‘Living Image of Amen’
Most scholars tend to support the theory that he was the youngest son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye
Evidence to support this theory include:
There is a striking resemblance between Tutankhamun (Mummy and face mask & Queen Tiye images)
In his tomb there were two miniature coffins side by side, one of which contained a small golden statuette of Amenhotep III wrapped in linen while the other held a lock of Queen Tiye’s hair.
Another theory is that Tutankhamen was the son of a 2nd wife of Amenhotep III
Religious Policy – The Post Amarna Restoration
When he became Pharaoh, he changed his name from Tutankhamen, reflecting the change of allegiance from the Aten to the Theban God Amen. He also moved the court back to Thebes from Amarna
The Aten was no longer the sole God and was often incorporated into the Amen cult or other Sun God cults.
The restoration Stela, Tutankhamen claims that he restored temples and cult images of all Gods, increased temple incomes and chose new members for the Priesthoods from worthy citizens.
The Stela also suggests that ignoring the Gods during the Amarna period had led to social chaos, lack of military victories and turned the Gods away from Egypt.
Evidence of the Role of the Pharaoh from his tomb
From the thousands of objects, reliefs and decoration the King is shown wearing the various crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt. He wore the false beard, Uraeus and Royal collar and carried the crook and flail. He is buried in a typical Osirian burial
In various scenes is shown defeating his enemies in battle from his Chariot.
Tut completed the construction of the Ninth and 10th Pylons.
He began a temple called The Mansion of Nebkheperure in Thebes in Karnak
At Luxor he decorated the inner walls of a colonnade of Amenhotep III
Assessment and Legacy
The Syrians were of great threat as they killed Egypt’s ally, King Tushratta.
Although there was a gradual weakening of Egypt’s control over her protectorates in Syria during Tut’s reign there is no evidence of any real war.
The Death of Tutankhamen
The Young King’s death was obviously unexpected. His tomb was not that of Royal and perhaps his mortuary temple was never completed. Examinations of his mummy now resting in his tomb, revealed some head injury but this could have been done during mummification. There has been much speculation about his death, ranging from assassination to accidental death either in a sporting accident or in battle against the Hittites. It is regrettable as he certainly appears to have had the characteristics for making an active and effective King and he was young enough to have provided Egypt with ample heirs for the future.
It is extremely difficult to assess fairly the reign of Tutankhamen he was the double misfortune of having followed almost immediately upon the heels of the most controversial figure in Egyptian history and having been cut off suddenly in his prime. In addition the unbelievable richness of his undisturbed tomb has so dazzled us that it is hard to think of him as a human being …in reality he was a very young man and quite probably slightly bewildered his early death deprived him of an opportunity to show what he could do if given a chance.