Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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*Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC. WALL-ROCKET

[Brassica tenuifolia (L.) Fries; Sinapis tenuifolia (L.) R. Br.; Sisymbrium



tenuifolium L.]
Draba L.
Synonym: Arabis L. in part; Erophila DC.
Draba arabisans Michx. ROCK-CRESS, WHITLOW-GRASS

[Draba arabis Pers.; D. arabisans var. superiorensis Butt. & Abbe; D.



incana var. arabisans (Michx.) S. Watson; D. incana L. var. glabriscula A.

Gray]


State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Draba glabella Pursh ROCK-CRESS

[D. arabisans var. canadensis (Burnet) Fern. & Knowlton; D. arabisans var.



orthocarpa Fern. & Knowlton; D. canadensis Burnet; D.daurica DC.; D.

glabella var. megasperma (Fern. & Knowlton) Fern.; D. glabella var.

orthocarpa (Fern. & Knowlton) Fern.; D. henneana Schlecht.; D.

laurentiana Fern.; D. megasperma Fern. & Knowlton]

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Draba reptans (Lam.) Fern. CAROLINA WHITLOW-GRASS

[Arabis reptans Lam.; Draba caroliniana Walt.; D. micrantha Nutt.; see

Rollins (1993) for 16 additional synonyms]

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Draba verna L. WHITLOW-GRASS

[Erophila verna (L.) Bess.; E. vulgaris DC.]


Eruca Mill.
Synonym: Brassica L. in part; Raphanus L. in part
*Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. GARDEN-ROCKET, ROCKET-SALAD

ssp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.

[Brassica eruca L.; E. eruca (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; E. sativa

Mill.; Raphanus eruca (L.) Crantz]
Erucastrum C. Presl
Synonym: Sisymbrium L. in part
*Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) Schulz FRENCH ROCKET

[E. inodorum Reichenb.; E. ochroleucum Clastani; E. pollichii Schimper &

Spenner; E. vulgare Endl.; Sisymbrium erucastrum Poll.; S. gallicum Willd.;

S. hirsutum Host; S. irio L. var. gallicum (Willd.) DC.]
Erysimum L.
Synonym: Cheirinia Link
*Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC. WESTERN WALL-FLOWER, PRAIRIE ROCKET

[Cheiranthus aspera Nutt.; Cheirinia aspera (Nutt.) Rydb.; E. asperum var. dolichocarpum O. E. Schulz]




*Erysimum cheiranthoides L. WORMSEED-MUSTARD, TREACLE-MUSTARD

[Cheirinia cheiranthoides (L.) Link; E. parviflorum Pers.; E. perofskianum of NY reports, not Fisch. & Meyer]


*Erysimum hieracifolium L. TALL ROCKET, TALL WORMSEED

[Erysimum strictum Gaertner, Meyer, & Scherb.; E. marshallianum Andrz.

ex Bieb.]

*Erysimum inconspicuum (S. Wats.) MacM. PRAIRIE ROCKET

[Cheiranthus inconspicuus (S. Wats.) E. L. Greene; C. serticola (Sheldon)

Greene; Cheirinia inconspicua (S. Wats.) Rydb.; C. syrticola (Sheldon)

Rydb.; Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC. var. inconspicuum S. Wats.; E.



asperum var. parviflorum (Nutt. ex Torrey & Gray) M. E. Jones; E.

coarctatum Fern.; E. inconspicuum var. coarctatum (Fern.) Rosbach; E.

parviflorum Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray; E. syrticola Sheldon]
*Erysimum repandum L. TREACLE-MUSTARD

[Cheirinia repanda (L.) Link; Erysimum rigidum DC.]


Hesperis L.
*Hesperis matronalis L. DAME'S-ROCKET, MOTHER-OF-THE-EVENING

[H. matronalis ssp. cladotricha (Borbás) Hayek]


Iberis L.
*Iberis sempervirens L. EDGING CANDYTUFT

[Iberis garrexiana All.; I. serrulata Vis.]


*Iberis umbellata L. GLOBE CANDYTUFT

(I. pruittii of NY reports, not Tineo; I. roseopurpurea Sagorski)


Isatis L.
*Isatis tinctoria L. DYER'S WOAD
Lepidium L.
Synonym: Thlaspi L. in part
*Lepidium campestre (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. COW-CRESS, FIELD-CRESS

(L. heterophyllum of NY report?; Thlaspi campestre L.)


