Summaries of Management and Research Activities Related to Alaska’s Boreal Forests Second edition a product of the Alaska Northern Forest Cooperative November 2005




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Summaries of Management and Research Activities Related to Alaska’s Boreal Forests
Second edition

A Product of the

Alaska Northern Forest Cooperative
November 2005

Compiled by:

Robert A. Ott, Ph.D.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources

Division of Forestry

Forest Health Program

Fairbanks, Alaska


Table of contents





Table of contents i

introduction 1

Climate variability and forests 2

Alaska Birch and Black Spruce Tree Growth and Climate 2

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment 3

How white spruce survives: growth, reproduction, fire, and climate variability 4

Opposite treeline growth responses in white spruce and a temperature threshold 5

The Response of forest ecology and growth to climate variability 6



fire management 7

BAER (Burned Area Emergency Response) Stabilization Plan and Invasive Plant Survey: 2005 Overview 7

Development of a computer model for management of fuels, human-fire interactions, and wildland fires in the boreal forest of alaska 8

Fire behavior modeling and assessment for the anchorage wildland-urban interface 9

Fuels Treatment Demonstration Sites in the Boreal Forests of Interior Alaska 10

Hazard fuel reduction and fuel type conversion techniques, and resulting wood product potential in mixed species forests 11

Little Chena Fuels Management Project 12

Native Allotment Hazard Fuel Assessment 13

Western Tanana Flats Vegetative Fuel Management Project 14

Wildfire Hazard Fuel Reduction Project 15



Forest community classification 16

Ecological characteristics of stand age classes in northern forests: a literature review 16

Forest Resource Management Community Types 17

Forest Soils, Forest Stand Characteristics, and Forest Productivity Along a Toposequence 18

Permanent Sample Plots (PSPs) for Stand Characterization 19

Soils of Alaska’s Black Spruce Forest 20

Soils of Alaska’s Northern Forest Community Types 21

Vegetation and community mapping of the Tanana valley 22



Forest health 23

annual forest damage survey permanent plots 23

bark beetle and woodborer pheromone trap monitoring 24

Can Kenai Peninsula White Spruce Resist Beetle Attack? 25

Decay of white spruce in pre-commercially thinned stands in Tok, Alaska 26

Determination of hidden decay in white spruce trees of interior Alaska 27

Determination of Spruce budworm impacts in forest stands on the Tanana river floodplain 28

Early Detection and Rapid Response for Exotic Scolytids and Wood Borers 29

Effects of Herbivory on White Spruce Establishment in Floodplain Plant Communities 30

Effects of spruce budworm defoliation on white spruce regeneration in interior Alaska 31

Evaluation of stem wounds on 80 year-old white spruce near Tok, Alaska 32

establishment of the Fairbanks Forest Health Unit 33

gall aphids on alaska white spruce 34

Ips beetle pheromone research 35

Ips beetle trapout in tanacross 36

Kenai spruce bark beetle inventory 37

Monitoring Ips and wood boring beetle response to fire 38

Monitoring the Amber-marked Birch Leaf Miner and Parasitoid Release 39

Permanent monitoring plots for Spruce bark beetle and spruce budworm impacts 40

Refined distribution map and identification of healthy tamarack stands in Alaska 41

Relationships between climate and spruce budworm population levels in interior Alaska 42

Snowshoe hare browse damage to harvest-regenerated forest stands in interior Alaska 43

state and private forestry Forest Disease projects 44

state and private forestry forest Insect projects 45

state and private forestry invasive Plants projects 46

Using Repeat Color Infrared Photography to Determine Population Trends of the Amber-marked Birch Leaf Miner and the Success of its Biocontrol 47



FOREST INVENTORY 48

Annual inventory of south-central and southeastern coastal Alaska 48

Forest Inventory of State Lands 49

Forest Inventory Permanent Plot Data on U.S. army alaska lands 50

Forest Inventory Variable Plot Data on U.S. Army Alaska lands 51

Native Allotment Forest Inventories 52

native village corporation forest inventories 53

Periodic inventory of southcentral and southeastern coastal Alaska 54



Non-timber forest products 56

Alaska Birch Bark: Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Potential 56

Alaska birch sap production 57

Harvesting Morel Mushrooms after Wildfire in Alaska 58

lowbush cranberry production in response to a pre-commercial thinning of white spruce in interior alaska 59

The Ecology of Post-Fire Morel Mushrooms 60



Riparian zone management 61

Bank Erosion and large woody debris recruitment along the Tanana River, interior Alaska 61

Relevant literature for an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Alaska Forest Resources and Practices Act: An annotated bibliography 62

Riparian buffer vegetation dynamics along glacial rivers in interior Alaska 63

The impact of winter logging roads on vegetation, ground cover, permafrost, and water movement on the Tanana river floodplain in interior alaska 64

site index 65

Site Index for Soil Survey 65

Site Index of Balsam Poplar/Black Cottonwood in Alaska 66

Site Index of Birch in Alaska 67

Site Index of Black Spruce in Alaska 68

Site Index of Tamarack in Alaska 69

Site Index of Trembling Aspen in Alaska 70

Site Index of White Spruce in Alaska 71



Tree regeneration 72

Bonanza Creek Regeneration in Blade Scarified Patches 72

Early Height Growth of Northern Forest Tree Species in Alaska 73

Interactions of white spruce and shrubby alder in recently harvested sites 74

Natural regeneration of white spruce at reserve west 75

Regeneration Surveys for Harvested Timberlands 76



Tree thinning 77

Birch thinning studies in Jenny M creek, chena river drainage 77

Bonanza Creek Hardwood Removal from Mature Mixed Stand 78

Bonanza West South of Parks Highway Aspen-White Spruce Thinning Trial 79

Bonanza West White Spruce Thinning Trial 80

effects of thinning and military training on a hardwood (birch) stand 81

Goldstream White Spruce Sapling Spacing Trial—Standard Creek Road 82

Levels-Of-Growing-Stock (LOGS) Plantations 83

Pole-Sized Birch Thinning in the Standard Creek Area 84

Pole-Sized Spruce Thinning in Standard Creek 85

Slash Decomposition Following Thinning 86

Thinning Pole-Size White Spruce Stands Along Nenana Ridge 87

Understory white spruce response to release from overstories of balsam poplar and quaking aspen 88

West Bonanza White Spruce Thinning and Fertilizer Interaction Trial 89

White spruce response to pre-commercial thinning on Native allotments in interior Alaska 90

Tree volume equations 91

Individual Tree Volume Equations: Aspen 91

Individual Tree Volume Equations: Balsam Poplar/Black Cottonwood 92

Individual Tree Volume Equations: Birch 93

Individual Tree Volume Equations: Black Spruce 94

Individual Tree Volume Equations: White Spruce 95



WILDLIFE 96

Aspen regeneration for wildlife habitat 96

Distribution and abundance of landbirds in the Tanana valley state forest, Alaska 2002-2003 97

Grouse Habitat Improvement on Mat-Su Valley Moose Range 98

Landscape-scale prescribed fire for wildlife habitat 99

Post-logging site treatments for wildlife habitat in floodplain white spruce 100

Scarification to regenerate upland broadleaf forest for wildlife habitat 101

Silvicultural System for Aspen Moose Browse Production 102

Tips on maintaining wildlife habitat in boreal forest of Alaska 103

Willow regeneration for wildlife habitat 104



wood products testing and marketing 105

An evaluation of the retail market potential for locally produced paper birch lumber in Alaska 105

Alaska Birch Craft and Gift Survey—An Evaluation of Marketing Practices and Firm Demographics 106

Evaluating the potential for increased grade recovery of Alaska birch lumber 107

Investigating the potential for developing alternate grading rules for Alaska birch 108

Kitchen cabinets from Alaska birch—consumers preferences for character-marked wood 109



miscellaneous 110

Alaska Community Forestry Program 110

alaska division of Forestry GIS Database Archive 111

Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) and Stand Visualization Simulator (SVS) and Growth and Yield Models 112

Lodgepole pine introduction in alaska 113

Managing small diameter forest stands in interior Alaska: a model-based analysis of fuels mitigation, wildlife habitat enhancement, and fiber supply 114

New Crops III: Carbon Cropping potential in the boreal forest of Alaska 115

Northern Forest Tree Species and Hybrids 116

Re-evaluation of the Willow Island Project 117

Stand Density Indices (SDI) 118

state and private forestry forest management programs 119

Tanana Valley Forest Use Survey 120




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