The state acquisition and tenancy act, 1950




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(5) After a statement of debts has been examined and necessary modifications made therein under sub-section (4), the Revenue-officer shall proceed to scale down all debts shown in such statement as so modified in accordance with the provisions of section 70 and to take other actions in respect of such debts required or permitted by that section and in doing so and taking all other actions required or permitted by this Chapter the Revenue-officer shall follow such rules relating to procedure and other matters as may be made in this behalf by the Government.
(6) An appeal, if presented within a prescribed period, shall lie against an order passed by a Revenue-officer under this section to a Special Judge appointed under sub-section (4) of section 48; and the decision of the Special Judge and subject only to such decision and order of the Revenue-officer shall be final.
(7) A debt recoverable under this Chapter from the total compensation money payable to the debtor under a Compensation Assessment-roll or Compensation Assessment-rolls shall be so recoverable in the manner prescribed.

CHAPTER XI


MISCELLANEOUS

Bar to jurisdiction of Civil Courts in certain matters

72. Save as expressly provided in this Part, no suit shall be brought in any Civil Court in respect of the preparation, signing and publication of a Compensation Assessment-roll or any part thereof under Chapter V or Chapter VA or in respect of any entry in or omission from such roll or in respect of any order passed under Chapters V to X concerning any matter which is or has already been the subject of any application made or proceedings taken under those Chapters.

Power to enter upon land, to make survey, etc

73. A Revenue-officer, subject to any rules made under this Act, may at any time between the hours of sunrise and sunset enter upon any land with such officers or servants as he considers necessary, and make a survey or take measurements thereof or do any other acts which he considers to be necessary for carrying out any of his duties under this Act.

Power to compel production of statements and documents

74. (1) Subject to rules made under this Act, a Revenue-officer may, for the purposes of this Act, by notice require any person to make and deliver to him a statement or to produce records or documents in his possession or control relating to any estate, tenure, holding or land at a time or place specified in the notice.
(2) Every person required to make or deliver a statement or to produce any record or document under this section shall be deemed legally bound to do so within the meaning of sections 175 and 176 of the 33[ * * *] Penal Code.

Power to enforce attendance of witnesses and production of documents

75. For the purposes of any enquiry under this Act, a Revenue-officer shall have power to summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses or of any person having an interest in any estate, tenure, holding or land and to compel the production of documents by the same means and so far as may be, in the same manner as is provided in the case of Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

Prohibition of subletting

34[ 75A. (1) On and from the date of publication of a notification under sub-section (3) of section 17 or under sub-section (1) of section 31, no person shall sublet any land in his khas possession in the area to which such notification relates.
(2) Any subletting made in contravention of sub-section (1) shall be null and void and the land so sublet shall be forfeited to the Government.
(3) Any person may, at any time, apply to the Government for the acquisition of any of his khas lands under sub-section (2) of section 3 on payment of compensation at the rate prescribed for such land in section 39.]

Fees for application for enquiry

35[ 75B. An application for fresh enquiry during the preparation or revision of record-of-rights or preparation of Compensation Assessment-rolls under this Act shall be accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed.]

Settlement and use of land vested in the Government

76. (1) Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, any land which vests in the Government under any of the provisions of this Act shall be absolutely at the disposal of the Government; and the Government shall be competent to make settlement of such land in accordance with such rules as it may make in this behalf or to use or otherwise deal with such land in such manner as it thinks fit:
Provided that no land shall be settled with a person unless he is a person to whom transfer of land can be made under section 90:
Provided further that in making settlement of any cultivable land preference shall be given to an applicant for settlement who cultivates land by himself or by the members of his family and holds a quantity of cultivable land which, added to the quantity of cultivable land, if any, held by the other members of his family, is less than three acres.
(2) No Civil Court shall entertain any application or suit concerning any matter relating to the settlement, by any officer of the Government, of any land under sub-section (1).
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, the definition of “family” as given in the explanation under section 20 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

Creation of separate estate and apportionment of revenue

36[ 76A. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract,-
(1) when the interests of a rent-receiver or rent-receivers in a share or part of any estate have been acquired by the Government under sub-section (1) of section 3 or clause (1) of section 44, nothing in the Bengal Land Revenue Sales Act, 1859 or in Chapter V of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886, shall apply to such share or part, and the remaining share or part of such estate shall be deemed to constitute a separate for the purpose of the aforesaid Act or Regulation, as the case may be; and
(2) the land-revenue and cesses payable for the parent estate shall be apportioned, between the acquired share or part and the separate estate constituted under clause (1), according to the following principles, namely:-
(a) when an acquired share consists of a separate account or separate accounts, the land-revenue and cesses of such separate estate shall be equivalent to the difference between the land-revenue and cesses payable for the parent estate and the land-revenue and cesses fixed for the acquired separate account or accounts;
(b) when an acquired share does not consist of a separate account, the land-revenue and cesses of such separate estate shall bear the same proportion to the land-revenue and cesses of the parent estate as the share comprised in the separate estate bears to the parent estate;
(c) when an acquired share consists of a specific portion of the land of an estate having no separate account or when a part of an estate is acquired, the land-revenue and cesses of such separate estate shall bear the same proportion to the land-revenue and cesses of the parent estate as the area of the land comprised in the separate estate bears to the area of the entire land comprised in the parent estate;
(3) when the interests in a portion of a tenure, holding or other tenancy have been acquired under this Act and such portion consists of a definite share, the rent of such tenure, holding or tenancy shall be apportioned between the acquired and unacquired portions according to such share, but when it does not consist of a definite share, the Revenue-officer may apportion the rent of such tenure, holding or tenancy between the acquired and unacquired portions on the basis of the area or value as may appear to him fair and equitable.]

Recovery of advance rent or bid money realised by outgoing rent-receivers

37[ 76B. When the Revenue-officer is satisfied that a rent-receiver, whose interests have been acquired under this Act, has realised any amount on account of the rent or bid money or consideration money in respect of any such interests for any period subsequent to such acquisition he may recover such amount or any part thereof from such rent-receiver as a public demand.]

Protection of action taken under this Act

77. (1) No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act or any rules made thereunder.
(2) Save as otherwise expressly provided under this Act, no suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Government for any damage caused or likely to be caused or for any injury suffered or likely to be suffered by virtue of any provisions of this Act or by anything in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act or any rules made thereunder.

Delegation of the powers of the Government

38[ 77A. The Government may, by notification, direct that any power conferred or duty imposed by this Act upon the Government shall, in such circumstances and under such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, be exercised or performed also by any officer or authority subordinate to it.]

Power to make rules



78. (1) The Government may, after previous publication, make rules for carrying out the purposes of Parts II, III and IV of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the forms of the notifications referred to in sub-section (3) of section 3 and the particulars which such notifications shall contain;
(b) the manner of service of the notice and the form of the return referred to in sub-section (1) of section 4;
(c) the time and manner of receiving an ad interim payment referred to in sub-section (1) and (2) of section 6;
(d) the determination of the amounts of deductions referred to in sub-section (4) of section 6;
(e) the manner of and the period for filling appeals referred to in section 7;
(f) the manner of recovery of fines referred to in section 8;
39[ * * *]
(h) the form of the applications referred to in section 15, the particulars which such applications shall contain and the amounts of process fees which shall accompany such applications;
(i) the manner of preparing or revising a record-of-rights under section 17 and the procedure to be followed and the powers to be exercised by Revenue-officers in preparing or revising such record-of-rights;
(j) the particulars to be recorded in the record-of-rights to be prepared or revised under section 17;
(k) the manner and period of publication of the draft record-of-rights under sub-section (1) of section 19;
(l) the Revenue Authority to whom, the manner in which and the period within which an appeal under sub-section (2) of section 19 may be preferred;
(m) the disposal of objections and appeals under section 19;
(n) the manner of publication of the record-of-rights under sub-section (3) of section 19;
(o) the period for exercise of choice under sub-section (3) of section 20 and the manner of allotment of lands under the said sub-section when no choice is exercised;
(p) the manner of selection of lands under clause (ii) of sub-section (5) of section 20 which shall come within the purview of sub-clause (c) of clause (i) of the said sub-section;
(q) the manner of and the procedure for revising the particulars referred to in sub-section (2) of section 31 and the powers to be exercised by Revenue-officer for the purpose;
(r) the form of a Compensation Assessment-roll under section 33, the manner of preparing it and the particulars to be specified therein;
(s) the manner of calculation of the sums and determination of the expenditure and charges referred to in sub-section (2) of sections 35;
(t) the procedure to be followed in the apportionment of the compensation between the holder of a temporary tenure or tenancy and his immediately superior landlord under clause (2) of section 37;
(u) the manner of and the procedure for the calculation of compensation and preparation of Compensation Assessment-rolls in cases referred to in section 38;
(v) the manner of determination of the annual letting value of lands referred to in items (e) and (f) and the manner of determination of the actual cost of construction and the amount on account of depreciation referred to in item (f) of the table in sub-section (1) of section 39;
(w) the manner of determination of the normal annual produce of land under clause (a) of sub-section (3) of section 39;
(x) the manner of determination of the cost of cultivation referred to in sub-clause (i) of clause (b) of sub-section (3) of section 39;
(y) the manner of determination of net annual profit from fisheries referred to in sub-section (4) of section 39;
(z) the procedure to be followed in making the apportionment of compensation referred to in sub-section (5) of section 39;
(za) the manner and period of publication of a draft Compensation Assessment-roll under sub-section (1) of section 40 and disposal of objections under that sub-section;
(zb) the Revenue Authority to whom appeals under section 41 are to be preferred and disposal of appeals under that section;
(zc) the manner of publication of a Compensation Assessment-roll under section 42;
(zd) the manner of publication of a proclamation under section 45;
(ze) the assignment under sub-section (1) of section 46 of numbers to be borne on the revenue-roll of a district in respect of areas to which a record-of-rights referred to in that sub-section relates and the manner in which copies of record-of-rights shall be distributed under sub-section (2) of that section;
(zf) the powers and duties of the Commissioner of State Purchase referred to in sub-section (2) of section 48;
(zg) the powers and duties of the Director of Land Records and Surveys referred to in sub-section (3) of section 48;
(zh) the form of application referred to in sub-section (1) of section 52 or in section 53;
(zi) the manner of ascertaining excess payment under sub-section (2) of section 57 and the superior Revenue Authority referred to in the second proviso to that sub-section;
(zj) the manner of computing the sum referred to in section 67 and the manner and instalments for its payment to an outgoing rent-receiver under the said section;
(zk) the manner of application under sub-section (1) of section 70;
(zl) the manner of and the procedure for the determination of the extent of reduction in the net income referred to in sub-section (3) of section 70;
(zm) the manner of and the procedure for the calculation of the net annual income and the income referred to in sub-section (4) of section 70;
(zn) the manner of publication of a notice under sub-section (2) of section 71 and the form in which and the period within which a statement referred to in that sub-section is to be submitted and the particulars which such statement shall contain;
(zo) the rules referred to in sub-section (5) of section 71;
(zp) the period for presenting an appeal under sub-section (6) of section 71;
(zq) the manner of recovery of debts under sub-section (7) of section 71;
(zr) the procedure and conduct of the Revenue-officers and of officers and servants referred to in section 73;
(zs) the exercise of powers under sub-section (1) of section 74 to enforce the making and delivery of statements and production of records or documents;
(zt) the rules for settlement of lands referred to in section 76.

CHAPTER XII


APPLICATION OF THIS PART AND CLASS OF AGRICULTURAL TENANTS

Commencement of this Part

79. This Part or any portion thereof shall come into force in such areas, on such dates and to such extent as the Government may, by notification, direct and when any portion of this Part comes into force in any area, the provisions of such portion shall have effect in such area notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force.

Repeal


80. On and from the date of coming into force of the whole of this Part in any area, the enactments specified in the Schedule shall be repealed in that area to the extent mentioned in the fourth column of the Schedule.

Class of agricultural tenants and regulation of their rights and liabilities

81. (1) On and from the date of coming into force of the whole of this Part in any area, there shall, within that area, be only one class of holders of agricultural land, namely, maliks, and the rights and liabilities of every such land-holder shall be regulated by the provisions of this Part:
Provided that nothing in this section shall confer on any such malik any right to any interests in the sub-soil including rights to minerals in his holding:
Provided further that when the Government lease out any land for any particular period, the rights and liabilities of such a lessee shall be governed by such terms and conditions as may be set forth in the lease.

Rights and liabilities of non-agricultural tenants

40[ 81A. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Part, the rights and liabilities of a holder of non-agricultural land, who has become a tenant under the Government in respect of such land by virtue of the acquisition of the superior right in such land under the provisions of this Act, shall, where the provisions of the East Bengal Non-Agricultural Tenancy Act, 1949, applied to such land, at the time of such acquisition, be regulated by provisions of that Act.
(2) The rights and liabilities of other non-agricultural tenants shall, except in the matter of determination, enhancement or reduction of rent, be governed by the terms of the lease and the provisions of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882:
Provided that notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract, no non-agricultural tenant shall sublet the whole or any part of his tenancy on any terms and conditions whatsoever and, if any tenancy or any part of a tenancy is sublet in contravention of this provision, the interest of the non-agricultural tenant in the tenancy or in that part of the tenancy, as the case may be, shall be extinguished, and the tenancy or the part of the tenancy shall vest in the Government from the date of such subletting free from all encumbrances.]

Registration of lease deed

41[ 81B. Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 81 and 81A or any other law for the time being in force, no agricultural or non-agricultural tenancy shall in law be created or deemed to have been created, even after acceptance of salami and/or rent from the lessee, till a deed of lease has been executed in favour of the lessee by an authority competent to grant lease of Government khas land or any other gazetted officer duly authorised in this behalf and the said lease has been duly registered under the provision of clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908.]

Interpretation

82. In this Part,-
(1) “bona fide cultivator” means a person who cultivates lands by himself or by members of his family or by, or with the aid of, servants or labourers or with the aid of partners or bargadars, and also includes an agricultural labourer;
(2) “raiyat” means a person who, by virtue of section 44 or otherwise, has acquired a right to hold land directly under the Government mainly for the purpose of cultivating it by himself or by members of his family or by, or with the aid of, servants or labourers or with the aid of partners or bargadars, and includes also the successors-in-interest of persons who have acquired such a right;
(3) the family of a raiyat includes all persons living in the same mess with him and dependent upon him but does not include any servant or labourer ;

42[ * * *]


(7) except when expressly provided otherwise, ‘transfer' includes a transfer by private sale, mortgage, gift or any contract or agreement; and
(8) on and from the date of coming into force of the whole of this Part in any area, the word ‘malik' shall be deemed to have been substituted for the word raiyat or ‘tenant' and the word ‘land revenue' shall be deemed to have been substituted for the word ‘rent' wherever they occur in this Part in relation to agricultural land, for the purpose of application of the provisions of this Part to such area and where by the terms of any lease, kabuliyat, contract or other agreement, rent is payable to the Government, it shall be realisable as if it were land revenue.
Explanation.- Where a tenant of land has the right to bring it under cultivation, he shall be deemed to have acquired a right to hold it for the purpose of cultivation, notwithstanding that he uses it for the purpose of gathering the produce of it or of grazing cattle on it.

CHAPTER XIII


INCIDENTS OF HOLDINGS OF RAIYATS, AND TRANSFER, PURCHASE AND ACQUISITION OF LANDS

Rights of raiyat in respect of use of land

83. A raiyat shall have the right to occupy and use the land comprised in his holding in any manner he likes.

Devolution of holding on the death of a raiyat

84. If a raiyat dies intestate his holding shall subject to, and in a manner not inconsistent with, the provisions of this Act, descend in the same manner as his other immovable property:
Provided that in any case in which under the law of inheritance, to which the raiyat is subject his other property goes to the State, his interest in the holding shall be extinguished.

Ground for eviction of raiyats

85. A raiyat shall not be ejected from his holding or from any part of his holding, except in execution of a decree for ejectment from the whole holding or from any part of the holding, as the case may be, passed by a Civil Court, on the ground that he has done any act in contravention of the provisions of this Act with respect to the whole holding or the Part concerned.

Abatement of rent on account of diluvion and determination of right in land re-appeared on account of alluvion

43[ 86. (1) If the lands of a holding or a portion of such lands are lost by diluvion, the rent or the land development tax of holding shall, on application or intimation made by the tenant in the prescribed form to the Revenue-officer, be abated by such amount as may be considered by the Revenue-officer to be fair and equitable in accordance with the rules made in this behalf by the Government and the act of such loss by diluvion shall be recorded in accordance with such rules, which shall be treated as proof of title to the lands when the same re-appear in situ.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the right, title and interest of the original tenant or his successor-in-interest shall subsist in the lands of a holding or portion thereof during the period of loss by diluvion if such lands re-appear in situ within thirty years of their loss.
(3) Notwithstanding the right, title and interest under sub-section (2), the right to immediate possession of the lands re-appeared shall first be exercised by the Collector, either on his own motion or on an intimation made in writing by the tenant or his successors-in-interest whose land was so lost or by any other person.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act, the Collector or the Revenue-officer shall, on taking possession of such lands give public notice of the fact of his taking possession in accordance with the rules made in this behalf by the Government and cause a survey to be made of the lands so re-appeared and prepare maps thereof.
(5) The Collector shall, within 45 days of the completion of survey and preparation of map under sub-section (4), allot to the tenant whose land was so lost by diluvion or, as the case may be, to his successors-in-interest such quantity of land which, together with the land already held by him or his successors-in-interest, shall not exceed sixty standard bighas and the excess land of the tenant or his successors-in-interest, if any, after the allotment shall vest in and be at the disposal of the Government.

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