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Supplement information
Table S1: List of plant genera that contain hummingbird-pollinated plant species, which show the typical morphological and physiological adaptation, such as odourless, brightly colored flowers with elongated corolla tubes and exposed stigmas and stamens that produce large amounts of fluid, sucrose-rich nectar. This list represents a conservative minimum estimate because it does not consider species that are only occasionally pollinated or visited by hummingbirds and do not show the mentioned adaptations, which are also included in the list of Ornelas et al. (2007). The reference of Table 1 can be found in the supplement references. The taxonomy of this list follows Mabberley (2008).


Genus

Familie

Reference

Anisacanthus

Acanthaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Aphelandra

Acanthaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Chalarothyrsus

Acanthaceae

Daniel et al. 2008

Dicliptera

Acanthaceae

Haber 2000

Geissomeria

Acanthaceae

Braz et al. 2000

Habracanthus

Acanthaceae

Haber 2000

Hansteinia

Acanthaceae

Temeles et al. 2002

Justicia

Acanthaceae

Braz et al. 2000

Lophostachys

Acanthaceae

Dona et al. 2007

Mendoncia

Acanthaceae

Braz et al. 2000

Mexacanthus

Acanthaceae

Daniel et al. 2008

Mirandea

Acanthaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Odontonema

Acanthaceae

Stiles 1978

Pachystachys

Acanthaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Poikilacanthus

Acanthaceae

Temeles et al. 2002

Razisea

Acanthaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Ruellia

Acanthaceae

Braz et al. 2000, Tripp 2007

Sanchezia

Acanthaceae

Schmidt-Lehbuhn et al. 2005

Schaueria

Acanthaceae

Daniel et al. 2008

Staurogyne

Acanthaceae

Wolowski et al. 2013

Stenostephanus

Acanthaceae

Fenster 1991

Suessenguthia

Acanthaceae

Schmidt-Lehbuhn et al. 2005

Tetramerium

Acanthaceae

Daniel et al. 2008

Thyrsacanthus

Acanthaceae

Grant 1994

Alstroemeria

Alstroemiaceae

Chacón et al. 2012

Bomarea

Alstroemiaceae

Chacón et al. 2012

Hippeastrum

Amaryllidaceae

Arauja & Sazima 2003

Mandevilla

Apocynaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Behria

Asparagaceae

Arriaga et al., 1990

Dichelostemma

Asparagaceae

Kalt 1997

Hesperaloe

Asparagaceae

Bogler et al. 1995

Arnaldoa

Asteraceae

Gruenstaeudl et al. 2009

Barnadesia

Asteraceae

Gruenstaeudl et al. 2009

Chuquiraga

Asteraceae

Gruenstaeudl et al. 2009

Dendroseris

Asteraceae

Bernadello et al. 2000

Duidaea

Asteraceae

pers. com. A. Gröger

Fulcaldea

Asteraceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Gongylolepis

Asteraceae

Barreda et al. 2012

Hyaloseris

Asteraceae

Galetto 1995a

Mutisia

Asteraceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Stifftia

Asteraceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2006

Impatiens

Balsaminaceae

Bertin 1982

Adenocalymma

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Amphilophium

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Arrabidaea

Bignoniaceae

Nolasco et al.

Bignonia

Bignoniaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Campsidium

Bignoniaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Campsis

Bignoniaceae

Galetto 1995b

Cuspidaria

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Delostoma

Bignoniaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Dolichandra

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Eccremocarpus

Bignoniaceae

Belmonte et al. 1994

Fridericia

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Lundia

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Martinella

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Pyrostegia

Bignoniaceae

Alcantara & Lohmann 2010

Schlegelia

Bignoniaceae

Stiles 1978

Tabebuia

Bignoniaceae

Stiles 1978

Tecoma

Bignoniaceae

Curti & Ortega-Baes 2011

Tourretia

Bignoniaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Zeyheria

Bignoniaceae

Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Lombardi 2001

Cordia

Boraginaceae

Stiles 1978

Lithospermum

Boraginaceae

Cohen 2011

Wigandia

Boraginaceae

Önen et al. 2006

Acantostachys

Bromeliaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Aechmea

Bromeliaceae

Snow & Snow 1972

Ananas

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Billbergia

Bromeliaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Bromelia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Canistropsis

Bromeliaceae

Buzato et al. 2000

Canistrum

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Connellia

Bromeliaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Deuterocohnia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Dyckia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Edmundoa

