|September Historical Events In Chemistry
by Leopold May
September 1, 1909 Rohm & Hass Co. was founded on this date.
September 4, 1913 Stanford Moore who was born on this date, did research on enzymes.
He shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1972 with William H. Stein for their
contribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and
catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule and Christian B.
Anfinsen for his work on ribo nuclease, especially concerning the connection be
tween the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation
September 6, 1906 Luis J. Leloir who isolated glucose 1,6-diphodphate and uridine di
phosphate glucose; was born on this day. He also synthesized trehalose with E. Cabib
in1953 and sucrose with C. Cardini and J. Chiriboga in 1955. He received the Nobel
Prize in Chemistry in 1970 for his discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in
the biosynthesis of carbohydrates.
September 9, 1877 Aleksandr E. Arbuzov , who was born on this date, studied organo-
phosphorous compounds and the rearrangement of phosphite esters (Michaelis-Arbu
September 13, 1886 One hundred and twenty-five years ago on this date, Robert Robison
was born. He was a researcher in plant pigments, alkaloids and phenanthrene de
rivatives and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1947 for his investigations on
plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids.
September 14, 1961 Fifty years ago on this date, Analtech, inc., the manufacturer of prod
ucts for thin layer chromatography, was founded as Custom Service Chemicals. Its
name was changed on January 8, 1965 to Analtech, Inc.
September 14, 1936 Seventy-five years ago on this date, Ferid Murad, a researcher in role
of NO and cyclic GMP; was born. He shared Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
in 1998 system with Robert F. Furchgott and Louis J. Ignarro for their discoveries
concerning nitric oxide as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system.
September 19. 1861 One hundred and fifty years ago on this date, Alexandre M. Butlerov
presented the first definition and use of term, chemical structure, before Speyer
September 24, 1895 André Frédéric Cournand, who performed the first clinical card cath
eterization, was born on this date. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Med -
cine in1956 with Werner Forssmann and Dickenson W. Richards for their discoveries
concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory systeem.
September 26, 1886 One hundred and twenty-five years ago on this date, Archibald V.
Hill, a researcher on oxygen consumption of muscular action, was born. In 1922, he
shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery relating to the
production of heat in the muscle and Otto F. Warburg for his discovery of the fixed
relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid
in the muscle.
September 28, 1852 One hundred and twenty-five years ago in 1886, Henri Moissa dis
covered fluorine (F, 9). He invented an electric furnace in which he prepared metal
carbides and silicon carbides. In 1906, he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in
recognition of the great services rendered by him in his investigation and isolation of
the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric
furnace called after him. He was born on this date.
Additional historical events can be found at Dr. May’s website,