Abu ali ibn sino nomidagi buxoro davlat tibbiyot instituti




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Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

ruchka stol ustida”usuli

Stol ustida “National health service in England” matniga oid savollar yozilgan qog’oz tashlanadi:

1. When was the National Health servise in England inaugurated?

2. By whom was the National Health Servise in England inaugurated?

3. Is the number of doctor in England quite to serve 56 mln potential patients?


Har bir talaba o’zining javob variantini yozib boshqa talabalar uzatadi. Hamma o’z javobini javobini yozib bo’lgandan keyin taxlil qilinadi, noto’g’ri javoblar o’chirilib, to’g’ri talabalarning bilim darajasi baxolanadi.
Talabalar bo’limini mavzuga oid baxolash metodlari.

1) Choose the appropriate form of the verbs.

I ........about disease at the moment and I think that I.......how to use it now.

a) read / know

b) was reading / know

c) am reading / know

d) read / know

e) shall read / have known

2) Choose the appropriate form of the verbs.

I hope it .....when you ...... to London.

a) doesn’t rain / will get

b) is raining / get

c) won‘t be raining / get

d) will rain / will get

e) rained / have got

3) Choose the appropriate answer .

Who is fond of swimming?

..........

a) I was


b) She was

c) I am


d) He was

e) They were


7-Mavzu: Text . “ Medical Service in Uzbekistan”.

Mavzu bayoni

d [d]

drug blood

dangerous blood pressure

disappear blood test

dry immediatly take care of
Text: MEDICAL SERVICE IN UZBEKISTAN.
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan currently in force, free medical assistance to the population is still preserved in Uzbekistan and provided by local polyclinics, emergency first aid, district, municipal, country, regional and republic’s hospital.

Public health service is financed from the state budget: its share in the state budget averages 10-11 per cent of budget expenses.

All kinds of specialized medical assistance are to be found to the republic: cardiology: gasrtoentology: endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, haematology, therapeutic physical training, etc… . There is a network of specialized health centers, such as: antituberculous, oncologic, skin and veneral, pathological, lepric, etc.

There are 1373 hospitals and specialized centers with 225 thousands beds in Uzbekistan: 3139 polyclinics which can receive 275 thousand people a day. The number of physician of all specialities amouns to over 73 thousand people per day. The number of physicians of all specialities amounts over 73 thousand people, including 56% per cent of women doctors.

In the period of temporary disablement from 30 to 100% of wages and salaries are paid to workers from the social security funds depending on the length of service. The medical service on the last decides assumes more and more a prophylactic character: annually free medical examination of workers is carried put at the enterprises. For children various preventive vaccinations are obligatory. In the republic there are no cases of smallpox cholera plague.

In 1993-1994 it is planned to use medical insurance, the foundation of which is formed today: there is a network of paid polyclinics (about 50). In the republic: some enterprises and citizens medical insurance.



Will you translate these words:

chemical-

patient-

person-


radio – activity-

body-


cardiology-

endocrinology-

neurology-

health centre-

first aid-

Put questions to the words in hold type:

1) According to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbecistan Currently in force free medical assistance to population is still preserved in Uzbecistan.

2) Public health servise is financed from the state budget.

3) All kinds of specialized medical assistance are to be found in the republic.

4)There is a network of specialized health centres in Uzbekistan, such as: oneologic, skin and veneral narcological, lepric,… .

5)The medical service on the decades assumes more and more prophulactic character: annually free medical examination of workers is carried out at the enterprises.

6)In republic there are no cases of smallpox, cholera and plaque.

Ari uyasi” usuli.

Bu usulda guruhga topshiriq beriladi: Quyida berilgan tibbiy terminlar orqali gaplar tuzing:

free medical assistance,

emergency first aid,

district,

republic’s hospital,

cardiology,

gaematology,

oncologic,

narcological,

cholera,

plaque.

Talabaga yozib qog’ozga gap yozib qo’shnisiga uzatadi, uzining ruchkasini stol o’rtasiga qo’yadi.



