Abu ali ibn sino nomidagi buxoro davlat tibbiyot instituti




Yüklə 3.2 Mb.
səhifə17/32
tarix25.04.2016
ölçüsü3.2 Mb.
1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   ...   32

Answer the following questions.

What do we call:

1. a person who takes care of patients?

2. a doktor who operates on patients?

3. a doctor who treats patients with different medicines and remedies?

4. a person who discovers something new in the field of science?

5. a hause where the shedents live?

6. a grown – up person?

7. the organ whech pumps (haydaydi) blood (qon) therough the arteries and veins?

8. a fixed period of time during which the students study?

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

Turn the following sentences into negative:

1) My friend left the town for his summer holidays.

2) They are resting now.

3) I return to the hostel at 200 p.m.

4) He feels tired after his classes.

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Multemedia, rasm-kartochkalar.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalarningn mustaqil ishi:

Make these sentences interrogative:

1) The upper extremity is connected with the trunk by the shoulder girdle.

2) The lectures in Physiology are attended by all the students.

3) On each side of the chest the breastbone is connected with seven ribs.


Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1. Choose the right variant of the indirect speech.

Why didn’t you go to the hospital with us Tim”



Mary asked Tim ... to the hospital with them.

A) why he didnt go D) why he hadn’t gone

B) if he had gone E) that he hasn’t gone

C) why dian’t he go.



2. Choose the appropreate form of the verb. She .... if she .... that she was ill.

A) won’t go out/knows

B) didn’t go out/knew

C) hasn’t gone out/ has known

D) wouldn’t have gone out/ had known

E) doesn’t go out/knows



3. Choose the appropriate prepositions.

A) in


B) with

C) or


D) -

E) at
13-Mavzu: Grammatika: Shartli gaplar. p.143. Text: “The human body”.


a) og’zaki suhbat.

Read correctly:

aw [o:] ew[ju:] ow- [au]

law few dawn

saw new brown

awful flew town

pawn grew powder

maw drew caws



Mavzu bayoni
Grammatika: Shartli gaplar. (Adverbial clauses of condition)

1. Shart ergash gaplar bosh gap bilan if agar ....- masa, provided (provided) (that), providing (that), on condition (that) shartda, sharoitda, agar ... sak, supposing (that), suppose (that) faraz qilganimizda kabi bog’lovchilar bilan bog’lanadi:

1. If I see him tomorrow, I shall ask him about it .

Agar men uni ertaga ko’rsam, men undan bu haqda so’rayman.

2. He won’t go there unless he is invited.

Agar uni taklif qilishmasa, u u erga bormaydi.

3. We can deliver the machine in December provided (that) we raceive your

order within the next ten days.

Agar buyurtmangizni keyingi o’n kun ichida olsak, mashinani dekabr

oyida yetkazib bera olamiz.

2. Shart ergash gaplar bosh gapdagi fe’l ifodalagan ish – harakatning yuzaga kelish-kelmasligi (sodir bo’lish yoki sodir bo’lmasligi) uchun zarur bo’ladigan shartlarni ifodalaydi.

3. Bundan keyin qulaylik uchun “Shart ergash gapli qo’shma gap” atamasi o’rnida “shart gaplar” atamasini ishlatamiz.

Shart ergash gaplar real shart gaplar va noreal shart gaplarga bo’linadi.


Text: “The human body” .
In the practical Anatomy class we study the human body. The principal parts of the human body are the head, the trunk and the limbs.

We speak of the upper extre mities (arm) and the lower extre mities (legs). The head consists of two parts: the skull and the face. Our face consists of the forehead, the eyes, the nose, the mouthwith the lips, the cheeks the ears and the chin.

The head is connected to the trunk by the neck. The principal organs in the chest are the lungs and the dullet (esophagus) we breath with the lungs. The heart contracts and makes about 60-80 beats per minute.

The abdominal cavity consiste of the stomach, the liver, the intestines, the kidneys, the gall-bladder. The frame work of bones called the skeleton.

The protects the organ from injury. The upper extremity is connected to the chest by the shoulder. Each arm consists of upper, arm, the forearm, the elbows, the wrist and the hands.

