The pure food ordinance, 1959 (east pakistan ordinance no. LXVIII of 1959)




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THE PURE FOOD ORDINANCE, 1959
(EAST PAKISTAN ORDINANCE NO. LXVIII OF 1959).

[14th October, 1959]

1 An Ordinance to provide for the better control of the manufacture and sale of food for human consumption.

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the better control of the manufacture and sale of food for human consumption;

NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of the Presidential Proclamation of the seventh day of October, 1958, and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the Governor of East Pakistan is pleased to make and promulgate the following Ordinance, namely:-

CHAPTER I


PRELIMINARY

Short title, extent and commencement

1. (1) This Ordinance may be called the 2[ * * *] Pure Food Ordinance, 1959.
(2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh.
(3) It shall come into force at once.

[Repealed] 2. [Repeal of Bengal Act VI of 1919 and Assam Act I of 1932.- Repealed by Section 3 and the Second Schedule of The East Pakistan Repealing and Amending Ordinance, 1966 (East Pakistan Ordinance No. XIII of 1966.]

Definitions

3. In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-


(1) an article of food shall be deemed to be “adulterated” if-
(a) any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength, or
(b) any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for it, or
(c) any of the normal constituents has been wholly or in part abstracted so as to render it injurious to health, or
(d) it is mixed, coloured, powdered, coated or stained in a manner whereby damage or inferiority is concealed, or
(e) it does not comply with any standard provided by or under this Ordinance or any other law for the time being in force, or
(f) it contains or is mixed or diluted with any substance in such quantity as is to the prejudice of the purchaser or consumer or in such proportion as diminishes in any manner the food value or nutritive qualities which it possesses in its pure, normal, undeteriorated and sound condition, or
(g) it contains any poisonous or deleterious ingredient 3[ including radiation] which may render it injurious to health, or
(h) it is not of the nature, substance or quality which it purports to be or which it is represented to be by the manufacturer or the seller;
(2) “bye-laws” means bye-laws made under this Ordinance;
4[ (2A) “catering establishment” means any hotel, restaurant, cafeteria, canteen, shop and includes any other places where food in any form is consumed, supplied or sold.]
5[ (3) “container” includes a package or receptacle of any kind, whether open or closed or sealed and must be free from rust, lead, arsenic or any heavy metals and must not be prepared from or previously used container and threatening to public health;
(3A) “Court” means a Pure Food Court established under section 41;
(3B) “Cultural practices” includes production, reproduction, housing and management of livestock, processing and preservation of their produces.]
(4) “dairy” includes-
(a) any farm, cattle-shed, milk-store, milk-shop or other place, at which milk is stored or supplied for sale or is manufactured into butter, ghee, cheese, curds, or skimmed, condensed, sterilised or desiccated milk, and
(b) in the case of a dairyman or other person selling milk, who does not occupy any premises for the purpose of such sale, any place at which such dairyman or person keeps any container used or intended to be used by him for the purposes of such sale,

but does not include-


(i) a shop or other place at which milk is sold solely in the closed and unopened containers in which it is delivered thereto from any source referred to in sub-clauses (a) and (b), or solely in hermetically closed and unopened containers and in the same condition as that in which it was delivered thereto from such source, or
(ii) a shop or other place at which milk is sold solely for consumption therein;
6[ (4A) “drinking water” means normal water, mineral water and water from any other sources which conforms to the National Standard of Drinking water or mineral water of Bangladesh;
(4B) “farm” includes a yard, shed and houses for livestock, and their cultural practices;
(4C) “fishery” includes any farm, arat or depot, service center or landing center, fish store, fish shop, fish processing plant and any other places where fish grows, fish and fishery product is processed, dried, transported, supplied or sold.]

7[ (5) “food” means any kind of edible oil, fish, fruit, meat or vegetable or any other article used as food, drinking water or any other drink for human consumption other than any drug, and includes ice, aerated water, carbonated water or any substance whether processed, semi processed or raw or any substance which has been used in the manufacture, preparation or treatment of food and those articles which will be notified by the Government from time to time, and-


