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Technical Content of

3GPP TS 55.226 V9.0.0 (2009-09)




Technical Specification


3rd Generation Partnership Project;

Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects;

3G Security;

Specification of the A5/4 Encryption Algorithms for GSM

and ECSD, and the GEA4 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS

(Release 9)






The present document has been developed within the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP TM) and may be further elaborated for the purposes of 3GPP.
The present document has not been subject to any approval process by the 3GPP Organizational Partners and shall not be implemented.
This Specification is provided for future development work within 3GPP only. The Organizational Partners accept no liability for any use of this Specification.
Specifications and reports for implementation of the 3GPP TM system should be obtained via the 3GPP Organizational Partners' Publications Offices.






Keywords


GSM, GPRS, security, algorithm




3GPP

Postal address


3GPP support office address

650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis

Valbonne - FRANCE

Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Internet

http://www.3gpp.org






Copyright Notification

No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission.


The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© 2009, 3GPP Organizational Partners (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TTA, TTC).

All rights reserved.

UMTS™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its members

3GPP™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners


LTE™ is a Trade Mark of ETSI currently being registered for the benefit of its Members and of the 3GPP Organizational Partners

GSM® and the GSM logo are registered and owned by the GSM Association






Contents


Contents 3

Foreword 4

Introduction 4

1 Scope 5

2 References 5

3 Notation 5

3.1 Radix 5

3.2 Conventions 6

3.3 Bit/Byte ordering 6

3.4 List of Symbols 6

3.5 List of Variables 7

4 Core function KGCORE 7

4.1 Introduction 7

4.2 Inputs and Outputs 8

4.3 Components and Architecture 8

4.4 Initialisation 8

4.5 Keystream Generation 8

5 A5/4 algorithm for GSM encryption 9

5.1 Introduction 9

5.2 Inputs and Outputs 9

5.3 Function Definition 9

6 A5/4 algorithm for ECSD encryption 10

6.1 Introduction 10

6.2 Inputs and Outputs 10

6.3 Function Definition 11

7 GEA4 algorithm for GPRS encryption 11

7.1 Introduction 11

7.2 Inputs and Outputs 11

7.3 Function Definition 12

Annex A (informative):
Specification of the 3GPP confidentiality algorithm f8 13

A.1 Introduction 13

A.2 Inputs and Outputs 13

A.3 Function Definition 13



Annex B (informative):
Figures of the algorithms 15


Annex C (informative):
Simulation program listings 19


Annex D (informative):
Test data 20


Annex E (informative):
Change history 21



Foreword


This Technical Specification has been produced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).

The contents of the present document are subject to continuing work within the TSG and may change following formal TSG approval. Should the TSG modify the contents of the present document, it will be re-released by the TSG with an identifying change of release date and an increase in version number as follows:

Version x.y.z

where:


x the first digit:

1 presented to TSG for information;

2 presented to TSG for approval;

3 or greater indicates TSG approved document under change control.

y the second digit is incremented for all changes of substance, i.e. technical enhancements, corrections, updates, etc.

z the third digit is incremented when editorial only changes have been incorporated in the document.


Introduction


In this document are specified three ciphering algorithms: A5/4 for GSM, A5/4 for ECSD, and GEA4 for GPRS (including EGPRS). The algorithms are stream ciphers that are used to encrypt/decrypt blocks of data under a confidentiality key KC. Each of these algorithms is based on the KASUMI algorithm that is specified in TS 35.202 [5]. The three algorithms are all very similar. We first define a core keystream generator function KGCORE (clause 4); we then specify each of the three algorithms in turn (clauses 5, 6 and 7) in terms of this core function.

Note that:

- GSM A5/4 is the same algorithms as GSM A5/3 but with KLEN changed from 64 to 128 bits.

- and ECSD A5/4 is the same algorithms as ECSD A5/3 but with KLEN changed from 64 to 128 bits.

- and GEA 4 is the same algorithms as GEA3 but with KLEN changed from 64 to 128 bits.

1 Scope


This specification of the A5/4 encryption algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and of the GEA4 encryption algorithm for GPRS has been derived from TS 55.516 [1]: Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS. The only essential change is the change of external key length input from 64 bits to 128 bits.

This document should be read in conjunction with the entire specification of the A5/3 and GEA3 algorithms:

- Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS. Document 1: A5/3 and GEA3 Specifications.

- Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS. Document 2: Implementors’ Test Data.

- Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS. Document 3: Design Conformance Test Data.

The normative part of the specification of the block cipher (KASUMI) on which the A5/3, A5/4, GEA3 and GEA4 algorithms are based can be found in TS 35.202 [5].


