Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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Subclass Dilleniidae



Order: Dilleniales
PAEONIACEAE (PEONY FAMILY)
Paeonia L.
*Paeonia lactiflora Pall. GARDEN PEONY, CHINESE PEONY, PAEONY

[P. albiflora Pall.; P. chinensis Hort.; P. edulis Salisb.; P. fragrans (Sab.) Redouté; P. lactea Pall.; P. sinensis Hort.]


ACTINIDIACEAE (KIWI FAMILY)
Actinidia Lindl.
*Actinidia polygama (Sieb. & Zucc.) Maxim SILVER-VINE, KIWI-BERRY

[A. volubilis (Sieb. & Zucc.) Planch.]


Order: Theales
ELATINACEAE (WATERWORT FAMILY)
Elatine L.
Elatine americana (Pursh) Arn. AMERICAN WATERWORT, WATER PURSLANE

[E. triandra var. americana (Pursh) Fassett]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Elatine minima (Nutt.) Fisch. & Meyer LESSER WATERWORT, MUD PURSLANE

(E. clintoniana C. Peck)


*Elatine triandra Schkuhr EURASIAN WATERWORT, GREATER WATERWORT,

CLUSIACEAE (MANGOSTEEN FAMILY)
Hypericum L.
Synonyms: Ascyrum Mill.; Sarothra L.
Hypericum adpressum Raf. ex Bart. CREEPING ST. JOHN'S-WORT

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Hypericum ascyron L. GREAT ST. JOHN'S-WORT

(H. macrocarpum Michx.; H. pyramidatum Ait.)


Hypericum boreale (Britt.) Bickn. NORTHERN DWARF ST. JOHN'S-WORT

[H. muticum ssp. boreale (Britt.) Gillett]


Hypericum canadense L. CANADIAN ST. JOHN'S-WORT
Hypericum canadensemutilum = H.dissimulatum Bickn. ST. JOHN'S WORT
Hypericum crux-andreae (L.) Crantz ST. PETER'S-WORT, ST. ANDREW'S

CROSS (REPORT ONLY)

[Ascyrum stans Michx.; Hypericum stans (Michx.) Adams & Robson]
Hypericum densiflorum Pursh BUSHY ST. JOHN'S-WORT

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Hypericum denticulatum Walt. COPPERY ST. JOHN'S-WORT

(H. virgatum Lam.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Hypericum ellipticum Hooker PALE ST. JOHN'S-WORT
Hypericum gentianoides (L.) BSP. ORANGE-GRASS, PINEWEED

(Sarothra gentianoides L.)


Hypericum gymnanthum Engelm. & A. Gray ST. JOHN'S-WORT

[H. mutilum var. gymnanthum (Engelm. & A. Gray) A. Gray]



State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
*Hypericum humifusum L. ST. JOHN'S-WORT (REPORT ONLY)
Hypericum hypericoides (L.) Crantz ST. ANDREW'S CROSS

(Ascyrum hypericoides L.; H. crux-andreae of some authors, not L.; H. stragulum Adams & Robson)



ssp. multicaule (Michx. ex Willd.) Robson

(H. multicaule Michx. ex Willd.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Hypericum kalmianum L. KALM ST. JOHN'S-WORT

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
Hypericum majus (A. Gray) Britt. CANADIAN ST. JOHN'S-WORT
Hypericum mutilum L. DWARF ST. JOHN'S-WORT

[H. mutilum var. parviflorum (Willd.) Fern.]


*Hypericum perforatum L. ST. JOHN'S-WORT, KLAMATH-WEED, GOATWEED
Hypericum prolificum L. SHRUBBY ST. JOHN'S-WORT

[H. spathulatum (Spach) Steud.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Hypericum punctatum Lam. ST. JOHN'S-WORT
Triadenum Raf.
Synonym: Hypericum L. in part
Triadenum fraseri (Spach) Gleason MARSH ST. JOHN'S WORT, PINK-FLOWERED

ST. JOHN'S-WORT

[Hypericum virginicum var. fraseri (Spach) Fern.]
Triadenum virginicum (L.) Raf. MARSH OR PINK-FLOWERED ST. JOHN'S-WORT

(Hypericum virginicum L.)


Order: Malvales
TILIACEAE (LINDEN FAMILY)
Tilia L.
Tilia americana L. BASSWOOD, WHITEWOOD, AMERICAN LINDEN

var. americana

[T. americana var. neglecta (Spach) Fosberg; T. glabra Vent.; T. neglecta Spach]



var. heterophylla (Vent.) Loud. WHITE BASSWOOD

[T. heterophylla Vent.; var. michauxii (Nutt.) Sarg.; T. michauxii Nutt.]


*Tilia cordata Mill. SMALL-LEAVED LINDEN, EUROPEAN , HEART-LEAF LINDEN
STERCULIACEAE (CACAO FAMILY)
Melochia L.
*Melochia corchorifolia L. MELOCHIA
MALVACEAE (MALLOW FAMILY)
Abutilon Mill.
*Abutilon theophrasti Medik. VELVET-LEAF, BUTTER-PRINT, PIE-MARKER,

[Sida abutilon L.; A. abutilon (L.) Rusby]


Alcea L.
Synonym: Althaea L. in part
*Alcea rosea L. HOLLYHOCK

[Althaea rosea (L.) Cav.]


Althaea L.
*Althaea hirsuta L. MALLOW (REPORT ONLY)
*Althaea officinalis L. MARSH-MALLOW, WHITE MALLOW
Anoda Cav.
Synonym: Sida L. in part
*Anoda cristata (L.) Schlect. ANODA (REPORT ONLY)
Hibiscus L.
Synonym: Trionum (L.) Medik.
Hibiscus moscheutos L. ROSE-MALLOW, SWAMP-ROSE, MARSH-MALLOW

(H. oculiroseus Britt.; H. opulifolius Greene; H. palustris L.)


*Hibiscus syriacus L. ROSE-OF-SHARON, SHRUB ALTHAEA
*Hibiscus trionum L. FLOWER-OF-AN-HOUR, MODESTY

[H. collinsiana Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray; Trionum trionum (L.) Wooten & Standl.]


Kosteletzkya C. Presl
Kosteletzkya virginica (L.) C. Presl ex A. Gray SALTMARSH MALLOW

var. aquilonia Fern.

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
Malva L.
*Malva alcea L. VERVAIN-MALLOW
*Malva moschata L. MUSK-MALLOW
*Malva neglecta Wallr. CHEESES, COMMON MALLOW

(M. rotundifolia of NY reports, not L.)


*Malva parviflora L. LITTLE MALLOW
*Malva sylvestris L. HIGH MALLOW, CHEESES
*Malva verticillata L. WHORLED MALLOW

[M. crispa (L.) L.]


Sida L.
Synonym: Napaea L.
*Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby VIRGINIA MALLOW

(Napaea hermaphrodita L.; S. napaea Cav.)


*Sida spinosa L. PRICKLY MALLOW, INDIAN MALLOW
Sidalcea A. Gray
*Sidalcea oregana (Nutt. ex Torrey & Gray) A. Gray CHECKER-BLOOM

(S. nervata Nels.)



Order: Nepenthales
SARRACENIACEAE (PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY)
Sarracenia L.
Sarracenia purpurea L. PITCHER-PLANT, SIDE-SADDLE PLANT
DROSERACEAE (SUNDEW FAMILY)
Drosera L.
Drosera filiformis Raf. DEW-THREAD, THREADLEAF SUNDEW

(D. tenuifolia Willd.)



State Rarity: Listed Rare
Drosera intermedia Hayne SUNDEW, NARROW-LEAF SUNDEW

(D. longifolia Michx. in part)


Drosera rotundifolia L. SUNDEW, ROUND-LEAF SUNDEW

(D. rotundifolia var. comosa Fern.)