Guruhga o’qituvchi 10 savol bergndan so’ng 10-15 min davomida guruh uzlarining javoblarini berishi kerak. Qog’ozga yozilgan topshiriq bitta talabadan boshqasiga o’tkaziladi. Talaba javobini yozgandan keyin, ruchkani stol o’rtasiga qo’yadi. Javobni bilmaydigan talaba qog’ozni navbatdagi talabaga uzatadi, lekin ruchkani qulida ushlab qoladi. Bitta gapni ikki marta takror yozishi mumkin emas.

Topshiriq bajarilgandan keyin javoblarni o’qituvchi o’qib beradi. O’qib berayotgan vaqtda har bir gap tahlil qilinadi. Grammatik mavzuga oid eng kup misol keltirilgan talaba, o’qituvchi tomonadan yuqori ball qo’yiladi.



Translate these medical words:

network, antituberculous, oncologic, lepric, amount wage, salaries, length, to assume.

1) Choose the synonym to the underlined word.

to carry out

A) to make

B) to do

C) to correct

D) to publish

E) to fulfil

2) Choose the appropriate form of the verbs

I ... about disease at the moment and I think that I .... how to use it now.

A) read/ know

B) was reading/ know

C) I am reading / know

D) read/ know

E) shall read/ have known

3) Choose the apporopriate prepositions.

What are hospital’s curtains usually made....

A) in


B) with

C) of


D) -

E) at
8-Mavzu: Grammatika : Shaxssiz va shaxsi noaniq gaplar. “The Conquest of Smallpox” matni ustida ishlash.


a) og’zaki suhbat

a [a:]


arm, farm, march, harm, park.

[a:]


master, last, bath, father, task, past, after.

[ei]


pay, maid, way, weight.

Mavzu bayoni

Impersonal sentences

Ingliz tilida shaxssiz gaplar it olmoshi yordamida yasaladi.

It olmoshi quyidagi hollarda qo’llanadi:


  1. Tabiat hodisalarini ifodalash uchun:

It is winter. Qish.

It is cold. Sovuq.

It is a warm spring day. Iliq bahor kuni.


  1. Ob- havo holatini ifodalash uchun:

It is raining. Yomg’ir yog’yapti.

It is snowing. Qor yog’yapti.



  1. Vaqt va masofani ifodalash uchun:

It is one kilometre from our house to the river.

Uyimizdan daryogacha bir kilometr.

It is not far from to the railway station.

Temiryo’l stantsiyasigacha uzoq emas.



  1. It olmoshi majhul nisbatdagi fe’llar bilan birga qo’llanib, majhul iboralarni hosil qiladi:

It is said...

It is believed...

It is said that the history of Bukhara dates back to the 2700 years.

Aytishlaricha , Buxoroning tarixi 2700 yildir.



Translate into English:

Eski , yangi, qiziq, kitob, ertalab, soat 9, yakshanba, kechqurun, yoz, bahor, sovuq, issiq, xavfli.

Zanjir” usuli.

Guruh ikkikta kichik guruhga bo’linadi. Guruhlarga mavzuga oid savollar beriladi:

What can you say about Edward Jenner?

Where and when was he born?

Whewe did Jenner study?

What did the milkmaid say to Jenner?

Savollar guruhlarga navbat bilan beriladi. Javob bermagan guruhlar talabalari o’yindan chiqariladi. Savollarga javob bera olgan talabalarga navbat bilan ball qo’yiladi.

Antonim so`zlarni o`rganing.

always – never

often – seldom

already – yet

into – out of

from – till

up – down
1) Answer the following questions paying attention to impersonal sentences.


  1. Is it light or dark in your class – room ?

  2. Is it usually cold or warm in April ?

  3. Was it already late when you returned home yesterday ?

  4. Was it a quater to three or three sharp when I saw you restaurant yesterday ?

  5. Is it usually dark or light in the streets at five o`clock in the morning in summer ?

  6. Was it warm or cold tomorrow ?

Will it be warm or cold tomorrow ?
9-Mavzu. Grammatika: Kuchaytiruvchi kontruktsiyalarni ajratish.

Text: “Heart and Blood”.
a) og’zaki suhbat

[a:]


park farm

arm March

[ei]

they vein



grey pain

brain eight

x-ray play
Mavzu bayoni
Kuchaytiruvchi kontruktsiyalarni ajratish

Ba’zan ingliz tilidagi gaplarda it is (was) ... that (who) konstruktsiyalari uchraydi va u o’zbek tilida “aynan” sifatida tarjima qilinadi. Agar gapning biror bo’lagiga urg’u berilmoqchi bo’lsa, o’sha bo’lak gapning boshida it is (was) va that (who, whom) o’rtasida joylashtiriladi:

It was I that met her sister in the park.

