Transport bulk flammable liquids by road
Purpose This unit standard is for drivers of road tank wagons who load, transport, and unload bulk liquids that are classified as flammable under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act 1996.
People credited with this unit standard are able to: describe the properties and hazards of the flammable liquid being transported and the features of the tank wagons that transport flammable liquids; carry out a pre-trip inspection; position vehicle and prepare to load; load a vehicle with bulk flammable liquid; transport a load safely and efficiently to a customer site; deliver a load to a customer site; and describe procedures for emergencies.
Commercial Road Transport
20 November 2009
Date version published
20 November 2009
Planned review date
31 December 2014
Candidates must hold a minimum of the full class of licence required for the vehicle being driven, a current D endorsement and, if required, a current Approved Handler certificate.
Evaluation of documentation and visit by NZQA, industry and NZ Transport Agency.
Standard setting body (SSB)
NZ Motor Industry Training Organisation (Incorporated)
Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan (AMAP) reference
This AMAP can be accessed at http://www.nzqa.govt.nz/framework/search/index.do.
1 Legal and formal requirements relevant to this unit standard include:
Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996;
Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992;
Land Transport Act 1998;
Resource Management Act 1991;
Transport Act 1962;
Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances (Classes 6, 8, and 9 Controls) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (Personnel Qualifications) Regulations 2001;
Hazardous Substances (Tank Wagons and Transportable Containers) Regulations 2004;
Hazardous Substances (Tracking) Regulations 2001;
Health and Safety in Employment (Pressure Equipment, Cranes, and Passenger Ropeways) Regulations 1999;
Land Transport Rule: Dangerous Goods 2005;
Land Transport (Driver Licensing) Rule 1999;
Land Transport Rule: Heavy Vehicles 2004;
Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004;
NZS 5433:2007 Transport of dangerous goods on land;
Code of Practice for Filling of Below Ground Petrol Tanks by Pumping, Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA) (Wellington: ERMA, 2006);
Code of Practice for Flammable Liquids Tank Wagons, Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA) (Wellington: ERMA, 2008).
2 Any new, amended or replacement Acts, regulations, Rules, standards, codes of practice, or NZ Transport Agency requirements or conditions affecting this unit standard will take precedence for assessment purposes, pending review of this unit standard.
Approved Handler means a person who is approved by a test certifier to handle nominated hazardous substances;
delivery documentation may include hand-held electronic data processing devices;
driving conditions means any of the six conditions (road, weather, vehicle, traffic, light, driver) from which driving hazards will arise;
emergency response documentation may include the SDS (Safety Data Sheet) for the product, an EPG (Emergency Procedure Guide), or the New Zealand Standards publication HB:76 Initial Emergency Response Guide;
ERMA is the Environmental Risk Management Authority New Zealand;
organisational requirements include any legal requirements, standards, codes of practice, company and/or site procedures, industry best practice, and manufacturers’ instructions. These must be available to candidates, providers, and assessors;
tank means an enclosed vessel exceeding 450 litres, permanently fixed to the chassis of a tank wagon used for the transport or storage of liquids with Class 3.1A, 3.1B, 3.1C or 3.1D Hazard Classification;
tank wagon means a road transport vehicle constructed to transport bulk hazardous liquids or gases. Tank wagons include tank trucks, tank trailers, tank semi-trailers, and vehicles carrying transportable containers which are loaded and unloaded while mounted on the vehicle;
test certificates mean certificates issued by a test certifier;
test certifier means a person approved by ERMA to certify that the requirements of the HSNO Act have been met;
vehicle dynamic effects are the influences of physics (kinetic energy, centrifugal force, gravity etc) on a heavy motor vehicle, that a driver must manage to maintain stability and control.
4 Competency for this unit standard must be demonstrated on-job.
5 If the candidate is transporting more than one bulk flammable liquid in the same trip, they must be able to demonstrate the appropriate knowledge and skills for each flammable liquid.
6 The candidate must also be able to demonstrate competence with all of the delivery systems fitted to the vehicle – ie drivers of bulk delivery vehicles fitted with pumping equipment must demonstrate competence for both gravity and pumping delivery systems.
Elements and performance criteria
Describe the properties and hazards of the flammable liquid being transported and the features of tank wagons that transport flammable liquids.
1.1 UN class and UN number of the flammable liquid being transported are identified in accordance with emergency response documentation.
1.2 Approved Handler requirements for the flammable liquid being transported are identified in accordance with the HSNO regulations.
1.3 Flammable liquid properties are described in terms of flash point, density, flammability range, and effects of heat on flammable liquids in containment.
1.4 Hazards associated with the flammable liquid being transported are described in accordance with emergency response documentation.
Range personal, public, environmental.
1.5 Hazardous atmosphere zones are described in accordance with organisational requirements.
1.6 Circumstances in which a flammable liquid tank wagon may be left unattended are described in accordance with organisational requirements.
1.7 The functions of equipment fitted to a typical flammable liquid tank wagon are described in relation to the safe transport and transfer of the product.
Range may include – pumping equipment, valve systems and controls, overfill protection, bonding points, master switch, vapour recovery, safety rails, pressure release and vacuum relief, valance, brake interlock system.
1.8 Factors that cause static electricity and how to minimise the risks associated with static electricity are described in accordance with organisational requirements.
Carry out a pre-trip inspection.
2.1 The inspection determines whether the Certificate of Fitness for the vehicle and any trailers, test certificates, and the Safe Loading Pass (if applicable) are current, and whether the vehicle systems and equipment comply with organisational requirements. Non-complying vehicles or trailers are repaired or reported in accordance with company procedures.
Range includes but is not limited to – fuel, fluids, wheels and tyres, steering, brakes, lights and indicators, warning devices, vehicle documentation;
may include – trailer couplings.
2.2 The inspection of vehicle load transfer equipment for security and state of repair determines whether it meets organisational requirements. Non-complying vehicles or trailers are repaired or reported in accordance with company procedures.
Range includes but is not limited to – hoses, nozzles, standpipes, valves, tank top caps and lids, dipsticks, ladders, dustcaps, storage lockers;
may include – pumping equipment.
2.3 The inspection determines whether safety equipment meets organisational requirements, is accessible and properly maintained, stowed and secured. Any unserviceable items or items with expired test dates are replaced or reported in accordance with company procedures.
Range includes but is not limited to – fire extinguishers, warning signs, first aid kit, spill kit, cones, approved torch.
2.4 The inspection determines whether personal protective equipment is available, ready for use, and meets organisational requirements.
Range includes but is not limited to – approved gloves, neck to toe clothing, safety visor or glasses, safety footwear, high visibility clothing;
may include – hard hat and hearing protection.
2.5 The inspection determines whether the dangerous goods placards are correct for the load being carried, and are correctly displayed in accordance with the Dangerous Goods Rule.
Position vehicle and prepare to load.
3.1 The vehicle is driven into the loading site in accordance with site procedures and is stopped in the designated position before entering the loading bay.
3.2 The vehicle is driven into the loading bay safely and positioned correctly for loading.
3.3 The park brake is applied, the engine switched off and the unit isolated using the master switch. All cab doors and windows are closed.
3.4 Personal protective equipment is used in accordance with organisational requirements.
3.5 The locations of emergency equipment and emergency procedures are identified prior to loading.
Range includes but not limited to – fire extinguishers, emergency shutdown controls, fire alarms, deluge shower, eye bath, evacuation procedures;
may include – emergency call points.
3.6 Load distribution and volume calculations are checked against planned deliveries and are within the vehicle’s safe carrying capacity and gross weight limitations. Any discrepancies are dealt with in accordance with company procedures.
3.7 The product type, volume, and compartments to be loaded are checked to determine whether they are in accordance with delivery documentation. Discrepancies are dealt with in accordance with company procedures.
3.8 The bonding and overfill protection cables are attached, master and foot valves opened, compartments drained, and product identification tumblers adjusted in accordance with company procedures.
3.9 Loading arms or hoses are connected securely to compartments to be filled and, where applicable, the vapour recovery hose is connected to the tank wagon.
Load a vehicle with bulk flammable liquid.
4.1 Loading site procedures are followed for the input of information into load controllers and input data and loading arms or hoses are checked for each compartment before loading commences.
4.2 The loading process and fill levels are monitored by the driver in accordance with company procedures.
4.3 The vehicle compartments are loaded with bulk flammable liquid, without spillage or incident, using only approved equipment and in accordance with organisational requirements.
4.4 At the completion of loading each compartment, the foot valve is closed, the loading arm or hose disconnected and repositioned or stowed, and dust caps replaced.
4.5 At the completion of the loading process all transfer equipment is disconnected and stowed, and all valves are closed in accordance with organisational requirements.
Range transfer equipment includes but is not limited to – loading arms or hoses, bonding and overfill protection devices;
may include – vapour recovery hoses.
4.6 Pre-departure inspection of the loaded vehicle is conducted to ensure all hoses and cables are disconnected, and that the vehicle meets legal requirements for load security.
4.7 The site is restored to a clean and tidy condition in accordance with site procedures.
4.8 The vehicle is moved from the loading area without damage to property or injury to people and in accordance with site procedures.
4.9 The delivery documentation is completed, checked, and secured in the vehicle in accordance with organisational requirements.
Transport a load safely and efficiently to a customer site.
Range vehicle must be driven over a distance of at least 25 km and be loaded to at least 50% of payload.
5.1 The vehicle is driven and manoeuvred in accordance with legal requirements and consistent with efficient vehicle operation.
Range efficient vehicle operation includes but is not limited to – observance of speed limits, signs and controls, railway crossing obligations; correct signalling; appropriate transmission use; fuel economy driving.
5.2 The driver interacts courteously and professionally with other road users and any prescribed routes are followed in accordance with organisational requirements.
5.3 Vehicle dynamic effects are managed using techniques that are consistent with the safe operation of the vehicle and reflect the prevailing driving conditions.
Range may include – corners, intersections, following distances, hills, steering control, use of auxiliary braking systems.
Deliver a load to a customer site.
6.1 A pre-delivery assessment is made before entering the delivery site, and site features that constitute a hazard and/or prevent delivery are rectified or reported in accordance with organisational requirements.
Range may include – vehicle dimension restrictions, ground stability and surface conditions, room to manoeuvre, sources of ignition, other tank wagons (eg LPG), ease of access and egress without need to reverse, vehicle or pedestrian traffic, likelihood of electrical storms, wind direction.
6.2 Any site instructions and/or restrictions are complied with.
Range may include – speed, right of way, reporting, access restrictions, prohibited items, electronic restrictions, personal protective equipment, loading or unloading instructions, emergency procedures.
6.3 The vehicle is positioned and, where necessary, repositioned safely and in such a way that dips can be conducted on receiving tanks and the product can be delivered efficiently and safely without the need to reverse. The park brake is applied and the engine, unless required for pumping, is turned off.
6.4 Personal protective equipment is used in accordance with organisational requirements and steps are taken to apply personal safety measures.
Range may include – manual lifting techniques, three points of contact when using ladders.
6.5 The work site, in public areas, is marked off with safety cones and the interceptor valve, if applicable, is located prior to the discharge of the load.
6.6 Customer tank(s), fill point(s) and dip point(s) are inspected for damage, cleanliness, product type, and compatibility with intended delivery in accordance with company procedures.
6.7 Tank levels are checked by dipping to ensure sufficient ullage for the delivery and action is taken, in accordance with organisational requirements, if there is insufficient capacity, any doubt exists as to tank product identification, or repairs are needed.
6.8 Actions to be taken when water or other product contamination is identified in customer tanks are described in accordance with company procedures.
6.9 The delivery transfer hose(s) and equipment, and any vapour recovery hose, are connected to the vehicle and the correct receiving tank in accordance with company procedures. Internal and external valves are opened, the pump (where applicable) set and engaged, flow is sighted, and the hoses and connections are checked for leaks.
6.10 The unloading process is monitored by the driver and potential hazards are managed in accordance with organisational requirements.
Range potential hazards may include – pedestrians, vehicles, ignition sources, LPG tank wagons, weather.
6.11 The product type and quantity delivered are consistent with delivery documentation.
6.12 At the completion of the delivery, any pumping equipment is disengaged, valves are closed, hoses, (including vapour recovery if applicable) are disconnected and securely stowed without spillage, and dust caps are replaced, in accordance with company procedures.
6.13 Receiving tanks are dipped to confirm delivery quantities in accordance with company procedures.
6.14 The site is restored to a clean and tidy condition in accordance with site procedures.
6.15 Delivery documentation is completed to reflect changes in the load and distributed in accordance with organisational requirements.
6.16 A pre-departure inspection of the vehicle and site is conducted to ensure all hoses and equipment have been recovered and are secure on the vehicle.
6.17 The vehicle is driven from the site safely in accordance with site procedures.
Describe procedures for emergencies.
7.1 Procedures for emergencies that may occur during loading and unloading are described in accordance with emergency response documentation and organisational requirements.
Range spill or leak, fire, earthquake.
7.2 Procedures for emergencies that may occur in transit are described in accordance with emergency response documentation and organisational requirements.
Range spill, fire, road crash, breakdown.
7.3 Initial responses to a person exposed to the flammable liquid being transported are described in accordance with the emergency response documentation and organisational requirements.
Range high volume skin contamination, eye contamination, inhalation.
7.4 Contents and use of a spill kit are described in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and company procedures.
Providers must be accredited by NZQA, or an inter-institutional body with delegated authority for quality assurance, before they can report credits from assessment against unit standards or deliver courses of study leading to that assessment.
Industry Training Organisations must be accredited by NZQA before they can register credits from assessment against unit standards.
Accredited providers and Industry Training Organisations assessing against unit standards must engage with the moderation system that applies to those standards.
Accreditation requirements and an outline of the moderation system that applies to this standard are outlined in the Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan (AMAP). The AMAP also includes useful information about special requirements for organisations wishing to develop education and training programmes, such as minimum qualifications for tutors and assessors, and special resource requirements.
Comments on this unit standard
Please contact the NZ Motor Industry Training Organisation (Incorporated) firstname.lastname@example.org if you wish to suggest changes to the content of this unit standard.
New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2016