2 References


The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.

  • References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non specific.

  • For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

  • For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.

[1] TS 55.216: "Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 1: A5/3 and GEA3 Specifications".

[2] TS 55.217: "Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 2: Implementors’ Test Data".

[3] TS 55.218: "Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 3: Design Conformance Test Data".

[4] TS 35.201: "Specification of the 3GPP Confidentiality and Integrity Algorithms; Document 1: f8 and f9 specifications".

[5] TS 35.202: "Specification of the 3GPP Confidentiality and Integrity Algorithms; Document 2: KASUMI specification".

3 Notation

3.1 Radix


We use the prefix 0x to indicate hexadecimal numbers.

3.2 Conventions


We use the assignment operator ‘=’, as used in several programming languages. When we write

=

we mean that assumes the value that had before the assignment took place. For instance,

x = x + y + 3

means


(new value of x) becomes (old value of x) + (old value of y) + 3.

3.3 Bit/Byte ordering


All data variables in this specification are presented with the most significant bit (or byte) on the left hand side and the least significant bit (or byte) on the right hand side. Where a variable is broken down into a number of sub-strings, the left most (most significant) sub-string is numbered 0, the next most significant is numbered 1 and so on through to the least significant.

For example an n-bit STRING is subdivided into 64-bit substrings SB0,SB1…SBi so if we have a string:

0x0123456789ABCDEFFEDCBA987654321086545381AB594FC28786404C50A37…

we have:


SB0 = 0x0123456789ABCDEF

SB1 = 0xFEDCBA9876543210

SB2 = 0x86545381AB594FC2

SB3 = 0x8786404C50A37…

In binary this would be:

000000010010001101000101011001111000100110101011110011011110111111111110…

with SB0 = 0000000100100011010001010110011110001001101010111100110111101111

SB1 = 1111111011011100101110101001100001110110010101000011001000010000

SB2 = 1000011001010100010100111000000110101011010110010100111111000010

SB3 = 1000011110000110010000000100110001010000101000110111…


3.4 List of Symbols


= The assignment operator.

Å The bitwise exclusive-OR operation

|| The concatenation of the two operands.

KASUMI[x]k The output of the KASUMI algorithm applied to input value x



using the key k.

X[i] The ith bit of the variable X. (X = X[0] || X[1] || X[2] || ….. ).

Y{i} The ith octet of the variable Y. (Y = Y{0} || Y{1} || Y{2} || ….. ).

Zi The ith 64-bit block of the variable Z. (Z = Z0 || Z1 || Z2 || …. ).


3.5 List of Variables


A a 64-bit register that is used within the KGCORE function to hold an intermediate value.

BLKCNT a 64-bit counter used in the KGCORE function.

BLOCK1 a string of keystream bits output by the A5/4 algorithm - 114 bits for GSM, 348 bits for ECSD.

BLOCK2 a string of keystream bits output by the A5/4 algorithm - 114 bits for GSM, 348 bits for ECSD.

BLOCKS an integer variable indicating the number of successive applications of KASUMI that need to be performed.

CA an 8-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CB a 5-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CC a 32-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CD a 1-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CE a 16-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CK a 128-bit input to the KGCORE function.

CL an integer input to the KGCORE function, in the range 1…219 inclusive, specifying the number of output bits for KGCORE to produce.

CO the output bitstream (CL bits) from the KGCORE function.

COUNT a 22-bit frame dependent input to both the GSM and EDGE A5/4 algorithms.

DIRECTION a 1-bit input to the GEA4 algorithm, indicating the direction of transmission (uplink or downlink).

INPUT a 32-bit frame dependent input to the GEA4 algorithm.

KC the cipher key that is an input to each of the three cipher algorithms defined here. Although at the time of writing the standards specify that KC is 64 bits long, the algorithm specifications here allow it to be of any length between 64 and 128 inclusive, to allow for possible future enhancements to the standards.

KLEN the length of KC in bits, between 64 and 128 inclusive (see above).

KM a 128-bit constant that is used to modify a key. This is used in the KGCORE function.

KS[i] the ith bit of keystream produced by the keystream generator in the KGCORE function.

KSBi the ith block of keystream produced by the keystream generator in the KGCORE function. Each block of keystream comprises 64 bits.

M an input to the GEA4 algorithm, specifying the number of octets of output to produce.

OUTPUT the stream of output octets from the GEA4 algorithm.

4 Core function KGCORE

4.1 Introduction


In this section we define a general-purpose keystream generation function KGCORE. The individual encryption algorithms for GSM, GPRS and ECSDwill each be defined in subsequent sections by mapping the relevant inputs to the inputs of KGCORE, and mapping the output of KGCORE to the relevant output.