It was her sister that I met in the park.

It was in the park that I met her sister.

TEXT: HEART AND BLOOD
Your heart is a wonderful organ that works during every minute of your life.

You can help it work long and well. You can strengthen it, and protect it from disease by exercises and regular regimen. It is easy and useful to take your pulse and in such a way to control the work of your heart. Our pulse is about 70 beats perminute. After heavy exercises the heart works faster and then the pulse will be faster too, perhaps 100 beets.

After a minute or two the pulse will be normal again.

About 5 litres of blood fill our arteries, vains and capillaries. Arteries carry blood from the heart. Vains carry blood to the heart.

Our body has so many miles of blood vessels that it is enough to stretch around the earth at the equator four times.

Blood has red blood cells and plasma. Today doctors can take blood pressure. Listen to the heart, take blood tests and take the cardiogram of a patient’s heart.

The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood in the arterial wall. The blood pressure can be normal, high and low. The normal B.P. is between 110-140 (is the systolic pressure) over 70-90 (is the diastolic pressure).

When you check patient’s BP. You must think of his (of her) age. If a person of 20 has a blood pressure of 140-150 it is dangerous. And the nurse must immediately take care of such a patient. But the same B.P. for a person of 50 it is not dangerous.



Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

Quyidagi gaplarni o’qing va tarjima qiling.

1. It is the alveoli that the respiratory metabolism takes place.

2. It is hemoglobin that carries oxygen to different tissues of the human body.

3. It was hot until 1628 that blood circulation was discribed by William Harvey.

4. It was after he had returned from London that I told him the news.

5. It was in the park that I met your sister.

6. I told him the news after he had returned from London.

Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

Zanjir ” usuli.



Stol ustiga “Heart and Blood” matniga oid savollar yozib tashlanadi:

1. How many beats are there in the pulse of healthy person?

2. Can you take anybody’s pulse?

3. When does the heart work faster?

4. What do you do when you take the pulse?

5. Where do veins carry blood?

Har bir talaba o’zining javob variantini yozib boshqa talabaga uzatadi. Hamma javobni yozib bo’lgandan keyin tahlil qiladi. Noto’g’ri javoblar o’chirilib, to’g’ri javoblar muhokama qilinib, talabalarning bilimi darajasi baholanadi.

Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate preposition

I asked him ..... help.

A. in C. for E. with

B. about D. by

2) Choose the appropriate preposition.

Bobir is very good....... chemistry.

A.in


B. about

C. for


D. by

E. with


3) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

Where....... the nurse now?

A.is

B. have been.



D. am

E.were
10-Mavzu: Grammatika: “Ergashgan gaplarda zamonlarning kelishi.”



Text : “Atherosclerosis and its Treatment”.
a) og’zaki suhbat.

ie [i:] piece, chief, field

ou [au] out, about, round, sound, pound, found.

au [o:] autumn, pause, auxillary



Mavzu bayoni
Grammatika: “Ergashgan gaplarda zamonlarning kelishi.”

Ergash gaplar qo’shma gapda bitta gap bo’lagi vazifasini bajarib keladi. Tilimizda nechta gap bo’lagi bo’lsa, shuncha ergash gaplar ham bor. Ular ega ergash gaplar, kesim ergash gaplar, to’ldiruvchi ergash gaplar,aniqlovchi ergash gaplar va hol ergash gaplarga bo’linadi.

As it was raining, we could not show our friends from London our new fruit trees. ( Yomg’ir yog’ayotgani uchun biz yangi o’tkazilgan mevali daraxtlarimizni Londonli do’stlarimizga ko’rsata olmadik )
Text : Atherosclerosis and its Treatment
Atherosclerosis is one of the diseases of the cardiovascular system which is due to many causes. There is a number of factors which appear to determine its development.

Atherosclerosis of the blood vessels results from metabolic disturbances and particularly of cholesterol exchange. These disturbances begin long before there is any external evidence of the disease. Therefore the doctor must prevent its appearance beginning prophylaxis and treatment as early as possible.