(a) any substance which is intended for use in the composition or preparation of food,
(b) any permitted flavouring matter or any spice or condiment, and
(c) any food grade colouring matter, preservative, anti oxidant and other additives intended for use in food;
(5A) “livestock” includes cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, pig and poultry (chick, duck, quail, pigeon, goose and guinea fowl);
(5B) “livestock product” includes meat, meat product, blood, bone, bone marrow, milk, milk products, egg, fat, food products of livestock origin.]
(6) “local area” means the area situated within the jurisdiction of a local authority, and includes any area notified by the Government to be a local area for the purpose of this Ordinance;
8[ (7) “local authority” means-
(a) a Corporation constituted under the Dhaka City Corporation Ordinance, 1983 (Ord. No. XL of 1983), the Chittagong City Corporation Ordinance, 1982 (Ord. No. XXXV of 1982), রাজশাহী সিটি কর্পরেশন আইন, ১৯৮৭ (১৯৮৭ সনের ৩৮ নং আইন), the Khulna City Corporation Ordinance, 1984 (Ord. No. LXXII of 1984), সিলেট সিটি কর্পরেশন আইন , ২০০১ (২০০১ সনের ১০ নং আইন) and বরিশাল সিটি কর্পরেশন আইন , ২০০১ (২০০১ সনের ১১ নং আইন),or
(b) a Paurashava constituted under the Paurashava Ordinance, 1977 (Ord. XXVI of 1977); or
(c) in any other local area, such authority or person as may be notified by the Government;]
(8) “manufacture” means manufacture for the purpose of sale or for preparation for sale, and the expressions “manufactured” and “manufacturers” shall be construed accordingly;
(9) “notified” means notified in the official Gazette;
9[ (9A) “poultry” includes any poultry farm or poultry shed, poultry store, dressed poultry store, alive or dressed poultry shop or place or other place at which alive or dressed poultry are stored for sale;]
(10) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules;
(11) “rules” means rules made under this Ordinance;
(12) “sale” means a transfer of ownership in exchange for a price, whether in money or in kind, paid or promised or partly paid or partly promised, and includes-
(a) the making, causing or permitting of such transfer,
(b) the attempt to effect such transfer, and
(c) any possession, storage, offer, exposure, despatch, consignment, deposit or receipt for the purposes of such transfer or for preparation for such transfer,

and the expression “sell”, “seller”, “sells” and “sold” shall be construed accordingly; and


(13) “transit” includes every stage of transit from the place of manufacture or other source of origin to the consumer.
Appointment of public analysts

4. 10[ (1) Every local authority shall appoint one or more persons to be the Public Analyst of Food within its area to carry out the purposes of this Ordinance.


(1A) The Government may, except for an area of a City Corporation or a Paurashava or an area notified as local authority under section 3(7)(c), appoint one or more persons to be the Public Analysts of Food for such local area as may be specified by the Government.
(1B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (1A), the Government may appoint a public Analyst of Food appointed under sub-sections (1) and (1A) for such other area in addition to his local area.]
(2) No person shall be appointed a public analyst for any area-
(a) if he is directly or indirectly engaged in any trade or business connected with the manufacture or sale of any article of food, and
(b) unless he possesses, on the date of his appointment, such qualifications as may be prescribed.
(3) The appointment by a local authority of any person to be a public analyst, and the removal of any person so appointed, shall be subject to the approval of the Government.
(4) The salary payable to, and the conditions of appointment of, a public analyst appointed under this section shall be such as may be prescribed.
(5) The Government, or the local authority, with the approval of the Government, may appoint a person to act as public analyst during any vacancy in the office of, or during the absence or in capacity of, the public analyst.

National Food Safety Advisory Council 11[ 4A. (1) The Government shall constitute a National Food Safety Advisory Council. The Council shall consist of the following members, namely-


(a) Minister for Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, who shall also be the Chairman of the Council;
(b) a representative of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, not below the rank of Joint Secretary, who shall also be the member secretary of the Council;
(c) a representative of the Ministry of Agriculture, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(d) a representative of the Ministry of Commerce, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(e) a representative of the Ministry of Food and Natural Disaster Management, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(f) a representative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(g) a representative of the Ministry of Industry, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(h) a representative of the Ministry of Environment and Forest, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(i) a representative of the Ministry of Home Affairs, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(j) a representative of the Ministry of Fishery and Livestock, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(k) a representative of the Ministry of Establishment, not below the rank of Joint Secretary;
(l) Deputy Commissioner, Dhaka;
(m) Director General, Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution;
(n) Chairman, Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Dhaka;
(o) Chairman, Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka;
(p) a representative of the Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industries.
(2) The National Food Safety Advisory Council shall advise to the Government on the following subjects-
(a) matters related to the safety of food and to the administration of this Ordinance,
(b) standard and quality control (National and Codex Standard) for food with a view to ensuring their purity, safety and proper nutritional value,
(c) technical matters arising out of the administration of this Ordinance,
(d) development of man-power services and facilities required for ensuring safety, quality and pure food for human consumption, and
(e) policies and strategies related to food safety and quality control.]

