Stafford lake reservoir and county park, novato




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STAFFORD LAKE RESERVOIR AND COUNTY PARK, NOVATO

Includes lake-shore plants from the North side of the reservoir, the landscaped park areas,

and the hills above the Disc-Golf course. This list was compiled by Doreen Smith from data collected on the

following field trips: 20 Aug. 2005, 28 Sept. 2005,1 Nov. 2006, March 2007, 9 Sept 2009, 23 March 2010,

3 Nov. 2011, 5 July 2012, 6 Sept 2012.


AIZOACEAE (FIG-MARIGOLD FAMILY)

Cypselea humifusa Mudmat *

ALISMATACEAE (WATER PLANTAIN FAMILY)

Alisma lanceolatum Pink-flowered Water-plantain *

Alisma triviale White-flowered Water-Plantain

Echinodorus berteroi Burhead

Sagittaria brevirostra Eastern U.S. Arrowhead *
AMARYLLIDACEAE (AMARYLLIS FAMILY)

Amaryllis belladonna Belladonna Lily, Naked Ladies *

Narcissus spp. Daffodils *
ANACARDIACAE (POISON-OAK FAMILY)
Pistacea chinensis Chinese Pistache *

Rhus sp. BrazilianTree-pepper *

Toxicodendron diversilobum Poison-oak
APIACEAE (CELERY FAMILY)

Conium maculatum Poison Hemlock *

Daucus pusillus Rttlesnake- weed

Oenanthe sarmentosa Water Parsley

Perideridia kelloggii Kellogg’s Yampah

Sanicula crassicaulis Pacific Snakeroot

Sanicula laciniata Oak Woodland Sanicle
APOCYNACEAE (DOGBANE FAMILY)

Vinca major Periwinkle *


ARALIACEAE (ARALIA FAMILY)

Hedera helix English Ivy *


ASTERACEAE (ASTER FAMILY)

Anthemis cotula Mayweed *

Bellis perennis English Daisy *

Carduus pycnocephallus Italian Thistle *

Centaurea solstitialis Yellow Star-thistl

Centromadia fitchii Fitch’s Spikeweed

Chrysanthemum segetum Corn Marigold *

Cirsium vulgare Bull Thistle *

Erigeron canadensis Canadian Horseweed

Erigeron sumatrensis Hairy Horseweed *

Eurybia radulina Broad-leaved Aster

Gnaphalium palustre Marsh Cudweed

Helminthotheca echioides Bristly Ox-tongue *

Hemizonia congesta ssp. lutescens Marin-Sonoma Tarplant

Hypochaeris glabra Annual Cat's-ear *

Hypochaeris radicata Hairy Cat's-ear *

Lactuca saligna Willowleaf Lettuce *

Lagophylla ramosissima Hareleaf

Leontodon saxatilis Hawkbit Dandelion *

Madia sativa Tall Tarplant *

Senecio vulgaris Common Groundsel *

Solidago velutina ssp. californica California Goldenrod

Sonchus asper Spiny Sow-thistle *

Sonchus oleraceus Smooth Sow-thistle *

Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum European Cudweed *

Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum Pink Everlastig

Taraxacum officinale European Dandelion *

Xanthium spinosum Spiny Cocklebur *

Xanthium strumarium Large-leaved Cocklebur *
AZOLLACEAE (MOSQUITO FERN FAMILY)

Azolla filiculoides Mosquito Fern


BETULACEAE (BIRCH FAMILY)

Alnus rhombifolia White Alder

Corylus cornuta ssp. californica California Hazel
BORAGINACEAE (BORAGE FAMILY)

Heliotropium curassavicum Heliotrope

Cynoglossom grande Hound’s-tongue (incl. a white-flowered one!)

Plagiobothrys bracteatus Seasonal Wetland Popcornflower


BRASSICACEAE (MUSTARD FAMILY)

Athysanus pusillus Littlepod

Brassica nigra Tall Black Mustard *

Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's Purse *

Cardamine californica Milkmaids

Cardamine oligosperma Bitter-cress

Hirschfeldia incana Summer Mustard *

Lepidium nitidum Pepper Cress

Lepidium didymum Wart Cress *

Raphanus sativus Wild Radish *

Rorippa curvipes Short-capsule Yellowcress

Rorippa curvisiliqua Curved-capsule Yellowcress


CARYOPHYLLACEAE (PINK FAMILY)

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Perennial Mouse-ear Chickweed *

Cerastium glomeratum Annual Mouse-ear Chickweed *

Polycarpon tetraphyllum Allseed *

Scleranthus annuus Knawel *

Spergula arvensis ssp. arvensis Corn Spurrey *

Spergularia rubra Common Pink Spurrey *

Stellaria media Common Chickweed *

Stellaria nitens Shining Chickweed
CHENOPODIACEAE (GOOSEFOOT FAMILY)

Amaranthus albus Slender Pigweed *

Amaranthus californicus Ca. Amaranth

Amaranthus retroflexus Rough Pigweed *

Atriplex rosea Goosefoot

Atriplex suberecta Goosefoot

Atriplex prostrata Spearscale *

Chenopodium macrospermum Shoreline Goosefoot *

Chenopodium murale Wall Goosefoot *

Chenopodium strictum var. glaucophyllum Lambs' Quarters *

Chenopodium vulvaria Stinking Goosefoot *

Dysphania ambrosoides Mexican Tea, Epazote *

Dysphania botrys Jerusalem-oak Goosefoot *
CONVOLVULACEAE (BINDWEED FAMILY)

Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed *

Cuscuta campestris Dodder (on Xanthium strumarium)
CRASSULACEAE (STONECROP FAMILY)

Crassula aquatica Water Pigmy-weed

Crassula connata Sand Pigmy-weed
CYPERACEAE (SEDGE FAMILY)

Cyperus eragrostis Umbrella Sedge

Cyperus erythrorhizos Annual Cyperus

Eleocharis acicularis Turf-forming Spikerush

Eleocharis macrostachya Large Spikerush, Nailrod

Eleocharis pachycarpa Rhizomatous Spikerush *

Eleocharis quinqueflora Few-flowered Slender Spikerush
DIPSACACEAE (TEASEL FAMILY)

Dipsacus sativus White-flowered Teasel *


ELATINACEAE (WATERWORT FAMILY)

Elatine brachysperma Waterwort

EQUISETACEAE (HORSETAIL FAMILY)

Equisetum arvense Marsh Horsetail

Equisetum telmateia var. braunii Giant Horsetail
EUPHORBIACEAE (SPURGE FAMILY)

Chamaesyce maculata Spotted Spurge *

Chamaesyce serpens Small-leaved Spurge *

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Spurge

Croton setigerus Turkey Mullein
FABACEAE (PEA FAMILY)

Acmispon americanus Spanish-clover, Pink Lotus

Lathyrus vestitus Hillside Pea

Lotus tenuis Narrow-leaved Bird’s-foot Trefoil *

Medicago arabica Calvary-clover *

Medicago polymorpha Bur Clover *

Trifolium dubium Shamrock, Small Hopclover *

Trifolium fragiferum Strawberry Clover *

Trifolium hirtum Rose Clover *

Trifolium repens White Clover *

Vicia americana American Vetch

Vicia sativa ssp. nigra Narrow-leaved Vetch *

Vicia sativa ssp. sativa Broadleaved Vetch *
FAGACEAE (BEECH FAMILY)

Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia Coast Live Oak

Quercus douglasii Blue oak

Quercus garryana Oregon Oak

Quercus kelloggii Black Oak

Quercus lobata Valley Oak

Quercus spp. Eastern U.S. Pin & Red Oaks *
GENTIANACEAE (GENTIAN FAMILY)

Centaurium tenuiflorum Common European Centaury *


GERANIACEAE (GERANIUM FAMILY)

Erodium cicutarium Red-stem Filaree *

Erodium moschatum White-stem Filaree *

Geranium dissectum Cutleaved Cranesbill *


GROSSULARIACEAE (GOOSEBERRY FAMILY)

Ribes caliifornicum California Gooseberry

Ribes menziesii Canyon Gooseberry *

Ribes speciosum Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry *

Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Currant *
HYDROCHARITACEAE (WATERWEED FAMILY)

Najas guadalupensis Common Water-nymph


IRIDACAEAE (IRIS FAMILY)

Iris douglasiana "var. major" Pastel-color woodland form of Douglas Iris

Iris macrosiphon Ground Iris
JUNCACEAE (RUSH FAMILY)

Juncus bufonius var. bufonius Toad Rush

Juncus effusus var. pacificus Green Rush

Juncus occidentalis Western Grass-leaved Rush

Juncus patens Blue-green Bunch-rush

Juncus xiphioides Iris-leaved Rush


LAMIACEAE (MINT FAMILY)

Lamium amplexicaule Giraffe’s Head *

Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal *

Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris Selfheal (small blue-flowered weedy var.) *

Stachys rigida var. quercetorum Woodland Hedge-nettle
LAURACEAE (LAUREL FAMILY)

Umbellularia californica California Bay


LEMNACEAE (DUCKWEED FAMILY)

Lemna minor Duckweed

LILIACEAE (LILY FAMILY)

Fritillaria liliacea (hillside, S. side of reservoir) White Lily Fritillary LIST1B.2

Prosartes hookeri Green Fairybell
LIMNANTHACEAE (MEADOWFOAM FAMILY)

