Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments




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TREES FOR BREVARD COUNTY (Zone 9B)

University of Florida/ Brevard County Extension Service


Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Acacia farnesiana 15-25 15-25 Yellow Full sun Moderate Evergreen; fragrant flowers; slow grower; thorns; zones 9A-11

Sweet Acacia feet feet year round only
Acer rubrum 60-75 25-35 Red Full sun Low Deciduous; does not grow well on sandy ridges; prefers moist soils; fast

Red maple feet feet Spring partial shade grower; prefers acidic soils; shade tree; red fall color; seeds eaten by squirrels; red flowers & fruit in spring; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; can form large surface roots; zones 4A-9B
Aesculus pavia 15-20 15-25 Red Partial shade Moderate Deciduous; attracts squirrels/mammals; pruning required for strong

Red buckeye feet feet spring to shade structure; fruit & leaves can be a litter problem; prefers acidic soils; well-drained soils; tolerates extended flooding; branches droop; zones 6A-9A
Araucaria araucana 60-70 30-35 Incon. Full sun ? Evergreen; branches droop; should be grown with a single leader; can form large

Monkey-puzzletree feet feet only surface roots; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; produces large, heavy green cones which can take up to 3 years to mature; foliage is very stiff & pointed; should receive regular waterings though it can tolerate some drought; zones 7B-11


Araucaria heterophylla 60-80 12-20 Incon. Full sun Moderate Evergreen; branches do not droop; should be grown as a single leader; tolerates

Norfolk Island pine feet feet only wide range of pH; well-drained soils; high drought tolerance; fruit & foliage can cause a litter problem; can form large surface roots; doesn’t provide much shade; zones 10A-11


Ardisia escallonioides 12-20 6-10 White Full sun High Evergreen; fragrant flowers; attracts birds & mammals; fruit & leaves can

Marlberry feet feet ? partial shade be a litter problem; attracts butterflies; branches droop; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; zones 10A-11
Averrhoa carambola 20-30 20-30 Pink Full sun Low Evergreen; attracts birds & mammals; edible fruit; fruits & leaves can be a litter

Carambola feet feet spring, summer partial shade problem; pruning required for strong structure; acidic to slightly alkaline soils; fall well-drained soils; zones 10B-11


Bauhinia blakeana 20-40 20-25 Purple, red Full sun Moderate Evergreen; tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline soils; well-drained soils; high

Hong Kong orchid tree feet feet fall, winter, partial shade drought tolerant; fast grower; large leaves and flowers; susceptible to trunk & spring limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 4

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Bauhinia purpurea 30-35 30-35 Red,purple,blue Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fast grower; tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline soils; well-drained

Purple orchid tree feet feet fall, winter partial shade soils; high drought tolerance; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Bumelia tenax 15-30 10-20 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; slow grower; showy fruit attracts birds & mammals; well-

Tough bumelia feet feet only drained soils; dry soils; tolerates wide range of pH; thorns; cold & drought tolerant; zones 8A-11
Caesalpinia pulcherrima 8-12 10-12 Red,yellow & Full sun Moderate Evergreen; fast grower; pruning needed for strong structure; susceptible to trunk

Dwarf poinciana feet feet orange partial shade & limb breakage; branchess droop; thorns; tolerates wide range of pH; well- drained year round soils; high drought tolerance; zones 9B-11


Callistemon citrinus 10-15 10-15 Red Full sun High Evergreen; attracts hummingbirds; prefers acid soils; zones 9A-11

Red bottle-brush feet feet spring, summer only


Callistemon viminlais 15-25 15-20 Red Full sun Moderate Evergreen; prefers acidic soil but will tolerate slightly alkaline soils; drought

Weeping bottlebrush feet feet spring,summer partial shade tolerant; well-drained soils; dry soils; zones 9B-11


Carpinus caroliniana 20-30 20-30 Incon. Full sun None Deciduous; moderately drought resistant; fluted trunk is very attractive;

American hornbeam feet feet to shade good specimen for small area; slow grower; attracts birds; shade tree; prefers moist, acidic soils; red-orange fall color; host plant - red-spotted purple butterfly; found at Erna Nixon Park; zones 3A-9A
Carya floridana 30-40 15-20 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; multi-trunked; well-drained soils; dry soils; prefers alkaline

