The state acquisition and tenancy act, 1950




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Proclamation by the Revenue-officer

45. As soon as may be after the publication of a notification in the official Gazette under sub-section (2) of section 43, the Revenue-officer shall cause to be published, in the prescribed manner, in the area to which the Compensation Assessment-roll in respect of which such notification is published relates, a proclamation in the local vernacular-


(a) explaining the consequences which as provided in section 44 have ensued on such publication of such notification, and
(b) directing all persons in such area, who will become tenants under the Government with effect from the first day of the agricultural year next following the date of such publication of such notification, to pay rent to the Government and not to any body else.

Printing and distribution of record-of-rights

46. (1) After the Compensation Assessment-roll or Compensation Assessment-rolls in respect of all estates, tenures, and interest of rent-receivers in holdings or tenancies comprised within a district, part of a district or local area, in respect of which a record-of-rights has been prepared or revised and finally published under Chapter IV, has or have been published, such record-of-rights shall be modified by eliminating therefrom the entire chain of interests of rent-receivers and showing therein only the tenant who will come directly under the Government as a result of the acquisition of such interests; and one or more numbers to be borne on the Revenue-roll of the district shall be assigned by the Collector in respect of the areas to which such record-of-rights relates in accordance with such rules as the Government may make in this behalf; and the record-of-rights so modified shall be reprinted.
(2) Copies of the record-of-rights so reprinted shall be distributed free of cost to the tenants of the areas to which such record-of-rights relates in such manner as may be prescribed.

CHAPTER VA


SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR PREPARATION OF COMPENSATION ASSESSMENT-ROLLS IN RESPECT OF PROPERTIES ACQUIRED UNDER CHAPTER II

Preparation of Compensation Assessment-roll in special cases

46A. (1) The Government may, instead of proceeding under section 17 or section 31, by notification in the official Gazette, order that a Compensation Assessment-roll be prepared in respect of the properties of any rent-receiver acquired under section 3 on the basis of the returns, papers and documents furnished or taken possession of under sections 3A and 4.
(2) When an order is made under sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer shall verify such returns, papers and documents in the prescribed manner and make such corrections therein as may be necessary, and settle fair and equitable rents of all tenants immediately subordinate to such rent-receiver according to the principles laid down in sections 24, 25, 25A, 26 and 28.
(3) The Revenue-officer shall, after taking action under sub-section (2) prepare in the prescribed form and in the prescribed manner a Compensation Assessment-roll in which the gross assets and the net income of such rent-receiver and the Compensation to be paid to him in accordance with the provisions of this Act, together with such other particulars as may be prescribed, shall be specified.

Bar to jurisdiction of Civil Court

46B. After an order has been made under section 46A, no Civil Court shall entertain any suit or application for the alteration or determination of rent of any land for which fair and equitable rent is required to be settled under sub-section (2) of that section; and if any such suit or application is pending before a Civil Court on the date of such order, it shall not be further proceeded with and shall abate.

Application of the provisions of sections 34 to 43 in the preparation of Compensation Assessment-roll under Chapter VA

46C. In the matter of preparation and publication of a Compensation Assessment-roll under this Chapter,-
(a) the provisions of sections 34, 38 and 40 to 43 shall apply so far as they are applicable;
(b) the provisions of sections 37 and 39 shall apply in whole; and
(c) the provisions of section 35 shall apply subject to the following amendment, namely:-
for clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 35, the following clause shall be deemed to have been substituted, namely:-
“(a) the gross assets of a rent-receiver shall be taken to consist of the aggregate of the rent and cesses which were payable to such rent-receiver by his immediately subordinate tenants for the agricultural year immediately preceding the notified date, and where such rent-receiver is the proprietor of an estate or the holder of a tenure, also of the aggregate of the fair and equitable rents determined under section 5 for such of his khas lands in that estate or tenure as he chooses to retain possession of under section 20:
Provided that in the case of a tenure holder or a raiyat or an under-raiyat or a non-agricultural tenant, the rent determined for any land, under sub-section (2) of section 46A, according to the principles of sections 24, 25, 25A and 28, shall, for the purposes of this clause, be deemed to be the rent payable for such land for such year by such raiyat, under-raiyat or non-agricultural tenant to his immediately superior landlord;”.

Net income of a recusant proprietor under Chapter VA

46D. Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (c) of section 46C, in the case of a recusant proprietor of a temporarily settled private estate, the malikana payable to such proprietor in the agricultural year immediately preceding the notified date shall be deemed to be the net income of such proprietor computed under the said clause.

Consequences of final publication of Compensation Assessment-roll under Chapter VA

46E. Notwithstanding anything contained in Chapter II, on the publication of a notification under sub-section (2) of section 43, declaring that a Compensation Assessment-roll prepared under this Chapter, has been finally published,-
(1) all tenants who became tenants directly under the Government under clause (e) of sub-section (4) of section 3 shall, with effect from the first day of the agricultural year next following the date of publication of such notification, pay to the Government rent for the lands held by them at the rates determined under this Chapter;
(2) with effect from the first day of the agricultural year next following the date of such publication of such notification, the ad interim payments under section 6 or section 6A, in respect of the rent-receiving interests or lands for which compensation has been assessed in the Compensation Assessment-roll to which such notification relates, shall cease; and the total amount of ad interim payments made under sub-section (1) or (2) or 4a of section 6 in respect of any such interests or lands, less an amount calculated at the rate of three per centum per annum on the amount of compensation assessed for such interests or lands in such roll from the date from which such ad interim payments for such interests or lands became payable under section 6 till the last day of the agricultural year in which such notification is so published, shall be deducted from the amount of such compensation;
(3) with effect from the first day of the Agricultural year next following the date of such publication of such notification, the interest of a rent-receiver in all lands in his khas possession of which he is not entitled to retain possession under section 20 and for which compensation has been assessed in such Compensation Assessment-roll shall, if not already acquired under sub-section (2) of section 3, be deemed to have been acquired by the Government and vest absolutely in the Government free from all encumbrances.]

26 CHAPTER VI


AUTHORITIES FOR THE PREPARATION OF COMPENSATION ASSESSMENT-ROLL

Revenue and Judicial authorities

47. There shall be the following authorities for the purposes of this part of this Act :-
(a) the Commissioner of State Purchase;
(b) the Director of Land Records and Surveys;
(c) Settlement Officers and Assistant Settlement Officers;
(d) Other Revenue Officers;
(e) Special Judges.

Appointments and powers

48. (1) The Commissioner of State Purchase shall be appointed by the Government.
(2) The Commissioner of State Purchase shall, in respect of the whole of Bangladesh, exercise the powers conferred and perform the duties imposed on him by this Act and by such rules as may be made under this Act. He shall also exercise general powers of superintendents and control over the Director of Land Records and Surveys and through him over all other officers subordinate to him.
(3) The Director of Land Records and Surveys shall exercise such powers and perform such duties of a Revenue-officer under this Act or any rules made thereunder as may be conferred or imposed on him.
(4) The Government may appoint one or more persons who has or have exercised the powers of a District Judge or a Subordinate Judge to be a Special Judge or Special Judges for the purposes of hearing appeals which may be preferred to him or them under the provisions of this Act and of inquiring into disputes as to the title to receive any compensation under a Compensation Assessment-roll finally published under section 42 or as to the apportionment of any compensation referred to him under section 60.

CHAPTER VII


REVISION OF THE COMPENSATION ASSESSMENT-ROLL AND THE DECISION OF DISPUTES WITH REGARD TO COMPENSATION

Revision of Compensation Assessment-roll

49. The Commissioner, or any officer not inferior in rank to that of a Joint Deputy Commissioner of a district empowered in this behalf by the Commissioner, or a Settlement Officer so empowered, may, on application, direct the revision of any Compensation Assessment-roll or any portion of such roll and any record-of-rights or any portion of record-of-rights on the basis of which such roll has been prepared, at any time during the preparation of such roll and may direct such revision on an application made within three months from the date of final publication of such roll and may also, of his own motion, direct such revision at any time before payment of compensation, but so as not to affect any order passed by the superior Revenue Authority under section 41 or by the Special Judge under section 51 or under sub-section (4) of section 52 or under section 53:
Provided that no such direction shall be issued unless not less than fifteen days' notice has been given to the parties concerned to appear and be heard in the matter.

Correction by Revenue-Officers of bona fide mistakes

50. A Revenue-officer may, on application or of his own motion at any time before payment of compensation in accordance with a Compensation Assessment-roll under section 58, correct any entry in the record-of-rights prepared or revised and finally published under Chapter IV in respect of any area to which such Compensation Assessment-roll relates, or any entry in such Compensation Assessment-roll, if he is satisfied that such entry has been made owing to a bona fide mistake or correction such entry is necessary as a result of succession to or transfer of the interest of a rent-receiver, cultivating raiyat, cultivating under-raiyat or non-agricultural tenant:
Provided that no such correction shall be made if an appeal affecting such entry has been presented under section 51 or section 53 or until reasonable notice has been given to the parties concerned to appear and be heard in the matter.