4.2 Inputs and Outputs


The inputs to KGCORE are given in table 1, the output in table 2.

Table 1: KGCORE inputs

Parameter

Comment

CA

8 bits CA[0]…CA[7]

CB

5 bits CB[0]…CB[4]

CC

32 bits CC[0]…CC[31]

CD

A single bit CD[0]

CE

16 bits CE[0]…CE[15] (see Note 1 below)

CK

128 bits CK[0]….CK[127]

CL

An integer in the range 1…219 inclusive, specifying the number of output bits to produce


Table 2: KGCORE output

Parameter

Comment

CO

CL bits CO[0]…CO[CL-1]

NOTE 1: All the algorithms specified in this document assign a constant, all-zeroes value to CE.

More general use of CE is, however, available for possible future uses of KGCORE.

4.3 Components and Architecture


(See figure B.1 in Annex B).

The function KGCORE is based on the block cipher KASUMI that is specified in TS 55.517 [2]. KASUMI is used in a form of output-feedback mode and generates the output bitstream in multiples of 64 bits.

The feedback data is modified by static data held in a 64-bit register A, and an (incrementing) 64 bit counter BLKCNT.

4.4 Initialisation


In this clause we define how the keystream generator is initialised with the input variables before the generation of keystream bits as output.

We set the 64-bit register A to CC || CB || CD || 0 0 || CA || CE, i.e.:



A = CC[0]…CC[31] CB[0]…CB[4] CD[0] 0 0 CA[0]…CA[7] CE[0]…CE[15]

We set the key modifier KM to 0x55555555555555555555555555555555

We set KSB0 to zero.

One operation of KASUMI is then applied to the register A, using a modified version of the confidentiality key.



A = KASUMI[ A ]CK KM

4.5 Keystream Generation


Once the keystream generator has been initialised in the manner defined in section 4.4, it is ready to be used to generate keystream bits. The keystream generator produces bits in blocks of 64 at a time, but the number CL of output bits to produce may not be a multiple of 64; between 0 and 63 of the least significant bits are therefore discarded from the last block, depending on the total number of bits specified by CL.

So let BLOCKS be equal to (CL/64) rounded up to the nearest integer. (For instance, if CL = 128 then BLOCKS = 2; if CL = 129 then BLOCKS = 3.)

To generate each keystream block (KSB) we perform the following operation:

For each integer n with 1 ≤ nBLOCKS we define:



KSBn = KASUMI[ A BLKCNT KSBn-1]CK

where BLKCNT = n-1



The individual bits of the output are extracted from KSB1 to KSBBLOCKS in turn, most significant bit first, by applying the operation:

- For n = 1 to BLOCKS, and for each integer i with 0  i  63 we define:



CO[((n-1)*64)+i] = KSBn[i]

5 A5/4 algorithm for GSM encryption

5.1 Introduction


The GSM A5/4 algorithm produces two 114-bit keystream strings, one of which is used for uplink encryption/decryption and the other for downlink encryption/decryption.

We define this algorithm in terms of the core function KGCORE.


5.2 Inputs and Outputs


The inputs to the algorithm are given in table 3, the output in table 4:

Table 3: GSM A5/4 inputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

COUNT

22

Frame dependent input COUNT[0]…COUNT[21]

KC

KLEN

Cipher key KC[0]… KC[KLEN-1], where KLEN is in the range 64…128 inclusive (see Notes 1 and 2 below)


Table 4: GSM A5/4 outputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

BLOCK1

114

Keystream bits BLOCK1[0]…BLOCK1[113]

BLOCK2

114

Keystream bits BLOCK2[0]…BLOCK2[113]

NOTE 1: The specification of the A5/4 algorithm only allows KLEN to be of value 128.

NOTE 2: t must be assumed that KC is unstructured data — it must not be assumed, for instance, that any bits of KC have predetermined values.

5.3 Function Definition


(See figure B.2 in Annex B).

We define the function by mapping the GSM A5/4 inputs onto the inputs of the core function KGCORE, and mapping the output of KGCORE onto the outputs of GSM A5/4.

So we define:

CA[0]…CA[7] = 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

CB[0]…CB[4] = 0 0 0 0 0

CC[0]…CC[9] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CC[10]…CC[31] = COUNT[0]…COUNT[21]

CD[0] = 0

CE[0]…CE[15] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CK[0]…CK[KLEN-1] = KC[0]…KC[KLEN-1]

If KLEN < 128 then

- CK[KLEN]…CK[127] = KC[0]…KC[127 – KLEN]

(So in particular if KLEN = 128 then CK = KC)



CL = 228

Apply KGCORE to these inputs to derive the output CO[0]…CO[227].

Then define:

BLOCK1[0]…BLOCK1[113] = CO[0]…CO[113]

BLOCK2[0]…BLOCK2[113] = CO[114]…CO[227]

6 A5/4 algorithm for ECSD encryption

6.1 Introduction


The A5/4 algorithm for ECSD produces two 348-bit keystream strings, one of which is used for uplink encryption/decryption and the other for downlink encryption/decryption.

We define this algorithm in terms of the core function KGCORE.


6.2 Inputs and Outputs


The inputs to the algorithm are given in table 5, the output in table 6:

Table 5: ECSD A5/4 inputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

COUNT

22

Frame dependent input COUNT[0]…COUNT[21]

KC

KLEN

Cipher key KC[0]… KC[KLEN-1], where KLEN is in the range 64…128 inclusive (see Notes 1 and 2 below)


Table 6: ECSD A5/4 outputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

BLOCK1

348

Keystream bits BLOCK1[0]…BLOCK1[347]

BLOCK2

348

Keystream bits BLOCK2[0]…BLOCK2[347]

NOTE 1: The specification of the A5/4 algorithm only allows KLEN to be of value 128

NOTE 2: It must be assumed that KC is unstructured data — it must not be assumed, for instance, that any bits of KC have predetermined values.

6.3 Function Definition


(See figure B.3 in Annex B).

We define the function by mapping the ECSD A5/4 inputs onto the inputs of the core function KGCORE, and mapping the output of KGCORE onto the outputs of ECSD A5/4.

So we define:

CA[0]…CA[7] = 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0

CB[0]…CB[4] = 0 0 0 0 0

CC[0]…CC[9] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CC[10]…CC[31] = COUNT[0]…COUNT[21]

CD[0] = 0

CE[0]…CE[15] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CK[0]…CK[KLEN-1] = KC[0]…KC[KLEN-1]

If KLEN < 128 then



CK[KLEN]…CK[127] = KC[0]…KC[127 – KLEN]

(So in particular if KLEN = 128 then CK = KC)



CL = 696

Apply KGCORE to these inputs to derive the output CO[0]…CO[695].

Then define:

BLOCK1[0]…BLOCK1[347] = CO[0]…CO[347]

BLOCK2[0]…BLOCK2[347] = CO[348]…CO[695]

7 GEA4 algorithm for GPRS encryption

7.1 Introduction


The GPRS GEA4 algorithm produces an M-byte keystream string. M can vary; in this specification we assume that M will never exceed 216 = 65536.

We define this algorithm in terms of the core function KGCORE.


7.2 Inputs and Outputs


The inputs to the algorithm are given in table 7, the output in table 8:

Table 7: GEA4 inputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

INPUT

32

Frame dependent input INPUT[0]…INPUT[31]

DIRECTION

1

Direction of transmission indicator DIRECTION[0]

KC

KLEN

Cipher key KC[0]… KC[KLEN-1], where KLEN is in the range 64…128 inclusive (see Notes 1 and 2 below)

M




Number of octets of output required, in the range 1 to 65536 inclusive


Table 8: GEA4 outputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

OUTPUT

8M

Keystream octets OUTPUT{0}…OUTPUT{M-1}

NOTE 1: The specification of the GEA4 algorithm only allows KLEN to be of value 128.

NOTE 2: It must be assumed that KC is unstructured data — it must not be assumed, for instance, that any bits of KC have predetermined values.

7.3 Function Definition


(See figure B.4 in Annex B).

We define the function by mapping the GEA4 inputs onto the inputs of the core function KGCORE, and mapping the output of KGCORE onto the outputs of GEA4.

So we define:

CA[0]…CA[7] = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

CB[0]…CB[4] = 0 0 0 0 0

CC[0]…CC[31] = INPUT[0]…INPUT[31]

CD[0] = DIRECTION[0]

CE[0]…CE[15] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CK[0]…CK[KLEN-1] = KC[0]…KC[KLEN-1]

If KLEN < 128 then



CK[KLEN]…CK[127] = KC[0]…KC[127 – KLEN]

(So in particular when KLEN = 128 then CK = KC)



CL = 8M

Apply KGCORE to these inputs to derive the output CO[0]…CO[8M-1].

Then for 0  iM-1 define:

OUTPUT{i} = CO[8i]…CO[8i + 7]

where CO[8i] is the most significant bit of the octet.