Order: Violales
CISTACEAE (ROCKROSE FAMILY)
Helianthemum Mill.
Synonyms: Cistus L. in part; Crocanthemum Spach
Helianthemum bicknellii Fern. PINE-BARREN FROSTWEED, HOARY FROSTWEED,

HOARY ROCKROSE

[Crocanthemum corymbosum (Pursh) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; C. bicknellii (Fern.) Barnh.; H. corymbosum Pursh, not Michx.; H. majus sensu BSP.]
Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx. FROSTWEED, ROCKROSE, SUNDROPS,

LONG-BRANCHED FROSTWEED, SCROFULA PLANT

[Cistus canadensis L.; Crocanthemum canadense (L.) Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; H. canadense var. sabulonum Fern.; Lechea major L.]
Helianthemum dumosum (Bickn.) Fern. BUSHY ROCKROSE, BUSHY

FROSTWEED

(Crocanthemum dumosum Bickn.)

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Helianthemum propinquum (Bickn.) Bickn. ex Britt. EARLY

FROSTWEED,SOUTHERN HOARY FROSTWEED

(Crocanthemum propinquum Bickn.)
*Helianthemum salicifolium (L.) Mill. FROSTWEED

[H. intermedium (Pers.) Thib. ex Dunal]


Hudsonia L.
Hudsonia ericoides L. GOLDEN HEATHER, HEATH-LIKE HUDSONIA
Hudsonia tomentosa Nutt. BEACH HEATHER, WOOLLY HUDSONIA, POVERTY-

GRASS, FALSE-HEATHER, BEACH-HEATH

(H. tomentosa var. intermedia Peck, not H. ericoidestomentosa)
Lechea L.
Lechea intermedia Leggett ex Britt. PINWEED, LARGE-POD PINWEED

(L. intermedia var. laurentiana Hodgdon; L. juniperina Bickn.; L. minor Hooker in part)


Lechea maritima Leggett ex Britt. BEACH PINWEED

[L. minor var. maritima (Leggett ex Britt.) A. Gray]


Lechea minor L. THYME-LEAF PINWEED

(L. thymifolia Michx.)


Lechea mucronata Raf. ex Desv. PINWEED

(L. stricta of NY reports, not Legg. ex Britt.; L. villosa Ell.)


Lechea pulchella Raf. PINWEED, (BEAD) PINWEED

var. moniliformis (Bickn.) Seym.

[L. leggettii var. moniliformis (Bickn.) Seym.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered

var. pulchella

(L. leggettii Britt. & Hollick; L. minor Hooker in part)



Lechea racemulosa Lam. PINWEED

(L. minor var. gracilis Torrey & A. Gray)



State Rarity: Listed Rare
Lechea tenuifolia Michx. SLENDER PINWEED

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
VIOLACEAE (VIOLET FAMILY)
Hybanthus Jacq.
Synonyms: Cubelium Raf.; Solea Spreng.; Viola L. in part
Hybanthus concolor (Forst.) Spreng. GREEN VIOLET

[Cubelium concolor (Forst.) Raf.; Solea concolor (Forst.) Ging. ex DC.; Viola concolor Forst.]


Viola L.
Viola adunca Sm. WESTERN DOGFOOT VIOLET, HOOKSPUR VIOLET, LABRADOR

VIOLET


[V. adunca var. minor (Hooker) Fern.; V. huronensis Greene; V. labradorica Schrank; V. subvestita Greene]
Viola affinis LeConte LECONTE VIOLET

(V. latiuscula Greene; V. sororia L. of authors in part)


Viola affiniscucullata = V.consocia House VIOLET
Viola affinishirsutula = V.consobrina House VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)

(V.dowelliana House)


Viola affinispalmata = V.slavinii House VIOLET

(V.  davisii House; V.discors House)


Viola affinissagittata = V.dissena House VIOLET

(V.hollickii House)


Viola affinisseptentrionalis = V.champlainensis House VIOLET

(REPORT ONLY)


Viola affinissororia = V.filicetorum Greene VIOLET

(V.columbiana House; V.consona House)


*Viola arvensis Murr. WILD PANSY, EUROPEAN FIELD PANSY
Viola blanda Willd. SWEET WHITE VIOLET

(V. blanda var. palustriformis A. Gray; V. incognita Brainerd; V. macloskeyi of authors in part, not Lloyd)




Viola canadensis L. TALL WHITE VIOLET, CANADA VIOLET

[V. canadensis var. corymbosa of NY reports, not Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray; var. rugulosa (Greene) Hitchc.; V. rugulosa of NY reports, not Greene]


Viola conspersa Reichenb. AMERICAN DOG-VIOLET
Viola conspersarostrata = V.malteana House VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)
Viola conspersastriata = V.eclipes Ballard VIOLET
Viola cucullata Ait. BLUE MARSH VIOLET

(V. cucullata var. microtitis Brainerd; V. prionosepala Greene; V. obliqua Hill in part; V. sororia of authors in part, not L.)