Scrub hickory feet feet partial shade soils; golden-yellow fall color; female plants produce nuts that attract birds & squirrels; found at Turkey Creek Sanctuary & The Enchanted Forest
Carya glabra 50-65 30-40 Incon. Full sun None Deciduous; drought tolerance; moderate growth rate; tolerates wide range

Pignut hickory feet feet partial shade of pH; fruit (nuts) can be a litter problem; yellow fall color; cold tolerant; prefers well-drained, moist soils; attracts birds & mammals; zones 5A-9B
Cassia fistula 30-40 30-40 Yellow Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fruit & leaves can be a problem; tolerates wide range of pH; well-

Golden-shower feet feet summer only drained soils; pruning required for strong structure; branches droop; zones 10B-11


Cassia leptophylla 30-40 30-40 Yellow Full sun ? Deciduous; fast grower; well-drained soils; fruit & leaves can be a litter problem;

Gold medallion tree feet feet summer only pruning required for strong structure; branches droop; tolerates wide range pH; zones 9B-11




Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 5

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Celtis laevigata 50-70 50-60 Incon. Full sun High Deciduous; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; tolerates Hackberry feet feet partial shade extended flooding; drought tolerant; at Erna Nixon Park; host plant to the Snout, Question Mark, Mourning Cloaks, Hackberry & Tawny Emperor butterflies; fast grower; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; can form large surface roots; zones 5A-10B
Cercis canadensis 20-30 15-25 Rose Full sun None Deciduous; attractive flowers borne along the branches; drought tolerant;

Eastern redbud feet feet spring partial shade tolerates a wide range of pH; fast grower; zones 4B-9A


Chionanthus virginicus 12-20 10-15 White Full sun to None Deciduous; slow grower; fragrant flowers; likes acid soils; flowers before

Fringe tree feet feet spring shade the foliage emerges; attracts birds & mammals; prefers moist soils; butterfly host plant; zones 3A-9B
Chorisia speciosa 35-50 40-55 Pink & white Full sun Low Deciduous; tolerates wide range of pH; high drought tolerance; can form large

Floss-silk tree feet feet fall, winter only surface roots; well-drained soils; occasionally wet soils; showy fruit (cotton balls); green trunk has large thorns; pruning needed for strong structure; zones 9B-11


Coccoloba uvifera 25-30 20-30 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; attracts birds & mammals; edible fruit; high drought tolerance;

Seagrape feet feet partial shade leaves and fruit can be a litter problem; zones 10A-11
Conocarpus erectus 30-45 20-30 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; moderate grower; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained Buttonwood feet feet only soils; tolerates occasionally wet soils; drought tolerant; zones 10B-11
Cordia boissieri 15-20 10-15 White Full sun Moderate Evergreen; well-drained soils; tolerates wide range of pH; flowers year round if

Wild-olive feet feet spring, summer only it receives ample water; white fruits attracts birds and other wildlife; slow grower; zones 9A-11


Cordia sebestena 25-30 20-25 Orange Full sun High Evergreen; tolerates a wide range of pH; high drought tolerance; attracts

Geiger tree feet feet spring,summer partial shade hummingbirds; zones 10B-11
Crataegus aestivalis 20-30 35-40 White Full sun ? Deciduous; slow grower; well-drained soils; tolerates acidic to slightly

May hawthorn feet feet spring partial shade alkaline soils; moderate drought tolerance; host plant - Gray hairstreak butterfly; zones 6A-11
X Cupressocyparis 35-50 15-25 Incon. Full sun Moderate Fast grower; tolerates a wide range of pH; well-drained; high drought

leylandii feet feet partial shade tolerance; extended flooding cause death; evergreen.