Appeal to the Special Judge

51. (1) Any person, aggrieved by an order of the superior Revenue Authority under section 41 or of the Commissioner or other officer under section 49 may present an appeal against such order within sixty days from the date of the final publication under section 42 of the Compensation Assessment-roll to which such appeal relates or of the order appealed against, whichever is later, to the Special Judge appointed under sub-section (4) of section 48.
(2) When a Revenue-officer refers under section 60 to any Special Judge any dispute which has arisen as to the title of any person to receive any compensation payable under the Compensation Assessment-roll or as to the apportionment of any such compensation or any part thereof, such Special Judge shall inquire into such dispute and decide the same; and such decision shall, subject to the provisions of section 52, be final.

Statement of case by Special Judge to the High Court

52. (1) Any party aggrieved by an order of the Special Judge may, within sixty days from the date of such order by application in the prescribed form accompanied, when the application is made by any party other than the Government, by a fee of fifty rupees, require the Special Judge to refer to the High Court any question of law arising out of such order; and the Special Judge shall, within ninety days of the receipt of such application, draw up a statement of the case and refer it to the High Court:
Provided that, if in the exercise of the powers under sub-section (2) the Special Judge refuses to state a case which he has been required by any party other than the Government to state, such party may, within thirty days from the date on which he receives notice of the refusal to state the case, withdraw the application; and if he does so, the fee paid shall be refunded.
(2) If on any application being made under sub-section (1) the Special Judge refuses to state the case on the ground that no question of law arises, the party who made such application may, within sixty days from the date on which such party is served with notice of the refusal, apply to the High Court; and the High Court may, if it is not satisfied of the correctness of the decision of the Special Judge, require the Special Judge to state the case and to refer it; and on receipt of any such requisition the Special Judge shall state the case and refer it accordingly.
(3) If the High Court is not satisfied that the statement in a case referred under this section are sufficient to enable it to determine the question raised thereby, the High Court may refer the case back to the Special Judge to make such additions thereto or alterations therein as the High Court may direct in that behalf.
(4) The High Court upon the hearing of any such case shall decide the questions of law raised thereby and shall deliver its Judgement thereon containing the grounds on which such decision is founded, and shall send a copy of such judgement under the seal of the Court and the signature of the Registrar to the Special Judge who shall pass such orders as are necessary to dispose of the case conformably to such judgement.
(5) When a reference is made to the High Court, the cost shall be in the discretion of the Court.

Appeal to the Special Judge

53. Any person aggrieved by an order of the Revenue Authority under sub-section (2) of section 19 passed on appeal filed in respect of the determination of rent or recording of possession of any land, or by entry made in a record-of-rights under sub-section (2) of section 31 relating to the determination of rent or recording of possession of any land or by an order settling fair and equitable rent of any land under sub-section (2) of section 46A, may present an appeal against such order or entry, within three months from the date of the final publication under section 42 of the Compensation Assessment-roll to which such appeal relates, to the Special Judge appointed under sub-section (4) of section 48. The decision of the Special Judge on such an appeal shall, notwithstanding anything contained in section 52, be final.

Correction of the Compensation Assessment-roll

54. The Revenue-officer shall make such alterations in the records-of-rights or the Compensation Assessment-roll as may be necessary to give effect to any directions issued by the Commissioner or other officer under section 49 or an order made by a Special Judge under section 51 or section 53 or under sub-section (4) of section 52 or to any final order or decree of a Civil Court or High Court passed in any suit, appeal or proceeding declaring title to and, or possession of any land.

Application of the Civil Procedure Code to appeals before and inquiries by a Special Judge

55. The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, shall as far as may be, apply to all appeals presented to a Special Judge under sub-section (1) of section 51 or under section 53 and to all inquiries held by him under sub-section (2) of section 51.

Bar to raising of certain issues

56. No party to a suit, appeal or proceeding in a Civil Court or High Court in respect of any land shall, notwithstanding anything elsewhere contained in this Act, be entitled to raise before a Revenue-officer, Revenue Authority, Special Judge or the Commissioner or any other officer under section 19, 40, 41, 49, 51, 53 or 60 any issue in respect of such land, which is substantially in issue in such suit, appeal or proceeding.

CHAPTER VIII


PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION

Limits of and amount payable as compensation

57. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act or in any Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54, no rent-receiver shall be entitled to receive on account of compensation for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests any amount in excess of the amount calculated on his total net income from all his rent-receiving interests in all estates, tenures, holdings and tenancies held by him within the Province at the rate applicable to such net income under section 37.
(2) When a rent-receiver holds rent-receiving interests in different areas, the Revenue-officer shall, before making payment under section 58 of the compensation payable to him under a Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54 for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests in any such area, ascertain in the prescribed manner if any amount has been paid to such rent-receiver on account of compensation for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests in any other area or areas in excess of the amount admissible under sub-section (1) and, if any such excess payment is found to have been made, deduct the amount of such excess from the amount of the compensation payable to him under such roll for the acquisition of such interests:

Provided that no such deduction shall be made until a reasonable notice has been given to the rent-receiver to appear and be heard in the matter:


Provided further that an appeal, if presented within thirty days from the date of the order making such deduction shall lie against such order to the prescribed superior Revenue Authority whose order thereon shall be final.
(3) When any amount is deducted under sub-section (2) from the amount of any compensation payable to a rent-receiver under a Compensation Assessment-roll for the acquisition of his rent-receiving interests, the balance, if any, remaining after such deduction shall, for the purpose of section 58, be deemed to be the compensation payable to such rent-receiver in respect of such interests in the terms of the said roll.

Manner of payment of compensation



58. (1) When the time within which appeals under section 51 or under section 53 may be made in respect of any entry in or omission from a Compensation Assessment-roll has expired and, where any such appeal has been made under section 51, the time within which a reference may be made to the High Court under section 52 with regard to any order made by the Special Judge in relation to such appeal has also expired and all references made under section 52 in relation to all such appeals have been disposed of and all orders under sub-section (4) of that section arising out of such references have been passed and, where any appeal has been made under section 53, such appeal has been disposed of, the Revenue-officer shall proceed to make payment to the proprietors, tenure-holders and other rent-receivers, and to any groups of proprietors, tenure-holders or other rent-receivers and to the cultivating raiyats, cultivating under-raiyats and other persons, who are shown in such Compensation Assessment-roll as finally modified under section 54 to be entitled to compensation, of the compensation payable to them in the terms of the said roll after deducting from the amount of any compensation so payable any amount which has been ordered by the Collector to be so deducted under clause (b), (c), (d) or (dd) of sub-section (4) of section 3 or clause (5), (6), (6a) or (7) of section 44 and also any amount to be deducted from such compensation under clause (8) of section 44 or clause (2) of section 46E or section 76B and any amount recoverable from such compensation under Chapter X:
Provided that if a rent-receiver applied for scaling down his debts under Chapter X of this Act, only half of the total amount of compensation payable to him under a Compensation Assessment-roll, less any amount to be deducted under clause (b), (c), (d) or (dd) of sub-section (4) of section 3 or clause (5), (6), (6a), (7) or (8) of section 44 or clause (2) of section 46E or section 76B, shall be paid to him and the payment of the other half shall be withheld until such application is disposed of and all debts recoverable from compensation money under that Chapter are recovered in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (7) of section 71:
Provided further that no compensation payable to any person under a Compensation Assessment-roll for any land with building shall be paid till the Government takes khas possession of such land and building.
(2) The amount of compensation so payable shall be paid in cash or in bonds or partly in cash and partly in bonds. The bonds shall be non-negotiable and payable in not more than forty annual instalments to the person named therein or his successor-in-interest and shall carry interest at three per centum per annum with effect from the date of issue.
(3) If any person, entitled to receive such compensation in respect of any estate, tenure or holding or part thereof or any land, had no power to alienate such estate, tenure, holding, part or land, or if there be any dispute as to the title to receive the compensation or as to the apportionment of it, the Revenue-officer shall keep the amount of compensation, or the bonds in which it is to be paid, in deposit with the Collector of the district:
Provided that nothing herein contained shall effect the liability of any person who may receive the whole or any part of any compensation awarded under this Act to pay the same to the person lawfully entitled thereto.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (2) and (3), an annuity referred to in clause (3) of section 37 or sub-section (1a) of section 39 shall be paid to the Commissioner of Wakfs in the case of a wakf or wakf-al-al-aulad and to a trustee to be appointed in this behalf by the Government in any other case.
(5) If any compensation is paid to a person in excess of the amount admissible to him under sub-section (1) or if a person receives any compensation to which he is not legally entitled, the Collector may require such person to refund the amount within a period fixed. On the failure of such person to do so, the amount shall be treated as a “public demand” and shall be recovered from such person as a public demand under Article 4(i) of Schedule I of the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913:
Provided that nothing herein contained shall affect the criminal liability of the person concerned.

Money or bonds deposited in respect of estates, tenures, holdings or lands belonging to persons incompetent to alienate



59. (1) If the amount of any compensation paid in bonds or in cash is deposited with the Collector of the district under sub-section (3) of section 58 and it appears to the Collector that the estate, tenure or holding or part thereof or any land in respect of which such amount has been awarded as compensation was held by any person who had no power to alienate the same, the Collector shall, where the amount is deposited in cash, order such amount to be invested in the purchase of such Government or other approved securities as the Collector thinks fit and shall direct the payment of the interest of such bonds or interest or other proceeds arising from such investment to the person or persons who would for the time being have been entitled to the interest in such estate, tenure, holding or part thereof or other land, as the case may be, if such interest had not vested in the Government under section 3 or section 44, and such bonds or securities shall remain so deposited until-
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