Viola cucullatapalmata = V.ryoniae House VIOLET

(V.  notabilis Bickn.)


Viola cucullataprimulifolia = V .lavandulacea Bickn. VIOLET
Viola cucullatasagittata = V.porteriana Pollard VIOLET

(V.abberans Greene; V.festata House; V. cucullatafimbriatula)


Viola cucullataseptentrionalis = V.melissifolia Greene VIOLET
Viola cucullatasororia = V.conturbata House VIOLET

(V.bissellii Brainerd; V.  melissifolia Greene)


*Viola hastata Michx. HALBARD-LEAF YELLOW VIOLET, SPEAR-LEAF YELLOW

VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)


Viola hirsutula Brainerd SOUTHERN WOOD VIOLET

(V. villosa Walt. in part)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Viola hirsutulapalmata = V.ravida House VIOLET

(V.  dissita House)


Viola hirsutulasagittata = V.redacta House VIOLET

(V.dimissa House)


Viola hirsutulasororia = V.cordifolia (Nutt.) Schwein.

VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)

(V. hirsutulapapilionacea sensu Nutt.; V.perpera House)
Viola lanceolata L. LANCE-LEAF VIOLET, STRAP-LEAF VIOLET, WATER VIOLET

[V. lanceolata ssp. vittata of NY report, not (Greene) Weath. & Griscom]


Viola lanceolatamacloskeyi ssp. pallens = V.sublanceolata House

VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)

(V. lanceolatapallens)
Viola lanceolataprimulifolia = V.modesta House VIOLET
Viola macloskeyi Lloyd WHITE VIOLET

ssp. pallens (Banks ex DC.) M. Baker PALE VIOLET

[V. blanda of authors, not Willd.; V. macloskeyi var. pallens (Banks ex DC.) Hitchc.; V. pallens (Banks ex DC.) Brainerd]


Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallensprimulifolia = V.mollicula House VIOLET

(REPORT ONLY)


Viola nephrophylla Greene NORTHERN BOG VIOLET, WESTERN SWAMP VIOLET

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Viola novae-angliae House NEW ENGLAND VIOLET

(V. sororia of some authors, not L.; V.conturbata House in part)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Viola odorata L. ENGLISH VIOLET, SWEET VIOLET, MARCH VIOLET
Viola palmata L. EARLY BLUE VIOLET, WOOD VIOLET, WILD OKRA, COAST

VIOLET, BRITTON'S VIOLET, BLUE WOOD VIOLET

[V.angellae Pollard; V. baxteri House; V. brittoniana Pollard; var. pectinata (Bickn.) Alex.; V.eamesii House; V. palmata of authors in part, not L.; V. palmata var. triloba (Schwein.) Gingens ex DC.; V. pectinata Bickn.; V. stoneana House; V. triloba Schwein.]
Viola palmatasagittata = V.mistura House VIOLET (REPORT ONLY)

(V.caesariensis House; V.convicta House; V.  marylandica House; V.holmiana House; V.mulfordae Pollard; V.  robinsoniana House;)


Viola palmatasororia = V.populifolia Greene VIOLET

(V.bernardii of NY reports, not Greene; V.insolita House; V.modica House; V.peckiana House; V. sororiatriloba sensu Greene; V.variabilis Greene)


Viola pedata L. BIRD'S-FOOT VIOLET, PANSY VIOLET, JOHNNY-JUMP-UP

(V. pedata var. lineariloba DC.)


