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51D. Accidents happening while meeting emergency

An accident happening to an insured person in or about any premises at which he is for the time-being employed for the purpose of his employer's trade or business shall be deemed to arise out of and in the course of his employment if it happens while he is taking steps on an actual or supposed emergency at those premises to rescue succor or protect persons who are or are thought to be or possibly to be injured or imperiled or to avert or minimise serious damage to property.


52. Dependants' benefit
(1) If an insured person dies as a result of an employment injury sustained as an employee under this Act (whether or not he was in receipt of any periodical payment for temporary disablement in respect of the injury) dependants' benefit shall be payable at such rates and for such period and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the Central Government to his dependants specified in sub-clause (i) and sub-clause (ia) and sub-clause (ii) of course (6A) of section 2.
(2) In case the insured person dies without leaving behind him the dependants as aforesaid the dependants' benefit shall be paid to the other dependants of the deceased at such rates and for such period and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the Central Government.


52A. Occupational disease

(1) If an employee employed in any employment specified in Part A of the Third Schedule contracts any disease specified therein as an occupational disease peculiar to that employment or if an employee employed in the employment specified in Part B of that Schedule for a continuous period of not less than six months contracts any disease specified therein as an occupational disease peculiar to that employment or if an employee employed in any employment specified in Part C of that Schedule for such continuous period as the Corporation may specify in respect of each such employment contracts any disease specified therein as an occupational disease peculiar to that employment the contracting of the disease shall unless the contrary is proved be deemed to be an 'employment injury' arising out of and in the course of employment.


(2)(i) Where the Central Government or a State Government as the case may be adds any description of employment to the employment’s specified in Schedule III to the Workmen's Compensation Act 1923 by virtue of the powers vested in it under sub-section (3) of section 3 of the said Act the said description of employment and the occupational diseases specified under that sub-section as peculiar to that description of employment shall be deemed to form part of the Third Schedule.
(ii) Without prejudice to the provisions of clause (i) the Corporation after giving by notification in the Official Gazette not less than three months' notice of its intention so to do may by a like notification add any description of employment to the employment’s specified in the Third Schedule and shall specify in the case of employments so added the diseases which shall be deemed for the purposes of this section to be occupational diseases peculiar to those employments respectively and thereupon the provisions of this Act shall apply as if such diseases had been declared by this Act to be occupational diseases peculiar to those employments.

(3) Save as provided by sub-sections (1) and (2) no benefit shall be payable to an employee in respect of any disease unless the disease is directly attributable to a specific injury by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment.


(4) The provisions of section 51A shall not apply to the cases to which his section applies.
53. Bar against receiving or recovery of compensation or damages under any other law
An insured person or his dependants shall not be entitled to receive or recover whether from the employer of the insured person or from any other person any compensation or damages under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1923 or any other law for the time being in force or otherwise in respect of an employment injury sustained by the insured person as an employee under this Act.

54. Determination of question of disablement
Any question -
(a) whether the relevant accident has resulted in permanent disablement; or
(b) whether the extent of loss of earning capacity can be assessed provisionally or finally; or
(c) whether the assessment of the proportion of the loss of earning capacity is provisional or final; or
(d) in the case of provisional assessment as to the period for which such assessment shall hold good shall be determined by a medical board constituted in accordance with the provisions of the regulations and any such question shall hereafter be referred to as the "disablement question".

54A. References to Medical Boards and appeals to Medical Appeal Tribunals and Employee's Insurance Courts
(1) The case of any insured person for permanent disablement benefit shall be referred by the Corporation to a medical board for determination of the disablement question and if on that or any subsequent reference the extent of loss of earning capacity of the insured person is provisionally assessed it shall again be so referred to the medical board not later than the end of the period taken into account by the provisional assessment.

(2) If the insured person or the Corporation is not satisfied with the decision of the medical board the insured person or the Corporation may appeal in the prescribed manner and within the prescribed time to -


(i) the medical appeal tribunal constituted an accordance with the provisions of the regulations with a further right of appeal in the prescribed manner and within the prescribed time to the Employees' Insurance Court or
(ii) the Employees' Insurance Court directly : that no appeal by an insured person shall lie under the sub-section if such person has applied for commutation of disablement benefit on the basis of the decision of the medical board and received the commuted of such benefit :
Provided further that no appeal by the Corporation shall lie under this sub-section if the Corporation paid the commuted value of the disablement benefit on the basis of the decision of the medical board.


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