Traffic complaint; proceedings A. A person served with a civil traffic complaint shall




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28159628-1596.  Traffic complaint; proceedings

A.  A person served with a civil traffic complaint shall:

1.  Appear at the time and place stated in the complaint, or may appear before the time, if so authorized by the court, and on the directions contained in the complaint.

2.  Admit or deny the allegations of the complaint.

B.  Allegations not denied at the time of appearance are deemed admitted.  A fee shall not be charged for the appearance.

C.  If the allegations are admitted, the court shall enter judgment for the state and shall impose a civil penalty.  The person may admit the allegations with an explanation, and then the court shall enter judgment for the state and impose a civil penalty.  In determining the civil penalty, the court shall consider the explanation submitted.

D.  If the person denies the allegations of the complaint the court shall set the matter for a hearing.  The hearing is informal and without a jury.  At the hearing, the state is required to prove the violation charged by a preponderance of the evidence.  Technical rules of evidence do not apply, except for statutory provisions relating to privileged communications.  If the person elects to be represented by counsel the person shall notify the court at least ten days before the hearing date.  Hearings may be recorded.  If the court finds in favor of the person, the court shall enter an order dismissing the allegation.  If the court finds in favor of the state, the court shall enter judgment for the state and shall impose a civil penalty.

E.  If a resident of this state served with a civil traffic complaint alleging a violation of this title or if a nonresident served with a civil traffic complaint requiring suspension or revocation of a driver license under the laws of this state fails to appear at or before the time directed to appear or at the time set for a hearing by the court, the allegations in the complaint are deemed admitted, and the court shall enter judgment for this state, impose a civil penalty and report the judgment to the department.

F.  A nonresident may satisfy the complaint served under subsection A by complying with the nonresident violator compact adopted by chapter 6, article 4 of this title, if applicable.

G.  If a nonresident who is served with a civil traffic complaint that does not require a suspension or revocation of the nonresident's driver license pursuant to the laws of this state fails to appear at or before the time directed to appear or at the time set for a hearing by the court, the court shall report the nonappearance to the department pursuant to the provisions of the nonresident violator compact adopted by chapter 6, article 4 of this title.  281596





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