Abu ali ibn sino nomidagi buxoro davlat tibbiyot instituti




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Card № 7
1. Read the passage.

Uzbekistan is a land of ancient culture. There were many famous scientists in Uzbekistan. One of the most well – known scientists of the East is Avicenna. Avicenna was born in 980 in the province of Bukhara in Afshana. At the age of 10 Avicenna was well – acquainted with Koran and Arabic classics. At 17 his medical knowledge enabled him to cure the Samani ruler Nuh Ibn Mansur from dangerous illness.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) At about nine o’clock in the morning the doctors begin the daily rounds of the wards during which they examine all the patients.

b) Бизда бой кутубхона ва кулай укув зали хам мавжуд.

Также у нас есть богатая библиотека и удобным читальный зал.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

Avicenna was a man of various interests and wonderful abilities.



4. Grammar rule: “to have” fe’lining ishlatilishi.

5. Retell the topic: A case of Bronchitis.

Card № 8


  1. Read the passage.

Patient Smirnov called in a physician from the local polyclinics. He could not go to the polyclinic himself because his temperature was about 38 C. In a few hours doctor Belova, a good therapeutist came to the call. Doctor Belova wanted to know the patient’s complains. When the patient was being questioned asked by the physician on his condition he said that a short, painful dry cough associated with rapid respiration had developed two days before.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) You may find this book – in the Bukhara Regional library named after Abu Ali ibn Sino.

b) Институтимизда куплаб замонавий лабораториялар, синф хоналари ва маърузалар укиладиган заллар бор.

В нашем институте очень много современных лабораторий, аудиторий и лекционных залов.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

In addition to that the patient complained of the pain both in the throat and behind the breastbone.



4. Grammar rule: Majburiylikni ifodalash usullari.

5. Retell the topic: Work of an-in patient Department.
Card № 9
1. Read the passage.

When patients are admitted to the hospital first of all they are received by a nurse on duty at the reception ward. Those patients who are to be hospitalized have already received the direction from the polyclinic. The nurse on duty fills in patient’s case histories in which she writes down their names, age, place of work, occupation, address and the initial diagnosis made by a doctor at the polyclinic.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) I want to become a real doctor like my father.

b) Менинг отам, онам, укам ва кичкина синглим бор.

У меня есть папа, мама, брат и маленькая сестрёнка.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

At the in-patient department a hospital life begins early in the morning.



4. Grammar rule: Prepositions

5. Retell the topic: „In the Hospital”
Card № 10


  1. Read the passage.

As soon as the patient is admitted to the in-patient department the ward doctor fills in the patient’s case history. It must include the information about the patient’s parents – if they are living or not. If they died, the doctor must know at what age and of what causes they died. The doctor must know if any of the family has ever been ill with tuberculosis or has had any mental or emotional impairments. This information composes the family history.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) The nurses begin to take the patient’s temperature at 7 o’clock.

b) Шу йили тиббиёт олийгохига укишга кирдим.

В этом году я поступил в медицинский институт.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient’s blood group and his sensitivity to antibiotics must be determined and the obtained information written down in the case history.



4. Grammar rule: Future o’rnida Presentning ishlatilishi.

5. Retell the topic: “In the sick-room”
Card № 11

1. Read the passage.

Sometimes I go there to learn some methods of treatment. There are many experienced nurses and highly qualified doctors in this department. This department is very large and comfortable. Work at the hospital begins at 7 a.m. o’clock in the morning. The nurses begin to take the patient’s temperature at 7 o’clock. They write it down in temperature charts. Then the nurses give the patients medicines and carry out other prescription of the doctors.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) My sister takes the temperature of the children twice a day.

b) Биз хар хил лаборатория ишларини бажарамиз ва биология, анатомия ва бошка фанлардан маърузаларга катнашамиз.

Мы проводим различные лабораторные работы и посищаем лекции по биологии, анатомии и по другим предметом.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The doctor asks the nurses about the conditions of their patients.



4. Grammar rule: Continuous Passive ishlatilishi

5. Retell the topic: Lobular Pneumonia.
Card № 12

1. Read the passage.

Why is a little Lyda crying? She is afraid of the doctor. The mother is holding the crying child on her hip. Lyda has also a fever, her throat is red, her tongue is coated. She is very ill. The doctor comes every day. My sister gives the doctor a full account about the state of the children. She gives the children remedies that the doctor prescribes for them. She gives some powder to the boy and a mixture to the girl.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) He is tossing in his bed.

b) Менинг купгина дустларим бор.

У меня есть много друзей



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

She is bringing some medicines to the children.



