There is a number of factors which appear to determine its development.

Atherosclerosis of the blood vessels results from metabolic disturbances and particularly of cholesterol exchange. These disturbances begin long before there is any external evidence of the disease. Therefore the doctor must prevent its appearance beginning prophylaxis and treatment as early as possible.

Prophylaxis and treatment of atherosclerosis consist mainly of a certain regimen for the patient, which he must strictly follow. The patient must get up, eat, work, and go to bed at exactly the same time every day.

Sound sleep is very important since it enables the nerve cells to rest. The patient with the signs of atherosclerosis must sleep not less than 7-8 hours and walk before going to bed. Mental and physical overstrain must be excluded.

The incidence of atherosclerosis is high in professional groups with insufficient physical activities. So physical exercises must be part of the prescribed regimen for such persons.

Smoking affects unfavourably the walls of the blood vessels and can result in their spasm, so patients suffering from atherosclerosis must not smoke.

The diet of atherosclerosis patients must contain sufficient amount of protein, but fats and carbohydrates must be taken in very limited doses.

Vitamins are widely used in the treatment of atherosclerosis because some of them improve the metabolic processes and others dilate the vessels, particularly the peripheral ones.

Other drugs administered in treating atherosclerosis are the so-called lipotropic substances, which prevent fat from accumulating in the organism.

Since the nervous system affects the metabolic processes in the human body so patients with atherosclerosis are prescribed such drugs as bromide and valerian to improve its general condition.


Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, ko’rgazma .

Answer the following questions:

1. What are the most characteristic clinical manifestations of lobular pneumania?

2. What treatment is administered to the patient with lobular pneumonia?

3.What is the causative agent of tuberculosis?

4. What do you know about primary tuberculosis?

5. What are the course of lung abscess?

6. What are the patient’s complaints in case of rheumatic endocarditis?

7. What treatment can you administer a patient with rheumatic endocarditis?



Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

The doctor is not in town. He .... to another place some days ago.

A. was sent

B. sent

C. will be sent



D. will send.

E. sends

2) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

The doctor can’t give this textbook now.

It .... by his collegue.

A. takes D. were taken

B. has been taken E. had taken

C. took


3) Choose the appropriate non – finite form of the verb.

......... language you can ...... great opportunities in your life.

A. know /have D. knows/having

B. knowing /to have E. knowing

C. knowing/have

6) Choose the appropriate synonym of the underlined word.

Uzbekistan is a land of ancient culture.

A. big D. many

B.old E. young.

C. modern


24-Mavzu: Gramatika: Bog’lovchisiz qo’shma gaplar.

Text “Health is above wealth
a)og’zaki suhbat

th

/ \



[θ] [ð]

[θ] thick, thin, earth, three, mouth

[ð] this, that, they, the, there, their

It is not known yet weather they will come today.

It is uncertain when we shall start.

Mavzu bayoni

Bog’lovchisiz qo’shma gaplar

I know my friend is not ill.

My friend you know well not ill.

Bog’lovchilar

Gaplarni va gap bo’laklarini bir-biri bilan bog’lash uchun ishlatiladigan so’zlarga bog’lovchilar deyiladi. Teng va ergashtiruvchi bog’lovchilar mavjud.

Go at once or you will miss your train


HEALTH IS ABOVE WEALTH
Yesterday I went to see my friend Mike. He was watching a football game on the TV. After it he watched some sporting contests. He had sat before the TV for three hours. When everything was over Mike said, “I like sport very much”. I looked at his round back and said: “I think that you like only to watch sport”. My father always said: “Go in for sports. You will be healthy and strong”. A healthy man feels and looks well. He can play well and work hard. A sick and weak man tires quickly and often falls ill. Such a man is often nervous and can not work hard. Do some exercises every day. Good exercises increases all body functions. It develops your muscles and gives your pleasure. Exercises increases heart action and blood circulation. They strengthen the nerves.

If you want to have a strong and beautiful body you must exercise yourself. It is more important to your health to be a participant than a spectator.



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, interaktiv usul .