The lower extremity consists of the lips, the knees, the calfs, the ankles and foot.



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar:

videomagnitafon, kompyuter, tablisa.



Mavzuning asosiy savollari: Answer the following questions using the active words and word combinations of the text:

1. Where do you study?

2. Do you go to the institute on welk days?

3. What do you want to become?

4. It is not easy to be a good doctor, is it?

5. Why do you want to become a doctor?

6. Do you like your future profession?

7. Will you be good doctors in future?



Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

Fill in the blanks with articles where necessary.

1. Whooping cough is .... infectious disease met in ... spring and autumn months.

2 ..... disease is more often met in .... spring and autumn months.

3. It is very infections during .... catarrhal stage.

4. One affact of .... disease gives immunity for life.

5. ... disease begins as ... cold with sneering slight fever and .... cough.

6. No other disease has such .... cough and vomiting often hoppens during ... cough.

7.Small children usually become very exhausted after ... attacks of .... cough.

8.Children with whooping cough feel much better in ... the open air.



Put the definite or indefinite articles where necessary:

1. I am ... nurse.

2. I work at .... therapeutic hospital.

3. Many doctors and nurses work a ... hospital.

4. Then .... nurses give ... patients medicines and carry out other prescriptions of ... doctors.

5. .... doctors come at 9 o’clock in ... morning and begin to examine .... patients.

6. As I am ... ward nurse .... doctor asks me about ... condition of my patients.

7. But sometimes I tell ... doctor that .... temperature of some of patiennts is high and ... doctor prescribes some new medicine of injections.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Romashka” usuli.

Bunda guruhdan 3 kishi tanlanib o’rtaga qo’yiladi, ular “baliq” bo’lsa, qolgan talabalar kuzatuvchilar bo’ladi. Bu holat “nima, qayerdan, qachon” teleo’yiniga o’xshaydi. O’rtadagi talabalar bir minut ichida javob topolmasa, ular o’rniga boshqa uchlik o’tiradi. Bu uslubning afzallik tomonlari:


  • Masalan: “In the hospital” matni gapirib beriladi.

  • Matn tarjima qilinadi.

  • Talabalarning bilimlari tekshiriladi.

  • Savol-javob qilish bilimi oshadi.

  • O’yin usulida o’tkaziladi.

  • Har bir talaba ishtirok etadi.


Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the oppropriate of the verb.

When the teacher coeme intothe classroom the students ..... already translated the text.

A. have D. had

B. has E. were

C. is.


2) Choose the appropriate from of the verb.

The pupils .... just ehtered the classroom.

A. has D. have

B. had E. are

C. was

3) Choose the appropriate tense of the sentence.



The doctor had examined the patients by 8 o’clock in the morning.

A. The Present Indefinite tense.

B. The Future Indefinite tense.

C. The Present continuous tense

D. The Present Perfect tense.

E. The Past Perfect tense.



14- Mavzu: Text :”Diphtheria”
a)og’zaki suhbat

Read correctly:

[o;] ea [i:]

organ


normal easy

order disease

oranije beat

orbit eat

ordinal meat

Text . Diphtheria

The patients was a seven – year – old girl. Her fever was irregular and considerably elevated. The general symptoms, such as headache and backache were not severe, but her pulse was weak and irregular. The urinalysis revealed protein to be present in a slightly increased amount.

The patient’s throat being examined, the physician noticed it be coated with a membrane. To make an adequate diagnosis the smear was taken for culture which revealed diphtheria bacilli. If diphtheria bacilli had not been revealed in the smear the doctor might have doubted in making the diagnosis.

The disease having prostration became marked. The membranes which had been seen at first on the tonsils were spreading to the pharynx and larynx.

The patient received an adequate treatment with diphtheria antitoxin which contributed to the clearning up of the throat. Had the antitoxin treatment not been employed so soon toxemia would have been intense and delirium and prostration extreme or heart failure, respiratory paralysis or bronco – pneumonia might have developed.

Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, interaktiv usul ko’rgazma .