Limnanthes douglasii ssp. douglasii Meadowfoam


LINACEAE (FLAX FAMILY)

Linum bienne Pale Flax *


LYTHRACEAE (LOOSESTRIFE FAMILY)

Lythrum hyssopifolium Grass-poly, pale pink Loosestrife *

Lythrum tribracteatum Three-bracted deep pink Loosestrife *


MALVACEAE (MALLOW FAMILY)

Abutilon theophrastii Velvet-leaf *

Malva nicaeensis French Mallow, Cheeseweed *

Malva parviflora Small-flowered Mallow *

Malvella leprosa Alkali Mallow
MOLLUGINACAE (MOLLUGO FAMILY)

Mollugo verticillata Indian Chickweed


MONTIACEAE (MINERS-LETTUCE FAMILY)

Calandrinia ciliata Redmaids

Claytonia exigua var. exigua Least Miner’s-lettuce

Claytonia perfoliata Miners’-lettuce

Montia fontana Blinks
MYRSINACEAEACEAE (MYRSINE FAMILY)

Anagallis arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel *


OLEACEAE (OLIVE FAMILY)

Fraxinus oregana Oregon Ash

Fraxinus sp. Ash *
ONAGRACEAE (EVENING-PRIMROSE FAMILY)

Epilobium brachycarpum Short-fruited Willowherb

Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Hairy Willowherb

Epilobium densiflorum Leafy Boisduvalia

Epilobium campestre Oval-fruited Boisduvalia

Epilobium torreyi Curved-fruit Bosduvalia

Ludwigia peploides ssp. peploides Creeping Water-primrose
OROBANCHACEAE (BROOMRAPE FAMILY)

Parentucellia latifolia Red Parentucellia


OXALIDACEAE (OXALIS FAMILY)

Oxalis corniculata Weedy Oxalis


PAPAVERACEAE (POPPY FAMILY)

Eschscholzia californica California Poppy


PHRYMACEAE (LOPSEED FAMILY)

Mimulus guttatus Perennial Yellow Monkey-flower


PINACEAE (PINE FAMILY)

Pinus radiata Monterey Pine *

Pinus spp. Pines *
PLANTAGINACEAE (PLANTAIN FAMILY)

Kickxia elatine Arrow-leaved Fluellen *

Kickxia spuria Round-leaved Fluellen *

Plantago coronopus Deer Plantain

Plantago erecta Dwarf Plantain

Plantago lanceolata Ribwort, English Plantain *

Plantago major Common Broadleaf Plantain *

Veronica americana Marsh Speedwell

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis Vernal Pool Speedwell
PLATANACEAE (PLANE-TREE FAMILY)

Platanus racemosa California Sycamore *

Platanus X London Plane-tree, a hybrid *
POACEAE (GRASS FAMILY)

Agrostis avenacea Vernal Wetland Bentgrass *

Agrostis sp. Creeping Bentgrass *

Aira caryophyllea Silver Hair Grass *

Avena barbata Wild Oat *

Avena sativa Oat

Bromus carinatus var. carinatus California Brome

Bromus diandrus Ripgut Brome *

Bromus hordeaceus Soft Brome *

Crypsis alopecuroides Alopecurus-like Crypsis *

Crypsis schoenoides Longstem Pricklegrass *

Crypsis vaginata Turfing Pricklegrass *

Cynodon dactylon Bermuda Grass *

Dactylis glomerata Orchard grass *

Digitaria ischaemum Glabrous Crabgrass *

Digitaria sanguinalis Hairy Crabgrass *

Echinochloa crus-galli Barnyard Grass *

Ehrharta erecta Veldt grass (2006) *

Eragrostis cilianensis Stink Grass *

Eragrostis hypnoides Love Grass *

Eragrostis mexicana Mexican Grass *

Festuca arundinacea Tall Fescue *

Festuca bromoides Brome-like Annual Fescue *

Festuca californica California Fescue

Festuca perennis Ryegrass *

Festuca rubra Red Fescue

Holcus lanatus Velvet Grass *

Hordeum marinum ssp. gussoneanum Mediterranean Barley *

Paspalum dilatatum Dallis Grass *

Phalaris lemmonii Lemon’s Grass

Paspalum distichum Summer Seep-grass

Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu Grass (2006) *

Phalaris aquatica Harding Grass *

Poa annua Annual Bluegrass *

Poa pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass *

Polypogon interruptus Ditch Beardgrass *

Stipa pulchra Needlegrass
POLEMONIACEAE (PHLOX FAMILY)

Navarretia squarrosa Skunkweed


POLYGONACEAE (BUCKWHEAT FAMILY)