Mavzuning asosiy savollari:

Answer the following questions using the text:



1. When did Karim (following) go to see his friend Nike?

2. Has Nike watching a football watch over the TV when his friend came?

3. Did Nike like sport very much?

4. What did Karim’s father tell about sports to his son?

5. Do good exercises increase all body functions?

6. What nust you do to have a strong and beautiful?

7. Does a healthy man full and look well?



Talabalar egallashi zarur bo’lgan amalaiy ko’nikmalar.

Find the antonyms.

foget, partner, win a game, remember, opponent, send, receive, be born.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Muammoni hal qilish” usuli.

Muammoni hal qilish usuli talabaning aktivligi va qiziqishga qaratilgan bo’lib, ingliz tili darsida eng yaxshi usul bo’lib hisoblanadi.

Bu usulning bir nechta ko’rinishi mavjud:

-guruhga to’g’ri javob talab etuvchi savollar berish.

Har bir talaba o’zining javob variantini (3 minutda) yozib bo’lgandan so’ng qo’shnisi bilan tahlil qiladi va to’g’ri javobni yozadi, keyin yana o’ng tomondagi qo’shnisi bilan tahlil qiladi.

Talabalar daftariga to’g’ri javobni yozib oladilar. Yozilgan javoblar o’qituvchi tomonidan tekshiriladi va ball qo’yiladi.

Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate of the verb.

When the teacher came into the classroom the students..... already translated the text

A. have D. had

B. has E. were

C. is


2) Choose the appropriate of the verb.

The pupils .... just entered the classroom.

A. has D. have

B. had E. are

C. was

3) Choose the appropriate tense of the sentence.



The doctor had examined the patients by 8 o’clock in the morning.

A. The Present Indefinite morning. D. The Present Perfect Tense.

B.The Future Indefinite Tense. E.The Past Perfect Tense.

C.The Present Continuous Tense


25-Mavzu: Infections Diseases.
a) og’zaki suhbat

“a” unlisi ll, lk harf birikmalari oldidan kelganda [o:] tovushini beradi.

call walk

ball talk

tall chalk

all


Mavzu bayoni
INFECTIOUS DISEASES

One of the infectious diseases is influenza. The disease can be mild or severe. The symptoms of influenza are: temperature, headache, and general pain.

In most cases the patients must stay in bed, be warm, drink much water. The patient must stay in bed until the temperature is normal and for the next two or three days he may be up for only short periods. After influenza patients feel weak and often depressed. As influenza is very infectious you must remember never shake hands, when you have a cold. Colds pass through the hands.

The second infectious disease is a scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is an infectious disease. We can often meet this disease in children and only sometimes in grown-ups.

The disease passed from one person to another through the nose and mouth. The beginning of the disease is quick. The patient has a sore throat, fever, headache and he often vomits. The face is flushed and the skin feels hot and dry. The temperature rises quickly on the first day and remains high for a few days. The rash appears on the second day. After the temperature falls the skin begins to peel. We must isolate the child with scarlet fever and put him in bed. When the temperature is high the nurse must give him a fluid diet and when the temperature falls she gives him nourishing food.

Pick out appropriate phrase to end the sentences:

1. If the human body had no resistance capacity

a) people would develod any infections diseases; b) even direct contacts with infected people would never result in diseases

2. If a previous attact of certain infectious diseases did not produce a more or less permanent immunity.

a) all of us would be immuze .

(невосприимчивое) to any subsequent attack of a partecular infection



Ansuver the questions :

1) What are the lover extremities ?

2) What are the upper extremities ?

3) What does the skull contain ?

4 ) What does the face consist of ?

5) Hav many parts does the head consist of ?

6) What is there in the mouth ?

7) What connects the trunk with he head ?

8) How many teeth are there in your mouth ?

9) What is the body covered with ?



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Zanjir usuli”

Bunda guruhdan 3 kishi tanlanib o’rtaga qo’yiladi , ular “baliq ” bo’lsa , qolgan talabalar kuzatuvchilar bo’ladi . Bu holat “ nima , qaerdan , qachon ” teleo’yiniga o’xshaydi . OI’rtadagi talabalar bir minut ichida javob topolmasa , ylar o’rniga boshqa uchlik o’tiradi . Bu uslubning afzallik tomonlari :



  • Matn tarjima qilinadi .

  • Talabalarning bilimlari tekshiriladi .

  • Savol –javob qilish bilimi oshadi .

  • Har bir talaba ishtirok etadi

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