*Lepidium densiflorum Schrad. BIRD'S PEPPERGRASS, WILD PEPPERGRASS,

PRAIRIE PEPPERWEED

(L. neglectum Thell.)
*Lepidium latifolium L. BROADLEAF OR TALL PEPPERGRASS

[Cardaria latifolia (L.) Spach]


*Lepidium nitidum Nutt. PEPPERGRASS
*Lepidium perfoliatum L. SHIELD-CRESS
*Lepidium ramosissimum Nels. BUSHY PEPPERGRASS
*Lepidium ruderale L. STINKING PEPPERGRASS, ROADSIDE PEPPERGRASS

[Lepidium texanum Buckley; L. virginicum ssp. texanum (Buckley) Thell.]


*Lepidium sativum L. GARDEN PEPPERGRASS, GOLDEN PEPPERGRASS
Lepidium virginicum L. WILD PEPPERGRASS, POOR-MAN'S-PEPPER
Lobularia Desv.
Synonyms: Clypeola L. in part; Koniga Adans.
*Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. SWEET ALYSSUM, SEASIDE ALYSSUM

[Alyssum maritimum (L.) Lam.; Clypeola maritima L.; Koniga maritima (L.) R. Br. ex Denh. & Clapp]


Lunaria L.
*Lunaria annua L. MONEY-PLANT, HONESTY, SATIN-FLOWER

(Lunaria biennis Moench; L. inodora Lam.)


Nasturtium R. Br. ex Ait.
Synonyms: Rorippa Scop. in part
*Nasturtium microphyllum Bönn. ex Reichenb. SMALL-LEAF WATERCRESS

[Nasturtium officinale R. Br. var. microphyllum (Bönn. ex Reichenb.)

Thell.; N. uniseriatum Howard & Manton; Rorippa microphylla (Bönn. ex

Reichenb.) Hylander ex A. & D. Löve]


*Nasturtium microphyllum officinale N. sterile Airy Shaw WATERCRESS

(Rorippa microphylla nasturtium-aquaticum) (REPORT ONLY)


*Nasturtium officinale R. Br. ex Ait. WATERCRESS

[Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek; Sisymbrium nasturtium-aquaticum L..]


Neslia Desv.
*Neslia paniculata (L.) Desv. BALL-MUSTARD

(Myagrum paniculatum L.)


Raphanus L.
*Raphanus raphanistrum L. WILD RADISH, JOINTED CHARLOCK, WHITE

CHARLOCK, RAPE


*Raphanus sativus L. GARDEN RADISH
Rapistrum Crantz
*Rapistrum rugosum (L.) All. WILD RAPE

(Myagrum rugosum L.)


Rorippa Scop.
Synonyms: Armoracia Gaertner, Meyer, & Scherbius in part; Nasturtium R.

Br. ex Ait. in part; Radicula Hill in part; Sisymbrium L. in part


Rorippa aquatica (Eaton) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark LAKE-CRESS, RIVER-

CRESS


[Armoracia aquatica (Eaton) Weigand, not Kostel.; A. lacustris (Gray) Al-Shehbaz V. Bates; Cochlearia aquatica (Eaton) Eaton; C. armoracia L. var. aquatica Eaton; Nasturtium lacustre A. Gray; N. natans DC. var. Americanum A. Gray; Neobeckia aquatica (Eaton) E. L.Greene; Radicula aquatica (Eaton) Robinson; Rorippa americana (A. Gray) Britton]

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Rorippa austriaca (Crantz) Besser AUSTRIAN YELLOW CRESS

[Brachylobus austriacus (Crantz) Schur; Camelina austriaca (Crantz) Persoon; Cochlearia austriaca (Crantz) Ledeb.; Myagrum austriacum

(Crantz) Jacq.; Nasturtium austriacum Crantz;Radicula austriaca (Crantz) Small]

*Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern INDIAN YELLOW-CRESS

[Nasturtium atrovirens (Horn.) DC.; N.heterophyllum Blume; N. indicum (L.) DC.; N. montanum Wallich; N. sinapis (Burm.) O. E. Schulz; Radicula indica (L.) Standley; Rorippa atrovirens (Hornem.) Ohwi & H. Hara; R. heterophylla (Blume) Williams; R. indica (L.) Hochr.; R. montana (Wall.) Small; R. sinapis (Burm.) J. F. Macbr.; Sisymbrium atrovirens Hornemann; S. indicum L.; S. sinapis Burmann]
Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser MARSH WATERCRESS, YELLOW WATERCRESS

ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell

[R. islandica var. fernaldiana Butters & Abbe]



ssp. hispida (Desv.) Jonsell

[Radicula hispida (Desv.) Britt.; Rorippa islandica var. hispida (Desv.) Butters & Abbe]



*ssp. palustris

[Radicula palustris (L.) Moench; Rorippa islandica (Oed.) Borbás var. islandica]


*Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Besser CREEPING YELLOW-CRESS

[Brachiolobus sylvestris (L.) All.; Nasturtium sylvestre (L.) R. Br.;

Radicula sylvestris (L.) Druce; Sisymbrella sylvestris (L.) Spach;

Sisymbrium sylvestre L.]
Sinapis L.
Synonym: Brassica L. in part
*Sinapis alba L. WHITE MUSTARD

[Brassica alba (L.) Rabenh.; B. hirta Moench]


*Sinapis arvensis L. CHARLOCK, WILD MUSTARD

[Brassica arvensis (L.) Rabenh.; var. schkuhriana (Reichenb.) Wheeler;



B. kaber (DC.) Wheeler; var. pinnatifida (Stokes) Wheeler; B. sinapistrum

Boiss.; Sinapis kaber DC.; S. orientalis L.; S. schkuhriana Reichenb.]


Sisymbrium L.
Synonym: Norta Adans.
*Sisymbrium altissimum L. TUMBLE-MUSTARD

[Hesperis altissima (L.) Kuntze; Norta altissima (L.) R. Br.; Sisymbrium



pannonicum Jacq.; S. sinapistrum Crantz]
*Sisymbrium irio L. LONDON-ROCKET

[Descurainia irio (L.) Webb & Berthelot; Norta irio (L.) R. Br.; Sisymbrium



erysimastrum Lam.; S. heteromallum Fourn.; S. latifolium A. Gray]
*Sisymbrium loeselii L. TALL HEDGE-MUSTARD

[Erysimum loesellii (L.) Farwell; Hesperis loesellii (L.) Kuntze;



Leptocarpaea losellii (L.) DC.; Nasturtium loesellii (L.) Krause; Norta

loesellii (L.) Rydb.; Turritis loesellii (L.) R. Br.]
*Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. HEDGE-MUSTARD

(Erysimum officinale L.; S. officinale var. leiocarpum DC.)


Subularia L.
Subularia aquatica L. AWLWORT, WATER AWLWORT

ssp. americana Mulligan & Calder

[S. aquatica var.. americana (Mulligan & Calder) Boivin]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Teesdalia R. Br.
*Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. SHEPHERD-CRESS

(Iberis nudicaulis L.; Teesdalia iberis DC.)


Thlaspi L.
*Thlaspi arvense L. FIELD PENNYCRESS, FANWEED, MITHRIDATE MUSTARD
*Thlaspi perfoliatum L. PENNYCRESS

(Microthlaspi perfoliatum (L.) F. K. Meyer)


Turritis L.
Synonym: Arabis L. in part
Turritis glabra L. TOWER-MUSTARD, TOWER-CRESS

[Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh.; A. macrocarpa (Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray)

Torrey; A. perfoliata Lam.; Turritis macrocarpa Nutt. ex Torrey & A.

Gray]
RESEDACEAE (MIGNONETTE FAMILY)


Reseda L.
*Reseda alba L. WHITE MIGNONETTE
*Reseda lutea L. YELLOW MIGNONETTE, SCRAMBLING ROCKET
*Reseda luteola L. DYER'S-ROCKET
*Reseda odorata L. GARDEN MIGNONETTE
*Reseda phyteuma L. MIGNONETTE (REPORT ONLY)
CLETHRACEAE (WHITE ALDER FAMILY)
Clethra L.
Clethra alnifolia L. WHITE ALDER, SUMMER-SWEET, SWEET PEPPER-BUSH
Order: Ericales
ERICACEAE (HEATH FAMILY)
Andromeda L.
Andromeda glaucophylla Link BOG ROSEMARY, WILD ROSEMARY,

MOORWORT

[A. canescens Small; A. polifolia ssp. glaucophylla (Link) Hultén; var. angustifolia Ait.; var. glaucophylla (Link) DC.; var. latifolia Ait.; A. rosmarinifolia Pursh, not Gilib.]
Arctostaphylos L.
Synonym: Uva ursi Mill.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. BEARBERRY, SANDBERRY,

HOG-CRANBERRY, MEALBERRY, KINNIKINNIK, MOUNTAIN BOX

[Arbutus uva-ursi L.; Arctostaphylos uva-ursi var. coactilis Fern. & MacBr.; Uva ursi uva-ursi (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown]
Calluna Salisb.
*Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull HEATHER, SCOTCH HEATHER
Chamaedaphne Moench
Synonyms: Andromeda L. in part; Cassandra D. Don
Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench LEATHERLEAF, CASSANDRA

[Andromeda calyculata L.; Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don.; Chamaadaphne calyculata var. angustifolia (Ait.) Rehd.]


