Rockport State Park Plants and Lichens




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Rockport State Park Plants and Lichens

Skagit County, Washington




Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By






Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer circinatum Pursh vine maple FAC- 1

Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple FACU 1

Araceae Calla-lily, Arum Family

Lysichiton americanus Hultén & St. John swamp lantern, skunk cabbage OBL 2

Araliaceae Ginseng Family

Oplopanax horridus Miq. devil's club FAC+ 1

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. wall-lettuce I, NI 1

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Achlys triphylla (Sm.) DC. vanilla leaf, "sweet after death" UPL 1

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Alnus viridis (Vill.) Lam. & DC. ssp. sinuata Sitka alder FACW 1

(Regel) A.& D. Löve



Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Linnaea borealis L. twinflower FACU- 1

Sambucus racemosa L. red elderberry FACU 1

Cornaceae Dogwood Family

Cornus nuttallii Audubon ex Torr. & Gray Pacific dogwood UPL 1

Cupressaceae Cypress Family

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don western redcedar FAC 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm. red huckleberry UPL 1

Fumariaceae Fumitory Family

Dicentra formosa (Haw.) Walp. bleeding heart FACU 1

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Geranium robertianum L. herb-Robert I, B, UPL 2

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes bracteosum Dougl. ex Hook. stink currant FAC 1

Liliaceae Lily Family

Clintonia uniflora (Menzies ex J.A. & J.H. queen's cup, bead lily UPL 1

Schultes) Kunth



Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. clasping twistedstalk FAC- 1

Trillium ovatum Pursh trillium UPL 1

Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies amabilis (Dougl. ex Loud.) Dougl. ex Pacific silver fir FACU 1

Forbes


Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. grand fir FACU- 1

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Douglas fir FACU 1

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. latifolia (Hook.) broad-leaved or western FAC- 2

Hultén starflower



= Trientalis latifolia Hook.†

Rosaceae Rose Family

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer serviceberry FACU 1

Geum macrophyllum Willd. large-leaved or big-leaved avens FACW- 1

Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Indian plum FACU 2

Arn.) Landon



Rubus parviflorus Nutt. thimbleberry FAC- 1

Rubus pedatus Sm. five-leaf bramble FAC- 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Populus balsamifera L. ssp. trichocarpa (Torr. & black or Northern cottonwood FAC 1

Gray ex Hook.) Brayshaw



Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Tiarella trifoliata L. var. unifoliata (Hook.) Kurtz foamflower FAC- 1

Tolmiea menziesii (Pursh) Torr. & Gray youth-on-age FAC 1

Taxaceae Yew Family

Taxus brevifolia Nutt. Pacific or western yew facu 1

Violaceae Violet Family

Viola glabella Nutt. yellow or pioneer violet FACW+ 1


Ferns and Allies






Blechnaceae Chain Fern Family

Blechnum spicant (L.) Sm. deer fern FAC+ 1

Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Fern Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn bracken fern FACU 1

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Dryopteris expansa (K. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & spreading wood-fern facw 2

Jermy


Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 1

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium glycyrrhiza D.C. Eat. licorice fern UPL 1


Mosses





Aulacomniaceae Aulacomniaceae Family

Aulacomnium androgynum (Hedw.) Schwaegr. lover's moss 1

Brachytheciaceae Brachytheciaceae Family

Eurhynchium oreganum (Sull.) Jaeg. Oregon beaked moss 1

Eurhynchium praelongum (Hedw.) Schimp. in slender beaked moss 1

B.S.G.


Isothecium myosuroides Brid. cat-tailed moss 1

Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Family

Dicranum scoparium Hedw. broom moss 1

Hylocomiaceae Hylocomiaceae Family

Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. step moss, stair-step moss 1

Rhytidiadelphus loreus (Hedw.) Warnst. lanky moss 1

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst. goose-necked moss, electrified 1

cat's tail moss



Leucodontaceae Leucodontaceae Family

Antitrichia curtipendula (Hedw.) Brid. hanging moss 1

Mniaceae Mniaceae Family

Leucolepis acanthoneuron (Schwaegr.) Lindb. Menzie's tree moss 1

Orthotrichaceae Orthotrichaceae Family

Orthotrichum lyellii Hook. & Tayl. Lyell's bristle moss 1

Plagiotheciaceae Plagiotheciaceae Family

Plagiothecium undulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in wavy-leaved cotton moss 1

B.S.G.