Bromeliaceae

Buzato et al. 2000

Encholirium

Bromeliaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Fascicularia

Bromeliaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Fernseea

Bromeliaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Fosterella

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Glomeropitcairnia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Greigia

Bromeliaceae

Harms 1930

Guzmania

Bromeliaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Hechtia

Bromeliaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Hohenbergia

Bromeliaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Mezobromelia

Bromeliaceae

Krömer et al. 2006

Navia

Bromeliaceae

pers. com. A. Gröger

Neoglaziovia

Bromeliaceae

Correia Leal et al. 2006

Neoregelia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Nidularium

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Ochagavia

Bromeliaceae

Bernadello et al. 2001

Orthophytum

Bromeliaceae

Machado 2009

Pitcairnia

Bromeliaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Portea

Bromeliaceae

Freitas e Lopes 2002

Pseudananas

Bromeliaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Puya

Bromeliaceae

Schulte et al. 2010

Quesnelia

Bromeliaceae

Snow & Teixeiry 1982

Racinaea

Bromeliaceae

Dziedzioch et al. 2003

Ronnbergia

Bromeliaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Streptocalyx

Bromeliaceae

Amaya-Márquez et al. 2001

Tillandsia

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Vriesea

Bromeliaceae

Givnish et al. 2007

Werauhia

Bromeliaceae

Ackermann 2004

Wittrockia

Bromeliaceae

Buzato et al. 2000

Arrojadoa

Cactaceae

Ordones Rego et al. 2012

Austrocylindropuntia

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Bolivicereus

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Borzicactus

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Cleistocactus

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Consolea

Cactaceae

Rebman & Pinkava 2001

Corryocactus

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Cylindropuntia

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Denmoza

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Disocactus

Cactaceae

Wallace & Gibson 2002

Echinocereus

Cactaceae

Grant 1994

Echinopsis

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Epiphyllum

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Eriosyce

Cactaceae

Guerrero et al. 2011

Ferocactus

Cactaceae

Rose & Barthlott 1994

Hatiora

Cactaceae

Barthlott 1983

Loxanthocereus

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Mammillaria

Cactaceae

Wallace & Gibson 2002

Matucana

Cactaceae

Rose & Barthlott 1994

Melocactus

Cactaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Micranthocereus

Cactaceae

Machado et al. 2007

Nopalea

Cactaceae

del Coro Arizmendi & Ornelas 1990

Opuntia

Cactaceae

del Coro Arizmendi & Ornelas 1990

Oreocereus

Cactaceae

Larrea-Alcazar 2011

Pachycereus

Cactaceae

Hartmann et al. 2002

Peniocereus

Cactaceae

Rose & Barthlott 1994

Pereskia

Cactaceae

Ritter 1979

Pseudorhipsalis

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Rebutia

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Schlumbergera

Cactaceae

Buzato et al. 2000

Stenocereus

Cactaceae

Lara-Rodríguez et al. 2012

Tacinga

Cactaceae

Las-Casas et al. 2012

Tephrocactus

Cactaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Weberbauerocereus

Cactaceae

Schlumpberger & Renner 2012

Burmeistera

Campanulaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Centropogon

Campanulaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Lobelia

Campanulaceae

Grant 1994

Siphocampylus

Campanulaceae

Snow & Teixeiry 1982

Lonicera

Caprifoliaceae

Grant 1994

Silene

Caryophyllaceae

Popp & Oxelman 2007

Symphonia

Clusiaceae

Chazdon et al. 2003

Desfontainia

Columelliaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Combretum

Combretaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Ipomoea

Convolvulaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Merremia

Convolvulaceae

Willmott & Burquez 1996

Operculina

Convolvulaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Costus

Costaceae

Kay et al. 2005

Dudleya

Crassulaceae

Aigner 2005

Echeveria

Crassulaceae

Freeman et al. 1985

Gurania

Cucurbitaceae

Stiles 1985

Psiguria

Cucurbitaceae

Freitas e Lopes 2002

Crinodendron

Elaeocarpaceae

Aizen & Vázquez 2006

Agarista

Ericaceae

Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Lombardi 2001

Anthopterus

Ericaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Bejaria

Ericaceae

Parada-Quintero et al. 2012

Cavendishia

Ericaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Ceratostema

Ericaceae

Luteyn 1986

Comarostaphylis

Ericaceae

Luteyn 2002

Demosthenesia

Ericaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Disterigma

Ericaceae

Navarro et al. 2008

Gaultheria

Ericaceae

Wolf et al. 1976

Gaylussacia

Ericaceae

Machado et al. 2007

Gonocalyx

Ericaceae

Haber 2000

Maclaenia

Ericaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Notopora

Ericaceae

Ramírez 1992

Oreanthes

Ericaceae

Dziedzioch et al. 2003

Orthaea

Ericaceae

Dziedzioch et al. 2003

Plutarchia

Ericaceae

Parada-Quintero et al. 2012

Polyclita

Ericaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Psammisia

Ericaceae

Stiles 1985

Sarcodes

Ericaceae

de Jesus Urtecho 1987

Satyria

Ericaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Semiramisia

Ericaceae

Dziedzioch et al. 2003

Siphonandra

Ericaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Sphyrospermum

Ericaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Themistoclesia

Ericaceae

Parada-Quintero et al. 2012

Thibaudia

Ericaceae

Stiles 1985

Vaccinium

Ericaceae

Ramírez 1992

Escallonia

Escalloniaceae

Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Lombardi 2001

Euphorbia (Pedilanthus)

Euphorbiaceae

Sahagún-Godínez & Lomelí-Sención 1997

Amicia

Fabaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Anarthrophyllum

Fabaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Astragalus

Fabaceae

Grant 1994

Barnebydendron

Fabaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Bauhinia

Fabaceae

Baker et al. 1998

Brownea

Fabaceae

Feinsinger et al. 1985

Calliandra

Fabaceae

Stiles 1985

Camptosema

Fabaceae

de Queiroz 2008

Cleobulia

Fabaceae

de Queiroz 2008

Collaea

Fabaceae

de Queiroz 2008

Dahlstedtia

Fabaceae

Sazima et al. 1995

Erythrina

Fabaceae

Bruneau 1997

Harpalyce

Fabaceae

Gottsberger I, Gottsberger G: comment on herbarium speciment 11-10482; 10.04.1982

Inga

Fabaceae

Chazdon et al. 2003

Neorudolphia

Fabaceae

Kodric-Brown et al. 1984

Periandra

Fabaceae

Machado 2009

Poitea

Fabaceae

Lavin 1993

Sabinea

Fabaceae

Kodric-Brown et al. 1984

Sophora

Fabaceae

Bernadello et al. 2004

Zygia

Fabaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Fouquieria

Fouquieriaceae

Grant 1994

Lehmanniella

Gentianaceae

Struwe & Albert 2002

Lisianthius

Gentianaceae

Snow & Snow 1972

Symbolanthus

Gentianaceae

Molina & Struwe 2007

Tachia

Gentianaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Achimenes

Gesneriaceae

Haber 2000

Alloplectus

Gesneriaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Asteranthera

Gesneriaceae

Woo et al. 2011

Besleria

Gesneriaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Chrysothemis

Gesneriaceae

Carlson 2002

Cobananthus

Gesneriaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Columnea

Gesneriaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Corytoplectus

Gesneriaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Crantzia

Gesneriaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Dalbergaria

Gesneriaceae

Walther & Brieschke 2001

Drymonia

Gesneriaceae

Stiles 1985

Episcia

Gesneriaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Gasteranthus

Gesneriaceae

Mabberley 2008

Gesneria

Gesneriaceae

Martén-Rodríguez et al. 2010

Glossoloma

Gesneriaceae

Temeles et al. 2002

Gloxinia

Gesneriaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Heppiella

Gesneriaceae

Bernadello et al. 1994

Kohleria

Gesneriaceae

Walther & Brieschke 2001

Mitraria

Gesneriaceae

Woo et al. 2011

Moussonia

Gesneriaceae

Haber 2000

Nematanthus

Gesneriaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Neomortonia

Gesneriaceae

Genera of Gesneriaceae webpage 2007

Paradrymonia

Gesneriaceae

Genera of Gesneriaceae webpage 2007

Pearcea

Gesneriaceae

Kvist & Skog 1996

Pheidonocarpa

Gesneriaceae

Martén-Rodríguez et al. 2010

Rhytidophyllum

Gesneriaceae

Martén-Rodríguez et al. 2010

Sarmienta

Gesneriaceae

Woo et al. 2011

Seemannia

Gesneriaceae

Camargo et al. 2011

Sinningia

Gesneriaceae

Perret et al. 2007

Solenophora

Gesneriaceae

Stiles & Freeman 1993

Ribes

Grossulariaceae

Grant 1994

Heliconia

Heliconiaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Iris

Iridaceae

Taylor et al. 2012

Rigidella

Iridaceae

Lyon 1976

Agastache

Lamiaceae

McDonald

Amasonia

Lamiaceae

Schvinn et al. 2014

Cuminia

Lamiaceae

Bernadello et al., 2001

Hedeoma

Lamiaceae

Kodric-Brown et al. 1984

Hypenia

Lamiaceae

Harley et al. 2004

Hyptis

Lamiaceae

Machado 2009

Lepechinia

Lamiaceae

Gutiérrez-Zamora 2008

Monarda

Lamiaceae

Grant 1994

Monardella

Lamiaceae

Grant 1994

Salvia

Lamiaceae

Wester & Classen-Bockhoff 2011

Satureja

Lamiaceae

Grant 1994

Scutellaria

Lamiaceae

Stiles 1985

Stachys

Lamiaceae

Grant 1994

Trichostema

Lamiaceae

Grant 1994

Pinguicula

Lentibulariaceae

Fleischmann, A. pers. comm.

Fritillaria

Liliaceae

Grant, 1994

Lilium

Liliaceae

Grant, 1994

Utricularia

Lentibulariaceae

Fleischmann, A. pers. comm.

Cajophora

Loasaceae

Weigend et al. 2004

Eucnide

Loasaceae

Baker et al. 1998

Nasa

Loasaceae

Weigend et al. 2004

Spigelia

Loganiaceae

Bertin, 1982

Aetanthus

Loranthaceae

Knudsen et al. 2004

Desmaria

Loranthaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Gaiadendron

Loranthaceae

Parada-Quintero et al. 2012

Ligaria

Loranthaceae

Amico et al. 2007

Notanthera

Loranthaceae

Aizen & Vázquez, 2006

Psittacanthus

Loranthaceae

Arauja & Sazima 2003

Tripodanthus

Loranthaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Tristerix

Loranthaceae

Amico et al. 2007

Cuphea

Lythraceae

Graham 1988

Abutilon

Malvaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Chiranthodendron

Malvaceae

Parida Lara et al. 2012

Helicteres

Malvaceae

Arauja & Sazima 2003

Hibiscus

Malvaceae

Walther & Brieschke 2001

Malvaviscus

Malvaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Spirotheca

Malvaceae

Bayer & Chase 2003

Wercklea

Malvaceae

Haber 2000

Calathea

Maranthaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Ischnosiphon

Maranthaceae

Snow & Snow 1972

Monotagma

Maranthaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Norantea

Markgraviaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Schwartzia

Markgraviaceae

Freitas e Lopes 2002

Blakea

Melastomataceae

Almeda 1989

Brachyotum

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Centronia

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Chalybaea

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Charianthus

Melastomataceae

Penneys & Judd 2005

Huilaea

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Meriania

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Tetrazygia

Melastomataceae

Penneys & Judd 2005

Tibouchina

Melastomataceae

Renner 1989

Mirabilis

Nyctaginaceae

Grant 1994

Epilobium

Onagraceae

Grant 1994

Fuchsia

Onagraceae

Berry 1985

Xyloraga

Onagraceae

Baker et al. 1998

Ada

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2012

Cochlioda

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2012

Elleanthus

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2011

Fernandezia

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2012

Habenaria

Orchidaceae

Galetto et al. 1997

Ornithidium

Orchidaceae

Stpiczynska et al. 2004

Sertifera

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2011

Sobralia

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2011

Stenorhynchus

Orchidaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Symphyglossis

Orchidaceae

Neubig et al. 2012

Agalinis

Orobanchaceae

Ferreira de Vasconcelos & Lombardi 2001

Castilleja

Orobanchaceae

Tank & Olmstead 2008

Esterhazya

Orobanchaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Lamourouxia

Orobanchaceae

Lyon 1976

Macranthera

Orobanchaceae

Pickens 1927

Pedicularis

Orobanchaceae

Grant, 1994

Physocalyx

Orobanchaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Velloziella

Orobanchaceae

Buzato et al. 2000

Erblichia

Passifloraceae

Arbo 1979

Malesherbia

Passifloraceae

Gengler-Nowak 2003

Passiflora

Passifloraceae

Krosnick et al 2013

Lapagaria

Philesiaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Philesia

Philesiaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Mimulus

Phrymaceae

Beardsley et al. 2003

Galvezia

Plantaginaceae

Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000

Gambelia

Plantaginaceae

Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000

Keckiella

Plantaginaceae

Wolfe et al. 2006

Lophospermum

Plantaginaceae

Elisen & Freeman 1988

Mabrya

Plantaginaceae

Elisen & Freeman 1988

Maurandya

Plantaginaceae

Elisen & Freeman 1988

Ourisia

Plantaginaceae

Faegri & van der Pijl 1979

Penstemon

Plantaginaceae

Wolfe et al. 2006

Rhodochiton

Plantaginaceae

Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000

Russelia

Plantaginaceae

Toledo 1975

Cantua

Polemoniaceae

Freeman et al. 1984

Collomia

Polemoniaceae

Grant 1994

Gilia

Polemoniaceae

Grant 1994

Ipomopsis

Polemoniaceae

Porter et al. 2010

Loeselia

Polemoniaceae

Freeman et al. 1985

Polemonium

Polemoniaceae

Grant, 1994

Saltugilia

Polemoniaceae

Grant, 1994

Jacquinia

Primulaceae

Janzen 1970

Embothrium

Proteaceae

Smith-Ramirez 1993

Oreocallis

Proteaceae

Knudsen et al. 2004

Aquilegia

Ranunculaceae

Bastida et al. 2010

Delphinium

Ranunculaceae

Jabbour & Renner 2012

Guacamaya

Rapateaceae

Givnish et al. 2000

Kunhardtia

Rapateaceae

Givnish et al. 2000

Spathanthus

Rapateaceae

Givnish et al. 2000

Colletia

Rhamnaceae

Medan & Montaldo, 2005

Augusta

Rubiaceae

Machado 2009

Bouvardia

Rubiaceae

Grant 1994

Chione

Rubiaceae

Baker et al. 1998

Crusea

Rubiaceae

Ornelas et al. 2002

Deppea

Rubiaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Ernodea

Rubiaceae

Negrón-Ortiz & Hickey 1996

Ferdinandusa

Rubiaceae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Hamelia

Rubiaceae

Stiles 1978

Hillia

Rubiaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Hoffmannia

Rubiaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Isertia

Rubiaceae

Snow & Snow 1972

Manettia

Rubiaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Omiltemia

Rubiaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Palicourea

Rubiaceae

Borgella et al. 2001

Pentagonia

Rubiaceae

Chazdon et al. 2003

Portlandia

Rubiaceae

Delprete & Motley 2003

Psychotria

Rubiaceae

Chazdon et al. 2003

Ravnia

Rubiaceae

Stiles 1985

Rondeletia

Rubiaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Syringantha

Rubiaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler this study, based on flower morphology

Decagonocarpus

Rutaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Erythrochiton

Rutaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Toxosiphon

Rutaceae

Kubitzki et al. 2011

Aesculus

Sapindaceae

Bertin, 1982

Ameroglossum

Scrophulariaceae

Fischer 2004

Buddleja

Scrophulariaceae

Sazima et al. 1996

Gibsoniothamnus

Scrophulariaceae

Stiles & Freeman 1993

Scrophularia

Scrophulariaceae

Schleunert & Heubl 2011

Quassia

Simaroubaceae

Chazdon et al. 2003

Brugmansia

Solanaceae

Hainsworth & Wolf 1976

Brunfelsia

Solanaceae

Filipowicz & Renner 2012

Calibrachoa

Solanaceae

Fregonezi et al. 2013

Cestrum

Solanaceae

Montero-Castro et al. 2006

Dunalia

Solanaceae

DeWitt & Baum 2006

Espadaea

Solanaceae

Knapp 2010

Fabiana

Solanaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Goetzea

Solanaceae

Knapp 2010

Iochroma

Solanaceae

DeWitt & Baum 2006

Juanulloa

Solanaceae

Abrahamczyk & Kessler 2010

Latua

Solanaceae

Mabberley 2008

Markea

Solanaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Nicotiana

Solanaceae

Hernandez 1981

Petunia

Solanaceae

Brandenburg et al. 2009

Plowmania

Solanaceae

Knapp 2010

Salpichroa

Solanaceae

Schwerdtfeger 1996

Saracha

Solanaceae

DeWitt & Baum 2006

Schizanthus

Solanaceae

Pérez et al. 2006

Streptosolen

Solanaceae

Baker et al. 1998

Vestia

Solanaceae

Knapp 2010

Symplocos

Symplocaceae

Haber 2000

Trophaeolum

Trophaeolaceae

Wolf et al. 1976

Barbacenia

Velloziacae

Mendonca & dos Anjos 2003

Vellozia

Velloziacae

Sazima & Sazima 1990

Amasonia

Verbenaceae

Lasprilla 2003

Rhaphithamnus

Verbenaceae

Marx et al. 2010

Renealmia

Zingiberaceae

Borgella et al. 2001
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