United nations environment programme




Yüklə 360.83 Kb.
səhifə1/9
tarix21.04.2016
ölçüsü360.83 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) BLOCK B GRANT REQUEST
Project Title: Integrated Management of the Fouta Djallon Highlands
Implementing Agency: UNEP
Executing Agency: FAO
Co-operating Agency: Gambia: Department of Water resources

Guinea: Direction Nationale de la Gestion des Ressources en Eau (DNGRE)

Guinea-Bissau: Ministère de l’Agriculture, Pêche et Ressources Naturelles

Mali: Direction de la Conservation de la Nature/ Ministère de l’Environnement

Mauritania: Ministere du Developpement et de l’Environnement

Niger: Ministere de l’Environnement et Lutte contre la Desertification

Senegal: Ministere de l’Environnement et de la Protection de la Nature

Sierra Leone: Forestry Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Marine Resources


Requesting Countries: Africa Regional: the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
GEF Focal area: Multi-focal: International Waters and Biodiversity with relevance to the crosscutting issue of Land Degradation.
GEF Operational #12 Integrated Ecosystem Management with relevance to Programme: #9 Integrated Land and Water Multiple Focal Area and

#4 Mountain Ecosystems.


Total Cost of PDF B: US $ 692,800
PDF-B Funding Request US $ 350,000 (approved in 2001) + Supplement of US$179,000
PDF-B Co-Funding: US $ 163,800
National Governments: US $ 85,500 (in kind contribution)

UNEP/DEIA&EW: US $ 10,800 (in kind)

GM: US $ 25,000

FAO: US $ 42,500 (of which US$ 30,000 is in kind)
Block A Grant Awarded: Yes
Estimated duration of PDF B: 12 months

Estimated Total Project Cost: US $ 10 M (approx.)
Full Project Duration: 4 years



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
ACRONYMS 3


1. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT 4

1.1. The Fouta Djallon Highlands 4

1.2. The Fouta Djallon Highlands Integrated Development 5

Regional Programme


2. PROJECT RATIONALE 6
3. SUMMARY OF FULL GEF PROJECT OBJECTIVES 8

AND DESCRIPTION
4. FULL GEF PROJECT STRATEGY 9
5. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE FULL GEF 10

PROJECT
6. BENEFICIARIES 12
7. GEF ELIGIBILITY AND PROGRAMMING CONTEXT 13

7.1. GEF Eligibility 13

7.2. Global Benefits 14

7.3. Sustainability and Replicability 14

7.4. Complementarity and Coordination with related GEF Projects 14
8. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED PDF-B ACTIVITIES 15
9. OUTPUTS OF THE PDF-B 19
10. EXPECTED PROJECT PERIOD 19
11. IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS 19
12. SPECIAL FEATURES 20
13. ITEMS TO BE FINANCED BY THE PDF-B 20
14. ANNEXES 20

A. PDF-B Budget

B. PDF-B Workplan

C. Issues to be Considered in Developing the Regional Framework TDA

D. Biodiversity Values in the Fouta Djallon Highlands

E. Maps of the Envisaged Project Area

F. Country Endorsements

G. Terms of Reference


ACRONYMS


ABN : Niger River Basin Authority

BCI : Bureau Consultatif Inter-Organisations

CAP : Common Action Plan

CB : Convention on Biodiversity

CCD : Convention to Combat Desertification

CILSS : Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel

CNC : National Coordination Committee

ECOWAS : Economic Western African States

FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN

FDH : Fouta Djallon Highlands

GEF : Global Environment Facility

GM : Global Mechanism

ICO : International Cooperation Office

IUCN : World Conservation Union

NGO : Non Governmental Organization

OAU : Organization of the African Unity

OMVG : Gambia River Basin Authority

OMVS : Senegal River Basin Authority

PSC : Project Steering Committee

RPB : Representative Pilot Basin

SAP : Strategic Action Plan

TDA : Transboundary Diagnosis Analysis

TSC : Technical Scientific Committee

UNDP : United Nations Development Programme

UNEP : United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO : United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNSO : Office to Combat Desertification and Drought

USAID :United States for International Development

WB : World Bank

WMO : World Meteorological Organization

1. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT


1.1. The Fouta Djallon Highlands

1. The Fouta Djallon Highlands are located in the central part of the Republic of Guinea, but the massif also extends into the territories of Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal and Sierra Leone. The Highlands are made up of a set of mountainous ecosystems with an elevation ranging from 500 to 1300m. The massif is characterised by a great variety of landscapes and the existence of multifarious ecosystems. The Highlands represent therefore a very important habitat with biological diversity. However, existing studies on the biological diversity of the Highlands are generally weak and incomplete and the relevant knowledge is therefore inadequate. In the National Monograph on Biodviersity of Guinea (1997) four main ecosystems are identified: (1) Sudano-Guinea Savanna; (2) Dry Guinea Forest; (3) Mountain Ecosystems; and (4) Riparian Ecosystems and Wetlands. Some common plant and animal species, as well as some rare and threatened species of global significance, are listed



in Annex D.
2. In addition, the Fouta Djallon Highlands are of important regional significance in their capacity as the source area for many of the major rivers in West Africa. The region is watered by a dense river system (over 8000 sources), including six rivers which rank among the most important shared rivers in the sub-region: the Niger, Senegal, Gambia, Kaba, Kolenté, and Koliba. These watercourses make the bulk of the international waters in the sub-region with over 70% of the waters from these rivers originating in the Fouta Djallon Highlands.
3. The Highlands are one of the most densely populated areas in West Africa. The population on the Guinean side of the massif is about 2.5 million inhabitants and is unevenly distributed. The central part of the Highlands where the waters of the arterial rivers are divided is highly populated, with densities exceeding 120 inhabitants per Km2 in certain areas. Over 70 per cent of this population live in rural areas and the essential part of their livelihoods is derived from agriculture and animal husbandry (Guinea National Census, 1997). The main systems of agricultural production are: intensive home gardening practised around dwellings for the production of all family consumer and exchange goods; extensive farming practised outside dwellings for the production of cereals (rice, fonio, millet) and groundnuts. The agricultural system is characterised by agropastoralism, shifting cultivation and slash and burn cultivation. Farming of valley bottoms for market oriented gardening is practised in the dry season. Animal husbandry another key feature of the region with the “Ndama” breed is practised either in a semi-sedentary form or based on seasonal transhumance. Over 40 per cent of the Guinea dairy herd are accommodated in the Highlands.
4. Due to the high demographic pressure in the Highlands, degradation of watersheds, widespread poverty and the lack of alternative livelihoods, traditional land use practices have become unsustainable. The principal threats for the natural resources, including headwaters and biodiversity, of the Highlands include the practices of shifting cultivation with increasingly short fallow periods; excessive cutting down of forests to satisfy the ever-growing needs for firewood and timber; uncontrolled bush fires and overgrazing. These practices take a heavy toll on natural resources and in particular slash and burn cultivation, leads to the outright degradation of a significant part of biodiversity. The dwindling plant cover accelerates soil erosion and increases solids loading of surface waters, reduces infiltration, and hence disrupts the hydrological balance of the area. The combination of these processes induces a progressive and irreversible destruction of the natural habitat of fragile indigenous species and, as a result, puts the highlands biological diversity in jeopardy.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə