The Israel Taxonomy Initiative Course Syllabus: Spiders of Israel: Taxonomy and functional morphology Instructor




Yüklə 23.2 Kb.
tarix23.04.2016
ölçüsü23.2 Kb.
The Israel Taxonomy Initiative

Course Syllabus: Spiders of Israel: Taxonomy and functional morphology
Instructor: Dr. Robert Raven, Head of Terrestrial Biodiversity & Chelicerata Senior Curator, Queensland Museum, Australia.

Israeli Hosts: Prof. Yael Lubin (BGU), Dr. Ariel Chipman (HUJI), and Dr. Efrat Gavish-Regev (TAU).

Dates: 14-18 October 2012.

Hours: 8:30-16:30 daily (First day 10:00-18:00).

Prerequisites: None.

Grading: Oral examination (species identification).
Day 1

Morning session (10:00-13:00)

Introduction (and acclimatization to the Australian tongue)

  • When a spider is not a spider: necessary and sufficient diagnostic characters (10 minutes)

  • Spider diversity in Israel: an overview (30 minutes)

  • Fine tuning the microscope skills (20 minutes, using animals)

  • Working without a microscope: microscopic characters belied by behaviour (need live spiders) (1 hour)

Spider Biology

  • Eyes, sight (1 hour)

Lunch break (13:00-13:40)

Afternoon session (13:40-18:00)

  • Feeding, digestion, chelicerae, bite & venom: an overview (1 hour)

  • Morphology and function of mouthparts, including serrula, lyra (1 hour)

  • Abdomen, spinnerets from 8 to 2 (1 hour)

Coffee break (16:40-17:00)

  • Booklungs and tracheae (20 minutes)

  • Sensory organs on legs, setae trichobothria (30 minutes)

  • Alternative approaches to taxonomy: dredging for informative characters (10 minutes)

Day 2

Morning session (8:30-12:30)

Excursion in the Valley of the Cross / HUJI Botanical Gardens



Afternoon session (12:30-16:30, including coffee brakes)

Sex, palps mating and epigyne (3 hours with material)

  • Sexual dimorphism and matching sexes (20 minutes)

Species concepts

  • Mating and molecules, with mating video (20 minutes)


Day 3

Morning session (8:30-10:30)

Short excursion in the university vicinities

Morning cont. + Afternoon session (10:30-16:30, including lunch & coffee brakes)

Spider taxonomy the overview (using what you have learnt so far)

  • Suborder, Infraorders and Superfamilies and families (20 minutes)

Mygalomorphae

  • Key characters, evolutionary pressures and grades (20 minutes)

  • Introduction to mygalomorph families with diagnostic features and keys European taxa (Atypidae, Ctenizidae, Nemesiidae, Cyrtaucheniidae, Hexathelidae, Idiopidae, Theraphosidae) (3 hours)

  • Southern Relics (Migidae, Actinopodidae, Barychelidae), 30 minutes

  • Asian and American families (Paratropididae, Dipluridae, Mecicobothriidae, Antrodiaetidae) 40 minutes



Day 4

Morning session (8:30-10:30)

Lycosoidea

  • Miturgidae, Lycosidae, Zoridae, Zoropsidae, Ctenidae, Pisauridae, Oxyopidae

Coffee break (10:30-10:45)

Morning session cont. (10:45-12:45)

Cursorial spiders

  • Clubionidae, Anyphaenidae, Liocranidae, Corinnidae

Lunch break (12:45-13:30)

Afternoon session (13:30-16:30)

Genus concepts and the hypothesis-testing basis of taxonomy (20 minutes)

Sorting material (14:00-16:30)

Optional (16:00-17:30): Short excursion in the university vicinities
Day 5

Morning session (8:30-13:15)

Other Cursorial spiders

  • Tufted: Sparassidae, Salticidae, Philodromidae, Thomisidae (1 hour)

Gnaphosidae & relatives

  • Gnaphosidae, Prodidomidae, Lamponidae, Cithaeronidae, Ammoxenidae (1 hour)

Coffee break (10:30-10:45)

Three clawed

  • Amaurobiidae, Agelenidae, Zodariidae, Eresidae, Cybaeidae, Dictynidae, Hahniidae, Hersiliiidae, Titanoecidae (1 hour)

Special respiratory families

  • Oonopidae, Dydseridae, Segestriidae, Filistatidae, Scytodidae, Sicariidae, Oecobiidae, Pholcidae (1 hour)

Dispersal and Biogeography: an introduction (20 minutes)

Lunch break (13:15-14:00)

Afternoon session (14:00-16:30)

Critical and independent thinking:

  • Other solution to relationships

  • Correct and intelligent use of keys


EXAM
Questions, comments and course evaluation.
Bibliography:

Few copies of the books and PDF's of the papers will be provided during the course.


