Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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Echinocystis Torrey & A. Gray
Synonyms: Micrampelis Raf.; Sicyos L. in part
Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torrey & A. Gray PRICKLY CUCUMBER, WILD CUCUMBER, WILD BALSAM-APPLE

[Micrampelis lobata (Michx.) Greene; Sicyos lobata Michx.]


Lagenaria Ser.
Synonyms: Cucurbita L. in part; Pepo Mill. in part
*Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. CALABASH, WHITE-FLOWERED GOURD

[Cucurbita lagenaria L.; L. leucantha (Dcne.) Rusby; L. vulgaris Ser.]


Sicyos L.
Sicyos angulatus L. BUR CUCUMBER, STAR CUCUMBER
Thladiantha Bunge
*Thladiantha dubia Bunge THLADIANTHA, GOURD
Order: Salicales
SALICACEAE (WILLOW FAMILY)
Populus L.
*Populus alba L. WHITE POPLAR, SILVER-LEAF POPLAR

(P. major Mill.; P. nivea Willd.)


*Populus albatremula = P.canescens (Ait.) Sm. GRAY POPLAR, SILVER-

LEAF POPLAR

(P. canescenstremula = P.hybrida Bieb.)
Populus balsamifera L. BALSAM POPLAR, TACAMAHAC, HACKMATACK

(P. balsamifera var. lanceolata Marsh.; var. subcordata Hyland; P. carolinensis Moench; P. tacamhaca Mill.)


*Populus balsamiferadeltoides = P.jackii Sarg. BALM-OF-GILEAD

(P. candicans of authors, not Ait.; P.gileadensis Roul.)


Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh. COTTONWOOD, POPLAR
*Populus deltoidesnigra = P.canadensis Moench CAROLINA POPLAR

(P.eugenii Simon-Lewis)


Populus grandidentata Michx. BIG-TOOTHED ASPEN, LARGE-TOOTHED ASPEN

(P. trepida Willd.)


Populus grandidentatatremuloides = P.smithii Boivin ASPEN
Populus heterophylla L. SWAMP COTTONWOOD, BLACK COTTONWOOD

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Populus nigra L. BLACK POPLAR (LOMBARDY POPLAR)

[P. dilatata Ait.; P. italica (DuRoi) Moench; P. nigra var. italica DuRoi; P. pyramidata Moench]


Populus tremuloides Michx. QUAKING ASPEN, TREMBLING ASPEN

[P. tremula L. ssp. tremuloides (Michx.) A. & D. Löve]


Salix L.
*Salix alba L. WHITE WILLOW

[S. alba var. vitellina (L.) Koch; S.hankensonii of NY reports, not Dode; S. vitellina L.]


*Salix albafragilis = S.rubens Schrank WILLOW
Salix amygdaloides Anderss. PEACH-LEAF WILLOW
*Salix atrocinerea Brot. ASHY WILLOW

(S. bebbiana of NY reports in part, not Sarg.)


*Salix babylonica L. WEEPING WILLOW
*Salix babylonicafragilis = S.blanda Anderss. WEEPING CRACK-WILLOW

Salix bebbiana Sarg. BEAKED WILLOW, LIVID WILLOW

[S. depressa L. var. rostrata (Anderss.) Hiit.; S. rostrata Richards.]


Salix candida Flügge ex Willd. HOARY WILLOW, SAGE WILLOW

[S. candida var. denudata Anderss.; S. pellita of NY reports, not (Anderss.) Schneid.]


*Salix caprea L. GOAT WILLOW
*Salix cinerea L. GRAY FLORIST'S WILLOW, GRAY PUSSY-WILLOW
Salix cordata Michx. SAND-DUNE WILLOW, HEARTLEAF WILLOW

(S. syrticola Fern.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Salix discolor Mühl. PUSSY-WILLOW, GLAUCOUS WILLOW

[S. discolorhumilis of NY report; S. discolorrigida of NY report; S. squamata Rydb.]


Salix eriocephala Michx. STIFF WILLOW, DIAMOND WILLOW,

HEARTLEAF WILLOW

(S. cordata Mühl., not Michx.; S. discolorrigida of NY reports; S. nigrapetiolaris of NY reports; S. nigrarigida of NY reports; S. rigida Mühl.; S. myricoides of NY reports, not Mühl.)
Salix eriocephalasericea WILLOW

(S. rigidasericea; S. cordatasericea of NY reports)


Salix exigua Nutt. SANDBAR WILLOW

[S. angustissima Anderss.; S. exigua ssp. interior (Rowlee) Cronq.; S. interior Rowlee; S. longifolia Mühl.; S. linearifolia Rydb.]


*Salix fragilis L. CRACK-WILLOW, BRITTLE WILLOW
Salix herbacea L. DWARF WILLOW, HERB-WILLOW

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Salix humilis Marsh. PRAIRIE WILLOW, GRAY WILLOW

var. humilis GRAY WILLOW, PUSSY-WILLOW, UPLAND WILLOW

[S. humilis var. hypohysa Fern.; var. keweenawensis Farw.; var. rigidiuscula (Anderss.) B. Robinson & Fern.]



var. tristis (Ait.) Griggs DWARF UPLAND WILLOW, DUNE WILLOW,

DWARF GRAY WILLOW, SAGE WILLOW

[S. humilis var. microphylla (Anderss.) Fern.; S. occidentalis Walt.; S. tristis Ait.]
Salix lucida Mühl. SHINING WILLOW, GLOSSY WILLOW

(S.jesupii of NY reports, not Fern.; S. lucida var. angustifolia Anderss.; var. intonsa Fern.)


*Salix matsudana Koidz. DRAGON-CLAW WILLOW, CORKSCREW WILLOW
Salix nigra Marsh. BLACK WILLOW, SWAMP WILLOW
Salix pedicellaris Pursh BOG WILLOW

[S. myrtilloides ssp. pedicellaris (Pursh) Anderss.; S. pedicellaris var. hypoglauca Fern.]


*Salix pentandra L. BAY-LEAF WILLOW
Salix petiolaris Sm. SLENDER WILLOW, MEADOW WILLOW

(S. bebbianapetiolaris of NY reports; S. gracilis Anderss.)


Salix petiolarissericea WILLOW

[S. subsericea (Anderss.) Schneid., not Roell.]


*Salix purpurea L. PURPLE WILLOW, BASKET WILLOW
Salix pyrifolia Anderss. BALSAM WILLOW

(S. balsamifera Barratt ex Hooker; S. cordata var. balsamifera Hooker)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Salix sericea Marsh. SILKY WILLOW

[S. coactilis Fern.; S. grisea Willd.; S. petiolaris var. grisea (Willd.) Torrey]


Salix serissima (Bailey) Fern. AUTUMN WILLOW
Salix uva-ursi Pursh BEARBERRY WILLOW

(S. cutleri Tuckerm.)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Salix viminalis L. SILKY OSIER (REPORT ONLY)

Order: Capparales
CAPPARIDACEAE (CAPER FAMILY)
Cleome L.
Synonym: Pedicellaria Schrank
*Cleome gynandra L. SPIDER-WISP

[C. pentaphylla L.; Pedicellaria pentaphylla (L.) Schrank]


*Cleome hassleriana Chodat SPIDER-FLOWER

(C. spinosa of NY reports, not Jacq. or L.)


*Cleome serrulata Pursh ROCKY MOUNTAIN BEE-PLANT, STINKING-CLOVER,

PINK CLEOME

[C. integrifolia (Nutt.) Torrey & A. Gray]
Polanisia Raf.
Synonym: Jacksonia Raf.
*Polanisia dodecandra (L.) DC. CLAMMYWEED

[Jacksonia trifoliata Raf.; P. graveolens Raf.; P. dodecandra ssp. trachysperma of NY reports, not (Torrey & A. Gray) Iltis; P. trachysperma of NY reports, not Torrey & A. Gray]


BRASSICACEAE (MUSTARD FAMILY)
Alliaria Heist. ex Fabr.
*Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cav. & Grande GARLIC MUSTARD, HEDGE-GARLIC

[A. alliaria (L.) Britt.; A. officinalis Andrz. ex Bieb.; Erysimum alliaria L.]


Alyssum L.
Synonym: Clypeola L. in part
*Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L. ALYSSUM

[Alyssum calycinum L.; A. campestris (L.) L.; Clypeola alyssoides L.;



C. campestris L.]

Arabidopsis Heynh.
Synonyms: Arabis L. in part; Sisymbrium L. in part
Arabidopsis lyrata (L.) O’Kane & Al-Shehbaz SAND CRESS, LYRE-LEAF ROCK-

CRESS


[Arabis lyrata L.; Arabis lyrata forma parvisiliqua M. Hopkins

Cardaminopsis lyrata (L.) Hiitonen.]
*Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. MOUSE-EAR CRESS, THALE-CRESS

[Arabis thaliana L.; Arabidiopsis thaliana (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; Sisymbrium thalianum (L.) Gay & Monn.; Stenophragma thaliana (L.) Celak]


Arabis L.
Arabis canadensis L. SICKLEPOD, ROCK-CRESS

(A. falcata Michx.)


*Arabis caucasica Schlect. ex Willd. WALL ROCK-CRESS, ARROWLEAF ROCK-

CRESS


[A. albida Stevens; A. alpina L. ssp. caucasica (Willd.) Briq.; A. billardieri

DC.; A. flavescens Griseb.]


Arabis divaricarpa A. Nels. PURPLE ROCK-CRESS

[A. brachycarpa (Torrey & A. Gray) Britt.; not Rupr.; A. divaricarpa var.



stenocarpa M. Hopkins; A. drummondiiholboelli; Turritis brachycarpa

Torrey & A. Gray]


Arabis drummondii A. Gray ROCK-CRESS (DRUMMONDS’S ROCK-CRESS)

[A. confinis S. Wats.; Streptanthus angustifolium Nutt. ex Torrey & A.

Gray, not Arabis angustifolia Lam.; Turritis stricta Graham; not Arabis

stricta Hudson]

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. HAIRY ROCK-CRESS

var. pycnocarpa (Hopk.) Rollins

[A. hirsuta ssp. pycnocarpa (Hopk.) Hultén; A. pycnocarpa Hopk.]


Arabis laevigata (Mühl. ex Willd.) Poir. ex Lam. SMOOTH ROCK-CRESS

[A. heterophylla Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray; A. laevigata var. heterophylla



(Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray) Farwell; A. lyraefolia DC.; Turritis laevigata

Mühl. ex Willd.]



Arabis missouriensis Greene GREEN ROCK-CRESS

[A. laevigata var. missouriensis (Greene) Ahles; A. missouriensis var. deamii (M. Hopkins) M. Hopkins; A. viridis Harger; A. viridis var. deamii M. Hopkins]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Arabis shortii (Fern.) Gleason TOOTHED ROCK-CRESS

[A. dentata (Torrey) Torrey & A. Gray, not Allioni. A. dentata var. phalacrocarpa M. Hopkins; A. perstellata E. Braun var. shortii Fern.; A. shortii var. phalacrocarpa (M. Hopkins) Steyerm.; Iodanthus dentatus (Torrey) E. L. Greene; Sisymbrium dentatum Torrey]



Rari State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Armoracia Gaertn., Meyer & Scherb.
*Armoracia rusticana (Lam.) Gaertn., Meyer & Scherb. HORSE-RADISH

[A. lapathifolia Gilib.; Cochlearia armoracia L.; C. rusticana Lam.;



Nasturtium armoracia (L.) Fries; Radicula armoracia (L.) Robinson;

Rorippa rusticana (Lam.) Gren. & Gord.]
Aurinia Desv.
Synonym: Alyssum L. in part
*Aurinia petraea (Ard.) Schur ROCK ALYSSUM

(Alyssum edentulum Waldst. & Kit.; A. gemonense L.; A. petraeum Ard.)


*Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv. BASKET OF GOLD, GOLDEN-TUFT

(Alyssum arduinii Fritsch; A. orientale Ard.; A. saxatile L.)


Barbarea R. Br. ex Ait.
Synonyms: Campe Dulac; Erysimum L. in part
*Barbarea verna (Mill.) Aschers. EARLY WINTERCRESS, WINTER BELLE-ISLE,

LAND-CRESS

[Barbarea praecox (Smith) R. Br.; Campe verna (Mill.) A. A. Heller;

Erysimum praecox Smith; E. vernum Mill.]
*Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. ex Ait. CRESS, YELLOW ROCKET, WINTER-CRESS

[B. stricta Andrz. ex Bess.; B. taurica DC.; B. vulgaris var. arcuata (Opiz & Presl) Fries; var. stricta A. Gray; Campe barbarea (L.) Wight; var. hirsuta (Weihe) House; Campe stricta (Andrz. ex Bess.) Wight; Erysimum barbarea L.; E. arcuatum Opiz ex Presl; Sisymbrium barbarea (L.) Crantz.]


Berteroa DC.
Synonym: Alyssum L. in part; Draba L. in part
*Berteroa incana (L.) DC. HOARY ALYSSUM

[Alyssum incanum L.; B. obliqua of NY reports, not (Sibth. & Sm.) DC.;



B. mutabilis of NY reports, not (Vent.) DC.; Draba cheiranthifolia Lam.;

Farsetia incana (L.) R. Br.]
Brassica L.
Synonym: Sinapis L. in part
*Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. BROWN MUSTARD, INDIAN MUSTARD, CHINESE

MUSTARD, CURLY MUSTARD

[B. cernua (Thunb.) Forbes & Hemsley; B. integrifolia (West) O. E. Schulz;

B. japonica Thunb.; B. juncea var. crispifolia Bailey; Sinapis juncea L.]
*Brassica napus L. RAPE, RUTABAGA, SWEDISH TURNIP

[B. napobrassica (L.) Mill.; B. rapa sensu House (1924) and other authors, not L.]


*Brassica nigra (L.) Koch BLACK MUSTARD

[Sinapis nigra L.; Sisymbrium nigrum (L.) Prantl]


*Brassica oleracea L. CABBAGE, KALE, BROCCOLI, CAULIFLOWER

[B. sylvestris (L.) Mill.]


*Brassica rapa L. FIELD MUSTARD

[B. campestris L.; B. rapa var. campestris (L.) W. D. Koch; B. rapa ssp.



oleifera DC.]
Bunias L.
*Bunias orientalis L. TURKISH ROCKET, HILL-MUSTARD


Cakile Mill.
Synonym: Bunias L. in part
Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hooker SHORE-ROCKET, SEA-ROCKET

var. edentula

[Bunias edentula Bigel.; C. americana Nutt.; C. lanceolata ssp. edentula

(Bigel.) O. E. Schulz; C. maritima Scopoli var. americana (Nutt.) Torrey; (see also Rodman, 1974)]

var. lacustris Fern.

[C. edentula ssp. lacustris (Fern.) Hultén]


*Cakile maritima Scop. SEA-ROCKET
Camelina Crantz
*Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC. FALSE FLAX

[C. sativa ssp. microcarpa (Andrz. ex DC.) E. Schmid]


*Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz DUTCH OR FALSE FLAX, GOLD-OF-PLEASURE

[Myagrum sativum L.; Alyssum sativum (L.) Scop.; C. sativa var. glabrata DC.; C. glabrata (DC.) K. Fritsch]


Capsella Medik.
Synonyms: Bursa (Siegesb.) Weber ex Wigg.; Thlaspi L. in part
*Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. SHEPHERD'S-PURSE, SHEPHERD'S-POUCH,

PICK-POCKET

[Bursa bursa-pastoris (L.) Britt.; Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L.]
Cardamine L.
Synonyms: Arabis L. in part; Dentaria L.
Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Mühl.) BSP. SPRING CRESS

[Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Mühl.; A. rhomboidea Pers.; C. rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.; Dentaria rhomboidea (Pers.) E. L. Greene]


Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Schwein. CUT-LEAF TOOTHWORT, PEPPER-

ROOT


[C. laciniata (Mühl. ex Willd.) A. Wood, not Steud.; Dentaria concatenata

Michx.; D. laciniata Mühl. ex Willd.]


Cardamine concatenata diphylla = C maxima (Nutt.) Wood LARGE

TOOTHWORT

(Dentariaincisa K. Schum.; D. diphyllalaciniata; D. diphyllamaxima; D.incisifolia Eames; D. laciniatamaxima Nutt.; D. maxima Nutt.)
Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Wood TWO-LEAF TOOTHWORT,PEPPERWORT

(Dentaria bifolia Stockes; D. diphylla Michx.; D. incisa Small)


Cardamine douglassii Britt. PURPLE CRESS

Note: The authority for this species is sometimes cited as: Torrey, in Torrey & A. Gray (1838); however, Arabis douglassii was listed by Torrey as a synonym only.
*Cardamine flexuosa With. ROCK-CRESS

[Cardamine hirsuta L. var. flexuosa (With.) Forbes & Hemsl.; C. debilis D.

Don]
*Cardamine hirsuta L. HAIRY ROCK-CRESS, HOARY BITTER-CRESS
*Cardamine impatiens L. BUSHY ROCK-CRESS
Cardamine longii Fern. LONG'S BITTERCRESS, SALTMARSH BITTERCRESS

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Cardamine oligosperma Nutt. BITTERCRESS (REPORT ONLY)
Cardamine parviflora L. SMALL-FLOWERED BITTER-CRESS

var. arenicola (Britt.) Schulz

(C. arenicola Britt.; C. flexuosa With. var. gracilis Schulz; C. parviflora var. parviflora of NY reports; C. virginica Michx.)


Cardamine pensylvanica Mühl. ex Willd. PENNSYLVANIA BITTERCRESS

[C. flexuosa of some NY reports, not With.; C. flexuosa With. ssp. pensylvanica (Mühl. ex Willd.) O. E. Schulz; C. hirsuta sensu Torrey's NY Flora, not L.; C. hirsuta L. var. pensylvanica (Mühl. ex Willd.) Graff; C. pensylvanica var. brittoniana Farw.; C. rotundfolia Michx. var. diversifolia O. E. Schulz; Dracamine pensylvanica (Mühl. ex Willd.) Nieuwl.]


Cardamine pratensis L. CUCKOO-FLOWER, LADY'S-SMOCK

[C. palustris Peterm. ex Rabenh.; C. pratensis ssp. palustris (Wimm. &

Gräbn.) Clausen; var. palustris Wimm. & Gräbn.; Dracamine pratensis (L.)

Nieuwl..]




Cardamine rotundifolia Michx. MOUNTAIN WATERCRESS, ROUNDLEAF

WATERCRESS

[Dentaria rotundifolia (Michx.) Greene]

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Cardaria Desv.
Synonym: Lepidium L. in part
*Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. HOARY CRESS

[Lepidium draba L.; Cochlearia draba (L.) L.]


Coincya Rouy
Synonym: Hutera Porta
*Coincya monensis (L.) Greuter & Burdet CRESS, HUTERA

var. recurvata (All.) Leadley

[Brassica cheiranthos Villars; C. cheiranthos (Villars) Greuter & Burdet;



Hutera cheiranthos (Villars) Gómez-Campo; Rhynchosinapis cheiranthos

(Villars) Dandy; Sisymbrium monense L.; see Leadlay & Heywood

(1990) for numerous additional synonyms]
Conringia Heist. ex Adans.
*Conringia orientalis (L.) Dumort. HARE'S-EAR, TREACLE-MUSTARD

[Brassica orientalis L.; Erysimum orientale (L.) R. Br.; Sisymbrium



orientale (L.)L.]
Coronopus Zinn
Synonym: Carara Medik.
*Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. WART-CRESS, WART-GRASS

[Carara didyma (L.) Britt.; Lepidium didymum L.; Senebiera pinnatifida DC.; S. didyma (L.) Pers.]


*Coronopus squamatus (Forsk.) Aschers. SWINE-CRESS, WART-CRESS

[Carara coronopus (L.) Medik.; Cochlearia coronopus L.; Coronopus procumbens Gilib.; C. verrucarius (Garsault) Muschler & Thellung; Lepidium squamatum Forrsk.]




Descurainia Webb & Berth.
Synonyms: Sisymbrium L. in part; Sophia Adans.
Descurainia pinnata (Walt.) Britt. TANSY-MUSTARD

ssp. brachycarpa (Rich. ex Frankl.) Detl. NORTHERN TANSY-MUSTARD

[D. pinnata var. brachycarpa (Rich.) Fern.; Sophia brachycarpa (Rich. ex Frankl.) Rydb. ex Britt.; Sisymbrium brachycarpon Rich. ex Frankl.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered

*ssp. pinnata SOUTHERN TANSY-MUSTARD

[Cardamine multifida Pursh; Descurainia canescens (Nutt.) Prantl; D.

multifida (Pursh) O. E. Schulz; D. multifoliata Cory; Erysimum pinnatum

Walt.; Sisymbrium canescens Nutt.; S. pinnatum (Walt.) E. L. Greene; Sophia millefolia Rydb.; S. pinnata (Walt.) Howell]


*Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Berth. HERB SOPHIA, FLIXWEED

[Sisymbrium sophia L.; S. parviflorum Lam.; Sophia sophia (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; S. multifida Gilib.]


Diplotaxis DC.
Synonym: Sisymbrium L. in part
*Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC. HARE'S-EAR MUSTARD

(Sisymbrium erucoides L.)


*Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC. WALL-ROCKET, SAND-ROCKET

[Brassica muralis (L.) Boiss.; Sinapis muralis (L.) R. Br.; Sisymbrium



murale L.]
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