Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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Myrica L.
Synonyms: Gale Duham.; Morella Lour.
Myrica gale L. SWEET-GALE, MEADOW-FERN

[Gale palustris (Lam.) Chev.; M. palustris Lam.; M. gale var. subglabra (Chev.) Fern.]


Myrica pensylvanica Loisel. ex Duhamel BAYBERRY, CANDLE-BERRY, WAX-

MYRTLE, WAXBERRY, SWAMP-CANDLEBERRY, NORTHERN BAYBERRY

(Morella caroliniana Small; Myrica carolinensis of NY reports, not Mill.; M. cerifera of NY reports, not L.)
Order: Fagales
FAGACEAE (BEECH FAMILY)
Castanea Hill
Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. AMERICAN CHESTNUT

(C. americana Raf.)


*Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. CHINQUAPIN
*Castanea sativa Mill. SPANISH CHESTNUT, EUROPEAN CHESTNUT
Fagus L.
Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. AMERICAN BEECH, BEECHNUT

[F. grandifolia var. caroliniana (Loud.) Fern. & Rehd.]


*Fagus sylvatica L. EUROPEAN BEECH, BEECHNUT
Quercus L.
Quercus alba L. WHITE OAK
Quercus albabicolor = Q.jackiana Schneid. OAK
Quercus albamontana = Q.saulii Schneid. OAK

(Q.beadlii of NY authors, not Trel.)


Quercus albaprinoides = Q.faxonii Trel. OAK
Quercus albastellata = Q.fernowii Trel. OAK (REPORT ONLY)
Quercus bicolor Willd. SWAMP WHITE OAK
Quercus coccinea Muenchh. SCARLET OAK
Quercus ilicifolia Wang. SCRUB OAK, BEAR OAK
Quercus ilicifoliamarylandica = Q.brittonii Davis OAK

(REPORT ONLY)


Quercus ilicifoliavelutina = Q.rehderi Trel. SCRUB OAK

(REPORT ONLY)


*Quercus imbricaria Michx. SHINGLE OAK, JACK OAK, LAUREL OAK
Quercus macrocarpa Michx. MOSSY-CUP OAK, BUR OAK, NORTHERN OVERCUP

OAK
Quercus macrocarpamühlenbergii = Q.schuettei Trel. BUR-OAK

(Q.hillii Trel.)
Quercus marilandica Muenchh. BLACKJACK OAK
Quercus marilandicaphellos = Q.rudkinii Britt. OAK

(REPORT ONLY)


Quercus marilandicavelutina = Q.bushii Sarg. OAK (REPORT ONLY)
Quercus montana Willd. CHESTNUT OAK, ROCK OAK

(Q. prinus of authors, not L.)


Quercus mühlenbergii Engelm. CHINQUAPIN OAK, YELLOW OAK, YELLOW

CHESTNUT OAK

(Q. prinoides var. acuminata Michx.)
Quercus palustris Muenchh. PIN OAK, SPANISH OAK
Quercus phellos L. WILLOW OAK

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Quercus phellosvelutina = Q.heterophylla Michx. f. BARTRAM OAK

(Q. filiales Little)



Note: The identity of this hybrid has been questioned by some authors, who refer it to Q.hollickii Schneid. (Q. phellosrubra).
Quercus prinoides Willd. DWARF CHESTNUT OAK, CHINQUAPIN OAK
*Quercus robur L. ENGLISH OAK
Quercus rubra L. RED OAK

[Q. borealis Michx. f.; var. maxima (Marsh.) Sarg.; Q. falcata of NY reports, not Michx.; Q. pagoda of House's (1924) checklist, not Raf.; Q. rubra var. ambigua (A. Gray) Fern.; var. borealis (Michx. f.) Farw.; Q. triloba Michx.]


Quercus rubravelutina = Q.hawkinsii Sudw. OAK (REPORT ONLY)

(Qhawkinsiae of authors; Q.porteri Trel.)


Quercus stellata Wang. POST OAK, IRON OAK

(Q. margaretta of NY reports, not Ashe)


Quercus velutina Lam. BLACK OAK, DYER'S OAK, YELLOW-BARK OAK
BETULACEAE (BIRCH FAMILY)
Alnus Mill.
*Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. BLACK ALDER, EUROPEAN ALDER

[A. alnus (L.) Britt.; A. vulgaris Hill]


Alnus incana (L.) Moench SPECKLED ALDER, HOARY ALDER

ssp. rugosa (DuRoi) Clausen HAZEL ALDER

[A. rugosa (DuRoi) Spreng.]


Alnus incana ssp. rugosaserrulata = A.fallacina Callier ALDER
Alnus serrulata (Dryand. ex Ait.) Willd. SMOOTH ALDER, COMMON ALDER

[A. rubra of authors, not (DuRoi) Spreng.; A. rugosa of many NY reports, not (Marsh.) Desf.; A. serrulata var. subelliptica Fern.]


Alnus viridis (Chaix ex Vill.) Lam. & DC. GREEN ALDER, MOUNTAIN ALDER

ssp. cri­spa (Dryand. ex Ait.) Turrill

[A. crispa (Dryand. ex Ait.) Pursh; A. viridis var. crispa (Dryand. ex Ait.) House]


Betula L.
Betula alleghaniensis Britt. YELLOW BIRCH

[B. alleghanensis (corrected spelling by Britton in Britt. & Brown, 1903); B. alleghaniensis var. macrolepis (Fern.) Brayshaw; B. carpinifolia Michx.; B. exelsa Poir.; B. lutea Michx. f.; var. alleghaniensis (Britt.) Ashe]


Betula alleghaniensispumila = B.purpusii Schneid. BIRCH

(B.sandbergii Britt.)


Betula cordifolia Regel MOUNTAIN PAPER BIRCH

[B. alba var. cordifolia Regel; B. papyrifera var. cordifolia (Regel) Fern.]


Betula cordifoliapopulifolia = B.caerulea Blanch. BLUE BIRCH

(B. caerulea-grandis Blanch.; B. coerulea of authors)


Betula glandulosa Michx. DWARF BIRCH, ARCTIC BIRCH, ALPINE BIRCH

(B. nana L., in part)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Betula lenta L. SWEET BIRCH, CHERRY BIRCH, BLACK BIRCH
Betula minor (Tuckerm.) Fern. DWARF WHITE BIRCH

[B. papyrifera var. minor (Tuckerm.) Wats. & Coult.; B. glandulosapapyrifera in part; B. nanapapyrifera in part]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Betula nigra L. RIVER BIRCH, RED BIRCH
Betula papyrifera Marsh. PAPER BIRCH, CANOE BIRCH, WHITE BIRCH

[B. papyrifera var. commutata (Regel) Fern.; var. pensilis Fern.]


