The state acquisition and tenancy act, 1950




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(6) The lands allotted under sub-section (5) shall be free of salami but shall be subject to the condition that the tenant or his successors-in-interest shall be liable to pay such fair and equitable rent and land development tax as may be determined by the Revenue-officer.
(7) The provision of this section shall not apply to cases of re-appearance of land caused or accelerated by any artificial or mechanical process as a result of development works undertaken by the Government or any authority empowered or authorised by or under any law to undertake such development works.

Bar on suits, etc, for certain period

86A. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie in any court in respect of any land covered under section 86 during a period of twelve months commencing on the date of first giving public notice under sub-section (4) of section 86 in order to enable the Collector to complete the processes under that section.]

Rights in land gained by accession from recess of river or sea

44[ 87. 45[ (1)] Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, when any land has been gained by accession, whether from the recess of a river or of the sea, it shall not be considered as an increment to the holding or tenancy to which it may be thus annexed, but shall vest absolutely in the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and shall be at their disposal.

46[ (2) The provision of sub-section (1) shall apply to all lands so gained whether before or after the 28th June, 1972, but shall not apply to any land so gained before the said date if the right of a Malik to hold such land as an increment to his holding was finally recognised or declared by a competent authority or court before the date of commencement of the State Acquisition and Tenancy (Sixth Amendment) Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 137 of 1972) under the law then in force.


(3) All suits, applications, appeals or other proceedings for the assertion of any claim to hold, as an increment to any holding, any land gained or alleged to have been gained from the recess of a river or of the sea, pending before any court or authority on the date of commencement of the said Order shall not be further proceeded with and shall abate and no court shall entertain any suit, application or other legal proceedings in respect of any such claim.]]

Transferability of holding of raiyats

88. The holding of a raiyat or a share or portion thereof shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, be capable of being transferred by him in the same manners and to the same extent as his other immovable property 47[ :
Provided that the khas lands of a tea garden retained under sub-section (2) of section 20, or any portion thereof, shall not be transferred without the prior sanction in writing of the Deputy Commissioner and that the proposed transfer shall not in any way disrupt the entity of the tea garden as a whole or in any way affect the cultivation of tea for which the land is held.]

Manner of transfer



89. (1) Every such transfer shall be made by registered instrument, except in the case of a bequest or a sale in execution of a decree or of a certificate signed under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913; and a Registering officer shall not accept for registration any such instrument unless the sale price, or where there is no sale price, the value of the holding or portion or share thereof transferred is stated therein and unless it is accompanied by-
(a) a notice giving the particulars of the transfer in the prescribed form together with the process fee prescribed for the transmission thereof to the Revenue-officer; and
(b) such notices and process fees as may be required by sub-section (4).
(2) In the case of a bequest of such a holding or portion or share thereof, no Court shall grant probate or letters of administration until the applicant files a notice similar to, and deposits a process fee of the same amount as, that referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (1).
(3) No Court or Revenue Authority shall confirm the sale of such a holding or portion or share thereof put to sale in execution of a decree or a certificate signed under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913 and no Court shall make a decree or order absolute for foreclosure of a mortgage of such a holding or portion or share thereof, until the purchaser or the mortgagee, as the case may be, files a notice or notices similar to, and deposits process fees of the same amount as, that referred to in sub-section (1).
(4) If the transfer of a portion or share of such a holding be one to which the provisions of section 96 apply, there shall be filed notices giving particulars of the transfer in the prescribed form together with process fees prescribed for the service thereof on all the co-sharer tenants of the said holding who are not parties to the transfer and for affixing a copy thereof in the office of the Registering officer or the Court house or the Office of the Revenue Authority, as the case may be.
(5) The Court, Revenue Authority or Registering officer, as the case may be, shall transmit the notice referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (1) to the Revenue-officer and shall serve the notices on the co-sharer tenants referred to in sub-section (4) by registered post and shall cause a copy of the notice to be affixed in the Court house or in the Office of the Revenue Authority or of the Registering Officer, as the case may be:
Provided that the service of such a notice shall not operate as an admission of the amount of rent or the area of such holding by the Government or by any co-sharer tenant of such holding on whom such notice is served or be deemed to constitute an express consent of the Government or such co-sharer tenant to the division of the holding or to the distribution of the rent payable in respect thereof:
Provided further that if a transfer is subsequently set aside or modified by a competent authority in any suit, appeal or other proceedings to which the Revenue-officer was not a party, the authority before whom the appropriate suit or proceedings was first initiated shall transmit a copy of such order to the Revenue-officer.
(6) In this section-
(a) “transferee”, “purchaser” and “mortgagee” include their successors-in-interest, and
(b) “transfer” dose not include partition or, until a decree or order absolute for foreclosure is made, simple or usufructuary mortgage or mortgage by conditional sale.