Viola primulifolia L. PRIMROSE VIOLET

[V. primulifolia var. acuta (Bigel.) Torrey & A. Gray]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Viola pubescens Ait. YELLOW VIOLET, SMOOTH YELLOW VIOLET, DOWNY

YELLOW VIOLET

[V. eriocarpa Schwein.; var. leiocarpa Fern.; V. pensylvanica Michx.; var. leiocarpa (Fern. & Wieg.) Fern.; V. pubescens var. eriocarpa (Schwein.) Russell; var. leiocarpa (Fern. & Wieg.) Seym.; var. peckii House]
(*)Viola rafinesquii Greene FIELD PANSY, WILD PANSY

[V. kitaibeliana var. rafinesquii (Greene) Fern.]



Note: the native status of this species has been challenged by authors who consider it to represent introduced, European Viola kitaibeliana Schultes ex Roemer & Schultes.
Viola renifolia A. Gray NORTHERN WHITE VIOLET, KIDNEY-LEAF VIOLET

[V. brainerdii Greene; V. renifolia var. brainerdii (Greene) Fern.]


Viola rostrata Pursh LONG-SPURRED VIOLET
Viola rotundifolia Michx. ROUND-LEAF VIOLET, EARLY YELLOW VIOLET
Viola sagittata Ait. ARROW-LEAF VIOLET, NORTHERN DOWNY VIOLET, FRINGED

VIOLET, ARROWHEAD VIOLET

[V.abundans House; V.cestrica House; V. emarginata (Nutt.) LeConte; V.erratica House; V. fimbriatula Sm.]
Viola sagittataseptentrionalis = V.parca House VIOLET
Viola sagittatasororia = V.conjugens Greene VIOLET

(V.aberrans Greene ex Stone; V.fernaldii House; V.greenei House; V.greenmanii House)


Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie GREAT SPURRED VIOLET, SELKIRK VIOLET
Viola septentrionalis Greene NORTHERN BLUE VIOLET
Viola septentrionalissororia = V.montivaga House VIOLET
Viola sororia Willd. COMMON VIOLET, WOOLLY VIOLET, HOODED VIOLET (CONFEDERATE VIOLET)

[V. cucullata of authors in part, not Ait.; V. domestica Pollard; V. macounii Greene; V. obliqua Hill in part; V. papilionacea Pursh; V. priceana Pollard]


Viola striata Ait. CREAM VIOLET, PALE VIOLET, STRIPED VIOLET

(V. ochroleuca Schwein.; V. lewisiana DC.)



Note: This species is native in western New York, but its eastern occurrences are escapes from cultivation.
*Viola tricolor L. JOHNNY JUMP-UP, WILD PANSY, FIELD PANSY, MINIATURE

PANSY, PANSY-VIOLET

(V. curtissii Forst.; V. macedonica Boiss. & Heldr.; V. tricolor var. hortensis DC.)
*Viola tricolor (hybrid complex) = V.wittrockiana Gams PANSY, HEART'S-

EASE, LADIES'-DELIGHT, GARDEN-PANSY, GARDEN-DELIGHT


CUCURBITACEAE (GOURD FAMILY)
Citrullus Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.
Synonyms: Anguria Mill.; Cucurbita L. in part
*Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. WATERMELON

[Anguria citrullus (L.) Mill; C. vulgaris Schrad.]


Cucumis L.
*Cucumis anguria L. WEST INDIAN GHERKIN, BUR-GHERKIN, GOOSEBERRY

GOURD, BUR-CUCUMBER


*Cucumis melo L. MELON, CANTALOUPE, HONEYDEW MELON
*Cucumis sativus L. GARDEN CUCUMBER
Cucurbita L.
Synonym: Pepo Mill. in part
*Cucurbita maxima Dcne. AUTUMN AND WINTER SQUASH

[Pepo maximus (Dcne.) Peterm.]


*Cucurbita pepo L. PUMPKIN, ACORN AND SUMMER SQUASH

[C. moschata (Dcne. ex Lam.) Dcne. ex Poir.; Pepo moschatus (Dcne. ex Lam.) Britt.; P. pepo (L.) Britt. ex Small; P. vulgaris (L.) Moench]



Ecballium Rich.
Synonym: Momordica L. in part
*Ecballium elaterium (L.) Rich. SQUIRTING CUCUMBER

(Momordica elaterium L.)

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