Table 1 Body mass (BM) and endocranial volumes (EV) of birds




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Table 1 Body mass (BM) and endocranial volumes (EV) of birds, Archaeopteryx and living reptiles used in Figure 4




BM

EV


























































Anseriformes

Apodiformes

Charadriformes

Ciconiformes

Columbiformes

Coraciiformes

Cuculiformes

Faconiformes

Gruiformes

Galliformes

Passeriformes

Pelicanifrmes

Procellariformes

Psittaciformes

Sphenisciformes

Strigiformes

Struthioniformes

Archaeopteryx

BIRDS


























































ANSERIFORMES


























































Alopochen aegyptiacus

1863

6.7




















































Anas carolinensis

321

2.6




















































Anas castanea

601

3.7




















































Anas platyrhynchos

1110

5.4




















































Chenonetta jubata

775

4.1




















































Mergus serrator

1021

4.9




















































Tadorna tadornoides

1290

5.6




















































APODIFORMES


























































Platycercus elegans

128.6




3.7

















































Platycercus eximus

104




2.9

















































CHARADRIFORMES


























































Calidris minutilla

23







0.6














































Charadrius vocerferus

85







1.1














































Larus novaehollandiae

328







3.1














































Limnodromus griseus

145







1.4














































Nycticorax caledonicus

745







5.5














































CICONIFORMES


























































Ardea herodias

1944










9











































Botaurus lentiginosus

741










4.3











































COLUMBIFORMES


























































Columba leucomela

389













2.3








































Ocyphaps lophotes

205













1.7








































CORACIFORMES


























































Dacelo novaeguineae

272
















4.3





































CUCULIFORMES


























































Chrysococcyx lucidus

23



















0.69


































FALCONIFORMES


























































Aquila audax

3350






















16.2































Aquila chrysaetos

3991






















17.2































Buteo jamaicensis

1053






















9.18































Falco longipennis

226






















3.35































Falco peregrinus

736






















6.2































Falco sparveriuis

92






















2.49































GRUIFORMES


























































Balearica pannivens

3590

























12




























GALLIFORMES


























































Alectoris chukar

490




























2.48

























Coturnix chinesis

28.8




























0.53

























Lagopus lagopus

459




























2.38

























PASSERIFORMES


























































Acanthiza pusilla

6.2































0.47






















Acanthorhychus tenuirostris

12.8































0.45






















Agelaius phoeniceus

65.5































1.69






















Anthochaera carunculata

108.5































2.2






















Cormobates leucopphaea

22.4































0.81






















Corvus brachyrhynchos

438.5































7.17






















Corvus corax

1051































14.5






















Corvus mellori

300































8.5






















Gymnorhina tibicen

345































4.65






















Hirundo rustica

16































0.57






















Manorina melanocephala

60.9































1.91






















Manorina melanophrys

25.5































1.14






















Melithreptus lunatus

14.7































0.59






















Molothurus ater

41.7































1.15






















Neochmia temporalis

10.7































0.54






















Pasaer domesticus

27.7































0.92






















Petroica multicolor

13.8































0.48






















Pica pica

188.1































4.67






















Poephila acuticorda

10.9































0.51






















Quiscalus quiscala

110.2































2.59






















Strepera versicolor

353































5.97






















Taeniopygia guttata

5































0.45






















Turdus merula

81.4































1.82






















PELICANIFORMES


























































Pelicanus conspicillatus

5500


































24.9



















PROCELLARIFORMES


























































Diomedia melanophris

3564





































15
















Puffinus griseus

574





































5.15
















Puffinus tenuirostris

570





































4.47
















PSITTACIFORMES


























































Agapornis roseicollis

48








































2













Alisterus scapularis

160








































4.2













Cacatua galerita

750








































13.7













Cacatua roseicapillus

351








































6.35













Glossopsitta concinna

59.2








































2.86













Glossopsitta porphyrocephala

45.7








































1.89













Melopsittacus undulatus

29








































1.18













Neophema pulchella

30








































1.43













Neopsephotus bourkii

44








































1.14













Nymphicus hollandicus

83








































2.47













Pionus menstuus

247








































5.7













Polytelis alexandrae

73








































2.54













Polytelis swainsonii

142.6








































3.46













Psittacula krameri

140








































3.4













Trichoglossus haematodus

116








































3.59













SPHENISCIFORMES


























































Eudyptula minor

631











































7.28










STRIGIFORMES


























































Asio otus

214.7














































5.31







Bubo virginianus

1415














































14.7







Ninox novaeeselandiae

231.4














































5.66







Podargus strigoides

387














































4.86







Speotyto cuncicularia

152.8














































3.78







Tyto alba

355














































6.48







STRUTHIONIFORMES


























































Dromaius novaehollandiae

31160

















































28.9




Rhea americana

23000

















































18.9




ARCHAEOPTERYGIDAE


























































Archaeopteryx *

500




















































0.92

Archaeopteryx**

468




















































1.5
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