Persicaria amphibia "var. emersa" Shoreline Knotweed

Persicaria hydropiperoides Perennial Pink Water-pepper

Persicaria lapathifolia Willow-Dock

Persicaria maculosa Lady's Thumb *

Persicaria punctata White-flowered Smartweed

Polygonum arenastrum Dooryard Knotweed *

Rumex acetosella Sheep Sorrel *

Rumex conglomeratus Clustered Dock *

Rumex crispus Curly Dock *

Rumex fueginus (was maritimus) Golden Dock *

Rumex pulcher Fiddle Dock *

PORTULACACEAE (PURSLANE FAMILY)

Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane *


POTAMOGETONACEAE (PONDWEED FAMILY)

Potamogeton nodosus Floating-leaved Pondweed


RANUNCULACEAE (BUTTERCUP FAMILY)

Delphinium variegatum Royal Delphinium (nr. Fritillaria liliacea site)

Ranunculus aquatilis var. diffusus White-flowered Water Buttercup

Ranunculus californicus California Spring Buttercup


RESEDACEAE (MIGNONETTE FAMILY)

Reseda luteola Dyer's Greenweed *


RHAMNACEAE ((COFFEEBERRY FAMILY)

Frangula californica Coffeeberry


ROSACEAE (ROSE FAMILY)

Acaena pinnatifida var. californica Callifornia-bur

Oemleria cerasiformis Osoberry

Rosa rubiginosa Sweet-briar Rose *

Rosa gymnocarpa Woodland Rose

Rubus armeniacus “Himalaya” Blackberry *

Rubus ursinus Native Blackberry
RUBIACEAE (MADDER FAMILY)

Galium aparine Goosegrass, Bedstraw *

Gallium porrigens Climbing Bedstraw

Sherardia arvensis Field Madder *


SALICACEAE (WILLOW FAMILY)

Salix babylonica Weeping Willow *

Salix exigua Grey Wilow, Sandbar Willow

Salix lasiolepis var. lasiolepis Arroyo Willow

Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra Yellow Willow
SAPINDACEAE (SOAPBERRY FAMILY)

Acer negundo Box-elder maple

Aesculus californica California Buckeye
SAXIFRAGACEAE (SAXIFRAGE FAMILY)

Micranthes californica Ca. Early Saxifrage


SCROPHULARIACEAE (FIGWORT FAMILY)

Limosella acaulis Stem-less Mudwort

Scrophularia californica Bee-Plant
SOLANACEAE (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY)

Datura stramonium Jimson Weed *

Petunia parviflora Small-flowered Blue Petunia

Solanum americanum and/ or S. nigrum Blackberry Nightshade


TAXODIACEAE (SWAMP-CYPRESS FAMILY)

Sequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood *


TYPHACEAE (CATTAIL FAMILY

Typha dominguensis Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha latifoiia Wide-leaved Cattail
URTICACEAE (NETTLE FAMILY)

Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea Stinging Nettle

Urtica urens Annual Dwarf Nettle *
VALERIANACEAE (CORNSALAD FAMILY)

Plectritis congesta ssp. brachystemon Native Corn-salad


VERBENACEAE (VERBENA FAMILY)

Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora Creeping Verbena, Frogfruit *

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE (CALTROP FAMILY)

Tribulus terrestris Puncture Vine *


Notes

* Non-native plants or natives planted out of natural native location.

List 1B Listed, 2008, in the C.N.P.S. Inventory of Rare & Endangered Plants, highest priority.

List 3 Listed as plants about which more information is needed.

List 4 Listed as plants of limited distribution.

Birds seen in Sept.05 visit…w/ David Herlocker American widgeon

Black phoebe Gadwall ducks

Brewer’s blackbirds, Redwing blackbirds Gulls

California towhee Killdeer plovers

Golden eagle Canada geese, Grey Lag geese

Cinnamon teal, Greenwing teal Mallard ducks

“Common” yellow- throat Piedbill grebes

Coots (American) Snowy egret

Cormorant (double crested) Spotted sandpiper

Lark sparrow Yellowlegs, greater

Turkey Vulture

Nov. 06 visit …w/ Rich Stallcup (as above plus additions)

Moorhen, gallinule Savannah Sparrow

Peregrine falcon (prairie origin) Tri-color Blackbirds

Long-billed dowitchers Sapsucker

Black-necked stilt Kingfisher

Spotted sandpiper Canvasback ducks

Ringneck duck
March 1, 2007

Canada geese Mallard Red-tailed hawk

Coots Black Phoebe Red-shouldered hawk

Ruddy duck Ruby crested Kinglet Kite

American Robin Yellow-rumped Warbler Turkey vulture

Gulls Oregon Juncos Grebe

Varied Thrush Woodpecker Brewer’s Blackbird

Starling



Great Blue Heron


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