Prophylaxis and treatment of atherosclerosis consist mainly of a certain regimen for the patient, which he must strictly follow. The patient must get up, eat, work, and go to bed at exactly the same time every day.

Sound sleep is very important since it enables the nerve cells to rest. The patient with the signs of atherosclerosis must sleep not less than 7-8 hours and walk before going to bed. Mental and physical overstrain must be excluded.

The incidence of atherosclerosis is high in professional groups with insufficient physical activities. So physical exercises must be part of the prescribed regimen for such persons.

Smoking affects unfavourably the walls of the blood vessels and can result in their spasm, so patients suffering from atherosclerosis must not smoke.

The diet of atherosclerosis patients must contain sufficient amount of protein, but fats and carbohydrates must be taken in very limited doses.

Vitamins are widely used in the treatment of atherosclerosis because some of them improve the metabolic processes and others dilate the vessels, particularly the peripheral ones.

Other drugs administered in treating atherosclerosis are the so-called lipotropic substances, which prevent fat from accumulating in the organism.

Since the nervous system affects the metabolic processes in the human body so patients with atherosclerosis are prescribed such drugs as bromide and valerian to improve its general condition.



Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar: multemediya, ko’rgazma .

Answer the following questions:

1. What are the most characteristic clinical manifestations of lobular pneumania?

2. What treatment is administered to the patient with lobular pneumonia?

3.What is the causative agent of tuberculosis?

4. What do you know about primary tuberculosis?

5. What are the course of lung abscess?

6. What are the patient’s complaints in case of rheumatic endocarditis?

7. What treatment can you administer a patient with rheumatic endocarditis?



Mavzu bo’yicha talabalar o’zlashtirish saviyasini aniqlash uchun beriladigan savollar.

Find Complex Object. Define the forms of the Infinitive. Translate the sentences:

1.The physician considered the incidence of heart attacks to be associated with the nervous overstrain.

2. The doctor wants me to have undergone the course of treatment by the end of the week.

3. We noticed the most characteristic symptoms of rheumatic endocarditis have been eliminated, since the administration of those preparations.

1) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

The doctor is not in town. He .... to another place some days ago.

A. was sent

B. sent


C. will be sent

D. will send.

E. sends

2) Choose the appropriate form of the verb.

The doctor can’t give this textbook now.

It .... by his collegue.

A. takes D. were taken

B. has been taken E. had taken

C. took

3) Choose the appropriate non – finite form of the verb.

......... language you can ...... great opportunities in your life.

A. know /have D. knows/having

B. knowing /to have E. knowing

C. knowing/have

6) Choose the appropriate synonym of the underlined word.

Uzbekistan is a land of ancient culture.

A. big D. many

B.old E. young.

C. modern
11-Mavzu: Text: “The Disease of the Alimentary Tract”
a) og’zaki suhbat.

Read the words correctly:

[aI] [Iə]

night [‘naIt] clear [`klIə]

right [`raIt] clearly [`klIəlI]

flight [`flaIt] near [`nIə]



Mavzu bayoni
Bog’lovchisiz qo’shma gaplar

I know my friend is not ill.

My friend you know well not ill.

Bog’lovchilar

Gaplarni va gap bo’laklarini bir-biri bilan bog’lash uchun ishlatiladigan so’zlarga bog’lovchilar deyiladi. Teng va ergashtiruvchi bog’lovchilar mavjud.

Go at once or you will miss your train



THE ALIMENTARY TRACT
The alimentary tract - is a musculomembraneous canal about 8.5 m (metres) in length. It extends from the oral cavity to the anus. It consists of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. The liver with gall-bladder and pancreas are the large glands of the alimentary tract.

The first division of the alimentary tract is formed by the mouth. Important structures of the mouth are the teeth and tongue, which is the organ of taste (ta’m bilish). The soft and hard palates and the salivary glands are also in the oral cavity.

From the mouth food passes through the pharynx to the esophagus and then to the stomach.

The stomach is a dilated portion of the alimentary canal. It is in the upper part of the abdomen under the diaphragm. It measures about 21-25 cm in length, 8-9 cm in its greatest diameter. It has capacity of from 2.14 to 4.28 litres.

