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74  Apiaceae (Draft: V.N. Tikhomirov)

THIS DRAFT HAS NOT BEEN DISCUSSED

Comments:

(1) The genus concept in Apiaceae (and in Brassicaceae) strongly depends on only one organ, the fruit. There is some current agreement that this has resulted in a surplus of genera. We should consult recent investigations and see whether some of these genera could be lumped. Candidates for such consideration are, e.g.: Sphallerocarpus (in Chaerophyllum), Podistera/Pachypleurum (perhaps also in Ligusticum) and Phoiodicarpus. (Elven)

74.1  Chaerophyllum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 258.
74.1.1  Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 258.

S

Comments:


74.1.1.1  Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. subsp. prescottii (DC.) Nyman (1879), Consp. Fl. Eur. 300.

B C. prescottii DC. (1830), Prodr. 4: 225.

S

2n= 22 (2x).



2nD Hämet-Ahti & Virrankoski (1970).

G RUS SIB

Comments:

(1) Yamal-Gydan added to Tikhomirov's draft. Hultén & Fries (1986) map an occurrence in the lower Lena area, within the Arctic as the current border runs. (Elven)



74.2  Sphallerocarpus Bess. ex DC. (1829), Mem. Ombell. 60.

Comments:

(1) Other citation of genus author: Bess. ex DC. (1830), Prodr. 4: 230. (Elven)
74.2.1  Sphallerocarpus gracilis (Bess. ex Trev.) K.-Pol. (1916), Bull. Soc. Naturalistes Moscou, n.s., 29: 202.

B Chaerophyllum gracile Bess. ex Trev. (1826), Acta Acad. Carol. Nat. Curios. 13, 1: 172.

S

2n=


2nD

G RFE


Comments:

74.3  Anthriscus Pers. (1805), Syn. Pl. 1: 320.
74.3.1  Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. (1814), Gen. Pl. Umbell. 40.

B Chaerophyllum sylvestre L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 258.

S

Comments:



(1) The two subspecies listed below are disputed. Subsp. aemula is synonymized with A. sylvestis s. str. in Tikhomirov's draft. Flora Europaea 2 (1968) accepts it as a separate species, A. nemorosa. Fl. Arct. URSS indicates that subsp. aemula is not the same as A. nemorosa. I have entered it as a major E European-Asian race (subspecies) as that also is the treatment of Hultén etc. (Elven)
74.3.1.1  Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. subsp. sylvestris

S

2n= 16+0-2B (2x).



2nD Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden).

G ICE* NOR RUS

Comments:
74.3.1.2  Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. subsp. aemula (Woronow) Soó (1965), Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 1: 243.

B A. sylvestis (L.) Hoffm. var. aemula Woronow in B. Fedtsch. (1931), Fl. Yugo-Vost. Evrop. SSSR 5: 770; ?A. nemorosa (Bieb.) Spreng. (1813), Pl. Umb. Prodr. 27 [basionym: Chaerophyllum nemorosum (1808), Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 1: 232].

S

2n=


2nD

G RUS SIB

Comments:

74.4  Myrrhis Miller (1754), Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4 , 2.

Comments:

(1) Genus and species added to Tikhomirov's draft. (Elven)
74.4.1  Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. (1772), Fl. Carniol., ed. 2 , 1: 207.

B Scandix odorata L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 256.

S

2n=


2nD

G ICE*


Comments:

(1) Established alien in Iceland, found in the arctic parts, acc. to Kristinsson's list and map. (Elven)



74.5  Pleurospermum Hoffm. (1814), Gen. Umb. x.
74.5.1  Pleurospermum austriacum Hoffm. (1814), Gen. Umb. x.

S

Comments:


74.5.1.1  Pleurospermum austriacum Hoffm. subsp. uralense (Hoffm.) Horn af Rantzien (1946), Sv. Bot. Tidskr. 40: 182.

B P. uralense Hoffm. (1814), Gen. Umb. x.

S

2n=


2nD

G RUS SIB

Comments:

(1) Treated as a separate species in Tikhomirov's draft and by Flora Europaea 2 (1968) but from the description very close to P. austriacum and should probably be considered a major race (subspecies). (Elven)

(2) The author citation in Fl. Arct. URSS 8, p. 69 - 'Hornem. et Rantzien' is a curious error as these two authors are separated by more than a hundred years! The author is the Swedish 'nobleman' Horn af (von) Rantzien. (Elven)

WARNING! Might be raised to level of species.

74.6  Bupleurum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 236.
74.6.1  Bupleurum americanum Coult. & Rose (1888), Rev. N. Amer. Umbell. 115.

S B. triradiatum Adams ex Hoffm. [(1814), Gen. Umbell. 115] subsp. arcticum (Regel) Hultén (1929), Fl. Kamtch. 3: 158.

2n= 28-32.

2nD Packer & McPherson (1974).

G RFE ALA CAN

Comments:

(1) The question is whether the arctic plants constitute a species of their own   B. americanum   a major race (subsp. arcticum) of the otherwise S Siberian and NE Asian B. triradiatum, or is fully included in B. triradiatum. The latter is Tikhomirov's proposal. I here tentatively follows current North American usage but has no opinion of my own. No frequency indications are given for the Russian areas in Tikhomirov's draft and the frequencies indicated in the table are here based on the map in Fl. Arct. URSS. (Elven)

74.7  Cicuta L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 255.

Comments:

(2) The North American parts are not entered in Tikhomirov's draft and the two American taxa have therefore been entered by me. (Elven)
The Cicuta virosa aggregate (C. mackenzieana, C. virosa)

Comments:

(1) The two species seem to be very closely related and it is a question whether they should be kept apart or not. A subspecific split into a Eurasian and a N American entity would perhaps be more appropriate but names at level of subspecies seem to be lacking. (Elven)
74.7.1  Cicuta virosa L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 255.

S

2n= 22 (2x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list numerous non-arctic counts; Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden, 22+0-1B).

G RUS SIB RFE

Comments:

(1) No frequencies are given in Tikhomirov's draft and I have made tentative entries based on the map in Fl. Arct. URSS. (Elven)


74.7.2  Cicuta mackenzieana Raup (1936), J. Arnold Arb. 17: 279.

S

T [Described from Canada: Lake Athabasca.]



2n= 22 (2x).

2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list three non-arctic counts.

G ALA CAN

Comments:


74.7.3  Cicuta bulbifera L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 255.

S

2n=



2nD

G CAN


Comments:

74.8  Sium L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 251.

(1) Genus and species added to Tikhomirov's draft. (Elven)


74.8.1  Sium suave Walter (1788), Fl. Carol. 115.

S

2n=



2nD

G ALA? CAN

Comments:

(1) A border case in the Yukon River delta but clearly reaches the Arctic in the Hudson Bay area. (Elven)



74.9  Carum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 263.
74.9.1  Carum carvi L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 263.

S

2n= 20 (2x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list numerous counts, one Icelandic; Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden, 20+0-1B).

G ICE NOR RUS SIB? CAN GRL*

Comments:

74.10  Pimpinella L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 263.

Comments:

(1) Genus and species tentatively added to Tikhomirov's draft. (Elven)
74.10.1  Pimpinella saxifraga L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 263.

S

2n= 40 (4x).



2nD Lövkvist & Hultgård (1999 S Sweden, subsp. saxifraga, several counts).

G RUS?


Comments:

(1) The only possibly arctic record is from Rybachi Peninsula (Murman area). The questions are whether it is south or north of the arctic border in the peninsula and whether it is stable or not. The nearby stations in NE Norway (Sør-Varanger area) are anthropochorous, stable but outside the Arctic. (Elven)



WARNING! Needs confirmation as native or stable in Russia before final acceptance.

74.11  Aegopodium L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 265.
74.11.1  Aegopodium alpestre Ledeb. (1829), Fl. Alt. 1: 354.

S

2n=



2nD

G SIB


Comments:

74.12  Seseli L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 259.
74.12.1  Seseli condensatum (L.) Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil. (1867), Icon. Fl Germ. Helv. 21: 37.

B Athamanta condensata L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 224.

S S. libanotis (L.) Koch subsp. condensatum (L.) Rchb. fil. ***; Pachypleurum condensatum (L.) Korovin (1963), Fl. Kazakhst. 6: 310.

2n=


2nD

G RUS SIB

Comments:

(1) European opinion is that this is a major Siberian race (subspecies) of S. libanotis (L.) Koch (1824), Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 12, 1: 111, basionym: Athamanta libanotis L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 244. Yamal-Gydan has been added in the table because Hultén & Fries (1986) map an occurrence in the lower Lena area, within our arctic border. (Elven)



WARNING! Might be reduced to a subspecies of S. libanotis.

74.13  Ligusticum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 250.
74.13.1  Ligusticum scoticum L. (1753), Sp. Pl. 250.

S

Comments:



(1) Ligusticum hultenii is included as synonym in Tikhomirov's map. I prefer to consider 'scoticum' and 'hultenii' as two major races, like Hultén, and have separated them as subspecies in this draft version. (Elven)
74.13.1.1  Ligusticum scoticum L. subsp. scoticum

S

2n= 22 (2x).



2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list six counts, one Greenlandic and one Iclandic.

G NOR RUS CAN GRL

Comments:

(1) Approaches the Arctic also in Iceland. (Elven)


74.13.1.2  Ligusticum scoticum L. subsp. hultenii (Fern.) Hultén (1958), Kungl. Sv. Vetensk.-Akad. Handl., 4. ser., 7, 1: 294.

B L. hultenii Fern. (1930), Rhodora 32: 7.

S

T [Described from Alaska: Atka.]



2n= 22 (2x).

2nD Löve & Löve (1975) list four non-arctic counts.



G ALA

Comments:



(1) The lack of this plant on the Asian side of the Bering Strait is very surprising as it is frequent on the Alaskan side and efficiently spread by sea currents. (Elven)

(2) Hultén's combination as subspecies in 1958 may need formal validation as he did not cite full reference to the basionym. (Elven)


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