4. Grammar rule: Juft bog’lovchilar: “both... and, either ... or, neither ... nor”

5. Retell the topic: The treatment of lobular pneumonia.
Card № 13

1. Read the passage.

On physical examination dullness in the left lung, abnormal respiration, numerous rales and crepitation were revealed. Dry rales caused by diffuse bronchitis were heard all over the lungs. The liver and spleen were not enlarged. The examination of the organs of the alimentary tract failed to reveal any abnormal signs but the tongue was coated.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) The blood analysis revealed leucocytosis in the range of 12.000 to 15.000 per cu mm of blood and an accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).

b) Тошкент – Ўзбекистоннинг пойтахти.

Ташкент - это сталицa Узбекистана.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient complained of the pain in the chest particularly on deep breathing in and cough with purulent sputum.



4. Grammar rule: Sifatdoshlarning shakllari.

5. Retell the topic: Rheumatic Endocarditis.
Card № 14

1. Read the passage.

In addition to norsulphazol the patient had been receiving streptomycin in doses of 500.000 units twice daily during a period of 8 days. To improve the patient’s sleep and the condition of his nervous system he had been taking bromide and luminal during the whole course of the disease until his discharge from the hospital. Cough and chest pain were relieved by the administration of codein, cough mixture, cups and other necessary procedures.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) The patient had been receiving 1 gr of this drug every six hours for the following 10 days when he began to feel better.

b) 1991 йил 1 сентябрда Ўзбекистоннинг мустақиллиги эълон қилинди.

1 сентября 1991 года Узбекистан был провозглашён независимой страной.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient had not any possible complications such as lung abscess or pulmonary gangrene.



4. Grammar rule: Gerund.

5. Retell the topic: The treatment of Rheumatic Endocarditis.
Card № 15

1. Read the passage.

While listening to the patient’s heart the doctor found a soft systolic murmur to be heard at the heart apex. These symptoms were accompanied by diastole murmur heard at the apex and base of the heart. The doctor estimated the murmurs to be varying in their intensity and duration. It was evidence of an inflammatory process in the valves. The doctor determined the organic changes in the mitral, aortic and tricuspid valves to be clearly marked.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) The electrocardiogram showed the changes in the most important readings.

b) Тошкент – Ўзбекистоннинг пойтахти.

Ташкент - это сталицa Узбекистана.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient’s pulse rate had become irregular and accelerated on physical exertion.



4. Grammar rule: Gerund va uning vazifalari.

5. Retell the topic: Angina Pectoris.
Card № 16

1. Read the passage.

The physician recommended the patient’s diet to be nourishing and containing many vitamins. But his diet had to be limited in salt. The patient was allowed only a limited amount of fluid. The patient had been following the administered treatment for 45 days. By that time his condition had become much better. Having been discharged from the hospital he had to come to the out-patient department for regular follow-up examinations.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) He was also administered Adonis preparations to control cardiovascular insufficiency.

b) Traxeya ikki shoxaga ajralgan.

Трахея разделена на две ветви.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

In spring and autumn he had to undergo aspirin and bacillin treatment to prevent the recurrence of the disease.



4. Grammar rule: Fe’llardan yasalgan otlar.

5. Retell the topic: Methods used in Cardiosurgery.

Card № 17

1. Read the passage.

During the attacks of pain he was covered with cold perspiration and his face was pale. The incidence of attacks was frequently associated with physical and mental overstrain. On physical examination the doctor revealed areas of very sensitive skin from the 7th cervical vertebra to the 5th upper thoracic one. On percussion, palpation, and auscultation of the heart no significant abnormality was revealed.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) He had been suffering from pain of various intensity in the chest and behind the breastbone for several weeks.

b) O’pka ko’krak qafasida joylashgan bir juft organlardan iborat.

Легкие формируют пару органов, лежащих в груди.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient noted the pain to radiate to the left shoulder and down the arm.



4. Grammar rule: Present Perfect Continuous

5. Retell the topic: Gastric and Duodenal ulcers.
Card № 18

1. Read the passage.

Hypothermia is another method used in heart operations. When the patient in under hypothermia the surgeon can eliminate congenital or developed heart defects without the loss of the patient’s blood during the operation. The method of occlusion consists of bandaging all the vessels carrying blood to and from the heart just before making an incision on the cardiac wall.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) By using the artificial blood circulation apparatus the heart is excluded from the blood circulation and the surgeon is able to work on the “dry” heart for a longer period of time achieving better results.

b) Буюк Британияда кўплаб кўллар, дарёлар тепаликлар ва тоғлар бор.

В Великобритании много озёр, рек, равнин и гор.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

Such danger is eliminated when artificial blood circulation apparatus called heart-lungs is used during the operation.