The small intestine is a thin-walled muscular tube about 6.5 metres long. It is located in the lower and central portions of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The small intestine is composed of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum.

The large intestine is about 1.5 metres long. It is divided into caecum, colon and rectum.

The liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is in the right upper part of the abdominal cavity under the diaphragm. The liver is in the right side of the abdomen. The weight of the liver is 1.500 gr.

The gall-bladder is a hollow sac (qopcha) lying on the lower sufrace of the liver.

The pancreas is a long thin gland lying under and behind the stomach.
Mashg’ulotda foydalaniladigan ko’rgazmali qurollar va texnik vositalar:

Mavzuning asosiy savollari:

Fill in the blanks with prepositions: (on, of, in, from, to):

1. The first symptoms ... rickots may appear very early when the child is only 2 or 3 months old.

2. The back .... head sweats and a wet place appears ... the pillow.

3. Thebaby tasses his head .... side .... side.

4. The cause ..... rickets is back ..... sunlight, vitamin “D” the food and wrong care ..... the children.

5. Futere doctors must know ..... diagnose different disease correctly.



Mashg’ulotda qo’llanadigan interaktiv usullar texnologiyasi.

“Aylana stol atrofida” usuli.

“aylana stol atrofida” usuliga stol ustida bir nechta dialoglar yozilgan tarqatma materiallar qo’yiladi. Har bir dialogni talaba navbat bilan tarjima qilishi kerak. Bunda talaba o’zining javob variantini yozib boshqa talabaga uzatadi. Hamma o’z variantini yozib bo’lgandan keyin tahlil qilinadi; noto’g’ri javoblar o’chirilib, to’g’ri javoblar muhokama qilinib, talabalarning bilim darajasi baholanadi.



Give the degrees of comparison of the following adjectives:

lettle bad

happy many

good high



Mavzu bo’yicha nazorat savollari:

1) Choose the appropriate from of the verb.

- where is a Doctor Safarov?

- He ..... the patient.

A) operates D) has been operating

B) is operating E) will operate

C) operated

2) Choose the appropriate from of the verb.

She ..... “Conon of Medicine” book to the library just now.

A) has taken D) would take

B) is taking E) will be taking

C) took


3) Choose the appropriate from of the indirect speech.

Patient “we are going to have supper”

A) they are going to have supper.

B) they were going to have supper.

C) that they would have supper

D) they won’t have supper

E) they haven’t had supper yet.
12-Mavzu: Grammatika: Hozirgi zamondagi fe’llarni kelasi zamonda qo’llash. Text: Hepatie Damage due to Chemotherapy.
a) og’zaki suhbat

ng [ŋ]

coughing hearing

treating bitting

curing seeing

feeling walking

printing speaking



Mavzu bayoni
Hozirgi zamondagi fe’llarni kelasi zamonda qo’llash.

Agar ingliz tilida asosiy gapda kesim kelasi zamonda bo’lsa, u holda qo’shma gaplarda hozirgi zamon fe’lida turadi. Qo’shma gaplar bog’lovchilar bilan yasaladi.

if – agar, when – qachon, qanday

as soon as – shunday qilib

after – undan keyin

before – ungacha

till, untill – hozircha.

Text . Hepatic Damage due to Chemotherapy

1. A 50-year old woman had been known to have diabetes for 20 years. Her condition had been controlled by diet and administration of 100 units of insulin preparation daily. In an effort to improve the intensity of her control she had been given in addition 1 gr of chlorpropamide¹ per day.

2. About three weeks later she noted general malaise, discovery of dark urine, light stools and rash on her trunk. With the passage of an additional week by which time she had taken a total of 27 gr of chlorpropamide, she noted jaundice. There was no pain, fever, nausea, or vomiting. Her past history did not reveal liver or bile duct diseases. She was hospitalized on October 10 for further studies.

3. The findings of the physical examination showed the presence of jaundice and diffuse rash on the chest and abdomen. The liver was enlarged and there was tenderness on palpation.

4. The blood analysis revealed serum bilirubin to be at the level of 8.9 mg%, the hemoglobin level was 11.6 gr% and the white blood cell count 7,600 per cubic millimeter. Platelets averaged to 490,000 per cubic millimetre. Urinalysis revealed the presence of bile.

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