Spider Biology:

Foelix, R., 2010. Biology of Spiders. Oxford University Press, 3rd edition. 432 pp.



Spider Identification books:

Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., & Jocque, R., 1997. African Spiders: An Identification Manual. Plant Protection Research Institute (ARC-PPR). 400 pp.

Jocque, R., & Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., 2006. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for central Africa. 336 pp.

Raven, R.J., Baehr B.C., & Harvey, M.S., 2002. Spiders of Australia - Interactive Identification to Subfamily (CD-ROM). CSIRO PUBLISHING / Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS).

Roberts, M.J., 1995. Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Harper Collins Publishers. 383 pp.

Ubick, D., Paquin, P., Cushing, P.E., & Roth, V., (eds.), 2005. Spiders of North America: an Identification manual. American Arachnological Society. 377 pp.



Taxonomic papers:

Levy, G., 1973. Crab-spiders of six genera from Israel (Araneae: Thomisidae). Israel Journal of Zoology 22 (2-4): 107-141.

Levy, G., 1975. The spider genera Synaema and Oxyptila in Israel (Araneae: Thomisidae). Israel Journal of Zoology 24 (3-4): 155-175.

Levy, G., 1976. The spider genus Xysticus (Araneae: Thomisidae) in Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 25 (1): 1-37.

Levy, G., 1977. The philodromid spiders of Israel (Araneae: Philodromidae). Israel Journal of Zoology 26 (3-4): 193-229.

Levy, G., 1985. Araneae: Thomisidae. Monograph in: Fauna Palaestina (Arachnida II). VI+114 pp. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.


Levy, G., 1989. The family of huntsman spiders in Israel with annotations on species of the Middle East (Araneae: Sparassidae). Journal of Zoology, London 217: 127-176.
Levy, G., 1990. On the cribellate spider Zoropsis lutea in Israel (Araneae: Zoropsidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 8 (5): 139-143.
Levy, G., 1990. Spiders of the genus Lachesana and a new storenoid genus from Israel (Araneae: Zodariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London 98: 327-362.
Levy, G., 1991. On some new and uncommon spiders from Israel (Araneae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 8 (7): 227-232.
Levy, G., 1992.The spider genera Palestina, Trygetus, Zodarion and Ranops (Araneae, Zodariidae) in Israel with annotations on species of the Middle East. Israel Journal of Zoology 38 (2): 67-110.

Levy, G., 1993. On the unknown male of Nonianus pictus and the female of Cerbalus negebensis (Araneae: Sparassidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 39 (3): 231-234.


Levy, G., V.I. Ovtsharenko & N.I. Platnick 1994. A review of the ground spider genus Synaphosus (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates, No. 3095, 27 pp.
Levy, G., 1995. Revision of the spider subfamily Gnaphosinae in Israel (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). Journal of Natural History, London 29: 919-981.
Levy, G., 1996.The agelenid funnel-weaver family and the spider genus Cedicus in Israel (Araneae, Agelenidae and Cybaeidae). Zoologica Scripta, Oslo & Stockholm 25 (2): 85-122.
Levy, G., 1998. Araneae: Theridiidae. Monograph in: Fauna Palaestina (Arachnida III). 226 pp. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
Levy, G., 1998. The ground-spider genera Setaphis, Trachyzelotes, Zelotes and Drassyllus (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) in Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 44 (2): 93-158.

Levy, G., 1999. The lynx and nursery-web spider families in Israel (Araneae, Oxyopidae and Pisauridae). Zoosystema (Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris) 21 (1): 29-64.


Levy, G., 1999. Spiders of the genera Anagraphis and Talanites (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 45 (1): 215-225.
Levy, G., 1999. New thomisid and philodromid spiders (Araneae) from southern Israel. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11 (5): 185-190.
Levy, G., 1999.Spiders of six uncommon drassodine genera (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 45 (4): 427-452.

Levy, G., 2002. Spiders of the genera ­Micaria and Aphantaulax (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 48 (2): 111-134.


Levy, G., 2003. Spiders of the families Anyphaenidae, Hahniidae, Ctenidae, Zoridae and Hersiliidae (Araneae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 49 (1): 1-39.
Levy, G., 2004. Spiders of the genera Drassodes and Haplodrassus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 50 (1): 1-37.

Levy, G., 2007. Calommata (Atypidae) and new spider species (Araneae) from Israel. Zootaxa 1551: 1-30.



Levy, G., 2009. New ground-spider genera and species with annexed checklist of the Gnaphosidae (Araneae) of Israel. Zootaxa 2066: 1-49.
Zonstein, S., 2008. The spider genus Zaitunia Lehtinen, 1967 (Araneae: Filistatidae) in Israel and Sinai (Egypt). Israel Journal of Entomology 38: 125-131.





Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə