Summary of the product characteristics Name of the Medicinal Product




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summary of the product characteristics

Name of the Medicinal Product


Calcichew-D3 Citron 500 mg/800 IU chewable tablets

Calcichew-D3 Apelsin 500 mg/800 IU chewable tablets


Qualitative and Quantitative Composition


One tablet contains:

Calcium carbonate equivalent to 500 mg calcium

Cholecalciferol concentrate (powder form) equivalent to 800 IU (20 microgram) cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)
Excipients with known effect:

Isomalt (E953)

Sucrose
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1

Pharmaceutical Form


Chewable tablet
Round, white, uncoated and convex tablets. May have small specks.

Clinical Particulars

1.1Therapeutic indications


Prevention and treatment of vitamin D and calcium deficiency in the elderly.

Vitamin D and calcium supplement as an adjunct to specific osteoporosis treatment of patients who are at risk of vitamin D and calcium deficiency.


1.2Posology and method of administration


Posology
Adults and elderly

One tablet, once daily


The amount of calcium in Calcichew-D3 Citron/Apelsin is lower than the recommended daily intake. Calcichew-D3 Citron/Apelsin is therefore primarily to be used by patients with need of D-vitamin supplementation, but who have some dietary intake of calcium.
Special Patient Populations
Paediatric population:

Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets are not intended for use in children or adolescents.


Impaired renal function:

Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment (see section 4.3).


Impaired hepatic function:

No dose adjustment is required


Method of Administration

Oral. The tablets should be chewed or sucked.


1.3Contraindications


• Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1

• Severe renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min/1.73m2)

• Diseases and/or conditions resulting in hypercalcaemia and/or hypercalciuria

• Renal calculi (nephrolithiasis)



• Hypervitaminosis D

1.4Special warnings and precautions for use


During long-term treatment, serum calcium levels should be followed and renal function should be monitored through measurements of serum creatinine. Monitoring is especially important in elderly patients on concomitant treatment with cardiac glycosides or diuretics (see section 4.5) and in patients with a high tendency to calculus formation. In case of hypercalcaemia or signs of impaired renal function the dose should be reduced or the treatment discontinued.
Calcium carbonate with cholecalciferol tablets should be used with caution in patients with hypercalcaemia or signs of impaired renal function and the effect on calcium and phosphate levels should be monitored. The risk of soft tissue calcification should be taken into account.
During concomitant treatment with other sources of vitamin D and/or medications or nutrients (such as milk) containing calcium, there is a risk of hypercalcaemia and milk-alkali syndrome with subsequent kidney function impairment. In these patients serum calcium levels should be followed and renal function should be monitored.
Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should be prescribed with caution to patients suffering from sarcoidosis, due to the risk of increased metabolism of vitamin D into its active form. These patients should be monitored with regard to the calcium content in serum and urine.
Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets should be used cautiously in immobilised patients with osteoporosis due to increased risk of hypercalcaemia.
Calcichew-D3 chewable tablets contain isomalt (E953) and sucrose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose- galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.

1.5Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction


Thiazide diuretics reduce the urinary excretion of calcium, therefore due to increased risk of hypercalcaemia, serum calcium should be regularly monitored during concomitant use of thiazide diuretics.
Calcium carbonate may interfere with the absorption of concomitantly administered tetracycline preparations. For this reason, tetracycline preparations should be administered at least two hours before or four to six hours after oral intake of calcium carbonate.
Hypercalcaemia may increase the toxicity of cardiac glycosides during treatment with calcium and vitamin D. Patients should be monitored with regard to electrocardiogram (ECG) and serum calcium levels.
If a bisphosphonate is used concomitantly, this preparation should be administered at least one hour before the intake of Calcichew-D3 since gastrointestinal absorption may be reduced.
The efficacy of levothyroxine can be reduced by the concurrent use of calcium, due to decreased levothyroxine absorption. Administration of calcium and levothyroxine should be separated by at least four hours.
The absorption of quinolone antibiotics may be impaired if administered concomitantly with calcium. Quinolone antibiotics should be taken two hours before or six hours after intake of calcium.
Calcium salts may decrease the absorption of iron, zinc and strontium ranelate. Consequently, iron, zinc or strontium ranelate preparations should be taken at least two hours before or after Calcichew-D3.
Treatment with orlistat may potentially impair the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (e.g. vitamin D3).

1.6Fertility, pregnancy and lactation


Pregnancy

Calcichew-D3 can be used during pregnancy, in case of a calcium and vitamin D deficiency. During pregnancy the daily intake should not exceed 2500 mg calcium and 4000 IU vitamin D. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity of high doses of vitamin D (see section 5.3). In pregnant women, overdoses of calcium and vitamin D should be avoided as permanent hypercalcaemia has been related to adverse effects on the developing foetus. There are no indications that vitamin D at therapeutic doses is teratogenic in humans.


Breastfeeding

Calcichew-D3 can be used during breastfeeding. Calcium and vitamin D3 pass into breast milk. This should be considered when giving additional vitamin D to the child.


1.7Effects on ability to drive and use machines


Calcichew-D3 has no known influence on ability to drive and use machines.

1.8Undesirable effects


Adverse reactions are listed below, by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000), or very rare (<1/10,000); or not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).
Immune system disorders

Not known: Hypersensitivity reactions such as angio-oedema or laryngeal oedema.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Uncommon: Hypercalcaemia and hypercalciuria.

Very rare: Milk-alkali syndrome (frequent urge to urinate; continuing headache; continuing loss of appetite; nausea or vomiting; unusual tiredness or weakness; hypercalcaemia ,alkalosis and renal impairment). Seen usually only in overdose (see section 4.9).
Gastrointestinal disorders

Rare: Constipation, dyspepsia flatulence, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea.


Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very rare: Pruritus, rash and urticaria.
Other special population

Patients with renal impairment: potential risk of hyperphosphatemia, nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis. See section 4.4.


Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V.


1.9Overdose


Symptoms

Overdose can lead to hypercalcaemia and hypervitaminosis D. Symptoms of hypercalcaemia may include anorexia, thirst, nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, mental disturbances, polidipsia, polyuria, bone pain, nephrocalcinosis, renal calculi and in severe cases, cardiac arrhythmias. Extreme hypercalcaemia may result in coma and death. Persistently high calcium levels may lead to irreversible renal damage and soft tissue calcification.

Milk-alkali syndrome may occur in patients who ingest large amounts of calcium and absorbable alkali.
Treatment of hypercalcaemia

Treatment is essentially symptomatic and supportive. The treatment with calcium and vitamin D must be discontinued. Treatment with thiazide diuretics and cardiac glycosides must also be discontinued (see section 4.5). Emptying of the stomach in patients with impaired consciousness. Rehydration, and, according to severity, isolated or combined treatment with loop diuretics, bisphosphonates, calcitonin and corticosteroids. Serum electrolytes, renal function and diuresis must be monitored. In severe cases, ECG and CVP should be followed.


Pharmacological Properties

1.10Pharmacodynamic properties


Pharmacotherapeutic group: Mineral supplements, Calcium, combinations with vitamin D and/or other drugs.

ATC code: A12AX


Vitamin D3 increases the intestinal absorption of calcium.
Administration of calcium and vitamin D3 counteracts the increase of parathyroid hormone (PTH) which is caused by calcium deficiency and which causes increased bone resorption.
A clinical study of institutionalised patients suffering from vitamin D deficiency indicated that a daily intake of 1000 mg calcium and 800 IU vitamin D for six months normalised the value of the 25-hydroxylated metabolite of vitamin D3 and reduced secondary hyperparathyroidism and alkaline phosphatases.
An 18 month double-blind, placebo controlled study including 3270 institutionalised women aged 84+/- 6 years who received supplementation of vitamin D (800 IU/day) and calcium phosphate (corresponding to 1200 mg/day of elemental calcium), showed a significant decrease of PTH secretion. After 18 months, an "intent-to treat" analysis showed 80 hip fractures in the calcium-vitamin D group and 110 hip fractures in the placebo group (p=0,004). A follow-up study after 36 months showed 137 women with at least one hip fracture in the calcium-vitamin D group (n=1176) and 178 in the placebo group (n=1127) (p≤0,02).

1.11Pharmacokinetic properties


Calcium

Absorption: The amount of calcium absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract is approximately 30% of the swallowed dose.

Distribution and biotransformation: 99% of the calcium in the body is concentrated in the hard structure of bones and teeth. The remaining 1% is present in the intra- and extracellular fluids. About 50% of the total blood-calcium content is in the physiologically active ionised form with approximately 10% being complexed to citrate, phosphate or other anions, the remaining 40% being bound to proteins, principally albumin.
Elimination: Calcium is eliminated through faeces, urine and sweat. Renal excretion depends on glomerular filtration and calcium tubular reabsorption.
Cholecalciferol

Absorption: Vitamin D3 is easily absorbed in the small intestine.

Distribution and biotransformation: Cholecalciferol and its metabolites circulate in the blood bound to a specific globulin. Cholecalciferol is converted in the liver by hydroxylation to 25-hydroxycholecalciferol. It is then further converted in the kidneys to the active form 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol. 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is the metabolite responsible for increasing calcium absorption. Vitamin D3 which is not metabolised is stored in adipose and muscle tissues.

Elimination: Vitamin D3 is excreted in faeces and urine.

1.12Preclinical safety data


At doses far higher than the human therapeutic range teratogenicity has been observed in animal studies. There is further no information of relevance to the safety assessment in addition to what is stated in other parts of the SPC.

Pharmaceutical Particulars

1.13List of excipients


Xylitol (E967)

Povidone


Isomalt (E953)

Flavouring (lemon or orange)

Magnesium stearate

Sucralose (E955)

Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

All-rac-alpha-tocopherol

Sucrose

Modified maize starch



Triglycerides, medium-chain

Sodium ascorbate

Silica, colloidal anhydrous

1.14Incompatibilities


Not applicable

1.15Shelf life


High Density Polyethylene tablet container: 30 months

Blister pack: 2 years


1.16Special precautions for storage


High Density Polyethylene tablet container: Do not store above 30°C. Store in the original container in order to protect from light. Keep the container tightly closed in order to protect from moisture.

Blister pack: Do not store above 30°C. Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture. Keep blister in the outer carton on order to protect from light.


1.17Nature and contents of container


The chewable tablets are packed in:

High Density Polyethylene tablet containers

Pack sizes: 20, 30, 50, 60, 90, 100, 120, 168 and 180 tablets

Blister pack (PVC/PE/PVdC/Al)

Pack sizes: 7, 14, 28, 50 x 1 tablets (unit dose), 56, 84, 112, 140 and 168 tablets
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

1.18Special precautions for disposal


No special requirements for disposal.

Marketing Authorisation Holder


Takeda Nycomed AS, Postboks 205, NO-1372 Asker, Norge.

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)


Calcichew-D3 Citron: 42959

Calcichew-D3 Apelsin: 42960


Date of First Authorisation/Renewal of the Authorisation


Date of first authorisation: 25 May 2010

Date of latest renewal: 06 June 2013


Date of Revision of the Text


24 March 2016


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