Syllabus for biology 1108

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Principles of Biology II

Instructor: Dr. N. L. Pencoe

Phone: 678/839-4036

Office: 228 Biology Building

E-mail: use webct

Office hours: T/Th 9:00 - 11:30 & 2:00 - 3:30


Completion of BIOL 1107 with at least a “D”. NOTE: Biology majors must pass BIOL 1107 with at least a “C” to proceed to BIOL 1108.


This course is designed for the student pursuing a BS degree. You must co-enroll in Biology 1108 Lab to receive credit for this course.


  1. Campbell, Neil A. and Jane B. Reece. 2002. Biology, 6th edition. [REQUIRED]

  2. Campbell Biology Student Media CD [comes with textbook]

  3. Taylor, Martha R. 2002. Student Study Guide. [HIGHLY RECOMMENDED]


  1. Write a summary reaction for aerobic respiration.

  2. List the four stages of aerobic respiration, indicate where each stage takes place in a eukaryotic cell, and add up the energy captured (ATP, NADH, FADH2) in each stage.

  3. Explain the process of chemiosmosis.

  4. Compare and contrast aerobic and anaerobic pathways.

  5. Summarize the basic similarities of alcohol and lactic acid fermentation.

  6. Describe the physical properties of light and explain what happens to electrons when a photon of light energy is absorbed.

  7. Write a summary reaction for photosynthesis.

  8. Distinguish between the light-dependent reactions and light-independent reactions of photosynthesis.

  9. Summarize the three phases of the Calvin cycle and indicate the roles of ATP and NADPH in the process.

  10. Explain how cells communicate with one another.

  11. Discuss the functions of various parts of the vascular plant body.

  12. Describe the structure and function of the ground, dermal, and vascular tissue systems.

  13. Distinguish between primary and secondary growth.

  14. Discuss transpiration and its effects on plants.

  15. Describe the pathways of water movement and sugar translocation.

  16. Discuss the pressure flow hypothesis of sugar translocation in phloem.

  17. Distinguish between plant macronutrients and micronutrients and give a physiological role for each essential element.

  18. Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction.

  19. Explain how reproduction occurs in flowering plants.

  20. List several ways each of the following hormones affects plant growth and development: auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, and abscisic acid.

  21. Compare structure and function of epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissues.

  22. Discuss homeostasis in terms of how blood sugar is regulated.

  23. Discuss the structure and function of the following animal organ systems: digestive, circulatory, respiratory, immune, excretory, endocrine, reproductive, and nervous.


I urge you to attend all lecture classes. Based on past experience, the higher the rate of absenteeism, the lower the final grade.


Ringing cell phones are extremely disruptive in the classroom. If you must bring your cell phone to class, make sure the ringer is OFF during lecture & while taking exams. Failure to comply with this request could result in confiscation of your cell phone.


Lecture exams (5)*

500 points

A = 675 - 607

Comprehensive Final*

100 points

B = 606 - 540

Clicker questions

75 points

C = 539 - 472

* You must bring a picture ID.

D = 471 - 405

* You must purchase scantron form # 229629 (bookstore)

F = 404 & below

NOTE: Lecture exams will be taken outside of class over a 3 day period. You are responsible for scheduling your exam date and time. You may substitute your comprehensive final exam score for your lowest lecture exam score if you have taken ALL 5 lecture exams.
The basic lecture exam is multiple choice. A few things to remember when taking this type of exam are:

  1. Read each question and all possible answers before making your selection;

  2. Select your answer by using the process of elimination;

  3. Don’t make a mechanical error (if you know the answer is “A”, make sure you mark “A” on your scantron);

  4. Your first impression is usually correct;

  5. Don’t read more into the question than what’s there (some questions are actually easy.


Makeup exams will not be given except in cases of EXTREME emergency. If you miss a scheduled exam, your grade for that exam is a zero.


Not part of my vocabulary.


Cheating and plagiarism (look it up) are prohibited. Any student who cheats or plagiarizes material will receive a grade of “F” for the course. THERE ARE NO SECOND CHANCES!!


If you are an average reader, you should spend at least 6 hours a week outside class working on Biology 1108. If you are a slow reader or have trouble with comprehension, you will have to spend even more time. I cannot emphasize strongly enough that it is important to read about each lecture topic before coming to class. Students who do this make better grades and get more out of the lecture. Whatever you do, do not allow yourself to fall behind, because it will be extremely difficult to catch up.

The best overall study approach is to read each chapter quickly at first, like a novel, to get the general gist of things. Then read it more carefully, noting any areas of confusion. This is important, because when you come to lecture you will be more perceptive in these areas, and confusion will give way to enlightenment. After you are reasonably confident of your knowledge, arrange to have a study partner ask you questions. It is also a good idea to try to explain the material to someone who is not taking the course - to teach it is to know it.

Many students do not realize that:

  1. College courses require you to know several times as much material on the same topic as the high school equivalent.

  2. The rate at which material is presented to you is much faster.

  3. You must demonstrate critical thinking as well as information recall.


Biology 1108 is tough, but it can also be very enjoyable. I want to help you as much as I can, but it is up to you to let me know what I can do for you. Remember, you will get out of this course exactly what you put into it. GOOD LUCK!

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