Power of Government to determine by rules to provide for normal constituents of articles of food and deficiencies or additions rendering such articles adulterated

5. (1) The Government may determine by rules in this behalf-
(a) the normal constituents and the values of the chemical and physical constants of any article of food, and
(b) in respect of a sample of any article of food, the deficiency in any such constituent or the addition of any extraneous matter or the proportion of water which shall, for the purpose of this Ordinance and until the contrary is proved, raise a presumption that such article is adulterated.
(2) A public analyst shall, when certifying the result of any analysis made under this Ordinance, have regard to the rules referred to in sub-section (1).
(3) When any rule referred to in sub-section (1) has been made, the purchaser of any article of food to which rule applies shall, until the contrary is proved, be deemed to have demanded food complying with such rule.

CHAPTER II


MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF FOOD

Prohibition of manufacture or sale of food not of proper nature, substance or quality

6. (1) No person shall, directly or indirectly and whether by himself or by any other person acting on his behalf,-
(a) manufacture or sell any article of food which is adulterated, or
(b) sell to the prejudice of the purchaser any article of food which is not of the nature, substance or quality demanded by the purchaser.
(2) An offence shall not be deemed to have been committed under sub-section (1), if the article of food contains the normal constituents prescribed under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 5, and if the chemical and physical constants of the article are in accordance with those referred to in the said clause-
(a) where any innocuous substance or ingredient has been added thereto, if such substance or ingredient-
(i) is required for the production or preparation of such article as an article of commerce in a condition fit for carriage or consumption, and
(ii) is not so added fraudulently to increase the bulk weight or measure, or to conceal the inferior quality, of such article:
Provided that the admixture of such substance or ingredient does not render such article to be injurious to health; or
(b) where any constituent has been abstracted therefrom if such abstraction is required for the production or preparation of such article as an article of commerce fit for carriage or consumption and does not render such article to be injurious to health; or
(c) where a patent has been granted under any law for the time being in force, if such article is manufactured or sold in the condition required by the specification of the patent.
(3) The opinion of the public analyst on the question whether any substance or ingredient is innocuous shall, subject to the provisions of section 32, be conclusive evidence on such question.
(4) In any prosecution under this section,-
(a) it shall not be a defence to allege-
(i) that the purchaser bought for analysis or examination and therefore was not prejudiced, or
(ii) that the person who manufactured or sold the article of food had no knowledge of, and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained, its nature, substance or quality; and
(b) the Court shall, until the contrary is proved, presume that any article of food, which is found in the possession of any person who manufactures or sells similar articles, has been manufactured by that person, or is for sale by him, as the case may be.

Prohibition of sale or use of poisonous or dangerous chemicals, intoxicated food colour, etc

12[ 6A. No person shall directly or indirectly and whether by himself or by any other person acting on his behalf-
(a) use any poisonous or dangerous chemicals or ingredients or additives or substances like calcium carbide, formalin, pesticides (DDT, PCBs oil etc.), or intoxicated food colour or flavouring matter in any food which may cause injury to human body;
(b) sale any food in which poisonous or dangerous chemicals or ingredients or additives or substances like calcium carbide, formalin, pesticides (DDT, PCBs oil etc.) or intoxicated food colour or flavouring matter has been used in any food which may cause injury to human body.]

Prohibition of manufacture or sale of food not of proper standard of purity

7. No person shall, directly or indirectly and whether by himself or by any other person acting on his behalf, manufacture or sell, as the case may be, any milk, butter, ghee, (that is to say, clarified milk fat), wheat flour (that is to say, maida, atta or suji) or mustard or any other rape seed oil, or any other article of food which may be notified by the Government in this behalf, unless the conditions specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 are respectively fulfilled.

Standard of purity of milk or skimmed milk or condensed milk or sterilised milk or desiccated milk 8. (1) In the case of milk other than skimmed, condensed, sterilised or desiccated milk,-


(a) the species of animal from which the milk is derived shall be specified by the seller in such manner as the local authority may direct by general or special order in this behalf;
(b) the article sold shall be the normal, clean and fresh secretion obtained by the complete milking of the udder of a healthy animal of the species specified, not earlier than seven days after the calving and freeing of the colostrums of such animal; and
(c) the article sold shall, whether such secretion has been processed or not, be an article from which no ingredient has been extracted and to which no water or other substance (including any preservative) has been added and which contains the normal constituents prescribed under clause (a) or sub-section (1) of section 5.
(2) In the case of skimmed milk,-
(a) the container shall be labelled and marked in such manner as may be prescribed;
(b) the article sold shall contain such proportion of the constituents of milk as may be prescribed; and
(c) the place at which such article is sold shall be specified by the seller in such manner as the local authority may direct by general or special order in this behalf.
(3) In the case of condensed, sterilised or desiccated milk,-
(a) the container shall be hermetically closed, labelled and marked in such manner as may be prescribed; and
(b) the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall contain such proportion of the constituents of milk as may be prescribed.