Leyland Cypress


Diospyros virginiana 40-60 20-35 Incon. Full sun High Deciduous; drought resistant; female plants attract birds & mammals; can

Persimmon feet feet to shade tolerate extended flooding; edible fruit; can form a thicket in open areas; host plant - Henry’s elfin butterfly;tolerates wide range of pH; can be found at Turkey Creek Sanctuary; zones 4B-9B


Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 6

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Dodonaea viscosa 10-15 6-15 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; drought tolerant;

Varnish leaf feet feet only zones 9A-11
Forestiera segregata 10-15 5-10 Incon. Partial shade High Semi-evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; drought tolerant; berries on Florida privet feet feet female plants only; attracts birds; tolerates poor soils; cold tolerant; zones 8B-11
Fraxinus caroliniana 30-40 25-30 Incon. Full sun Low Deciduous; tolerates a wide range of pH; tolerates extended flooding;

Pop ash feet feet partial shade moderate growth rate; host plant - eastern tiger swallowtail; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 7B-10A
Gordonia lasianthus 35-60 10-15 White Full sun to None Evergreen; tolerates extended flooding; prefers moist, acid soils; no

Loblolly bay feet feet spring, summer shade tolerance to drought; fragrant flowers; can be found in Wickham Park NW of lake; zones 7A-9B
Hibiscus tiliaceus 35-45 40-50 Yellow, red Full sun High Evergreen; high drought tolerance; branches droop; pruning needed for strong

Mahoe feet feet year round only structure; can form large surface roots; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; fast grower; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; occassionally wet soils; zones 10A-11


Ilex cassine 20-30 8-12 Incon. Full sun Moderate Evergreen; attractive berries on female plants only in the winter;

Dahoon holly feet feet partial shade tolerates a wide range of pH; can tolerate extended flooding; attracts birds and mammals; prefers wet or moist soils; tolerates dry soils; zones 7A-11
Ilex opaca 35-50 15-25 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; attractive red berries in the winter attract birds & mammals;

American holly feet feet to shade tolerates extended flooding; drought tolerant; tolerates wide range pH; tolerates neglect; zones 5B-9B
Ilex vomitoria 15-25 15-20 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; tolerates

Yaupon holly feet feet to shade extended flooding; drought tolerant; attracts birds & mammals; shears well; zones 7A-9B
Ilex vomitoria 15-30 6-12 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; attractive red berries in the winter attract birds & mammals; tolerates

‘Pendula’ feet feet partial shade extended flooding; tolerates wide range of pH; tolerates neglect; zones 7A-9B

Weeping yaupon holly
Jacaranda mimosifolia 25-40 45-60 Lavender Full sun None Deciduous; can get hurt or killed by cold temperatures; fast grower; fragrant

Jacaranda feet feet spring,summer only flowers; high tolerance to drought; tolerates a wide range of pH; messy tree; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; can form large surface roots; zones 9B-11




Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 7

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Jatropha integerrima 10-15 10-15 Red Full sun Moderate Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; attracts butterflies; well-drained soils;

Peregrina feet feet year round partial shade may freeze back to the ground in cold weather but comes back from the roots;

attracts hummingbirds; zones 10B-11
Juniperus silicicola 30-45 20-30 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; fast grower; berries attracts birds; tolerates wide range of pH;

Southern redcedar feet feet partial shade drought tolerant; can tolerate wet or dry soils; cold tolerant; provides nesting for birds; host plant - olive hairstreak butterfly ; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 8A-10B
Lagerstroemia indica 10-30 15-25 Various Full sun Moderate Deciduous; prune every February back to main branches; remove spent flower

Crape myrtle feet feet sring, summer only heads to encourage more blooms; tolerates wide range of pH; drought tolerant; numerous cultivars available; zones 7A-9B


Laurus nobilis 25-50 15-25 Incon. Full sun ? Evergreen; tolerates acid soil; well-drained soils; slow grower; prefers moist

Sweet bay feet feet only soils culinary herb


Ligustrum japonicum 8-12 15-25 White Full sun High Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; attractive small tree; deep green, glossy

Japanese privet feet feet spring,summer partial shade foliage; Category II - Invasive Plant Species List; zones 7B-10A


Ligustrum lucidum 25-40 25-35 White Full sun Moderate Evergreen; larger leaves than L. japonicum; tolerates wide range of pH;

Glossy privet feet feet summer partial shade moderate drought tolerance; Category II - Invasive Plant Species List; zones 8A-11


Liquidambar styraciflua 60-75 35-50 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fast growing; produces messy, sharply pointed fruit in the fall;

Sweet gum feet feet partial shade good fall color; fruit attracts birds & mammals; tolerates wide range of pH & extended flooding; can form large surface roots; zones 5B-10A
Lyonia ferruginea 12-15 4-6 White Full sun Low Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; dry soils; good

Rusty lyonia feet feet spring to shade specimen tree
Magnolia grandiflora 60-80 30-40 White Full sun High Evergreen; flowers are large and fragrant; large, glossy green leaves; seeds

Southern magnolia feet feet spring,summer partial shade attract birds & squirrels; tolerates wide range of pH; moderate drought tolerance; prefers moist, rich soils; use a palm fertilizer with trace elements; zones 7A-10A
Magnolia virginiana 40-50 15-25 White Full sun Moderate Evergreen; fragrant flowers; fruit attracts birds & mammals; prefers

Sweet bay feet feet summer partial shade moist, acidic soils; tolerates extended flooding; silver hairs on the undersides of the leaves gives the tree a shimmering appearance in windy weather; host plant - laurel swallowtail butterfly; zones 5A-10A


Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 8

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Morus rubra 50-70 20-40 Incon. Full sun None Deciduous; attracts birds & mammals; edible fruit; tolerates all soil

Red Mulberry feet feet partial shade moisture levels; fruits can stain cement, etc.; host plant for question mark, red admiral & gray hairstreak butterflies; found at Sebastian Inlet State Park; Erna Nixon Park; Enchanted Forest & Lori Wilson Park
Myrcianthes fragrans 20-30 15-20 White Full sun High Evergreen; fragrant flowers; slow grower; tolerates wide range of pH;

Simpson’s stopper feet feet spring partial shade colorful berries attract birds; minimum height is 12 feet; good replacement for crape myrtle; shears well; attractive peeling bark; zones 9B-11
Myrica cerifera 15-25 20-25 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; an excellent small native tree; berries on FEMALE plants

Wax myrtle feet feet to shade attract birds and mammals; fast grower; can tolerate extended flooding; root suckers can be a problem; use as a dense screen; susceptible to root and wood rot; host plant - red banded hairstreak butterfly; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 7B-11
Nyssa sylvatica 65-75 25-35 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; foliage turns golden or crimson in the fall; fruits attract birds &

Black tupelo feet feet partial shade mammals; prefers moist, acidic soils; high drought tolerance but can tolerate extended flooding; shade tree; zones 4B-9B
Osmanthus americanus 15-25 10-15 White Full sun High Evergreen; fragrant flowers; prefers acid soils; fruit attracts birds &

Wild-olive feet feet spring partial shade mammals; tolerates extended flooding; moderate drought tolerance; zones 5B-9B
Parkinsonia aculeata 15-20 20-25 Yellow Full sun High Deciduous; tolerates neglect; excellent small tree; fast grower; tolerates wide

Jerusalem-thorn feet feet spring, summer only range of pH; drought tolerant; zones 8B-11


Peltophorum dubium 45-55 30-40 Yellow Full sun Low Semi-evergreen; flowers have a pleasant fragrance; fruit & leaves can be a litter

Copper pod feet feet summer only problem; requires pruning to produce a strong structure; well-drained soils; occassionally wet soils; high drought tolerance; tolerates wide range of pH; fast grower; branches will not droop; can form large surface roots; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Peltophorum pterocarpum 40-50 30-40 Yellow Full sun Low Semi-evergreen; flowers have a pleasant fragrance; fruit & leaves can be a litter

Yellow poinciana feet feet summer only problem; requires pruning to develop a strong structure; well-drained soils; occasionally wet soils; tolerates wide range of pH; high drought tolerance; fast grower; branches will not droop; can form large surface roots; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 10A-11


Persea americana 30-40 25-35 Incon. Full sun Moderate Evergreen; fast grower; edible fruit; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils; Avocado feet feet partial shade moderate drought tolerance; host plant - laurel swallowtail; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 9

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Persea borbonia 30-50 30-50 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; drought tolerant; tolerates wide range of pH; attracts birds &

Redbay feet feet partial shade mammals; foliage is fragrant when crushed; prefers dry soils; shade tree; host plant - palamedes swallowtail, spicebush swallowtail & laurel swallowtail; can be found at Wickham Park, & Lori Wilson Park;

P. palustris grows in wetter soils; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage;

zones 7B-11
Pinus clausa 25-40 15-25 Incon. Full sun Low Evergreen; attracts mammals; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained

Sand pine feet feet soils drought tolerant; slow grower; prefers dry soils; shade tree; can be found in Wickham Park; 2 needles per bundle - 2-4 inches long; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 7A-10B
Pinus elliottii var. densa 50-70 35-50 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; fast grower; tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline soils;

Slash pine feet feet partial shade well-drained soils; tolerates occassionally wet soils; drought tolerant; attracts birds & mammals; 2-3 needles per bundle/ 7-12 inches long; host plant - spicebush swallowtail; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; can form large surface roots; zones 9B-11
Pinus glabra 30-60 25-40 Incon. Full sun Low Evergreen; tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline soils; well-drained

Spruce pine feet feet partial shade soils; tolerates extended flooding; moderate drought tolerance; host plant - spicebush swallowtail butterfly; zones 8A-9B
Pinus palustris 60-80 30-40 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; fast grower; tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline soils

Longleaf pine feet feet only well-drained soils; drought tolerate; attract mammals; endangered red cockaded woodpecker is dependent on this tree for survival; 3 needles per bundle/8-18 inches long; host plant - spicebush swallowtail butterfly; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 7A-10A
Platanus occidentalis 75-90 50-70 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fast grower; tolerates wide range of pH; tolerates extended flooding

Sycamore feet feet only high drought tolerance; expect lacebug in the fall; zones 4B-9B


Platycladus orientalis 15-20 10-15 Incon. Full sun Low Evergreen; prefers acidic soil; well-drained soil; can’t tolerate extended

Arborvitae feet feet partial shade flooding; drought tolerant; zones 6A-10A


Plumeria rubra 20-25 20-25 Varied Full sun High Deciduous; slow grower; fragrant flowers; high drought tolerance; tolerates

Frangipani feet feet spring-fall partial shade wide range of pH; well-drained soil; zones 10B-11


Podocarpus gracilior 30-50 25-35 Incon. Full sun Low Evergreen; slow grower; high drought tolerance; tolerates wide range

Weeping podocarpus feet feet partial shade of pH; well-drained soil; dry soil; zones 10A-11


Podocarpus macrophyllus 30-50 20-25 Incon. Full sun High Evergreen; slow grower; well-drained soil; dry/droughty soils; fruit attracts birds;

Podocarpus feet feet to shade tolerates wide range of pH; drought tolerant; zones 8B-11




Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 10

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Podocarpus nagi 30-50 15-25 Incon. Full sun Moderate Evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soil; drought tolerant;

Broadleaf podocarpus feet feet to shade moderate growth rate; zones 9A-11


Prunus angustifolia 12-20 15-20 White Full sun Low Deciduous; fragrant flowers; attracts birds & mammals; prefers dry to

Chickasaw plum feet feet spring partial shade moist, acidic soils; well-drained soils; high drought tolerance; thorns; can form underground runners which can create a thicket; nectar plant - butterflies; host plant - viceroy, eastern tiger swallowtails; zones 6A-9B
Prunus caroliniana 25-40 15-25 White Full sun Moderate Evergreen; attracts birds and mammals; high drought tolerance; fragrant

Cherry laurel feet feet spring to shade flowers; well-drained soils; tolerates wide range of pH; host plant - viceroy & eastern tiger swallowtail butterflies; zones 8A-10A
Quercus laevis 30-40 25-30 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; moderate growth rate; acorns attract mammals; high drought

Turkey oak feet feet fall color - copper; tolerates acidic soils; well-drained soils; zones 7B-9B
Quercus laurifolia 60-70 35-45 Incon. Full sun Low Semi-evergreen; fast grower; acorns attract mammals; moderate drought

Laurel oak feet feet partial shade tolerance; well-drained soils; tolerates wide range of pH; host plant - red banded, southern oak & white M hairstreak butterflies; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 6B-10A
Quercus myrtifolia 20-30 20-30 Incon. Full sun Moderate Evergreen; attracts birds & mammals; well-drained soils; dry soils;

Myrtle oak feet feet only tolerates wide range of pH; host plant - red banded, southern oak & white M hairstreak butterflies
Quercus nigra 50- 60 60-70 Incon. Full sun Low Deciduous; fast grower; attracts mammals; tolerates wide range of pH;

Water oak feet feet partial shade drought tolerant; tolerates extended flooding; host plant - red banded, southern oak & white M hairstreak butterflies; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 6A-10A
Quercus virginiana 60-80 60-120 Incon. Full sun High Semi-evergreen; tolerates wide range of pH; tolerates occasional flooding;

Live oak feet feet partial shade drained soils; drought tolerant; host plant - red banded, southern oak & white M hairstreak butterflies; can form large surface roots; zones 7B-10B
Salix babylonica 45-70 45-70 Incon. Full sun High Deciduous; branches droop; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; tolerates wide

Weeping willow feet feet partial shade range of pH; high drought tolerance; well-drained soils; tolerates extended f looding; fast grower; can form large surface roots; zones 2A-9B


Tabebuia argentea 20-30 20-30 Yellow Full sun High Deciduous; drought tolerant; silvery foliage; well-drained soils; dry soils;

Yellow trumpet tree feet feet spring only tolerates wide range of pH; zones 10A-11




Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 11

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Tabebuia chrysotricha 25-35 25-35 Yellow Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fast grower; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained; moderate

Golden trumpet tree feet feet spring drought tolerance; zones 10A-11


Tabebuia impetiginosa 12-18 10-15 Purple Full sun Moderate Deciduous; slow grower; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soil; drought

Purple tabebuia feet feet spring only tolerant; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Taxodium distichum 60-80 25-35 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; tolerates wide range pH; well-drained soils; tolerates extended

Bald cypress feet feet to shade flooding; drought tolerant; can tolerate wet or dry soils; zones 5A-10B
Tecoma stans 20-30 20-30 Yellow Full sun Moderate Evergreen; well-drained soils; tolerates wide range of pH; high drought

Yellow-elder feet feet fall peak only tolerance; requires pruning to control shape; can be planted under powerlines; dropping fruit can cause a slight litter problem; produces some flowers with each flush of growth; zones 10B-11


Tibouchina granulosa 15-20 15-20 Purple Full sun None Evergreen; well-drained; moderately drought resist.; zones 10B-11

Purple glory tree feet feet spring-fall only


Tibouchina urvilleana 10-15 10-15 Purple Full sun Low Evergreen; tolerates acid pH, well-drained soil; dry/droughty soil; epalier;

Princess flower feet feet Year round only multi-trunked; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 9B-11


Tipuana tipu 30-50 50-80 Yellow Full sun Low Semi-evergreen; fast grower; fragrant flowers; acid to slightly alkaline soils; fruit

Tipu tree feet feet spring,summer only & leaves can be a litter problem; pruning is required for strong structure; branches droop; moderate drought tolerance; well-drained soils; zones 9B-11


Ulmus alata 45-70 30-40 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained but will tolerate

Winged elm feet feet partial shade extended flooding; drought tolerant; prefers moist soils; host plant - question mark & hackberry butterflies; zones 6A-9B
Ulmus americana 60-80 50-60 Incon. Full sun Moderate Deciduous; fast grower; attracts birds; tolerates wide range pH; well-

var. floridana feet feet partial shade drained sols; tolerates extended flooding; moderate drought tolerance;

Florida elm prefers moist soils; host plant - question mark & hackberry butterflies; susceptible to trunk & limb breakage; zones 8A-9B
Ulmus parvifolia 40-50 35-50 Incon. Full sun High Deciduous; attractive peeling bark; tolerates wide range of pH; prefers

Chinese elm feet feet partial shade well-drained soils; tolerates occassionally wet soil; drought tolerant; host plant - question mark & hackberry butterflies; zones 5B-10A


Vaccinium arboreum 12-18 10-15 White Partial shade Low Evergreen; attracts birds & mammals; moderate drought tolerance; prefers

Sparkleberry feet feet spring to shade moist, acidic soils; well-drained soils; tolerates occassionaly wet soils; attractive red bark; crooked branches form an open, irregular crown;

zones 6B-10B




Scientific Name Flower Color Light Salt Spray page 12

Common Name Height Spread & Season Conditions Tolerance Comments

Viburnum odoratissimum 25-30 15-25 White Full sun Low Evergreen; fragrant flowers; tolerates wide range of pH; well-drained soils;

Sweet viburnum feet feet spring to shade drought tolerant; zones 8B-10A


Zanthoxylum 25-30 15-20 Incon. Full sun High Deciduous; well-drained soils; dry soils; very thorny; host plant for the

clava-Herculis feet feet only giant swallowtail butterfly (orange dog caterpillar)

Hercule’s club

(Native trees are in bold print)


Prepared by:


University of Florida/Brevard County Extension Service

3695 Lake Drive OR 4090 Minton Road

Cocoa, FL 32926 Melbourne, FL 32904

(407) 633-1702 (407) 952-4536 Revised 5/98





TREES FOR BREVARD COUNTY page 1

(Native trees are in bold)


Common Name Scientific Name

American holly Ilex opaca

American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana

Arborvitae Platycladus orientalis

Avocado Persea americana

Bald cypress Taxodium distichum

Black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica

Broadleaf podocarpus Podocarpus nagi



Buttonwood Conocarpus erectus

Carambola Averrhoa carambola



Cherry laurel Prunus caroliniana

Chicksaw plum Prunus angustifolia

Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia

Copper pod Peltophorum dubium

Crape myrtle Lagerstroemia indica



Dahoon holly Ilex cassine

Dwarf poinciana Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Eastern redbud Cercis canadensis

Florida elm Ulmus americana var. floridana

Florida privet Forestiera segregata

Floss-silk tree Chorisia speciosa

Frangipani Plumeria rubra

Fringe tree Chionanthus virginicus

Geiger tree Cordia sebestena

Glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum

Gold medallion tree Cassia leptophylla

Golden trumpet tree Tabebuia chrysotricha

Golden-rain tree Koelreuteria elegans

Golden-shower Cassia fistula



Hackberry Celtis laevigata

Hercule’s club Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

Hong Kong orchid tree Bauhinia blakeana

Hong Kong orchid tree Bauhinia variegata

Jacaranda Jacaranda mimosifolia

Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum

Jerusalem-thom Parkinsonia aculeata



Laurel oak Quercus laurifolia

Live oak Quercus virginiana

Loblolly bay Gordonia lasianthus

Longleaf pine Pinus palustris

Mahoe Hibiscus tiliaceus



Marlberry Ardisia escallonioides

May hawthorn Crataegus aestivalis



Common Name Scientific Name page 2

Monkey-puzzletree Araucaria araucana



Myrtle oak Quercus myrtifolia

Norfolk island pine Araucaria heterophylla

Peregrina Jatropha integerrima

Persimmon Diospyros virginiana

Pignut hickory Carya glabra

Podocarpus Podocarpus macrophyllus

Pop ash Fraxinus caroliniana

Princess flower Tibouchina urvilleana

Purple glory tree Tibouchina granulosa

Purple orchid tree Bauhinia purpurea

Purple tabebuia Tabebuia impetiginosa

Red bottle-brush Callistemon citrinus



Red buckeye Aesculus pavia

Red maple Acer rubrum

Red mulberry Morus rubra

Redbay Persea borbonia

Rusty lyonia Lyonia ferruginea

Sand pine Pinus clausa

Scrub hickory Carya floridana

Seagrape Coccoloba uvifera

Simpson’s stopper Myrcianthes fragrans

Slash pine Pinus elliottii var. densa

Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora

Southern redcedar Juniperus silicicola

Sparkleberry Vaccinium arboreum

Spruce pine Pinus glabra

Sweet acacia Acacia farnesiana

Sweet bay Laurus nobilis



Sweet bay Magnolia virginiana

Sweet viburnum Viburnum odoratissimum



Sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua

Sycamore Platanus occidentalis

Tipu tree Tipuana tipu

Tough bumelia Bumelia tenax

Turkey oak Quercus laevis

Varnish leaf Dodonoea viscosa

Water oak Quercus nigra

Wax mrytle Myrica cerifera

Weeping bottlebrush Callistemon viminlais

Weeping podocarpus Podocarpus gracilior

Weeping willow Salix babylonica

Weeping yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria ‘Pendula’

Wild-olive Cordia boissieri



Wild-olive Osmanthus americanus

Winged elm Ulmus alata

Yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria

Yellow poinciana Peltophorum ptecocarpum

Yellow trumpet tree Tabebuia argentea

Yellow-elder Tecoma stans




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