Tetraphidaceae Tetraphidaceae Family

Tetraphis pellucida Hedw. tetraphis moss 1


Lichens





Alectoriaceae Alectoriaceae Family

Alectoria (sarmentosa (Ach.) Ach.)? common witch's hair 1

Alectoria vancouverensis (Gyelnik) Gyelnik ex friable witch's hair 2

Brodo & D. Hawksw.



Cladoniaceae Cladoniaceae Family

Cladonia chlorophaea (Florke ex Sommerf.) false pixie cup 2

Sprengel


Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr. powdered trumpet, trumpet lichen 2

Cladonia squamosa Hoffm. dragon funnel/cladonia 2

Cladonia transcendens (Vainio) Vainio magic or variable pebblehorn 2

Cladonia (verruculosa (Vainio) Ahti)? cladonia, cup lichen 2

Lobariaceae Lobariaceae Family

Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm. lungwort 1

Nephromataceae Nephromataceae Family

Nephroma resupinatum (L.) Ach. pimpled kidney, "blister paw" 2

Parmeliaceae Parmeliaceae Family

Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. antlered perfume, common oakmoss 2

Hypogymnia (apinnata Goward & McCune)? beaded bone, tube lichen 2

Hypogymnia (enteromorpha (Ach.) Nyl.)? beaded bone 2

Hypogymnia imshaugii Krog forking bone, forking tube 2

Hypogymnia inactiva (Krog) Ohlsson forking bone 2

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. monk's-hood, hooded tube 2

Parmelia sulcata Taylor powdered shield, waxpaper lichen 2

Platismatia glauca (L.) Culb. & C. Culb. ragbag 2

Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) Culb. & C. Culb. tattered rag 2

Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai variable ruffle 2

= Cetraria orbata (Nyl.) Fink

Usnea filipendula Stirton fishbone beard, forest beard lichen 2

Usnea glabrata (Ach.) Vainio lustrous beard 2

Usnea longissima Ach. Methuselah's beard 1

Sphaerophoraceae Sphaerophoraceae Family

Sphaerophorus globosus (Hudson) Vainio clustered coral, common 2

Christmas tree



Sphaerophorus globosus (Hudson) Vainio var. clustered coral, common 2

gracilis (Mull. Arg.) Zahlbr. Christmas tree

= Sphaerophorus tuckermanii Rasanen



Report Dates:

First reported September 5, 1998. Updated April 7, 2001. This list is provided by the Salal Chapter of the Washington Native Plant Society. Please visit our website at http://www.wnps.org/salal to see additional regional plant lists. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Peter O'Mara at peteromara@earthlink.net.


Reported By:

  1. Mitchell, Harold G. Summary of Salal Chapter, Washington Native Plant Society field trip observations. September 5, 1998. Mosses identified by Paul Yurkey, field trip leader.

  2. O'Mara, Janet and Peter. Notes from the Evergreen Loop Trail, April 7, 2001.


Features:
Directions:
Notes:

Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used regionally (see Goward 1994 and 1999, and McCune, 1997 for lichen common names). Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:




=

Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.



Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).

?

Tentative or incomplete identification.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).

FAC

Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.

FACU

Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).

FACW

Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).

I

Introduced species.

NI

No wetland indicator status has been assigned.

OBL

Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).

UPL

Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


References:

Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 - Fruticose species. B.C. Ministry of

Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 9. 319 pp.


Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 1 - Foliose

and squamulose species. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 8. 181 pp.


Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
McCune, B. and L. Geiser. 1997. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

386 pp.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov/plants). National Plant Data Center, Baton



Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://wetlands.fws.gov/bha/.
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).


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