Annex A (informative):
Specification of the 3GPP confidentiality algorithm f8

A.1 Introduction


The algorithms defined in this specification have been designed to have much in common with the 3GPP confidentiality algorithm, to ease simultaneous implementation of multiple algorithms. To clarify this, a specification of f8 is given here in terms of the core function KGCORE. For the definitive specification of f8, the reader is referred to TS 35.202 [5].

A.2 Inputs and Outputs


The inputs to the algorithm are given in table A.1, the output in table A.2.

Table A.1: f8 inputs

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

COUNT

32

Frame dependent input COUNT[0]…COUNT[31]

BEARER

5

Bearer identity BEARER[0]…BEARER[4]

DIRECTION

1

Direction of transmission DIRECTION[0]

CK

128

Confidentiality key CK[0]…CK[127]

LENGTH




The number of bits to be encrypted/decrypted
(1-20000)


Table A.2: f8 output

Parameter

Size (bits)

Comment

KS

1-20000

Keystream bits KS[0]…KS[LENGTH-1]

NOTE: The definitive specification of f8 includes a bitstream IBS amongst the inputs, and gives the output as a bitstream OBS; both of these bitstreams are LENGTH bits long. OBS is obtained by the bitwise exclusive-or of IBS and KS. We present just the keystream generator part of f8 here, for closer comparison with A5/4 and GEA4.


A.3 Function Definition


(See fig 5 Annex B)

We define the function by mapping the f8 inputs onto the inputs of the core function KGCORE, and mapping the output of KGCORE onto the outputs of f8.

So we define:

CA[0]…CA[7] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CB[0]…CB[4] = BEARER[0]…BEARER[4]

CC[0]…CC[31] = COUNT[0]…COUNT[31]

CD[0] = DIRECTION[0]

CE[0]…CE[15] = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CK[0]…CK[127] = CK[0]…CK[127]

CL = LENGTH

Apply KGCORE to these inputs to derive the output CO[0]…CO[LENGTH-1].

Then define:

KS[0]…KS[LENGTH-1] = CO[0]…CO[LENGTH-1]

Annex B (informative):
Figures of the algorithms


NOTE: BLKCNT is specified as a 64-bit counter so there is no ambiguity in the expression


A
BLKCNT KSBn-1 where all operands are of the same size. In a practical implementation, where the keystream generator is required to produce no more than a certain number of bits, only the least significant few bits of the counter need to be realised.
Figure B.1: KGCORE Core Keystream Generator Function



Figure B.2: GSM A5/4 Keystream Generator Function



Figure B.3: ECSDA5/4 Keystream Generator Function



Figure B.4: GEA4 Keystream Generator Function



Figure B.5: 3GPP f8 Keystream Generator Function

Table B.1: GSM A5/4, ECSD A5/4, GEA4 and f8 in terms of KGCORE




GSM A5/4

ECSD A5/4

GEA4

f8

CA

0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CB

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

BEARER

CC

0...0||COUNT

0...0||COUNT

INPUT

COUNT

CD

0

0

DIRECTION

DIRECTION

CE

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CK

KC 128 bits

CK

CO

BLOCK1||BLOCK2

BLOCK1||BLOCK2

OUTPUT

KS

NOTE: The values for A5/4 are the same as for A5/3.


The values for ECSD A5/4 are the same as for ECSD A5/3
The values for GEA4 are the same as for GEA3

Annex C (informative):
Simulation program listings


For coding example of the algorithms see Annex C in TS 55.216 [1]: Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 1: A5/3 and GEA3 Specifications.

Annex D (informative):
Test data


Test data for the algorithms are to be found in:

TS 55.517 [2]: Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 2: Implementors' Test Data.

TS 55.518 [3]: Specification of the A5/3 Encryption Algorithms for GSM and ECSD, and the GEA3 Encryption Algorithm for GPRS; Document 3: Design Conformance Test Data.

Both documents contain examples where KLEN is set to be 128 bits.


Annex E (informative):
Change history


Change history

Date

TSG #

TSG Doc.

CR

Rev

Subject/Comment

Old

New

02-2004

-

-

-

-

Draft presented to SA WG3 for agreement

---

0.1.0

03-2004

SA_23

SP-040170

-

-

Draft provided to TSG SA for information

0.1.0

1.0.0

09-2009

SA_45

SP-090647

-

-

Draft provided to TSG SA for approval

1.0.0

2.0.0

09-2009

SA_45

SP-090647

-

-

Approval at SA#45 and placement under CR control
Technical content split from placeholder TS 55.226.

2.0.0

9.0.0


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