Chimaphila Pursh
Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh SPOTTED WINTERGREEN
Chimaphila umbellata (L.) Bart. PIPSISSEWA, PRINCE'S-PINE

ssp. cisatlantica (Blake) Hultén

(C. umbellata var. cisatlantica Blake)


Corema D. Don
Corema conradii (Torrey) Torrey ex Loud. BROOM CROWBERRY

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Empetrum L.
Empetrum eamesii Fern. & Wieg. PURPLE CROWBERRY, RED CROWBERRY

ssp. atropurpureum (Fern. & Wieg.) D. Löve

[E. rubrum Vahl ssp. eamesii (Fern. & Wieg.) R. Good var. atropurpureum (Fern. & Wieg.) R. Good]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Empetrum nigrum L. BLACK CROWBERRY, CURLEW-BERRY

ssp. hermaphroditum (Lange ex Hagerup) Böcher

State Rarity: Listed Rare
Epigaea L.
Epigaea repens L. TRAILING ARBUTUS, MAYFLOWER, GROUND-LAUREL

(E. repens var. glabrifolia Fern.)


Gaultheria L.
Synonym: Chiogenes Salisb.
Gaultheria hispidula (L.) Mühl. ex Bigel. CREEPING SNOW-BERRY, MOXIE-

PLUM, MAIDENHAIR-BERRY

[Chiogenes hispidula (L.) Torrey & A. Gray]
Gaultheria procumbens L. WINTERGREEN, CHECKERBERRY, TEABERRY,

MOUNTAIN-TEA, IVORY-LEAF



Gaylussacia Kunth
Synonyms: Andromeda L. in part; Vaccinium L. in part
Gaylussacia baccata (Wang.) Koch BLACK HUCKLEBERRY, HIGHBUSH

HUCKLEBERRY

[Andromeda baccata Wang.; G. resinosa (Ait.) Torrey & A. Gray ex Torrey]
Gaylussacia dumosa (Andr.) Torrey & A. Gray DWARF HUCKLEBERRY,

LOWBUSH HUCKLEBERRY, GOPHERBERRY

(Vaccinium dumosum Andr.)

var. bigeloviana Fern.

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Gaylussacia frondosa (L.) Torrey & A. Gray ex Torrey DANGLEBERRY,

DWARF HUCKLEBERRY, BLUE TANGLE

(Vaccinium frondosum L.)
Harrimanella Coville
Synonym: Cassiope D. Don in part
Harrimanella hypnoides (L.) Coville MOSS-HEATHER, MOSS HEATH

[Cassiope hypnoides (L.) D. Don]



State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)

Note: The occurrence of this species in New York has been questioned; however, it is well-documented both by excellent voucher specimens and correspondence.
Kalmia L.
Kalmia angustifolia L. SHEEP LAUREL, LAMBKILL, DWARF LAUREL, CKY,SHEEPKILL, PIGKILL
Kalmia latifolia L. MOUNTAIN LAUREL, CALICO-BUSH, SPOONWOOD, IVYBUSH
Kalmia polifolia Wang. BOG LAUREL, SWAMP LAUREL, PALE LAUREL
Leucothoë D. Don
Synonyms: Andromeda L. in part; Eubotrys Nutt.
*Leucothoë fontenesiana (Steud.) Sleumer DOG-HOBBLE, SWITCH-IVY,

DROOPING FETTER-BUSH

[L. catesbei of authors, not (Walt.) A. Gray; L. editorum Fern.]
Leucothoë racemosa (L.) A. Gray SWEETBELLS, FETTERBUSH, DOG-HOBBLE

[Andromeda racemosa L.; Eubotrys racemosa (L.) Nutt.]


*Leucothoë recurva (Buckl.) A. Gray FETTERBUSH

[Eubotrys recurva (Buckl.) Britt.]


Loiseleuria Desv.
Loiseleuria procumbens (L.) Desv. ALPINE AZALEA

Note: A study yet to be published places this species under Kalmia.

