The state acquisition and tenancy act, 1950




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Period for which rent as settled is to remain unaltered

114. When the rent of a tenant has been settled under this Chapter, it shall not be enhanced for a period of twenty years; and no such rent shall be reduced within the said period save on the ground specified in clause (b) or clause (c) of section 106.

Bar to jurisdiction of Civil Court

115. No suit or other legal proceeding shall be instituted in any Civil Court in respect of the determination of rent-rates or the settlement of any rent or the omission to determine any rent-rate or to settle any rent under this Chapter, except as provided in section 111.

CHAPTER XV


AMALGAMATION, SUBDIVISION AND CONSOLIDATION OF HOLDINGS

Amalgamation of holdings of a tenant in the same village

116. Where various parcels of land are held by one tenant within one village, and such parcels of land or some of them are the subject of separate tenancies, such parcels of land shall, under the orders of the Revenue-officer, be amalgamated into one tenancy.

Subdivision of holding and restrictions thereon

117. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this part, the Revenue-officer may,-

(a) for the purpose of amalgamation of tenancies under section 116, either on his own motion or on an application made to him by one or more co-sharer tenants, in that behalf, or


(b) for the purpose of consolidation of holdings of a malik, under section 119, either on his own motion or on an application made to him, in that behalf, or
(c) for the purpose of subdivision of a joint tenancy for distribution of rent thereof, on an application made to him by one or more co-sharer tenants, direct, by order in writing, such subdivision of a joint tenancy amongst the co-sharer tenants and distribution of rent thereof, including arrears of rent, if any, as he may consider fair and equitable:
Provided that no such order shall be passed unless reasonable notice is given to the parties concerned to appear and be heard in the matter:
Provided further that where an order under clause (c) is passed, and distribution of rent, by reason thereof, results in bringing the rent of a portion of the tenancy below rupee one, a fraction of rupee one shall be rounded off into rupee one.
(2) Omitted by section 19 of the State Acquisition and Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 1967 (East Pakistan Ordinance No. VIII of 1967).
(3) When an order under sub-section (1) has been passed subdividing a joint holding, such subdivision may be demarcated on the ground and also shown on the cadastral survey map.

[] 118. [Transfer of the interest of a co-sharer tenant in a holding on payment of compensation.- Omitted by section 6 of the East Bengal State Acquisition and Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1964 (East Pakistan Act No. XVII of 1964).]

Persons entitled to apply for consolidation of holding

119. (1) Any two or more raiyats having lands in the same or contiguous villages may apply in the prescribed form to the Revenue-officer for consolidation of their holdings and submit along with such application a scheme for such consolidation.


(2) If not less than two-thirds of the raiyats in a village or a block of villages, which form one contiguous area, holding not less than three-fourths of the total cultivable area in such village or block of villages, make an application under sub-section (1) for consolidation of their holdings, such application shall be deemed to be an application on behalf of all the raiyats of such villages or block of villages.

Admission of application

120. (1) On receipt of any application for consolidation under section 119, the Revenue-officer shall enquire into such application in the prescribed manner and shall, if he considers after such enquiry that there are good and sufficient reasons for rejecting such application or excluding any of such land from consolidation, submit the application to the prescribed superior Revenue Authority with a recommendation that the application be rejected, or disallowed in a part, specifying his reason therefor; and on receipt of such recommendation, such superior Revenue Authority shall pass such orders thereon as he thinks proper.
(2) If the Revenue-officer does not make any recommendation under sub-section (1), or if such superior Revenue Authority, on receipt of the recommendation of the Revenue-officer, makes an order directing the Revenue-officer to admit the application in whole or in part, the Revenue-officer shall admit such application either in whole or in part, as the case may be, and shall deal with it in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and of any rules made by the Government under this Act.

Confirmation of agreed schemes for consolidation

121. When a scheme for the consolidation of holding is submitted along with an application under sub-section (1) of section 119, and such scheme, including any stipulation for payment of any compensation by one party to another contained in such scheme, has been agreed to by all the raiyats affected by it, the Revenue-officer shall, after admitting the application either in whole or in part under section 120, examine such scheme and may, after such examination, either confirm the scheme with or without modification or may return it for revision and may confirm it after such revision:
Provided that the Revenue-officer shall not confirm the scheme if the sum total of the rent of all holdings under the scheme has been reduced by the distribution of the rent consequent on redistribution of lands.

Preparation of a scheme for consolidation and appointment of Advisory Committee

122. (1) In the following cases, namely,-
(i) where no scheme for the consolidation of holdings is submitted along with the application under sub-section (1) of section 119, or where any such scheme has been submitted with such application but has not been agreed to by all the raiyats affected by it, or
(ii) where an application has been made under sub-section (2) of that section, or

(iii) where the Government by notification make an order directing that consolidation of holdings be affected in any area and the raiyats of such area fail to produce an agreed scheme under sub-section (1a), the Revenue-officer shall prepare a scheme for the consolidation of holdings of such applications or of each raiyat at in such villages or area, as the case may be; and every such scheme shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Act and of such rules as may be made by the Government in this behalf.


63[ (1a) Upon the publication of a notification under clause (iii) of sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer shall call upon the raiyats of the area, to which such notification relates, to produce, within a time to be fixed by him which may be extended by him, if necessary, an agreed scheme of consolidation of holding.]
(2) For the purpose of assisting him in the preparation of a scheme for consolidation of holdings under sub-section (1) in any local area or for the purpose of securing an agreed scheme for consolidation of holdings in respect of any area under sub-section (1a), the Revenue-officer may, subject to such rules as may be made by the Government in this behalf, appoint an Advisory Committee in respect of such area and may provide such Advisory Committee with such technical assistance as he may consider necessary.
64[ (2a) When an agreed scheme is produced under sub-section (1a), the Revenue-officer shall deal with such scheme in the same manner as provided in section 121.]
(3) In preparing a scheme for the consolidation of holdings under sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer shall have due regard to any proposal with regard to the consolidation which has the largest measure of agreement amongst the parties, affected by it, and in making the redistribution of lands for the purpose of the consolidation, he shall see that the total area of a holding or the profit to be derived therefrom is affected as little as possible.
(4) If in preparing a scheme for the consolidation of holdings under sub-section (1), it appears to the Revenue-officer that the redistribution of lands will result in allotment to any raiyat of any parcel of land of market value lower than the market value of his original parcel of land, the Revenue-officer shall in the scheme provide for the payment of compensation to such raiyat by the raiyat or raiyats who, in the opinion of the Revenue-officer, will be benefited by the allotment of the more valuable land of the first-named raiyat.
(5) In preparing a scheme for the consolidation of holdings under sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer shall, in any case where the land is of such a kind that the productivity of different areas may vary from year to year, give due consideration to this fact and shall attempt to preserve the balanced character of the holdings, as far as possible, and where the plots of land exist at different levels, he may consolidate the holdings in two or more blocks each at a different level.
(6) Before confirming a scheme for the consolidation of holdings in any area under section 121 or section 123, the Revenue-officer shall ascertain, as far as possible, all encumbrances, including mortgages, attached to the land situated within such area and shall issue a notice in the prescribed manner calling upon all beneficiaries of encumbrances to declare their interests within a date to be fixed in that behalf and it shall then be incumbent on the persons, in whose favour such encumbrances have been created, to declare the encumbrances before the Revenue-officer within the period fixed in such notice and if any such person fails to declare such encumbrances within the said period, the encumbrances shall cease to be attached to any part of the land originally encumbered that has not remained with its owner after consolidation.
(7) In preparing a scheme for the consolidation of holdings under sub-section (1), the Revenue-officer shall see that the sum total of the rent of all holdings under the scheme is not reduced by the distribution of the rent consequent on redistribution of the lands.
(8) In conducting any proceedings for the consolidation of holdings in any case where the value of a holding is materially changed, the Revenue-officer shall simultaneously apportion the rent in such a way that the incidence upon the owners of holdings bears the same proportion to the value of each holding as it did before.
(9) Each consolidated holding shall bear one single rent.

Draft publication of the scheme and hearing of objections

123. (1) When a scheme for consolidation of holdings has been prepared, the Revenue-officer shall cause a draft of the scheme to be published in the prescribed manner and for the prescribed period and shall receive and consider any objections made in regard to any entry therein or omission therefrom during the period of publication and shall dispose of such objections according to such rules as the Government may make in this behalf.
(2) If no objection is made within the said period or, where objections are made, such objections are disposed of, the Revenue-officer shall pass an order confirming the scheme with or without modification.
(3) Omitted by section 22 of the East Bengal State Acquisition and Tenancy (Third Amendment) Ordinance, 1961 (E. P. Ord. XV of 1961).

Appeals


124. (1) Any person aggrieved by an order of the Revenue-officer confirming a scheme under section 121 or under sub-section (2) of section 123 may, within the period prescribed in this behalf, prefer an appeal in the prescribed manner to the prescribed superior Revenue Authority and the decision of the said superior Authority on such appeal shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be final.
(2) A second appeal, if presented in the prescribed manner and within the period prescribed in this behalf, shall lie from every order passed on appeal under sub-section (1) by such superior Revenue Authority to the 65[ Board of Land Administration].

Final confirmation of the scheme

125. When the time within which appeals may be made under sub-section (1) of section 124 has expired and, if any such appeal has been made, when the time within which the second appeal may be made under sub-section (2) of that section has also expired, and all appeals made under sub-sections (1) and (2) of that section have been disposed of, and no order rejecting the scheme has been finally passed on such appeal, the Revenue-officer shall, if necessary, modify the scheme to give effect to any orders passed on appeal under the said section, if any, and shall thereafter record an order finally confirming the scheme.

Modification of the village record-of-rights on confirmation of the scheme and the date from which the scheme takes effect

126. (1) Upon the final confirmation of a scheme for consolidation of holdings under section 125, the Revenue-officer shall cause the record-of-rights, maintained under this part, to the village or villages to which such scheme relates, to be modified in accordance with the scheme as finally confirmed; and every tenant affected by such scheme shall be entitled to obtain free of cost from the Revenue-officer a copy of the record-of-rights, so modified, containing the entries as relating to him.
(2) When a scheme for the consolidation of holdings has been finally confirmed under section 125, it shall take effect from the beginning of the agricultural year next after the date of the final confirmation of such scheme.

Demarcation of the boundaries of holdings

127. As soon as may be after a scheme for the consolidation of holdings takes effect, the Revenue-officer shall depute a surveyor or amin to demarcate the boundaries of the holdings affected by the scheme or to take such other steps for the identification on the spot of the land included in the holdings so affected as the Revenue-officer may approve.

Effect of final confirmation of scheme for consolidation and the rights of raiyats thereunder

128. (1) On the final confirmation of a scheme under section 125, it shall be binding on all the raiyats to which such scheme relates.
(2) [Omitted by section 24 of the East Bengal State Acquisition and Tenancy (Third Amendment) Ordinance, 1961 (East Pakistan Ord. XV of 1961).]
(3) Every raiyat affected by any scheme for the consolidation of holdings finally confirmed under section 125 shall be entitled to the possession of the holdings allotted to him under the scheme with effect from the date on which the scheme takes effect; and the Revenue-officer may, on application made in this behalf by such raiyat, cause such steps to be taken as he may consider necessary for putting such raiyat in possession of the holding so allotted to him.
(4) A raiyat shall have the same right in the holding allotted to him under a scheme for the consolidation of holdings finally confirmed under section 125 as he had in his original holding before such consolidation.

Encumbrances on land included in the scheme for consolidation

129. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract, if the holding of a raiyat comprised within a scheme for the consolidation of holdings finally confirmed under section 125 is, immediately before the date on which such scheme takes effect, subject to any mortgage or other encumbrance, such mortgage or other encumbrance shall, with effect from such date, be deemed to be transferred and attached to the holding created and allotted to such raiyat under the said scheme or to such part of such holding as may be specified in the scheme by the Revenue-officer; and thereupon the mortgagee or other encumbrancer, as the case may be, shall cease to have any right in or against the land from which the mortgage or other encumbrance has been transferred and shall continue to have the same rights in or against the holding so allotted or to such part thereof as he had in or against the original land from which the mortgage or other encumbrance had been transferred.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3) of section 128 the Revenue-officer may, on application made in this behalf by any mortgagee or other encumbrancer entitled to possession of any holding or part thereof to which his mortgage or other encumbrance has been transferred under sub-section (1), cause such steps to be taken as he may consider necessary for putting such mortgagee or other encumbrancer in possession of such holding or part thereof.

No instrument necessary to effect transfer

130. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no instrument in writing shall be necessary in order to give effect to transfer involved in carrying out any scheme for consolidation of holdings.

Transfer of holding during the pendency of the proceedings for consolidation

131. (1) During the pendency of any proceedings under this Chapter, no person shall transfer any land to which such proceedings relate, without the previous permission of the Revenue-officer and where any such land is transferred with such permission, the transferee shall be deemed to be a party to such proceedings and shall be substituted in place of the transferor of the land.
(2) On and from the date of final confirmation of a scheme for consolidation of holdings under section 125, no co-sharer shall acquire by continued possession any title in a part of the holding to the exclusion of the other co-sharers.

Recovery of the cost of consolidation proceedings

132. (1) The costs of proceedings of the consolidation of holdings under this Chapter shall, on the final confirmation under section 125 of the scheme for such consolidation, be assessed in the prescribed manner and be, subject to such rules as may be made by the Government in this behalf, recovered from the raiyats whose holdings are affected by such scheme:
Provided that no costs shall be recoverable in respect of any proceedings arising out of an application under sub-section (1) of section 119 where the applicants have submitted an agreed scheme for consolidation of their holdings or in respect of any proceedings arising out of an agreed scheme produced under sub-section (1a) of section 122.
(2) The portion of the aforesaid costs which any raiyats is liable to pay shall be recoverable by the Government as an arrear of rent due in respect of the holding of the raiyats affected by the said scheme.

Recovery of compensation as arrears of public demand

133. Any amount specified in any scheme finally confirmed under section 125 as payable as compensation shall be recoverable as an arrear of public demand.

Bar to jurisdiction of Civil Courts

134. No Civil Court shall entertain any application of suit concerning any matter relating to consolidation of holdings of raiyats dealt with in this Chapter.

Special provision for the district of Dinajpur

66[ 134A. Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing sections of this Chapter, the scheme for consolidation of holdings executed in the areas under the police stations of Debiganj and Boda in the district of Dinajpur under the provisions of this Chapter shall be deemed to be void ab-initio and the rights and interests of the tenants existing in the lands comprised in that scheme immediately before such consolidation shall remain unaffected, as if such consolidation were never made.]

CHAPTER XVI


PROVISIONS AS TO RENT AND REALISATION OF RENT

Instalment of rent

135. (1) Subject to agreement or establishment usage, the rent payable by a raiyat shall be paid in two equal instalments falling due on such dates as may be prescribed.
(2) Subject to agreement, the rent payable by a non-agricultural tenant shall be paid in one annual instalment falling due on the last day of the agricultural year.
Time and place for payment of rent

136. (1) Every raiyat shall pay or tender each instalment of rent and every non-agricultural tenant shall pay or tender the rent before sunset of the day on which it falls due:

Provided that the raiyat or the non-agricultural tenant may pay or tender the rent payable for the year at any time during the year before it falls due.
(2) The payment or tender of rent may be made-
(a) at the village tahsil office or at such other convenient place as may by appointed in that behalf by the Collector; or
(b) by postal money-order in the manner prescribed.
(3) When rent is sent by postal money-order in the prescribed manner it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that a tender has been made.

(4) When rent sent by postal money-order is accepted, the fact of this acceptance shall not be used in any way as evidence of the correctness of any of the particulars set forth in the postal money-order form.


(5) Any rent or any instalment or part of an instalment of rent not duly paid at or before the time when it falls due shall be deemed to be an arrear.

Appropriation of payments

137. (1) When a raiyat or a non-agricultural tenant makes a payment on account of rent, he may declare the year or years and the instalment or instalments in respect of which he wishes the payment to be credited, and the payment shall be credited accordingly.
(2) If he does not make any such declaration, the payment shall be credited towards the arrears, if any, and the balance, if any, after the arrears have been satisfied, and where there is no arrear, the whole amount, shall be credited as the rent of the current year.

Raiyat making payment of his rent entitled to a receipt

138. Every raiyat or non-agricultural tenant who makes a payment on account of rent shall be entitled to obtain forthwith, from the person authorised in writing by the Collector to receive such rent, a written receipt in the prescribed form for the amount paid by him signed by the person so authorised.

Liability of holding to sale for arrears

139. The holding of a raiyat or the tenancy of a non-agricultural tenant shall be liable to sale in execution of a certificate signed under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913, for the rent thereof, and the rent shall be a first charge thereon.

Interest on arrears

140. An arrear of rent shall bear simple interest at the rate of six and a quarter per centum per annum from the expiry of the year in which the rent or instalments of rent, as the case may be, fall due to the date of payment or of the filing of the certificate under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913, whichever date is earlier.

Realisation of arrears of rent under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913

141. All arrears of rent shall be recoverable under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913, subject to such rules as may be made in this behalf by the Government and not otherwise:
Provided that a certificate signed under the said Act for arrears of rent shall not be executed by arresting the certificate-debtor and detaining him in the civil prison.

Amounts paid into court to prevent Sale to be a mortgage demand in certain cases

67[ 141A. (1) When a co-sharer tenant, whose interests are affected by the sale of a holding or tenancy advertised for sale in execution of a certificate for arrears of rent due in respect thereof signed under the Bengal Public Demands Recovery Act, 1913, pays into the court, the amount requisite to prevent the sale-
(a) the amount so paid by him shall be deemed to be a debt bearing interest at six and a quarter per centum per annum and secured by a mortgage of such holding or tenancy to him; and
(b) his mortgage shall take priority over every other charge on such holding or tenancy other than a charge for arrears of rent.
(2) Nothing in this section shall affect any other remedy to which such co-sharer tenant would be entitled.]

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