Translate paying attention to the Infinitives:

My father went to the sanatorium to restore the condition of his health. He is one of the scientists to perform numerous operations on the heart. Students must often go to the dissecting room to study the structure of different organs. This is the article to be carefully read by me to get prepared for my report.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi. Magnitafon, ko’rgazmali qurollar, multemedia.

I Quyidagi so’zlarning o’qilishini eslab qoling:

1. membraneous – membranali; 8. caecum – ko’r ichak;

2. duodenum – o’n ikki barmoqli ichak; 9. pancreas – oshqazon osti bezi;

3. anus – orqa peshov; 10. colon – chanbar ichak;

4. jejunum – och ichak; 11. gland – bez;

5. pharynx – halqum; 12. rectum – to’g’ri ichak;

6. ileum – yonbosh ichak; 13. salivary – so’lakli;

7. esophagus – qizilo’ngach;



Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the oppropriate answer

a. Who is fond of swimming?

b. ..........

A. I was

B. she was

C. I am

D. he was



E. They were

2) Choose the appropriate from of the verb.

- Where is doctor Safarov?

- He ....... the patient.

A. operates

B. is operating

C. operated

D. has been operating

E. will operate.

3. Choose the appropriate from of the verb.

She .... canon of medicine book to the libiary just now.

A. has taken.

B. is taking

C. book


D. would take

E. will be taking.



15-Mavzu: Text: “The Origin of Infectious”
a) og’zaki suhbat.

Read the following words:

quality, quahtity, coat, throat, quck, question, dead, treat, mouth, month, cause, cover, quinsy, qualified.



Mavzu bayoni
TEXT: THE ORIGIN OF INFECTIONS
The infectious diseases of man are usually divided into two large groups some diseases affect only, man others affect both man and animals, with man most frequently infected from animals.

Every infectious disease has not only characteristic clinical manifestations but also its own specific way of invasion into the human body.

Such a disease as dysentery [dsntr], which is one of the disease of the intestinal infections, is spread through the intestines and stools.

The infections of the respiratory tract compose the second subgroup. During coughing or talking the pathogens are discharged from the infected organism with the mucus. The infection is spread when the air containing drops of mucus with the pathogens in it, is breathed in. The diseases of this subgroup are diphtheria, smallpox, etc.

The diseases of the third subgroup are spread through the skin and the mucous in which the pathogens multiply. In some cases it is the skin, in others it is the mucous membrane of the eye. Direct contact and various things belonging to the sick may be responsible for spreading the infective agent.

The diseases of the fourth subgroup are spread by living insects. The pathogens causing these infections circulate in the blood or lymph and are not discharged from the organism. The insects become infected as they ingest (surmoq) the blood of a diseased man. They become infectious for other people after the pathogens have multiplied in their organism. All these diseases, of which encephalitis [,ensef∂’laitis] is an example, are called blood infections.



Mavzuning asosiy savollari:

Quyidagi so’z birikmalarining inglizcha ekvivalentini toping:

biriktiruvchi to’qima, qon tomir, tana vazni, muskul qisqarishi, nerv oxirlario, boshlanish joyi, muskul tolalarining to’pi, suyak yuzasi, ..... da ko’ra, sun’iy bo’g’in, umurtqalari.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

Gaplarning ma’nosiga mos so’zlarni topib qo’ying:

1. (Little. a little) blood is sufficent to carry out the clinical analysis.

2. If (many, much) leucocytes and ropid sedimentation rate are revealed the physician may suggest the presence of infection.

3. During the operation the surgeon noted that (much, many) of the peritoneum had been involved in the pathologoc process.

Translate in to English.

1. Tabiiy immunitet; 7. vaksinani teri ostiga yuborish;

2. sun’iy immunitet; 8. leykositoz chaqirmoq;

3. har xil sharoitlarda; 9. hayotiy organlarni zararlamoq;

4. keyingi infeksiyalar; 10. faol qarshilik;

5. Oldingi xuruj; 11. bakteriyalarning tarqalishini oldini olish.

6. yetarli miqdor

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Kim ko’proq? Kim tezroq?” usuli.

Stol ustiga “The Origin of Infections” matniga yozilgan gaplarning tarqatma materiallari qo’yiladi. Har bir inglizcha yozilgan gapni talaba navbat bilan tarjima qilishi kerak. Bunda talaba o’zining javob variantini yozib boshqa talabaga uzatadi. Hamma o’z variantini yozib bo’lgandan keyin tahlil qilinadi. Noto’g’ri javoblar o’chrilib, to’g’ri javoblar muhokama qilininib talabalarning bilim darajasi baholanadi.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalarningn mustaqil ishi:

Quyidagi so’zlarni yodlang:

hepatic [hipætik] – jigarga oid.

bile [baIl] – o’t

duct [d/\kt] – yo’l

jaundice [`dзo:ndIs] – sariq kasal

advance [əd`va:ns] – oldinga surmoq.

effort [`efət] – kuch, hatti-harakat.

elderly [`eldəlI] – keksa.

seervive [sə`vaIv] – tirik qolmoq.

source [so:s] – manba

entire [In`taIə] – butun

subsequent [`s/\bsIkwənt] – keyingi

simultaneous [`sIməl`teInəs] – bir vaqtniung o’zida.
Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the oppropriate of the verb.

The pupils ... just entered the classroom.

A. had D. have

B. had E. are

C. was


2) Choose the oppropriate of the verb.

When the teacher came into the classroom the students ..... already translated the text.

A. have D. had

B. has E. were

C. is
16-Mavzu: Revision
a) og’zaki suhbat

Read and translate the medical terms

aetiology [,i:tI`olədзI]

pathogenesis [,pæӨə`dзI:nIsIs]

visual [`vidЕəl]

palpation [‘pæl`peI∫ən]

edema [`I:dImə]

haemorrhage [`hemrIdз]

objective [obdзektIv]

subjective [s/\b`dзеktIv]
Put the verbs in brackets in the proper tense:

1. The patient (to be) under medical care before the surgeon began the operation.

2. They (to isolate) the patient with the grippe from the others before they were infected.

3. My experiments not yet (to prove) anything since I started them.

4. We (to complete) our observations on the changes in the blood erythrocytes by tomorrow.

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Akvarium” usuli.

Stol ustida “the Exchange of Gases in the Lungs” matniga oid inglizcha yozilgan gaplarning tarqatma materiallari qo’yiladi. Har bir inglizcha yozilgan gapni talaba navbat bilan tarjima qilish kerak. Bunda talaba o’zining javob variantini yozib boshqa talabaga uzatadi. Hamma o’z variantini yozib bo’lganidan keyin tahlil qilinadi. Noto’g’ri javoblar o’chirilib, to’g’ri javoblar muhokama qilinib, talabalarning bilim darajasi baholanadi.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalarningn mustaqil ishi:

Finish the sentences choosing the necessary word combination from those given below:

1. The patient was ill for a long time and .... .

2. About 40% of the body weight ...... .

3. The oblique muscle is called so ..... .

4. The muscles are active agents of ...... .

5. The static muscles are connected with ..... .

motion and contraction, according to its, direction, his weight changed greatly, large surfaces of the bones, is formed by the muscles.

1) Choose the right variant of the indirect speech.

The teacher of medical Institute said: “Students, don’t miss the lessons”. The teacher told the students ..... .

A. not miss the lessons

B. didnt miss the lessons

C. don’t miss the lessons

D. doesn’t miss the lessons.

E. that they dont miss the lessons.



2) Choose the right variant of the indirect speech.

The secretary said to the visiter; “When did you graduate from the medical Institute?” The secretary asked the visitor ..... .

A. when he graduates from the Medical institute.

B. when did he graduate from the Medical Institute.

C. when he had graduated from the Medical Institute.

D. when did she graduate from the Medical Institute.

E. he graduate from the Medical Institute.



3) Choose the appropriate answer.

A. Who is fond of swimming?

B. ......... .

A. I was D. he was

B. she was E. they were

C. I am
17-Mavzu: Text: “The lungs”.


a) og’zaki suhbat.

Predloglarga e’tibor berib quyidagi so’z birikmalarini yodlang:

on admission, graduation from, to graduate from, to be responsible for, in, addition to, at rest, the rest of, to prepare for, most of, to wait for, on examination of the patient.

Mavzu bayoni:
THE LUNGS

The lungs are the main organs of the respiratory system. There are two lungs in the human body located in the lateral cavities of the chest. The lungs are separated from each other by the mediastinum. The lungs are covered with the pleura. They are conical in shape. Each lung has the base, apex, two borders and three surfaces.

The lung has the apex extending upward 3-4 centimetres (cm) above the level of the first rib.

The base of the lung is located in the convex (bo’rtgan) surface of the diaphragm.

The posterior borders of the lungs are on each side of the spinal column. The anterior border is thin and overlaps (to’smoq) the pericardium.

The weight of the lungs varies according to many conditions. In the adult male the weight of the lungs is about 1.350 gr. The right lung is about 15% heavier than the left one. The vital capacity of the lungs is 3.5-4 liters in the male and it is 3-3.5 liters in the female.

The right lung consisting of three lobes is heavier than the left one because the latter consists only of two lobes. The lower lobe of theleft lung is larger than the upper one.

In infants the lungs are of a pale rose colour, but later they become darker.

The structure of the lung consists of an external serous coat, the visceral layer of the

pleura, a subserous elastic tissue and the parenchyma or proper substance of the lungs.



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, interaktiv usul ko’rgazma .

Mavzuning asosiy savollari:

Insert the articles.

1. I usually smoke .... cigarettes or ..... pipe. My father smokes ..... cigars.

2. Give me .... match, please.

3. Which would you like .... apple or .... orange?

4. Which would you like .... apples or .... oranges?

5. There is .... meeting in ...... conference hall this evening.

6. Yesterday .... students of our gioup came to ..... Institute to listen to .... lecture on .... muscles.

7. ...... doctor must determing ... origen of .... disease for .... its successful .... treatment.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Akvarium” usuli.

Bu usulda bitta talaba doskaga chiqadi. qolgan talabalar esa o’tilgan mavzu asosida doska oldidagi talabaga savollar berishadi, ya’ni qorbo’ron qilishadi. agar talaba berilgan savollarga aniq javob bersa, uni qorbo’ron qilmoqchi bo’lgan talabalarni o’ziga qayta qor otgan bo’ladi. Agar savollarga javob bera olmasa qor uyumi ostida qolib ketadi. Shu tariqa boshqa talabalar ham birma-bir javob berishga chiqadilar.

Mavzu bo’yicha talabalarningn mustaqil ishi:

Pick out the verbs to be used with the nouns:

to complain of, to support, to preseri??be, to sterilize, to eliminate, to remove.

a strict diet, chills, the danger, the theory, a benign tumour, sutgical instruments.

Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate antonym to the underlined word.

London is large city in the country.

A. great D. big

B. small E. wonderful

C. famous

2) Choose the appropriate froms of the verb.

Every day we .... 3 or 2 pairs on anatomy, chimistiy.

A. has D. had been

B. had E. have been

C. have

18-mavzu: Istak mayli gaplar. (Imperative Mood)
Mavzu bayoni

Istak mayli gaplar. (Imperative Mood)

Ish-harakatning istagini bildirish uchun II va III shaxsda “it” fe’li ishlatiladi.

Let us (lets, do it)

Let him do it.

Let them do.

Let Mary catch dictionary.

Bo’lishsiz shakli “don’t” yordamchi fe’lini gap boshida qo’yish bilan yasaladi.

Don’t let him do it.

Don’t let them go there.

Istak mayli ish-harakat taklifni va istagini bildiradi.


Ex: 1. Quyidagi so’zlarni o’qing va tarjima qiling:

to return – to leave.

to strength – weakness

late – early

true – fasle

exited – still



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar:

magnitafon, jadval



Mavzuning asosiy savollari.

Quyidagi berilgan so’z va so’z birikmalar yordamida gaplar tuzing:

to fall ill

temperature

to elevate

district doctor

to examine

influenze

infectious

1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   ...   32


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə