Summaries of exterior quarantines




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HAWAII
SUMMARIES OF EXTERIOR QUARANTINES

Current as of September 30, 2009


State of Hawaii, Department of Agriculture

Plant Industry Division

Plant Quarantine Branch

1849 Auiki Street

Honolulu, Hawaii 96819

Phone: (808) 832-0566; Fax: (808) 832-0584


Lyle Wong, Ph.D. Administrator, Plant Industry Division

Carol L. Okada. Plant Quarantine Branch, Program Manager


The information, as provided, is for informational purposes only and should not be

interpreted as complete, nor should it be considered legally binding. Coordination with

both your state and the destination state plant regulatory agency listed above may be

necessary to stay up-to-date on revised requirements. Links to current laws and

regulations can be found below.
DEFINITION OF NURSERY STOCK
Hawaii has no formal definition of "nursery stock" in statute or rule.
GENERAL SHIPPING REQUIREMENTS
No one may import into Hawaii by any means the following articles without immediately notifying the Department of Agriculture of their arrival:
Any plant or plant part, including nursery-stock, tree, shrub, herb, vine, cut-flower, cutting, graft, scion, bud, seed, leaf, root, or rhizome; nut, fruit, or vegetable, grain, cereal or legume in their natural or raw state; moss, hay, straw, dry-grass, or other forage, unmanufactured log, limb, or timber, or any other plant growth or plant product, unprocessed or in the raw state; soil whether or not attached to plants; box, vehicle, baggage, or any other container in which such articles have been transported or any packing material used in connection therein.
Such notification must describe the shipment in detail, giving names and addresses of the shipper and consignee and all information necessary for identification of the shipment. Such articles must be held at point of arrival for inspection and disposition by the Department of Agriculture.
Each container must be clearly labeled with names and addresses of shipper and consignee, the contents, and the state of origin. Possession may not be taken unless each container bears a tag, label or stamp to indicate that the article has been inspected and passed.
This action shall constitute a permit by the Department of Agriculture authorizing its entry into Hawaii.
NOXIOUS WEED LIST
COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME
black wattle Acacia mearnsii

New Zealand bur, piripiri Acaena novae-zelandiae

Russian knapweed Acroptilon repens

Kat sola, Indian jointvetch Aeschynomene indica

croftonweed, Maui pamakani Ageratina adenophora

creeping croftonweed, Hamakua Ageratina riparia

wild garlic Allium vineale

West Indian foxtale Andropogon bicornis

broomsedge Andropogon virginicus

Madeira vine Anredera cordifolia

shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica

plume poppy Bocconia frutescens

hairy whitetop Cardaria pubescens

spiny tree cactus, Peruvian apple Cersus uruguayanus

siamweed, bitterbush Chromoleana odorata

Canada thistle Cirsium arvense

Koster's curse, curse Clidemia hirta var. hirta

ivy gourd Coccinia grandis

field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis

Cortaderia jubata

barbwire grass Cymbopogon refractus

yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus

French broom Cytisus monspessulanus

Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius

marabu Dichrostachys nutans

elephantopus, elephant's foot Elephantopus mollis

quackgrass Elytrigia repens

spiny emex Emex spinosa

moon cactus Eriocereus martinii

leafy spurge Euphorbia esula

kahiliflower, Bank's grevillea Grevillea banksii

halogeton Halogeton glomeratus

comb hyptis Hyptis pectinata

wild spikenard Hyptis suaveolens

cogon Imperata cylindrica

acuate Lagascea mollis

perennial pepperweed Lepidium latifolium

malachra Malachra alceifolia

Medinilla venosa

melastoma Melastoma spp.

miconia Miconia spp.

mile-a-minute Mikania micanthra

climbing hempweed Mikania scandens

giant sensitiveplant Mimosa invisa

thorny sensitiveplant Mimosa pigra

miscanthus, Japanese silvergrass Miscanthus floridulus

tree daisy Montanoa hibiscifolia

firetree, candleberry myrtle Myrica fava



Oxyspora paniculata

torpedograss Panicum repens

banana passionfruit Passiflora mollissima

wingleaf passionfruit Passiflora pulchella

fountaingrass Pennisetum setaceum

spiked pepper Piper aduncum

Victorian box Pittosporum undulatum

Prosopis juliflora

tropical kudzu Pueraria phaseoloides

downy rosemyrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

prickly Florida blackberry Rubus argutus

yellow Himalayan blackberry Rubus ellipticus var ordatus

hill raspberry Rubus niveus

Molucca raspberry Rubus seiboldii

Russian thistle Salsola kali

fireweed Senecio madagascariensis

horsenettle Solanum carolinense

silverleaf nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium

Solanum robustum

turkeyberry, terongan Solanum torvum

perennial sowthistle Sonchus arvensis

Spanish broom Spartium junceum

nasella tussock Stipa trichotoma

witchweeds Striga spp.

Lyon's grass Themeda villosa

tibouchina Tibouchina spp.

paroquet bur Triumfetta rhomboidea

Sacremento bur Triumfetta semitriloba

gorse Ulex europaeus

caesarweed Urena lobata

mullein Verbascum thapsus
QUARANTINES OR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
I. SUGARCANE AND GRASSES
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All members of grass (Gramineae=Poaceae) family except corn, sorghum, sudan grass and broom corn that are regulated under section X.
PESTS REGULATED: sugarcane moth borers, Diatraea saccharalis and Castnia licoides, smut, Ustilago scitaminea, viruses (mosaic), and other insects and diseases of sugarcane and grasses that are not now established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS:
A. Sugarcane (any species of the genus Saccharum). Any sugarcane plant or part thereof in any manner is prohibited except under permit.
Importation is limited to approved varieties for propagation and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
B. Members of the Grass Family (other than Saccharum spp.). Any plant or part thereof is prohibited except under permit. Seeds and dried non living plant materials are unrestricted.

Importation is limited to approved varieties for propagation and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.


II. PINEAPPLE AND OTHER BROMELIADS
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All members of the bromeliad (Bromeliaceae) family.
PESTS REGULATED: thrips (Frankliniella moultoni), pineapple borers (Metamasius spp., and Strymon basilides), mealybugs (Dysmicoccus spp.) and other insects and diseases of pineapple and bromeliaceous plants that are not now established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS:
A. Pineapple (any species of the genus Ananas). Any pineapple plant, seed, or other part thereof is prohibited except under permit.
Importation of pineapple plants is limited to approved varieties for propagation and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.

Importation of plants and plant parts of pineapple for processing, manufacturing or other non propagative purposes may be imported under permit when the conditions satisfy the chief that the introduction can be made with a reasonable degree of safety.


B. BROMELIADS (other than Ananas spp.). Any bromeliad plant or part thereof is prohibited except under permit. Seeds, dried non-living materials, and tissue cultured plants grown in sterile media and in a completely enclosed sterile container or other similar container are unrestricted.
Importation of plants and plant parts of bromeliads for processing, manufacturing or other non propagative purposes may be imported under permit when the conditions satisfy the chief that the introduction can be made with a reasonable degree of safety.
Bromeliad plants for propagation will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
DURATION OF QUARANTINE:
1. Pineapple – one year
2. Bromeliad

a. One year for plants from South and Central America, Mexico, and nearby island countries.

b. One year for plants without an official certificate of origin.

c. Quarantine requirements may be waived by the manager for any plant that is entering under permit and that has been inspected and found free of any signs of pest infestation or symptoms of disease provided the plants are accompanied by an official certificate of origin certifying that the plants were grown in the continental United States or in a foreign country other than in South and Central America, Mexico, or nearby island countries.


III. COFFEE
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All species of the genus Coffea.
PESTS REGULATED: coffee berry borer, Stephanoderes hampei, coffee rust, Hemileia vastatrix, and other insects and diseases of coffee that are not now established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Any coffee plant, plant part, unroasted seed, or used coffee bag is prohibited except under permit.
Importation of coffee plants or seeds for propagation is for approved varieties and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
Coffee seeds for roasting are prohibited except under permit. Each shipment is subject to approved treatment and conditions outlined in the permit.
Used coffee bags are prohibited except under permit and approved treatment. Each shipment must be accompanied by phytosanitary certificate or a certificate of treatment indicating the treatment procedure.
IV. CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries except Japan.
MATERIALS REGULATED: Turnip, rutabaga, radish (including daikon), and horseradish.
PESTS REGULATED: cabbage maggot, Chortophila brassicae
RESTRICTIONS: The edible roots of turnip, rutabaga, radish (including daikon), and horseradish from regulated areas are prohibited unless the shipment is accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate or certificate of treatment certifying that the vegetables contained in the shipment were subjected to approved treatment.
V. ORCHIDS
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All members of the orchid (Orchidaceae) family.
PESTS REGULATED: South American stem borer, Diorymerellus laevimargo, South American orchid bug, Tenthecoris bicolor, a midge, Parallelodiplosis cattleyae, and other insects and diseases of orchids that are not now established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Any orchid plant or propagative plant part is prohibited except under permit. Seeds, or plants grown in sterile flasks or small seedlings transferred out of sterile flasks just prior to shipping are unrestricted.
Importation of orchid plants for propagation will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
DURATION OF QUARANTINE:
(1) Two months (or more if deemed necessary by the chief) (a) Plants from foreign countries and United States territories and possessions that are south of 30º north latitude; (b) Plants from areas south of 30º north latitude that have been grown in the continental United States for less than one year; (c) Plants from areas south of 30º north latitude that have been grown in an area north of 30º north latitude for less than one year.
(2) Exempt from quarantine   Plants accompanied by a certificate of origin certifying that all plants in the lot are: (a) Known to be of domestic origin and grown entirely in the continental United States; (b) Grown in foreign countries that are north of 30º north latitude; (c) Of foreign origin but were grown in the continental United States for more than one year.
VI. BANANA
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All species of the genus Musa.
PESTS REGULATED: banana root borer, Cosmopolites sordidus, West Indian cane weevil, Metamasius hemipterus, and other insects and diseases of banana that are not now established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Any banana plant or part thereof is prohibited except under permit. Fruits are unrestricted.
Importation is limited to approved varieties for propagation and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
VII. PASSION FRUIT
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All species of the genus Passiflora.
PESTS REGULATED: passion vine hopper, Scolypopa australis, the "woodiness disease" of passion fruit, and other insects and diseases of passion fruit that are now not established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Any passion fruit plant or part thereof is prohibited except under permit.
Importation is limited to approved varieties for propagation and will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.
VIII. PINE
STATES REGULATED: CT, DE, IL, IN, IA, ME, MD, MS, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, WA, WV, and WI.
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: All species of the genus Pinus.
PESTS REGULATED: European pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana
RESTRICTIONS: Any pine plant, branch, or twig bearing terminal buds, needles or shoots is prohibited except under any of the following conditions:
1. Plants from foreign areas where pine shoot moth is not known to occur provided each lot is accompanied by a certificate of origin.
2. Plants from domestic non regulated areas provided each lot is accompanied by a certificate of origin.
3. Plants from domestic regulated areas provided each lot is subjected to approved treatment and accompanied by a certificate of treatment.
4. Cut pine trees, branches, or twigs for ornamental purposes from domestic areas during the period October 20 to December 31.
5. Non commercial shipments of bonsai or pine plants not exceeding two feet in height and in lots not exceeding twelve plants, provided the shipment is subject to 100% inspection and found free of European pine shoot moth.
6. By permit limited to issuance to official state or federal forestry agencies authorizing the entry of seedling trees for reforestation or scientific research from domestic areas, including regulated areas. The trees must be greenhouse grown under official supervision and subsequently handled under conditions satisfactory to the chief to preclude infestation or exposure to infestation by the European pine shoot moth.
IX. COCONUT
STATES REGULATED: All states
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: Coconut, Cocos nucifera
PESTS REGULATED: Various insects, virus, fungus, bacteria, and other infectious agents of coconut, that are now not established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Any coconut plant or part thereof is prohibited except under any of the following conditions:
1. By permit limited to a completely husked nut, incapable of germination when introduced for manufacturing, food, or other non propagative purposes under conditions outlined in the permit.
2. The flesh of the nut including fresh and processed products, coconut "milk," and nut shell.
3. The palm "heart" free from leaf tissue.
4. A dried plant part such as leaf, husk, and tree trunk provided each lot is subjected to approved treatment and accompanied by a certificate of treatment.
X. EUROPEAN CORN BORER
STATES REGULATED: AL, AR, CO, CT, DE, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY, and the District of Columbia.
COUNTRIES REGULATED: All European countries
MATERIALS REGULATED: Corn, sorghum, broomcorn, sudan grass, aster, chrysanthemum, hollyhock, dahlia, gladiola, and other related food and floral crops, not covered under section I.
PESTS REGULATED: European corn borer, Ostrina nubilulis, and other insects of corn, and related food and floral crops not established in Hawaii.
RESTRICTIONS: Plant and plant parts of corn, broom corn, sorghum, sudan grass, aster, chrysanthemum, hollyhock, dahlia, and gladiola are prohibited except under any of the following conditions:
1. Seed with no plant fragments
2. Frozen corn on the cob with husk and silk removed.
3. Seedling plant or propagative cuttings of aster, chrysanthemum, and hollyhock.
4. Cut flowers of aster, chrysanthemum, hollyhock, dahlia, and gladiolus.
5. Tubers of dahlia and gladiolus corms without stems.
6. Shipments from regulated areas provided each lot is subjected to approved treatment and accompanied by a certificate of treatment.
7. Commercial shipments from non regulated areas provided each lot is accompanied by a certificate of origin.
8. Non commercial shipments from non regulated areas brought in by handcarried or passenger baggage provided each lot is accompanied by a certificate of origin, sales invoice, or other document indicating the product was grown in, or purchased from a non regulated area.
XI. PALMS
STATES REGULATED: FL, TX, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Territory of Guam.
COUNTRIES REGULATED: Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, all other Caribbean Islands, Panama, Venezuela, Philippines, Ghana, Togo, Dahomey and Nigeria.
MATERIALS REGULATED: All members of the palm (Palmae) family except coconut which is regulated under section IX.
PESTS REGULATED: lethal yellowing disease, cadang cadang, Guam disease, and other similar diseases of palm.
RESTRICTIONS: The following are the general conditions for the importation of palm plants, propagative plant parts and seeds into Hawaii:
1. All shipments must be accompanied by an official certificate of origin stating that the palm plant or propagative plant part was grown entirely in the respective country or state.
2. No palm plants or propagative plant part, including seeds, from any regulated area.
3. Only seeds from non regulated areas of the United States, Central America and South America.
4. Only seeds of palms listed below can be imported from unregulated foreign countries.
Adonidia spp.

Areca spp.

Arenga spp., sugar palm

Arikuryroba spp., arikury palm

Borassus spp., palmyra palm

Caryota spp., fishtail palm

Chrysalidocarpus spp., butterfly palm, cabada palm

Cocos spp.

Corypha spp., buri palm

Dictyosperma spp., princess palm

Diplothemium arenaria

Elaeis spp., oil palm

Gaussia spp., Puerto Rican gaussia, llume palm

Howeia belmoreana, sentry palm

Lantania spp., latan palm

Livistonia spp., fan palm

Mascarena spp., spindle palm

Nannorrhops spp., mazari palm

Phoenix spp., date palm

Pritchardia spp., kona palm, Fiji Island fan palm

Trachycarpus spp., windmill palm

Veitchia spp., christmas palm
XII. CARIBBEAN FRUIT FLY
STATES REGULATED: FL (Caribbean fruit fly infested areas), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
MATERIALS REGULATED: The fruits and berries of the following plants:
Carica papaya, papaya

Citrus aurantiifolia, sour lime

Citrus aurantiifolia x Fortunella japonica, limequat

Citrus aurantium, sour orange

Citrus limetta, sweet lemon

Citrus limonia, Rangpur lime

Citrus mitis, calamondin

Citrus nobilis 'unshiu' x Fortunella sp., orangequat

Citrus paradisi, grapefruit

Citrus paradisi x Citrus reticulata, tangelo

Citrus reticulata, tangerine

Citrus sinensis, sweet orange

Citrus sinensis x Citrus reticulata, temple orange

Clausena lansium, wampi

Eriobotrya japonica, loquat

Fortunella crassifolia, kumquat

Fortunella mergarita, oval kumquat

Malpighia glabra, Barbados cherry

Mangifera india, mango

Murraya paniculata, orange jasmine

Prunus persica, peach

Psidium cattleianum, cattley guava

Psidium freidrichsthalianum, Costa Rican guava

Psidium guajava, common guava

Severinia buxifolia, box orange

Syzygium jambos, rose apple

Terminalia catappa, tropical almond

Triphasia trifolia, lime berry
RESTRICTIONS: Fruits and berries from regulated areas are prohibited except those subjected to approved treatments accompanied by a certificate of treatment. Green sour lime which shows no yellow coloring, and sour lemon regardless of color are not restricted.
Fruits and berries from non infested areas in Florida are prohibited unless accompanied by certificate of origin stating commodity was grown in an area free of Caribbean Fruit Fly.
XIII. TARO AND DASHEEN
STATES REGULATED: None
COUNTRIES REGULATED: British Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands)
MATERIALS REGULATED: All taro and dasheen plants and propagative plant parts.
PESTS REGULATED: Virus disease of Alomae and Babone.
RESTRICTIONS: Any taro or dasheen plant or propagative plant part from a regulated area is prohibited except under permit.
Importation of plants under permit will be held under supervision in a strictly enforced quarantine under conditions outlined in the permit.



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