*Betula pendula Roth EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH, WEEPING BIRCH

(B. alba of authors in part; B. verrucosa Ehrh.)


*Betula platyphylla Sukachev ASIAN BIRCH, (JAPANESE BIRCH)

(B. latifolia Komarov, not Tausch.)


Betula populifolia Marsh. GRAY BIRCH, FIRE BIRCH, OLD-FIELD BIRCH, WHITE

BIRCH


[B. alba var. populifolia (Marsh.) Spach]
*Betula pubescens Ehrh. EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH

(B. alba of authors in part; B. odorata Bechst.)


Betula pumila L. BOG BIRCH, DWARF BIRCH, LOW BIRCH, SWAMP BIRCH

[B. glandulosa var. glandulifera (Regel) Gleason; B. pumila var. glandulifera Regel]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened

Carpinus L.
*Carpinus betulus L. EUROPEAN HORNBEAM
Carpinus caroliniana Walt. HORNBEAM, BLUE BEECH, IRONWOOD, WATER

BEECH, MUSCLEWOOD



ssp. virginiana (Marsh.) Furlow

[C. betulus virginiana Marsh.; C. caroliniana var. virginiana (Marsh.) Fern.]


Corylus L.
Corylus americana Walt. HAZELNUT, AMERICAN FILBERT, HAZEL
*Corylus avellana L. EUROPEAN FILBERT, EUROPEAN HAZEL
Corylus cornuta Marsh. BEAKED HAZEL
Ostrya Scop.
Synonym: Carpinus L. in part
Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Koch HOP HORNBEAM, IRONWOOD

(Carpinus virginiana Mill.; O. virginiana var. glandulosa Sarg.)


Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
PHYTOLACCACEAE (POKEWEED FAMILY)
Phytolacca L.
Phytolacca americana L. POKE, POKEWEED, POKEBERRY, SCOKE,

PIGEONBERRY

(P. decandra L.)
NYCTAGINACEAE (FOUR-O'CLOCK FAMILY)
Mirabilis L.
Synonyms: Allionia Loefl. ex L.; Oxybaphus L'Hér. ex Willd.
*Mirabilis hirsuta (Pursh) MacM. HAIRY UMBRELLA-WORT

[Allionia hirsuta Pursh; Oxybaphus hirsutus (Pursh) Sweet]


*Mirabilis jalapa L. FOUR-O'CLOCK, MARVEL-OF-PERU
*Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heim. UMBRELLA-WORT

[Allionia linearis Pursh; Oxybaphus linearis (Pursh) B. Robinson]


*Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacM. HEARTLEAF UMBRELLA-WORT

[Allionia nyctaginea Michx.; Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michx.) Sweet]


AIZOACEAE (FIG-MARIGOLD FAMILY)
Sesuvium L.
Synonym: Pharnaceum Walt.
Sesuvium maritimum (Walt.) BSP. SEA PURSLANE

(Pharnaceum maritimum Walt.; S. pentandrum Ell.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Tetragonia L.
*Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze NEW ZEALAND SPINACH

(REPORT ONLY)

(T. expansa Murr.)
CACTACEAE (CACTUS FAMILY)
Opuntia Mill.
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. EASTERN PRICKLY-PEAR

[O. calcicola Wherry; O. compressa (Salisb.) MacBr.; O. fuscoatra Engelm.; O. opuntia (L.) Coult.; O. rafinesquii Engelm.]


CHENOPODIACEAE (GOOSEFOOT FAMILY)
Atriplex L.
Synonyms: Obione Gaertn.; Schizotheca Lindl.
Atriplex arenaria Nutt. SEABEACH ORACH, SEABEACH ATRIPLEX

[A. cristata var. arenaria (Nutt.) Kuntze; A. pentandra var. arenaria (Nutt.) Hall & Clements; A. mucronata Raf.; Obione arenaria (Nutt.) Moq.]



Atriplex glabriuscula Edmondston SEASIDE ORACH

[A. patula ssp. glabriuscula (Edmonston) Hall & Clements]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Atriplex hortensis L. GARDEN ORACH

(A. nitens Schkuhr; A. sagittata Borkh.)


*Atriplex laciniata L. CUT-LEAF ORACH
Atriplex patula L. SEASIDE ORACH, SEASIDE ATRIPLEX, SPEARSCALE

[A. angustifolia Sm.; A. littoralis L.; A. patula var. hastata A. Gray; var. littoralis (L.) A. Gray]


*Atriplex prostrata Boucher ex DC. in Lam. & DC. ORACH, SPEARSCALE

[A. deltoides Babington, A. hastata sensu Aellen, not L., A. oppositifolia DC., A. triangularis Willd.]


*Atriplex rosea L. RED ORACH, ROSY ORACH

(A. spatiosa A. Nelson)


Atriplex subspicata (Nutt.) Rydb. SPEARSCALE, ORACH

[A. patula var. subspicata (Nutt.) S. Wats.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Atriplex tatarica L. TATARIAN SALTBUSH, ORACH, ATRIPLEX
Axyris L.
*Axyris amaranthoides L. RUSSIAN PIGWEED
Bassia All.
Synonym: Kochia Roth ex Schrad.
*Bassia hirsuta (L.) Aschers. ex Schwein. BASSIA
*Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze BASSIA
*Bassia scoparia (L.) A. Scott SUMMER CYPRESS, BELVEDERE

GRASS, KOCHIA, MEXICAN FIREBUSH

[Kochia scoparia (L.) Roth ex Schrad.]