[Vaccinium vitis-idaea of NY reports, not L.; Vitis-idaea vitis-idaea of NY reports, not (L.) Britt.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Lyonia Nutt.
Synonyms: Andromeda L. in part; Neopieris Britt. ex B. & B.; Xolisma Raf.
Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. MALEBERRY, HE-HUCKLEBERRY, MALE BLUEBERRY

[Xolisma ligustrina (L.) Britt.]


Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don STAGGERBUSH

[Andromeda mariana L.; Neopieris mariana (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; Xolisma mariana (L.) Rehd.]


Moneses Salisb. ex S. Gray
Synonym: Pyrola L. in part
Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray ONE-FLOWERED WINTERGREEN

(Pyrola uniflora L.)


Monotropa L.
Synonym: Hypopitys Hill
Monotropa hypopithys L. PINESAP, FALSE BEECHDROPS

[Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small; H. lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf., not Nutt.; H. multiflora var. americana DC.; M. hypopitys Michx., not L.; M. lanuginosa Michx.]


Monotropa uniflora L. INDIAN-PIPE, CONVULSION-ROOT

(M. brittonii Small)


Orthilia Raf.
Synonym: Pyrola L. in part
Orthilia secunda (L.) House ONE-SIDED WINTERGREEN

[O. secunda ssp. obtusata (Turcz.) Böcher; var. obtusata (Turcz.) House; Pyrola secunda L.; var. obtusata Turcz.]



Oxydendrum DC.
*Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC. SOURWOOD, SORREL-TREE
Pterospora Nutt.
Synonym: Monotropa L. in part
Pterospora andromedea Nutt. PINE-DROPS, GIANT BIRD'S-NEST,

ALBANY BEECH DROPS

(Monotropa procera Torrey ex Eaton; P. andromeda of authors)

State Rarity: Listed Endangered

Note: This species underwent an extreme decline in the 20th century
Pyrola L.
Pyrola americana Sweet WILD LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY, ROUND-LEAF

WINTERGREEN

[P. rotundifolia ssp. americana (Sweet) Clausen; var. americana (Sweet) Fern.]
Pyrola asarifolia Michx. PINK WINTERGREEN, PINK PYROLA

[P. asarifolia var. purpurea (Bunge) Fern.; P. uliginosa Torrey & A. Gray]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Pyrola chlorantha Sw. GREEN SHINLEAF, WINTER-GREEN, PYROLA

[P. oxypetala Austin ex A. Gray (with peloric flowers); P. virens Schweig. ex Schweig. & Koerte]


Pyrola elliptica Nutt. SHINLEAF, WILD LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY
Pyrola minor L. MOUNTAIN PYROLA, SHINLEAF

State Rarity: Listed Endangered

Rhododendron L.
Synonyms: Azalea L.; Ledum L.; Rhodora L.
Rhododendron arborescens (Pursh) Torrey SMOOTH AZALEA

(REPORT ONLY)


Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torrey FLAME AZALEA

(Azalea calendulacea Michx.; A. lutea L. of authors; R. luteum Schneid., not Sweet)


Rhododendron canadense (L.) Torrey RHODORA

(Rhodora canadense L.)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron & Judd LABRADOR TEA

[Ledum decumbens of early NY reports, not (Ait.) Lodd.; L. groenlandicum Oeder; L. palustre ssp. groenlandicum (Oeder) Hultén]


Rhododendron lapponicum (L.) Wahl. LAPLAND ROSEBAY

(Azalea lapponica L.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Rhododendron maximum L. GREAT LAUREL, ROSEBAY, WHITE LAUREL
Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners PINKSTER-

FLOWER,PINKSTER-BLOOM, PURPLE HONEYSUCKLE, ELECTION-PINK

[Azalea nudiflora L.; A. periclymenoides Michx.; R. nudiflorum (L.) Torrey]
Rhododendron prinophyllum (Small) Millais EARLY AZALEA, MOUNTAIN

AZALEA, ROSE-HONEYSUCKLE, ELECTION-PINK

[Azalea prinophylla Small; R. roseum (Loisel. ex Duhamel) Rehd.]
Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torrey SWAMP AZALEA, SWAMP HONEYSUCKLE,

CLAMMY RHODODENDRON, CLAMMY AZALEA

[Azalea glauca Lam.; A. nitida Pursh; A. viscosa L.; var. glauca (Lam.) Michx.; var. nitida (Pursh) Britton]

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