Standard of purity of butter

9. In the case of butter, the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall be exclusively derived from the milk or cream (other than skimmed, condensed, sterilised or desiccated milk or cream) of a cow or buffalo or both, and may be with or without salt and with or without the addition of any innocuous colouring matter, and shall not contain a greater proportion of water than may be prescribed.

Standard of purity of ghee

10. In the case of ghee (that is to say, clarified milk fat), the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall contain only substances (other than curds) which are prepared exclusively from the milk of cows or buffaloes or both, and shall fulfil such other conditions as may be prescribed.

Standard of purity of wheat flour

11. In the case of wheat flour (that is to say, maida, atta or suji), the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall contain only substances which are derived exclusively from wheat, and shall fulfil such other conditions as may be prescribed.

Standard of purity of mustard or any other rape seed oil

12. In the case of mustard or any other rape seed oil, the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall be derived exclusively from mustard or any other rape seed, as the case may be, and shall fulfil such other conditions as may be prescribed.

Standard of purity of any other article of food

13. In the case of any other article of food which may be notified by the Government under section 7, the article manufactured or sold, as the case may be, shall fulfil such conditions as may be prescribed.

Prohibition of manufacture or sale of anything similar to or resembling an article of food

14. No person shall, directly or indirectly and whether by himself or by any other person acting on his behalf, manufacture or sell-
(a) anything similar to or resembling an article of food notified under section 7 or specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, under any name which so resembles the ordinary name of such article of food as to be likely to deceive the public or which is in any way calculated to mislead the public as to the nature, substance or quality of that thing; or
(b) any food in the preparation of which an article of food notified under section 7 or specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 has been used, unless such article fulfils the conditions specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 as being applicable to it.

Absence of knowledge as to the character and composition of an article of food is no defence

15. In any prosecution under this section,-
(a) it shall not be a defence to allege that the person who manufactured or sold the article of food had no knowledge of, and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained, the nature, substance or quality, of such article or of any article used in the preparation thereof; and
(b) the Court shall, until the contrary is proved, presume that any article of food notified under section 7 or specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 or referred to in clause (b) of section 14, or any ingredient of, or anything used in the preparation of, such article, which is found in the possession of any person who manufactures or sells similar articles, has been manufactured by that person or has been kept by him for being used in the manufacture of such article or is for sale by him or has been kept by him for the purpose of preparation of any food referred to in clause (b) of section 14, as the case may be.

Prohibition of keeping adulterants in places where food is manufactured or sold

16. (1) No person shall keep or permit to be kept, in any manufactory, shop or place in which any article of food notified under section 7 or specified in sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 is manufactured or sold, any substance intended to be used for the adulteration of such article.
(2) In any prosecution under this section, the Court shall, until the contrary is proved, presume that any substance, capable of being used for such adulteration and found in such manufactory, shop or place, is intended to be used for the purpose of such adulteration.
(3) No person shall keep Guzi (niger seed) in any manufactory, shop or place mentioned in sub-section (1).
(4) No person shall keep any quantity of white oil except under a licence granted by a local authority in such manner and form and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.

Prohibition of sale of diseased animals and unwholesome food intended for human consumption

17. (1) No person shall sell for human consumption any living thing which is diseased or unsound or sell or manufacture any other article of food intended for human consumption which is unwholesome or unfit for human consumption.
(2) In any prosecution under this section, the Court shall, until the contrary is proved, presume that any living thing which is diseased or unsound or any other article of food which is unwholesome or unfit for human consumption and is found in the possession of any person who sells similar living things or sells or manufactures similar articles of food for human consumption, is for sale or has been manufactured, as the case may be, by that person for human consumption.

Prohibition of use of false labels

18. (1) No person shall, directly or indirectly and whether by himself or by any other person acting on his behalf, with any article of food sold by him, give to the purchaser a label, whether attached to or printed on the container in which such article is sold or not, which falsely describes that article or is otherwise calculated to mislead as to its nature, substance or quality.

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