Supporting information gut travellers: internal dispersal of aquatic organisms by waterfowl




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SUPPORTING INFORMATION

Gut travellers: internal dispersal of aquatic organisms by waterfowl

Casper H.A. van Leeuwen, Gerard van der Velde, Jan M. van Groenendael and Marcel Klaassen



Journal of Biogeography
Appendix S3 Overview of propagules capable of bird-mediated dispersal.
Table S1 Overview of macroinvertebrates suggested capable of transport by birds. The dispersal of 4 phyla, 7 classes, 24 families and at least 39 species is described in 44 publications. The “+” indicates groups of organisms for which the exact number of species being dispersed is unknown, yet manifold. Dispersal vectors are divided over dabbling ducks, diving ducks and Rallidae, with specific species codes corresponding to the first three letters of the specific Latin name. If no dispersal vectors are given, the literature referred to “waterbirds” and evidence is anecdotal or inferred from distributions and flyways of waterbirds in general. Species abbreviations are: ACU = Anas acuta, AFF = Aythya affinis, ANG = Marmaronetta angustirostris, ATR = Fulica atra, CAR = Anas carolinensis, CLY = Anas clypeata, COL = Aythya collaris, CRE = Anas crecca, FER = Aythya ferina, PEN = Anas penelope, PLA = Anas platyrhynchos, POR = Porphyrio porphyrio, RUF = Netta rufina, STR = Anas strepera, SUP = Anas superciliosa


Phylum

Class

Families

No. of propagule species

No. of papers

Dabbling ducks

Diving ducks

Rallidae

Bryozoa

Phylactolaemata

Cristatellidae

2

6

ACU CLY

ANG




 




Fredericellidae

1

1

PLA













Pectinatellidae

1

1

PLA













Plumatellidae

2

5

CLY CRE PLA STR

FER RUF

ATR POR

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Hydrobiidae

2

5

PLA













Lithoglyphidae

1

1










 

 

Lymnaeidae

1

1

PLA







 

 

Physidae

2

2

PLA







 

 

Valvatidae

1

1










 Arthropoda

Branchiopoda

Artemiidae

1

4

PLA







 

 

Branchinectidae

1

1
















Cercopagididae

1

1

ACU CLY







 

 

Chydoridae

2

2

CRE PLA







 

 

Daphniidae

6

11

ACU CAR CLY CRE PEN PLA




ATR




 

Moinidae

1

3

CLY CRE PLA













Sididae

2

2

PLA







 

 

Streptocephalidae

1

2

PLA







 

 

Thamnocephalidae

2

2

SUP




ATR

 

Malacostraca

Atyidae

2

2










 

 

Gammaridae

1

1




AFF










Triopsidae

1

2

PLA







 

Insecta

Chironomidae

1

1




ANG










Corixidae

2

2

ACU CLY PEN PLA STR

FER ANG

ATR

 

 

Chrysomelidae

1

1










 

Ostracoda




+

5

CLY CRE PLA




ATR

 

Maxillopoda (Copepoda)




+

1

PLA







Nematoda







+

3




ANG

ATR

Table S2 Overview of wetland plants suggested capable of transport by birds: internal dispersal by birds has been found in 4 orders of Monocots and 10 orders of Eudicots, one species of Nymphaeales and one species of Marchantiophyta. In total the dispersal of 97 wetland plant species from 26 plant families have been described in 34 publications. Dispersal vectors are divided over dabbling ducks, diving ducks and Rallidae, with specific species codes corresponding to the first three letters of their specific Latin name. If no dispersal vectors are given, the literature referred to “waterbirds” and evidence is anecdotal or inferred from distributions and flyways of waterbirds in general. Species abbreviations are: ACU = Anas acuta, AFF = Aythya affinis, ANG = Marmaronetta angustirostris,

ATR = Fulica atra, CAR = Anas carolinensis, CLY = Anas clypeata, COL = Aythya collaris, CRE = Anas crecca, FER = Aythya ferina, PEN = Anas penelope, PLA = Anas platyrhynchos, POR = Porphyrio porphyrio, RUF = Netta rufina, STR = Anas strepera, SUP = Anas superciliosa




Division/Clade

Order

Families

No. of propagule species

No. of papers

Dabbling

ducks

Diving

ducks

Rallidae


Angiospermae/ Monocotyledoneae

 

 



 

 

 



 

 

 



 

 


Alismatales

Alismataceae

2

3

CRE PLA










Araceae

1

1







ATR




Najadaceae

1

1

PLA










Potamogetonaceae

7

11

CLY CRE PEN PLA

ANG

ATR




Ruppiaceae

1

4

ACU CLY CRE PEN PLA STR

ANG FER RUF

ATR

Asparagales

Iridaceae

1

1

PLA







Commelinales

Pontederiaceae

2

2

CRE







Poales

Cyperaceae

31

14

ACU CAR CLY CRE PLA SUP

ANG COL

RUF


ATR

POR






Juncaceae

3

4

CRE PLA










Poaceae

7

7

CRE PLA










Typhaceae

6

4

CRE PLA SUP




ATR

Angiospermae/ Eudicotyledoneae

 

 



 

 

 



 

 

 



 

 

 



 

 

 



Apiales

Apiaceae

2

1

PLA







Brassicales

Brassicaceae

1

1

PLA







Caryophyllales

Amaranthaceae.

3

3

ACU CLY CRE PEN PLA STR

ANG FER

ATR




Droseraceae

1

1













Polygonaceae

8

7

CRE PLA










Portulaceae

1

1










Ericales

Myrsinaceae

1

1

PLA







Fabales

Fabaceae

1

1













Leguminosae

1

1

CRE







Lamiales

Lamiaceae

2

1

PLA







Myrtales

Lythraceae

1

1

PLA










Onagraceae

3

2

CRE PLA







Ranunculales

Ranunculaceae

1

2

CRE PLA

ANG




Rosales

Rosaceae

2

2

CRE PLA







Saxifragales

Haloragaceae

2

3

CRE SUP




ATR

Angiospermae/ Nymphaeales

Nymphaeales

Nymphaeaceae

1

1

PLA







Marchantiophyta 

Sphaerocarpales

Riellaceae

1

1

PLA







 Charophyta




Characeae

3

7

ACU CRE PLA

ANG

ATR


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