Beta L.
*Beta vulgaris L. BEET

ssp. maritimus (L.) Arcang. SEASIDE BEET

ssp. vulgaris GARDEN BEET
Chenopodium L.
Synonyms: Blitum L.; Roubieva Moq.; Vulvaria Bub.
*Chenopodium album L. LAMB'S-QUARTERS, GOOSEFOOT, PIGWEED

var. album

[C. album var. lanceolatum (Mühl.) Coss. & Germ.; C. lanceolatum Mühl.; C. viride L. in part]



var. missouriense (Aellen) Bassett & Crompton

(C. missouriense Aellen; C. paganum of authors, not Reich.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Chenopodium ambrosioides L. MEXICAN TEA, WORMSEED

(C. anthelminicum L.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Chenopodium aristatum L. PIGWEED
Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT

(C. paganum of authors, not Reichenb.)



var. bushianum (Aellen) Cronq.

(C. berlandieri var. berlandieri of NY reports; C. bushianum Aellen)



var. macrocalycium (Aellen) Cronq. (LARGE-CALYX) GOOSEFOOT

(C. macrocalycium Aellen)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Chenopodium bonus-henricus L. GOOD-KING-HENRY
*Chenopodium botrys L. JERUSALEM-OAK, FEATHER-GERANIUM
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Aschers. STRAWBERRY-BLIGHT, INDIAN-PAINT

(Blitum capitatum L.)


*Chenopodium foliosum (Moench) Aschers. STRAWBERRY-BLIGHT

[Blitum virgatum L.; C. virgatum (L.) Thunb.]


*Chenopodium fremontii S. Wats. GOOSEFOOT (REPORT ONLY)
*Chenopodium glaucum L. OAK-LEAF GOOSEFOOT

[C. salinum Standl.; C. glaucum ssp. salinum (Standl.) Aellen]


*Chenopodium graveolens Willd. GOOSEFOOT
*Chenopodium multifidum L. CUT-LEAF GOOSEFOOT

[Roubieva multifida (L.) Moq.]


*Chenopodium murale L. SOWBANE, NETTLE-LEAF GOOSEFOOT
*Chenopodium polyspermum L. MANY-SEEDED GOOSEFOOT

var. acutifolium (Sm.) Gaud.
*Chenopodium pratericola Rydb. NARROW-LEAF GOOSEFOOT, BEACH

GOOSEFOOT, ORACH

[C. dessicatum of authors, not A. Nels; var. leptophylloides (Murr) Wahl.; C. foggii Wahl.; C. leptophyllum Nutt. ex Moq. in DC.; C. pratericola var. leptophylloides (Murr) Aellen & Just]
*Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. GOOSEFOOT

(C. carinatum of American authors, not R. Br.)


(*)Chenopodium rubrum L. RED PIGWEED, RED GOOSE-FOOT, COAST-BLITE

[C. chenopodioides of authors, not (L.) Aellen]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened

Note: The native status of this species in in question.
Chenopodium simplex (Torrey) Raf. MAPLE-LEAF GOOSEFOOT

[C. gigantospermum Aellen; C. hybridum of some authors, not L.; C. hybridum var. gigantospermum (Aellen) Rouleau; var. simplex Torrey]


Chenopodium standleyanum Aellen GOOSEFOOT

[C. berlandieri Moq. var. boscianum (Moq.) Wahl., C. boscianum Moq.; C. hybridum var. standleyanum (Aellen) Fern.]


Chenopodium strictum Roth GOOSEFOOT, LAMB'S-QUARTERS, PIGWEED

var. glaucophyllum (Aellen) Wahl
*Chenopodium urbicum L. CITY GOOSEFOOT
*Chenopodium vulvaria L. STINKING GOOSEFOOT
Corispermum L.
*Corispermum hyssopifolium L. BUGSEED
*Corispermum nitidum Kit. & Schultes BUGSEED
*Corispermum orientale Lam. BUGSEED

(C. hyssopifolium of authors in part, not L.)


Cycloloma Moq.
Synonym: Salsola L. in part
*Cycloloma atriplicifolium (Spreng.) Coult. WINGED PIGWEED,

TUMBLEWEED

(Salsola atriplicifolia Spreng.)
Monolepis Schrader
*Monolepis nuttalliana (R. & S.) Greene POVERTY-WEED
Polycnemum L.
*Polycnemum majus A. Br. POLYCNEMUM

(P. arvense of NY reports, not L.)


Salicornia L.
Synonyms: Arthrocnemum Moq.; Sarcocornia A. Scott
Salicornia bigelovii Torrey GLASSWORT, SAMPHIRE, CHICKEN-CLAWS, DWARF GLASSWORT, ANNUAL GLASSWORT

(S. virginica of NY reports in part, not L.)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Salicornia europaea L. GLASSWORT, SAMPHIRE, CHICKEN-CLAWS

[S. europaea var. simplex (Pursh) Fern.; S. maritima Wolff & Jefferies; S. prostrata Pall.]


Salicornia perennis Mill. PERENNIAL SALTWORT, GLASSWORT, SAMPHIRE

[Arthrocnemum perenne (Mill.) Moss; S. virginica of NY reports, not L.; Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A. Scott]


Salsola L.
*Salsola kali L. RUSSIAN THISTLE, SALSOLA, BARILLA

[S. kali var. caroliniana (Walt.) Nutt.; S. pestifer of some authors, not A. Nels.]


*Salsola pestifer A. Nelson RUSSIAN THISTLE

(S. australis of authors, not R.Br.; S. iberica Sennen & Pau; S. kali var. tenuifolia Tausch, not Meyer; S. ruthenica Iljin ex Sorn.; S. tragus of authors, not L.)


Spinacea L.
*Spinacea oleracea L. SPINACH
Suaeda Forsk.
Synonyms: Chenopodium L. in part; Dondia Adans.; Salsola L. in part
Suaeda calceolariformis (Hooker) Moq. SEA-BLITE, MATTED SEA-BLIGHT,

AMERICAN SEEPWEED

[Chenopodium calceoliforme Hooker; Dondia americana (Pers.) Britt.; S. americana (Pers.) Fern.; S. depressa (Pursh) S. Wats. in part]
Suaeda linearis (Ell.) Moq. SEA-BLITE

[Salsola linearis Ell.; Dondia linearis (Ell.) Heller]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort. LESSER SEA-BLITE

[Chenopodium maritimum L.; Dondia maritima (L.) Druce; S. fernaldii Standley]


Suaeda rolandii Bassett & Crompton SEA-BLITE

[S. maritima of some NY reports, not (L.) Dumort.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
AMARANTHACEAE (AMARANTH FAMILY)
Amaranthus L.
Synonyms: Acnida L.; Euxolus Lesp. & Thev.; Montelia A. Gray
*Amaranthus albus L. TUMBLEWEED, PALE AMARANTH

(A. graecizans of American authors in part, not L.)


*Amaranthus blitoides S. Wats. PROSTRATE AMARANTH, TUMBLEWEED,

PROSTRATE PIGWEED

(A. graecizans of American authors in part, not L.)
*Amaranthus blitum L. LIVID AMARANTH

(A. ascendens Loisel.; A. lividus L.)


Amaranthus cannabinus (L.) Sauer WATER-HEMP, SALT-MARSH HEMP

(Acnida cannabina L.; Amaranthus macrocaulos Poir.)


*Amaranthus caudatus L. PURPLE AMARANTH, LOVE-LIES-BLEEDING
*Amaranthus crispus (Lesp. & Thev.) Terracc. CRISP AMARANTH

(Euxolus crispus Lesp. & Thev.)


*Amaranthus cruentus L. BLOOD AMARANTH, PURPLE AMARANTH
*Amaranthus deflexus L. LOW AMARANTH
*Amaranthus hybridus L. GREEN AMARANTH, PIGWEED, WILD BEET, PRINCE'S-

FEATHER, SPLEEN AMARANTH

(A. chlorostachys Willd.; A. patulus Berol.)
*Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. PRINCE'S-FEATHER

[A. hybridus var. hypochondriacus (L.) B. Robinson]


*Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats. AMARANTH
*Amaranthus powellii S. Wats. AMARANTH
Amaranthus pumilus Raf. SEABEACH AMARANTH, COAST AMARANTH

State Rarity: Listed Endangered Federal Status: Threatened
Amaranthus retroflexus L. PIGWEED, GREEN AMARANTH, WILD BEET, REDROOT

AMARANTH


*Amaranthus rudis Sauer WATER-HEMP

[Acnida tamariscina Nutt.; Amaranthus tamariscinus (Nutt.) Wood]


*Amaranthus spinosus L. THORNY AMARANTH, SPINY AMARANTH
Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq. ex DC.) Sauer WATER-HEMP,

ROUGH-FRUITED WATER-HEMP, TALL WATER-HEMP

[Acnida altissima (Ridd.) Moq. ex Standl.; A. subnuda (S. Wats.) Standl.; A. tamariscina (Nutt.) Wood; A. tuberculata Moq. ex DC.; Amaranthus altissimus Ridd.; Montelia tamariscina (Nutt.) A. Gray]
*Amaranthus viridis L. GREEN AMARANTH, SLENDER AMARANTH

(A. gracilis Desf.)


Froelichia Moench
Synonym: Oplotheca Nutt.
*Froelichia gracilis (Hooker) Moq. COTTONWEED, SLENDER SNAKE-COTTON

(Oplotheca gracilis Hooker)


Gomphrena L.
*Gomphrena globosa L. GLOBE AMARANTH
*Gomphrena martiana Gill. ex Moq. in DC. GLOBE AMARANTH
PORTULACACEAE (PURSLANE FAMILY)
Claytonia L.
Claytonia caroliniana Michx. CAROLINA SPRING-BEAUTY

(C. latifolia Sheldon)


Claytonia virginica L. SPRING-BEAUTY, MAYFLOWER

[C. media (DC.) Link; C. multicaulis var. robusta Somes; C. robusta Rydb.; C. simsii Sweet; C. virginica var. acutiflora DC.; var. simsii (Sweet) R. Davis]


Note: Montia chamissoi (Ledeb. ex Spring.) Greene MINER'S LETTUCE

A western species disjunct in Pennsylvania only yards from NY State line.


Portulaca L.
*Portulaca grandiflora Hooker MOSS-ROSE, RED PORTULACA, GARDEN

PURSLANE
*Portulaca oleracea L. PURSLANE, PUSSLEY

[P. oleracea ssp. sativa (Haw) Célak]
MOLLUGINACEAE (CARPETWEED FAMILY)
Mollugo L.
*Mollugo verticillata L. CARPETWEED, INDIAN CHICKWEED, DEVIL'S-GRIP

[M. berteriana Sér.; M. cerviana of NY reports, not (L.) Sér.]


CARYOPHYLLACEAE (PINK FAMILY)
Agrostemma L.
Synonym: Lychnis L. in part
*Agrostemma githago L. CORN-COCKLE, CORN-ROSE, PURPLE COCKLE

[Lychnis githago (L.) Scop.]


Arenaria L.
*Arenaria serpyllifolia L. THYME-LEAF SANDWORT

[A. leptoclados Reichenb. ex Guss.; A. serpyllifolia ssp. leptoclados (Reichenb. ex Guss.) Nymer; var. tenuior Mert. & Koch; A. tenuior (Mert. & Koch) Gürke]


Cerastium L.
*Cerastium arvense L. FIELD CHICKWEED, MEADOW CHICKWEED

[C. arvense ssp. strictum (L.) Ugbor.; var. oblongifolium (Torrey) Hollick & Britt.; var. villosum (Mühl. ex Darl.) Hollick & Britt.; C. campestre Greene; C. oblongifolium Torrey; C. occidentale Greene; C. pennsylvanicum Hornem. ex DC.; C. pubescens Goldie; C. tenuifolium Pursh; C. velutinum Raf.; C. villosum Mühl. ex Darl.]


*Cerastium biebersteinii DC. SNOW-IN-SUMMER

(C. tomentosum of some NY reports, not L.)


*Cerastium fontanum Baumg. emend Jalas COMMON MOUSE-EAR, LARGE

CHICKWEED, COMMON CHICKWEED

[C. caespitosum Gilib.; C. fontanum ssp. triviale of NY authors, not (Link) Jalas; C. holostoides Fries; C. glomeratum of some NY reports, not Thuill.; C. vulgatum of NY authors, not L.]
*Cerastium glomeratum Thuill. CLAMMY MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED

[C. apetalum Dumort.; C. glomeratum var. apetalum (Dumort.) Fenzl; C. viscosum of authors, not L.]


Cerastium nutans Raf. NODDING CHICKWEED

[C. glutinosum Nutt.; C. longipedunculatum Mühl., a nomen nudum; C. tenellum Fenzl]


*Cerastium pumilum Curtis SMALL MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED
*Cerastium semidecandrum L. SMALL MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED, SPRING MOUSE-

EAR


[C. vulgatum var. semidecandrum (L.) A. Gray]
*Cerastium tomentosum L. SNOW-IN-SUMMER

(C. columnae Tenore)


Dianthus L.
*Dianthus armeria L. DEPTFORD PINK

(D. armeriastrum Wolfner; D. armerioides Raf. ex Desv.; D. epirotus Halácsy)


*Dianthus barbatus L. SWEET-WILLIAM

[D. barbatus ssp. compactus (Kit.) Heuffel]


*Dianthus carthusianorum L. CLUSTER-HEAD PINK

(D. atrorubens All.; D. vaginatus Chaix.)


*Dianthus deltoides L. MAIDEN PINK, MEADOW PINK

[D. blandus (Reichenb.) Hayek; D. hoppei Portenschl.; D. hungaricus Pers.; D. lumnitzeri Weisb.; D. praecox Kit. ex Willd.]


*Dianthus plumarius L. GARDEN PINK, GRASS PINK

[D. blandus (Reichenb.) Hayek; D. hoppei Portenschl.; D. luminitzeri Weisb.; D. praecox Kit. ex Willd.]


Gypsophila L.
*Gypsophila elegans Bieb. BABY'S-BREATH, TALL GYPSOPHIL

(G. carminea Hort.; G. grandiflora alba Hort.)


*Gypsophila muralis L. BABY'S-BREATH, MIST, MISTFLOWER

[G. stepposa Klokov; G. pilosa of NY reports, not Huds.; G. porrigens of NY reports, not (L.) Boiss.]


*Gypsophila paniculata L. BABY'S-BREATH, MISTFLOWER

[G. bicolor Freyn & Sint.; G. paniculata L. ssp. bicolor (Freyn & Sint.) Freyn ex Grossh.; G. stevenii of NY reports, not Fisch.]


*Gypsophila scorzonerifolia Seringe. BABY'S-BREATH

(G. arrostii of NY report, not Guss.)


Herniaria L.
*Herniaria cinerea DC. HERNIARY
*Herniaria glabra L. HERNIARY
Holosteum L.
*Holosteum umbellatum L. JAGGED CHICKWEED

[H. glutinosum (Bieb.) Fisch. & Meyer; H. umbellatum ssp. glutinosum (Bieb.) Nyman]


Honckenya Ehrh.
Synonyms: Arenaria in part; Ammodenia Rupr.; Honkenya of authors
Honckenya peploides (L.) Ehrh. SEABEACH SANDWORT, SEA CHICKWEED, SEA

PURSLANE



ssp. robusta (Fern.) Hultén

[Ammodenia peploides (L.) Rupr.; A. maritima (Raf.) Bickn.; A. peploides var. maritima (Raf.) Stone; Arenaria peploides L.; A. peploides var. robusta Fern.]


Lychnis L.
Synonyms: Silene L. in part; Coronaria A.Br.
*Lychnis chalcedonica L. SCARLET LYCHNIS, MALTESE CROSS, LONDON-PRIDE
*Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr. ROSE-CAMPION, MULLEIN-PINK

(Agrostemma coronaria L.)


*Lychnis flos-cuculi L. RAGGED-ROBIN, CUCKOO-FLOWER

[Coronaria flos-cuculi (L.) A. Br.]


*Lychnis viscaria L. GERMAN CATCH-FLY

(Coronaria vulgaris A. Br.)



Minuartia L.
Synonyms: Alsine Wahl.; Alsinopsis Small; Arenaria L. in part; Sabulina

Reichenb.; Stellaria L. in part


Minuartia caroliniana (Walt.) Mattf. PINE-BARREN SAND-WORT, LONGROOT, CAROLINA SANDWORT

[Arenaria caroliniana Walt.; A. squarrosa Michx.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Minuartia glabra (Michx.) Mattf. APPALACHIAN SAND-WORT

[Alsinopsis glabra (Michx.) Small in part; Arenaria glabra Michx.; A. groenlandica var. glabra (Michx.) Fern.; M. groenlandica ssp. glabra (Michx.) A. & D. Löve; Sabulina glabra (Michx.) Small]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Minuartia groenlandica (Retz.) Ostenf. MOUNTAIN SAND-WORT

[Arenaria groenlandica (Retz.) Spreng.; Sabulina groenlandica (Retz.) Small; Stellaria groenlandica Retz.]


Minuartia michauxii (Fenzl) Farw. ROCK SAND-WORT

[Alsine michauxii Fenzl; Arenaria macra Nels. & Macbr.; A. michauxii (Fenzl) Hooker f.; A. stricta Michx.; Sabulina stricta (Michx.) Small; M. dawsonensis (Britt.) House]


Moehringia L.
Synonyms: Arenaria L. in part; Stellaria L. in part
Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl GROVE SANDWORT, BLUNT-LEAF SANDWORT

(Arenaria angustifolia Regel; A. lateriflora L.; Stellaria biflora Pursh)


Myosoton Moench
Synonyms: Alsine Wahl. in part; Cerastium L. in part; Malachium Fries;

Stellaria L. in part


*Myosoton aquaticum (L.) Moench GIANT CHICKWEED, WATER MOUSE-EAR,

GIANT WATER-CHICKWEED

[Alsine aquatica (L.) Britt.; Cerastium aquaticum L.; Malachium aquaticum (L.) Fries.; Stellaria aquatica (L.) Scop.]


Paronychia Mill.
Synonyms: Achyranthes L.; Anychia Michx.; Queria L.
Paronychia canadensis (L.) Wood FORKED CHICKWEED

[Achyranthes dichotoma L.; Anychia canadensis (L.) BSP.; A. dichotoma Michx. not L.; P. dichotoma (Michx.) A. Nels; Queria canadensis L.]


Paronychia fastigiata (Raf.) Fern. FORKED CHICKWEED

[Anychia divaricata Raf.; A. polygonoides Raf.; P. fastigiata var. nuttallii on NY reports, not (Small) Fern.]


Petrorhagia (Ser.) Link
Synonyms: Dianthus L. in part; Gypsophila L. in part; Imperatia Moench;

Kohlraushia Kunth; Tunica Mert. & Koch
*Petrorhagia prolifera (L.) Ball & Heyw. CHILDING PINK

[Dianthus carolinianus sensu Torrey & A. Gray, not Walt.; D. diminutus L.; D. prolifer L.; Kohlrauschia prolifera (L.) Kunth; Gypsophila prolifera (L.) Arcang.; P. prolifer of authors; Tunica prolifera (L.) Scop.]


*Petrorhagia saxifraga (L.) Ser. ex Link SAXIFRAGE PINK (REPORT ONLY)

[Dianthus saxifragus L.; Tunica saxifraga (L.) Scop.]


Sagina L.
Synonyms: Alsine L. in part; Alsinella Bilb. ex Greene; Spergula L. in part
Sagina decumbens (Ell.) Torrey & A. Gray PEARLWORT, (SMALL-FLOWERED) PEARLWORT

[S. apetala of some NY reports, not Ard.; S. subulata var. smithii A. Gray; S. decumbens var. smithii (A. Gray) Watson; Spergula decumbens Ell.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Sagina japonica (Sw.) Ohwi PEARLWORT, JAPANESE PEARLWORT

(S. echinosperma Hayata; S. sinensis Hance; S. taquetii Lév.)


*Sagina procumbens L. PEARLWORT, BIRD'S-EYE

[Alsine procumbens (L.) Crantz; S. apetala of some NY reports, not Ard.; S. corsica Jord.; S. muscosa Jord.; S. procumbens var. muscosa Jord.]




Saponaria L.
*Saponaria ocymoides L. SOAPWORT
*Saponaria officinalis L. BOUNCING-BET, SOAPWORT, LONDON-PRIDE,

BRUISEWORT, FULLER'S-HERB, SHEEPWEED, SWEET-BETTY, BOSTON-PINK,

OLD-MAID'S-PINK, HEDGE-PINK, CHIMNEY-PINK
Scleranthus L.
*Scleranthus annuus L. KNAWEL, GERMAN KNOTGRASS

[S. annuus ssp. ruscinonensis (Gillot & Coste) P. Sell; S. uncinatus Schur]


Silene L.
Synonyms: Behen Moench; Behenantha Schur; Cucubalus L.; Lychnis L. in

part; Melandrium Roehl. in part


Silene antirrhina L. SLEEPY CATCH-FLY

[S. antirrhina var. depauperata Rydb.; var. divaricata B. Robinson; S. divaricata (B. Robinson) Smyth]


*Silene armeria L. SWEET-WILLIAM, CATCH-FLY, NOT-SO-PRETTY

(S. armeria var. sparsiflora Schur; S. glauca Salisb. S. lituanica Zapal.)


Silene caroliniana Walt. WILD PINK

var. pensylvanica (Michx.) Fern.

[Melandrium pensylvanicum (Michx.) Rohr.; S. caroliniana ssp. pensylvanica (Michx.) Clausen; var. wherryi (Small) Fern., S. pensylvanica Michx., S. wherryi Small]


*Silene conica L. CAMPION
*Silene csereii Baumg. CAMPION

[S. czerei and S. cserii of authors; S. fabaria sensu Rydb., not (L.) Sibth. & Sm.]


*Silene dichotoma Ehrh. FORKED CATCH-FLY

[S. anglica of NY reports, not L.; var. quinquivulnera (L.) House; S. gallica of NY reports not L., S. racemosa Otth. in DC.]


*Silene dioica (L.) Clairv. RED CAMPION

[Lychnis dioica L.; L. diurna Sibth.; Melandrium dioicum (L.) Garcke; M. rubrum (L.) Garcke]


*Silene dioicalatifolia CAMPION (REPORT ONLY)

(S. albadioica; S. dioicapratensis)


*Silene italica Pers. CAMPION

ssp. nemoralis (Waldst. & Kit.) Nyman
*Silene latifolia Poir. WHITE CAMPION, WHITE COCKLE

[Lychnis alba Mill.; L. arvensis Gaertn., Meyer & Scherb.; L. vespertina Sibth.; Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke; M. dioicum ssp. album (Mill.) D. Löve; S. alba (Mill.) Krause ex Sturm, not Mühl. ex Britt.; S. pratensis (Rafn) Gord. & Gren., not Poir.]


*Silene noctiflora L. NIGHT-FLOWERING CATCH-FLY, STICKY CAMPION

[Melandrium noctiflorum (L.) Fries.]


*Silene nutans L. NODDING CAMPION
Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. STARRY CAMPION, WIDOW'S-FRILL, THERMON

SNAKEROOT, FOUR-LEAVED CAMPION

[Cucubalus stellatus L.; Evactoma stellata (L.) Nieuwl.; E. stellata var. scabrella Nieuwl.; S. stellata var. scabrella (Nieuwl.) Palmer & Steyerm.; S. scabrella (Nieuwl.) G. N. Jones]
*Silene virginica L. FIRE-PINK, SCARLET CATCHFLY
*Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke BLADDER-CAMPION, MAIDEN'S-TEARS

[Behen vulgaris Moench; Cucubalus behen L.; C. inflatus Salisb.; C. latifolius Mill.; S. cucubalus Wibel; S. inflata (Salisb.) Sm.; S. latifolia (Mill.) Britt. & Rendle, not Poir.; S. venosa (Gilib.) Aschers.]


Spergula L.
*Spergula arvensis L. CORN-SPURRY (CORN-SPURREY), POVERTY-WEED,

PINE-CHEAT, COW-QUAKE, PICK-PURSE, YARR

[S. arvensis var. sativa (Bönn.) Mert. & Koch, not Reichenb.;

S. linicola Boreau; S. maxima Weihe; S. sativa Bönn.; S. vulgaris Bönn.]
Spergularia (Pers.) J. & C. Presl
Synonyms: Alsine L.; Arenaria L. in part; Buda Adans.; Tissa Adans.
Spergularia canadensis (Pers.) D. Don NORTHERN SAND-SPURRY

[Alsine canadensis (Pers.) House; Arenaria canadensis Pers.; Buda borealis S. Wats.; Spergula canadensis (Pers.) Dietr.; Tissa canadensis (Pers.) Britt.]



State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
*Spergularia media (L.) C. Presl ex Griseb. SAND-SPURRY

[Alsine marginata (DC. ex Lam. & DC.) Reichenb.; A. media (L.) Druce; Arenaria marginata DC. ex Lam. & DC.; A. maritima Pall.; A. media L.; Buda media (L.) Dumort.; Lepigonum medium (L.) Fries.; S. alata Wieg.; S. marginata (DC. ex Lam. & DC.) Kittel; S. maritima (All.) Choiv.]