4. Grammar rule: Past Perfect Continuous

5. Retell the topic: Chronic Gastritis.
Card № 19

  1. Read the passage.

The brain cortex under the influence of external and internal stimuli send impulses to the stomach and the duodenum, which cause a spastic contraction of vessels. Such a spastic contraction results in local trophic disturbances followed by erosion of the affected area by the gastric juice. In the majority of cases ulcer is observed to develop in particularly nervous persons, often after emotional overstrain.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) In old persons the incidence of ulcers is known to be rate.

b) Буюк Британияда куплаб машхур тарихий бинолар бор.

В Великобритании много исторических зданий.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

Gastric and duodenal ulcers are found to develop more frequently in men than in women, mainly at ages of 25 to 40 years.



4. Grammar rule: Future Perfect Continuous

5. Retell the topic: Cancer of the stomach.
Card № 20

1. Read the passage.

The most frequent symptoms of chronic gastritis are loss of appetite, slight pain and general epigastric discomfort after meals. In severe cases nausea and vomiting of mucus, particularly in the morning, are often observed. Frequently the stomach becomes moderately enlarged. The course of the disease is chronic and the symptoms are continuous.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) Chronic gastritis is known to occur as a separate or primary disease or it may be associated with other diseases, particularly chronic liver and kidney disease.

b) Мен узбек, тожик, рус ва инглиз тилларини биламан.

Я знаю узбекиский, таджикиский, русский и английский языки.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The most important causes of chronic gastritis proved to be alcohol, inadequate food and a bad diet regimen.



4. Grammar rule: Complex Object.

5. Retell the topic: A cute Appendicitis
Card № 21

  1. Read the passage.

The clinical manifestations of gastric carcinoma vary with the stage of its development, location and spread through the lymphatic nodes and other inner organs. The main symptoms of gastric carcinoma are known to be disturbance in gastric digestion, epigastria pains, loss of weight and sometimes vomiting of blood. A prolonged, usually external, profuse bleeding results in severe anemia.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) But such pathologic conditions as benign tumors, ulcer of the stomach, gastritis and stomach polyps have been determined to contribute considerably to its development.

b) Хар йили куплаб талабалар анча кийин булган кириш имтихонларини топшириш максадида институтимизга келадилар.

Каждый год очень много абитуриентов приходят в наш институт чтобы сдать вступительные экзамены, которые бывают очень трудными.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

According to certain data the use of too hot or too cold food, smoking and alcohol are considered to be responsible for the development of stomach carcinoma.



4. Grammar rule: Complex Subject.

5. Retell the topic: “Medical Education in the USA”.
Card № 22

1. Read the passage.

Acute appendicitis is known to occur in all age groups. Its incidence varies in different sex groups; it is more frequent in women from 20 to 40 years of age. Cases of appendicitis have been noted to occur even in infants and in very old age. Acute appendicitis is known to begin suddenly with sharp pain which is at first felt in epigastrium but then becomes generalized in the abdomen.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) The pain becomes worse on deep breathing in and coughing, it does not radiate and is accompanied by nausea, retention of stools and gases.

b) Бизда бой кутубхона ва кулай укув зали хам мавжуд.

Также у нас есть богатая библиотека и удобным читальный зал.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The attack of acute appendicitis is known to last for 3-4 days.



4. Grammar rule: Mustaqil sifatdosh oboroti.

5. Retell the topic: Botkin’s Diseases.
Card № 23

  1. Read the passage.

In the USA students also learn psychology which teaches them do deal with patients and understand human behavior. In his third or fourth years the student gets instruction and practical experience in the treatment and care of the patient. During these years the student has the possibility to work in the hospital and learn much of main medical procedures and different diseases to be well prepared for his work.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) In the USA the young man, who has the secondary education must pass through seven or eight years of hard study before he begins his work as a doctor.

b) Институтимизда куплаб замонавий лабораториялар, синф хоналари ва маърузалар укиладиган заллар бор.

В нашем институте очень много современных лабораторий, аудиторий и лекционных залов.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

During the first two years the students master laboratory sciences.



4. Grammar rule: Murakkab to’ldiruvchi.

5. Retell the topic: Acute Cholecystitis.
Card № 24

1. Read the passage.

This disease more commonly affects children, adults as well as elderly persons suffering from it frequently too. Botkin’s disease is known to be due to a filterable virus present in the blood liver and found in stool and urine. The virus is infective only for man. As this virus cannot be seen under a usual microscope, it is revealed only by an electronic one.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) Being highly virulent the virus survives in water, food, and on hands for days and weeks.

b) Менинг отам, онам, укам ва кичкина синглим бор.

У меня есть папа, мама, брат и маленькая сестрёнка.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

But it was not before 1940 that the term “Botkin’s disease” was introduced into medicine due to the efforts of the well-known physician M. Konchalovsky.