Limitation of transfer of holding

90. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no person shall, after the commencement of this Part, be entitled to purchase or otherwise acquire, except in accordance with the provisions of this Part, any quantity of land which added to the total quantity of land already held by him for himself and his family exceeds three hundred and seventy-five standard bighas.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the holding of a raiyat or a share or portion thereof shall not be transferred whether by sale or gift or bequest or otherwise or by sale in execution of a decree or of a certificate signed under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913, except to a bona fide cultivator, and any other tenancy or a share or portion thereof shall not be transferred by any such means except to a person, who holds for the time being lands for himself and his family of a total area of less than three hundred and seventy-five standard bighas; and no such transfer shall be valid if, on such transfer, the area of the land so transferred added to the area of land held by the transferee at the time of such transfer exceeds three hundred and seventy five standard bighas:
Provided that nothing in sub-sections (1) and (2) shall render a transfer to any person or co-operative society invalid where the total area of the land held by such person or co-operative society on such transfer exceeds three hundred and seventy-five standard bighas, if-
(i) such person has been certified by the prescribed Revenue Authority to be a person who has undertaken large scale farming by the use of power driven mechanical appliances, and
(ii) in the case of a co-operative society, the prescribed Revenue Authority has certified that such society has been formed by a group of cultivating land owners for better farming, irrespective of whether it uses power driven mechanical appliances or not, and that the ownership of the land has been transferred unconditionally to the society by the individual members, and, in either case, such transfer is limited to the extent specified in the certificate granted by such Revenue Authority:

Provided further that nothing in sub-section (1) or (2) shall apply to the transfer of lands to a person who is bona fide carrying on the cultivation of tea or to a co-operative society or company which is bona fide carrying on the cultivation of sugarcane for the purpose of manufacture of sugar by that society or company or to any other company the object of which is to develop industries by the manufacture of commodities.


(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or (2), a person who is not a bona fide cultivator, may, with the previous written permission of the prescribed Revenue Authority, purchase or otherwise acquire such quantity of land as may be specified in such permission, for occupation and use for commercial or industrial purposes or for charitable or religious purposes.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or (2), a person who is not a bona fide cultivator, may, with the previous written permission of the prescribed Revenue Authority, purchase or otherwise acquire, such quantity of land as may be specified in the permission, for the purpose of constructing a dwelling house for himself and his family or for the purpose of cultivating such land by himself or by the members of his family or by, or with the aid of, servants or labourers or with the aid of partners or bargadars; and such person shall hold the land so acquired as a tenant under the Government:
Provided that no such person shall be allowed to hold any area of land in excess of the limit imposed in sub-section (1):
Provided further that, in case of land acquired by such person for the purpose of constructing a dwelling house for himself or his family, if no dwelling house is constructed on the land within five years from the date of such acquisition, the right of such person in such land shall be extinguished and the land shall vest on the Government.
(5) Any transfer of a holding or tenancy or of a share or portion thereof made in contravention of the provisions of this section shall be void, and the lands comprised in the holding or tenancy or share or portion thereof so transferred shall vest absolutely in the Government free from all encumbrances.

Power of acquiring excess land devolved by inheritance

91. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, when any area of land which has devolved on a person by inheritance added to the total area of land already in his possession exceeds the limit laid down in section 90, it shall be lawful for the Government to acquire an area of such land, equivalent to such excess, to be selected according to the choice of such person, on payment of compensation at the rates laid down in sub-section (1) of section 39.

Extinguishment of interest of raiyats in certain cases

92. (1) The interest of a raiyat in a holding shall be extinguished-
(a) when he dies intestate leaving no heir entitled to inherit under the law of inheritance to which he is subject;
(b) when he surrenders his holding at the end of any agricultural year by giving notice in the prescribed form and in the prescribed manner and within the prescribed period to the Revenue-officer;
(c) when he voluntarily abandons his residence without making any arrangement for payment of the rent as it falls due and cesses to cultivate his holding either by himself or by members of his family or by, or with the aid of, servants or labourers or with the aid of partners or bargadars for a period of three successive years; or-

(d) when such interest has devolved by inheritance, under the law of inheritance to which such raiyat is subject, on a person who is not a bona fide cultivator and such person has not cultivated the land comprised in the holding either by himself or by members of his family or by, or with the aid of, servants or labourers or with the aid of partners or bargadars during the period of five years from the date on which such interest has so devolved on him and there is no sufficient cause why he has not so cultivated the land.


(2) When the interest of a raiyat in a holding is extinguished under sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer may enter on the holding; and the holding shall, with effect from the date on which the Revenue-officer so enters on it, vest absolutely in the Government free from all encumbrances except the encumbrances on the holding which is extinguished under clause (a) of the said sub-section, but the persons whose interests in the holdings are extinguished under clauses (b), (c) and (d) of that sub-section shall continue to be personally liable for the money secured by the encumbrances on such holdings.
(3) Before entering on a holding under sub-section (2), the Revenue-officer shall cause a notice to be published in the prescribed manner declaring his intention to so enter on the holding and specifying the reasons thereof and also inviting objections from all persons interested in the holding and shall consider any objections that may be submitted to him within the period specified in that behalf in the notice and shall record a decision.
(4) Any person aggrieved by an order passed by the Revenue-officer under sub-section (3) on any objection shown against the extinguishment of the interest of any raiyat in his holding under clause (d) of sub-section (1) may, instead of filing an appeal under section 147, institute a suit in the Civil Court against such order. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, such suit shall be filed within ninety days from the date of the order of the Revenue-officer under sub-section (3).
(5) All arrears of rent in respect of a holding remaining due from a raiyat whose interest in such holding has been extinguished under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be irrecoverable.

Restrictions on subletting

93. (1) No raiyat shall sublet the whole or any part of his holding on any terms or conditions whatsoever.
(2) If any holding or any part of holding is sublet in contravention of the provisions of this section, the interest of the raiyat in the holding or in that part of the holding shall be extinguished, and the holding or the part of the holding, as the case may be, shall vest in the Government from the date of such subleting free from all encumbrances.

Transfer of encumbrances in certain cases

94. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the encumbrances referred to in sub-section (5) of section 90 or sub-section (2) of section 93 shall, with effect from the date of transfer or sub-lease of the lands concerned, be deemed to be transferred and attached to such other lands of the transferor or the lessor as may be selected by the Revenue-officer in accordance with the rules prescribed, and thereupon the encumbrancer shall continue to have the same rights in or against those lands as he had in the original lands before the transfer or sub-lease thereof. The transferor or the lessor, as the case may be, shall also be personally liable for the money secured by such encumbrances.

Limitation on mortgage of raiyat holdings

95. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, a raiyat shall not enter into any form of usufructuary mortgage other than a complete usufructuary mortgage in respect of his holding or of a portion or share thereof, and every such complete usufructuary mortgage shall be subject to the same limitations as are imposed by section 90 on a transfer of the holding of a raiyat or of any share or portion thereof; and the period for which such complete usufructuary mortgage may be entered into by any raiyat shall not exceed, by any agreement express or implied, seven years:
Provided that any such usufructuary mortgage may be redeemed at any time before the expiry of the said period, on payment of an amount which shall bear the same proportion to the total consideration money received by the mortgagor, as the unexpired period bears to the total period for which the mortgage had been entered into.
(2) Every such complete usufructuary mortgage shall be registered under the Registration Act, 1908.
(3) If any usufructuary mortgage entered into by a raiyat does not fulfil any of the conditions specified in sub-section (1) or is not registered as required under sub-section (2) it shall be void.
48[ 49[ (4) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, if any mortgagee prevents the redemption of a usufructuary mortgage under the proviso to sub-section (1) or refuses to restore any land covered by a usufructuary mortgage after the expiry of the period of such mortgage, the mortgagor may apply to the Subdivisional Magistrate or to any officer authorised in this behalf by the Government, for such redemption or restoration and, on such application and, in the case of redemption, also on payment by the applicant of the amount due to the mortgagee under the said proviso, the Subdivisional Magistrate or the officer so authorised shall pass an order directing the mortgagee to restore possession of the mortgaged land to the applicant and to deliver up to the applicant all documents in his possession or power relating to the mortgaged land by such date as may be fixed in the order.]
(5) If the mortgagee does not restore possession of the mortgaged land to the mortgagor by the date fixed under sub-section (4), the Subdivisional Magistrate 50[ or any Officer authorised in this behalf by the Government shall, on application made by the mortgagor, put the applicant in possession of such land by evicting the mortgagee therefrom and may, for such eviction, use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary.]]

Treatment of certain transaction as usufructuary mortgage

51[ 95A. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, any transfer of a holding or of portion or share thereof, 52[ either by way of an out and out sale with an agreement to reconvey,] 53[ or] where the transferor receives from the transferee any consideration and the transferee acquires the right to possess, and to enjoy the usufruct of, such holding or portion or share thereof for a specified period in lieu of such consideration, shall notwithstanding anything contained in the document relating to the transfer, be deemed to be a complete usufructuary mortgage for a period not exceeding seven years and the provisions of section 95 shall apply to such transfer whether made before or after the date of commencement of the State Acquisition and Tenancy (Second Amendment) Order, 1972 (P.O. No. 88 of 1972.]
Right of pre-emption

54[ 96. (1) If a portion or share of a holding of a raiyat is sold to a person who is not a co-sharer tenant in the holding, one or more co-sharer tenants of the holding may, within two months of the service of the notice given under section 89, or, if no notice has been served under section 89, within two months of the date of the knowledge of the sale, apply to the Court for the said portion or share to be sold to himself or themselves:


Provided that no application under this section shall lie unless the applicant is-
(a) a co-sharer tenant in the holding by inheritance; and
(b) a person to whom sale of the holding or the portion or share thereof, as the case may be, can be made under section 90:
Provided further that no application under this section shall lie after expiry of three years from the date of registration of the sale deed.
(2) In an application under sub-section (1), all other co-sharer tenants by inheritance of the holding and the purchaser shall be made parties.
(3) An application under sub-section (1) shall be dismissed unless the applicant or applicants, at the time of making it, deposit in the Court-
(a) the amount of the consideration money of the sold holding or portion or share of the holding as stated in the notice under section 89 or in the deed of sale, as the case may be;
(b) compensation at the rate of twenty five per centum of the amount referred to in clause (a); and
(c) an amount calculated at the rate of eight per centum simple annual interest upon the amount referred to in clause (a) for the period from the date of the execution of the deed of sale to the date of filing of the application for preemption.
(4) On receipt of such application accompanied by such deposits, the Court shall give notice to the purchaser and to the other persons made parties thereto under sub-section (2) to appear within such period as it may fix and shall require the purchaser to state what other sums he has paid in respect of rent since the date of sale and what expenses he has incurred in annulling encumbrances on, or for making any improvement in respect of the holding, portion or share sold.
(5) The Court shall, after giving all the parties an opportunity of being heard after holding an enquiry as to rent paid and the expenses incurred by the purchaser as referred to in sub-section (4), direct the applicant or applicants to deposit a further sum, if necessary, within such period as the Court thinks reasonable.
(6) When an application has been made under sub-section (1), any of the remaining co-sharer tenants may, within the period referred to in sub-section (1) or within two months of the date of the service of the notice of the application under sub-section (4), whichever be earlier, apply to join in the said application; any co-sharer tenant who has not applied either under sub-section (1) or under this sub-section, shall not have any further right to purchase under this section.
(7) On the expiry of the period within which an application may be made under sub-section (6), the Court shall determine, in accordance with the provisions of this section, which of the applications filed under sub-section (6) shall be allowed.
(8) If the Court finds that an order allowing the applications made under sub-section (7) is to be made in favour of more than one applicant, the Court shall determine the amount to be paid by each of such applicants and, after apportioning the amount, shall order the applicant or applicants who have joined in the original application under sub-section (6) to deposit in the Court the amounts payable by him or them within such period as it thinks reasonable; and if the deposit is not made by any such applicant within such period, his application shall be dismissed.
(9) On the expiry of the period within which a deposit, if any, is to be made under sub-section (8), the Court shall pass orders-
(a) allowing the application or applications made by the applicant or applicants who are entitled to purchase under, and have complied with the provisions of, this section;
(b) apportioning the holding or the portion or share of the holding among them in such manner as it deems equitable when such orders are passed in favour of more than one applicant under sub-section (8);
(c) refunding money to any one if entitled to such refund of any money from the amount deposited by the applicant or applicants under sub-sections (3) and (5);
(d) directing that the purchaser be paid out of the deposits made under sub-sections (3) and (5);
(e) directing the purchaser to execute and register deed or deeds of sale within sixty days in favour of the person or persons whose application or applications have been allowed; and no tax, duty or fee shall be payable for such registration.
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