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Illustrations

(i) A bequeaths to B the diamond ring given him by C. At A’s death the ring is held in pawn by D to whom it has been pledged by A. It is the duty of A’s executor, if the state of the testator’s assets will allow them, to allow B to redeem the ring.

(ii) A bequeaths to B a zamindari which at A’s death is subject to a mortgage for 10,000 rupees; and the whole of the principal sum, together with interest to the amount of 1,000 rupees, is due at A’s death. B, if he accepts the bequest, accepts it subject to this charge, and is liable, as between himself and A’s estate, to pay the sum of 11,000 rupees thus due.

168. Completion of testator’s title to things bequeathed to be at cost of his estate
Where anything is to be done to complete the testator’s title to the thing bequeathed, it is to be done at the cost of the testator’s estate.

Illustrations

(i) A, having contracted in general terms for the purchase of a piece of land at a certain price, bequeaths to B, and dies before he has paid the purchase-money. The purchase-money must be made good out of A’s assets.


(ii) A, having contracted for the purchase of a piece of land for a certain sum of money, one-half of which is to be paid down and the other half secured by mortgage of the land, bequeaths it to B, and dies before he has paid or secured any part of the purchase-money. One-half of the purchase-money must be paid out of A’s assets.

169. Exoneration of legatee’s immovable property for which land-revenue or rent payable periodically
Where there is a bequest of any interest in immovable property in respect of which payment in the nature of land-revenue or in the nature of rent has to be made periodically, the estate of the testator shall (as between such estate and the legatee) make good such payments or a proportion of them, as the case may be, up to the day of his death.

Illustration



A bequeaths to B a house, in respect of which 365 rupees are payable annually by way of rent. A pays his rent at the usual time, and dies 25 days after. A’s estate will make good 25 rupees in respect of the rent.

170. Exoneration of specific legatee’s stock in joint stock company
In the absence of any direction in the will, where there is a specific bequest of stock in a joint-stock company, if any call or other payment is due from the testator at the time of his death in respect of the stock, such call or payment shall, as between the testator’s estate and the legatee, be borne by the estate; but, if any call or other payment becomes due in respect of such stock after the testator’s death, the same shall, as between the testator’s estate and the legatee, be borne by the legatee if he accepts the bequest.

Illustrations

(i) A bequeaths to B his share in a certain railway. At A’s death there was due from him the sum of 100 rupees in respect of each share, being the amount of a call which had been duly made and the sum of five rupees in respect of each share, being the amount of interest which had accrued due in respect of the call. These payments must be borne by A’s estate.


(ii) A has agreed to take 50 shares in an intended joint-stock company, and has contracted to pay up 100 rupees in respect of each share, which sum must be paid before his title to the shares can be completed. A bequeathes these shares to B. The estate of A must make good the payments which were necessary to complete A’s title.
(iii) A bequeaths to B his shares in a certain railway. B accepts the legacy. After A’s death a call is made in respect of the shares. B must pay the call.
(iv) A bequeaths to B his shares in a joint-stock company. B accepts the bequest. Afterwards the affairs of the company are wound up, and each shareholder is called upon for contribution. The amount of the contribution must be borne by the legatee.
(v) A is the owner of ten shares in a railway company. At a meeting held during his lifetime a call is made of fifty rupees per share, payable by three instalments. A bequeaths his shares to B, and dies between the day fixed for the payment of the first and the day fixed for the payment of the second instalment, and without having paid the first instalment. A’s estate must pay the first instalment, and B, if he accepts the legacy, must pay the remaining instalments.


Chapter XVIII - Of Bequests of Things described in General Terms




171. Bequest of thing described in general terms
If there is a bequest of something described in general terms the executor must purchase for the legatee what may reasonably be considered to answer the description.

Illustrations

(i) A bequesths to B a pair of carriage-horses or a diamond ring. The executor must provide the legatee with such articles if the state of the assets will allow it.


(ii) A bequeaths to B "my pair of carriage-horses". A had no carriage-horses at the time of his death. The legacy fails.

Chapter XIX - Of Bequest of the Interest or Produce of a Fund
172. Bequest of interest or produce of fund
Where the interest or produce of a fund is bequeathed to any person, and the will affords no indication of an intention that the enjoyment of the bequest should be of limited duration, the principal, as well as the interest, shall belong to the legatee.

Illustrations

(i) A bequeaths to B the interest of his 5 per cent. promissory notes of the Central Government. There is no other clause in the will affecting those securities. B is entitled to A’s 5 per cent. promissory notes of the Central Government.


(ii) A bequeaths the interest of his 5½ per cent. promissory notes of the Central Government to B for his life, and after his death to C. B is entitled to the interest of the notes during his life and C is entitled to the notes upon B’s death.
(iii) A bequeaths to B the rents of his lands at X. B is entitled to the lands.


Chapter XX - Of Bequests of Annuities




173. Annuity created by will payable for life only unless contrary intention appears by will
Where an annuity is created by will, the legatee is entitled to receive it for his life only, unless a contrary intention appears by the will, notwithstanding that the annuity is directed to be paid out of the property generally, or that a sum of money is bequeathed to be invested in the purchase of it.
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