4. Grammar rule: Perfect Continuous zamon fe’llari

5. Retell the topic: “Medical Education in Uzbekistan”.

Card № 25

  1. Read the passage.

An attack of pain is usually preceded by physical and mental overstrain, sharp physical movements or abnormalities in diet, fatty food and alcohol being responsible for the onset of pain. But sometimes pain is observed to appear suddenly in quite healthy persons. Pain may radiate to the right shoulder, right arm, sternum, and lumbar area, its intensity depending of the form of cholecystitis and the patient’s sensitivity.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) During the attack of pain the face is moist with cold perspiration, the skin is pale, the tongue and lips are dry.

b) Шу йили тиббиёт олийгохига укишга кирдим.

В этом году я поступил в медицинский институт.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The pain grows much worse when the patient is lying in his right side.



4. Grammar rule: Future o’rnida Presentning ishlatilishi.

5. Retell the topic: “Infectious Diseases”
Card № 26
1. Read the passage.

If the toxin can be isolated from bacterial cultures and injected into men an artifical immunity can be produced which results from the formation of antitoxin. The cellular elements of the tissues also take an active part in the protection of the organism against the infection. The presence of any infection usually produces leucocytosis and bacteria in the tissues are surrounded by white cells or phagocytes which prevent the spread of bacteria destroying them.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) A previous attack of an infectious disease produces a more or less permanent protection against its subsequent infection.

b) Биз хар хил лаборатория ишларини бажарамиз ва биология, анатомия ва бошка фанлардан маърузаларга катнашамиз.

Мы проводим различные лабораторные работы и посищаем лекции по биологии, анатомии и по другим предметом.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The cellular elements of the tissues also take an active part in the protection of the organism against the infection.



4. Grammar rule: Continuous Passive ishlatilishi

5. Retell the topic: Asepsis.
Card № 27

1. Read the passage.

If he employed the water he would heat it to temperature of 110o or 120o C, sine observation had shown the clearest water to contain still greater number or microbes. Had those principles of asepsis, on which Pasteur insisted, not been strictly followed in medicine thousands of human lives would have bee lost because of sepsis.



2. Translate these sentences.

a) In 1878 while delivering his lecture on the theory of microbes at the academy of Sciences in Paris Pasteur said that if he were surgeon, who knew of the dangers produced by microbes existing on the surface of every object.

b) Менинг купгина дустларим бор.

У меня есть много друзей



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

Palpation and percussion of the liver and spleen may supply important evidence for a diagnosis.



4. Grammar rule: Juft bog’lovchilar: “both... and, either ... or, neither ... nor”

5. Retell the topic: Immunity.
Card № 28

  1. Read the passage.

In addition to norsulphazol the patient had been receiving streptomycin in doses of 500.000 units twice daily during a period of 8 days. To improve the patient’s sleep and the condition of his nervous system he had been taking bromide and luminal during the whole course of the disease until his discharge from the hospital. Cough and chest pain were relieved by the administration of codein, cough mixture, cups and other necessary procedures.

2. Translate these sentences.

a) The blood analysis revealed leucocytosis in the range of 12.000 to 15.000 per cu mm of blood and an accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).

b) Тошкент – Ўзбекистоннинг пойтахти.

Ташкент - это сталицa Узбекистана.



3. Make up 3 questions to the following sentence.

The patient complained of the pain in the chest particularly on deep breathing in and cough with purulent sputum.



4. Grammar rule: Sifatdoshlarning shakllari.

5. Retell the topic: Rheumatic Endocarditis.


UMUMIY SAVOLLAR
1. What are the most characteristic clinical manifestations of lobular pneumonia?

2. What treatment is administered to the patient with lobular pneumonia?

3.What is the causative agent of tuberculosis?

4. What do you know about primary tuberculosis?

5. What are the course of lung abscess?

6. What are the patient’s complaints in case of rheumatic endocarditis?

7. What treatment can you administer a patient with rheumatic endocarditis?

8. When did Karim (following) go to see his friend Nike?

9. Has Nike watching a football watch over the TV when his friend came?

10. Did Nike like sport very much?

11. What did Karim’s father tell about sports to his son?

12. Do good exercises increase all body functions?

13. What nust you do to have a strong and beautiful?

14. Does a healthy man full and look well?

15 What are the lover extremities ?

16 What are the upper extremities ?

17. What does the skull contain ?

18. What does the face consist of ?

19. How many parts does the head consist of ?

20. What is there in the mouth ?

21. What connects the trunk with he head ?

22. How many teeth are there in your mouth ?

23. What is the body covered with ?

24.What can you say about Edward Jenner?

25.Where and when was he born?

26.Where did Jenner study?


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