*Spergularia rubra (L.) J. & C. Presl COMMON SAND-SPURRY, PURPLE SAND-

SPURRY, SANDWORT

[Alsine rubra (L.) Crantz; Arenaria rubra L.; Buda rubra (L.) Dumort.; Lepigonum rubrum (L.) Fries.; S. campestris (L.) Aschers.; Tissa rubra (L.) Britt.]
*Spergularia salina J. & C. Presl SALTMARSH SAND-SPURRY

[Alsine maritima Pall.; Arenaria rubra L.  marina L.; A. marina All.; Buda marina (L.) Dumort.; Lepigonum caninum Leffler; L. marinum (L.) Kindb., Spergula salina (J. & C. Presl) Dietr.; Spergularia alata Wieg. in part; S. canina (Leffler) Leffler; S. leiosperma (Kindb.) F. Schmidt; S. marina (L.) Griseb.; S. tenue Greene; Tissa marina (L.) Britt.]


Stellaria L.
Synonyms: Alsine L. in part; Bigelowia Raf.
*Stellaria alsine Grimm BOG STARWORT, MARSH CHICKWEED

[Alsine uliginosa (Murr.) Britt.; S. uliginosa Murr.]


Stellaria borealis Bigel. NORTHERN STARWORT, STITCHWORT

[Alsine borealis (Bigel.) Britt.; Bigelowia montana Raf., S. alpestris Fries; S. borealis var. isophylla Fern.; var. floribunda Fern.; S. calycantha of NY reports, not (Ledeb.) Bong.]


*Stellaria graminea L. COMMON STITCHWORT, LESSER STITCHWORT

[Alsine graminea (L.) Britt.; S. graminifolia Salisb.; S. montana Raf.]


*Stellaria holostea L. EASTER-BELL, GREATER STITCHWORT

[Alsine holostea (L.) Britt.]


Stellaria longifolia Mühl. ex Willd. NEEDLE-LEAF STARWORT

[Alsine longifolia (Mühl. ex Willd.) Britt.; S. friesiana Ser. ex DC.; S. longipes var. laeta (Richardson) S. Wats.; S. tenella Raf.]


Stellaria longipes Goldie STARWORT, STITCHWORT

[Alsine longipes (Goldie) Cov.; S. crassifolia S. Wats.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Stellaria media (L.) Vill. COMMON CHICKWEED

[Alsine media L.; A. pallida Dumort.; S. apetala Bern. of some authors, not Ucria; S. neglecta Weihe ex Bluff & Fingerhut; S. pallida (Dumort.) Piré]


*Stellaria pubera Michx. GREAT CHICKWEED, GREAT STARWORT, STAR

CHICKWEED



var. pubera

var. sylvatica (Bég.) Weatherby

[S. corei Shinners; S. sylvatica (Bég.) Maguire]


Vaccaria Medik.
Synonym: Saponaria L. in part
*Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Raush. COW-HERB, COCKLE

[Saponaria hispanica Mill.; S. vaccaria L.; V. pyramidata Medik.; V. segetalis (Neck.) Garcke ex Ashers.; V. vaccaria (L.) Britt.; V. vulgaris Host]


Order: Polygonales
POLYGONACEAE (BUCKWHEAT FAMILY)
Fagopyrum Mill.
Synonym: Polygonum L. in part
*Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. BUCKWHEAT

[F. fagopyrum (L.) Karst.; F. sagittatum Gilib., a nomen rej.; F. vulgare Hill]


*Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn. INDIA WHEAT
Polygonella Michx.
Synonyms: Delopyrum Small; Polygonum in part; Psammogonum Nieuwl.
Polygonella articulata (L.) Meisn. JOINTWEED, HEATHER

[Delopyrum articulatum (L.) Small; Polygonum articulatum L.; Psammogonum articulatum (L.) Nieuwl.]




Polygonum L.
Synonyms: Bilderdykia Dumort.; Persicaria Mill.; Pleuropteris Turcz.;

Reynoutria Houtt.; Tiniaria Webb & Moq. ex Webb & Berth.;



Tovara Adans.; Tracaulon Raf.
Polygonum achoreum Blake HOMELESS KNOTWEED
Polygonum amphibium L. WATER SMARTWEED, AMPHIBIOUS SMARTWEED

[Persicaria amphibia (L.) S. Gray]



Note: Of the 100+ synonyms, those listed here have had wide historical use.

var. emersum Michx. TALL WATER SMARTWEED, DEVIL'S SHOESTRING

(P. coccineum Mühl. ex Willd.; P. inundatum Raf.; P. mühlenbergii S. Wats.)



var. emersumstipulaceum WATER SMARTWEED

(P. hartwrightii A. Gray.)



Note: A significant number of populations of water smartweed in New York State are of these clinal intermediates.

var. stipulaceum Colem. WATER SMARTWEED, FLOATING SMARTWEED, AMPHIBIOUS SMARTWEED

(P. amphibium var. amphibium of North American reports, not L.; P. fluitans Eaton; P. natans Eaton)


*Polygonum arenastrum Jord. ex Bor. KNOTWEED, DOORWEED, KNOTGRASS,

SIDEWALK-WEED

[P. aequale Lindm.; P. aviculare var. arenastrum (Jord. ex Bor.) Rouy; P. aviculare of authors in large part, not L.]
Polygonum arifolium L. ARROWLEAF TEARTHUMB, BROADLEAF TEARTHUMB

[Tracaulon arifolium (L.) Small; P. arifolium var. pubescens (Keller) Fern.]


*Polygonum aubertii Henry SILVER LACE-VINE, CHINA FLEECE

[Bilderdykia aubertii (Henry) Moldenke]


*Polygonum aviculare L. KNOTWEED, KNOTGRASS

(P. aviculare var. vegetum Ledeb.; P. heterophyllum Lindm.; P. monspeliensis Pers.)


*Polygonum bellardii All. NARROW-LEAF KNOTWEED, NEEDLE-LEAF KNOTWEED

(P. aviculare var. angustissimum Meisn.; P. neglectum Besser; P. provinciale Koch.; P. rurivagum Jord. ex Bor.)


Polygonum buxiforme Small KNOTWEED, KNOTGRASS, (“SMALL’S KNOTWEED”)

[P. aviculare var. crassifolium Lange; var. littorale (Link) Mert.; P. fowleri of NY reports, not B. Robinson; P. littorale (Link) Koch]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Polygonum careyi Olney SMARTWEED, PINKWEED, (CAREY’S) SMARTWEED

[Persicaria careyi (Olney) Greene]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Polygonum cespitosum Blume LOW SMARTWEED

var. longisetum (DeBruyn) Stewart

(P. caespitosum of autors, P. longisetum DeBruyn; P. posumbo Hamilt.)


Polygonum cilinode Michx. FRINGED BINDWEED, FALSE BUCKWHEAT

[Bilderdykia cilinode (Michx.) Greene]


*Polygonum convolvulus L. BLACK BINDWEED, CORN-BIND, NIMBLE WILL, IVY

BINDWEED


[Bilderdykia convolvulus (L.) Dumort.]
*Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc. JAPANESE BAMBOO, JAPANESE

KNOTWEED

(P. zuccarinii Small; Reynoutria japonica Houtt.)
Polygonum douglasii Greene KNOTWEED, DOUGLAS’ KNOTWEED

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Polygonum erectum L. ERECT KNOTWEED, BUSHY KNOTWEED

[P. aviculare var. agrarium K. Koch; var. erectum (L.) Roth; var. laterale Michx.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Polygonum glaucum Nutt. SEABEACH KNOTWEED

(P. maritimum of NY reports, not L.; P. raii of NY reports, not Bab.)



State Rarity: Listed Rare
*Polygonum hydropiper L. COMMON SMARTWEED, WATER-PEPPER, POOR-MAN'S

PEPPER, EYEBANE

[Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Opiz.]
Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx. MILD WATER-PEPPER, SMARTWEED

var. hydropiperoides

[Persicaria hydropiperoides (Michx.) Small; Polygonum hydropiperoides var. strigosum Small; P. mite Pers.]



var. opelousanum (Ridd. ex Small) Stone OPELOUSA SMARTWEED

[Persicaria opelousana (Ridd. ex Small) Small; Polygonum hydropiperoides var. adenocalyx (Stanf.) Gleason; P. opelousanum Ridd. ex Small; var. adenocalyx Stanf.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Polygonum lapathifolium L. WILLOW-WEED, DOCK-LEAF SMARTWEED, PALE

SMARTWEED

[Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Small; Polygonum incarnatum Ell.; P. lapathifolium var. incanum (Schmidt) Koch; var. nodosum (Pers.) Weinm.; var. punctatum Beck ex Reichenb.; var. salicifolium Sibth.; P. nodosum Pers.; P. scabrum Moench; P. tomentosum A. Gray]
*Polygonum lapathifoliumpersicaria GIANT SMARTWEED
*Polygonum nepalense Meisn. NEPALESE KNOTWEED

(P. alatum Hamilt. ex D. Don)


*Polygonum orientale L. PRINCE'S-FEATHER, KISS-ME-OVER-THE-GARDEN-GATE,

GARDEN SMARTWEED

[Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach]
Polygonum pensylvanicum L. PINKWEED, SMARTWEED

[Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small; Polygonum bicorne Raf.; P. incanum F. Schmidt; P. longistylum Small; P. pensylvanicum var. eglandulosum J. Meyers; var. laevigatum Fern.]


*Polygonum perfoliatum L. MILE-A-MINUTE WEED
*Polygonum persicaria L. LADY'S-THUMB, HEART'S-EASE, SMARTWEED

[Persicaria persicaria (L.) Small; Polygonum  dubium Stein; P. minus Huds.; P. mite of American authors, not Schrank; P. puritanorum Fern.]


*Polygonum polycnemoides Jaub. & Spach KNOTWEED
Polygonum punctatum Ell. WATER SMARTWEED, DOTTED SMARTWEED

var. confertiflorum (Meisn.) Fassett

[P. punctatum var. leptostachyum (Meisn.) Small; var. parvum Vict. & Rouss.]



var. punctatum

[Persicaria punctata (Ell.) Small; Polygonum acre Kunth]


*Polygonum ramosissimum Michx. KNOTWEED

var. prolificum Small SALTMARSH KNOTWEED

[P. prolificum (Small) B. Robinson; P. atlanticum (B. Robinson) Bickn.; P. exsertum Small, in large part]



var. ramosissimum KNOTWEED

(P. allocarpum Blake; P. exsertum Small in part)




Polygonum robustius (Small) Fern. LARGE WATER SMARTWEED

[Persicaria robustior (Small) Bickn.; Polygonum punctatum var. majus (Meisn. ex DC.) Fassett; var. robustior Small]


*Polygonum sachalinense Schmidt ex Maxim. SACHALINE, GIANT KNOTWEED,

BAMBOO


[Reynoutria sachalinensis (Schmidt ex Maxim.) Nakai ex Mori]
Polygonum sagittatum L. TEARTHUMB, ARROW-VINE, SCRATCH-GRASS

[Tracaulon sagittatum (L.) Small]


Polygonum scandens L. CLIMBING FALSE-BUCKWHEAT

var. cristatum (Engelm. & A. Gray) Gleason

[Bilderdykia cristata (Engelm. & A. Gray) Greene; P. cristatum Engelm. & A. Gray]



*var. dumetorum (L.) Gleason

[Bilderdykia dumetorum (L.) Dumort.; P. dumetorum L.]



var. scandens

[Bilderdykia scandens (L.) Greene; P. dumetorum var. scandens (L.) A. Gray]


Polygonum setaceum Baldw. ex Ell. SWAMP SMARTWEED

var. interjectum Fern.

[Persicaria setacea (Baldw. ex Ell.) Small; Polygonum hydropiperoides var. setaceum (Baldw. ex Ell.) Gleasont; P. setaceum var. tonsum Fern.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Polygonum tenue Michx. SLENDER KNOTWEED

State Rarity: Listed Rare
Polygonum virginianum L. JUMPSEED

[Tovara virginiana (L.) Raf.]


Rheum L.

*Rheum rhabarbarum L. RHUBARB, PIE PLANT, ENGLISH RHUBARB

(R. rhaponticum of American authors, not L.)


Rumex L.
*Rumex acetosa L. GARDEN SORREL, GREEN SORREL
*Rumex acetosella L. SHEEP SORREL, RED SORREL, SOURGRASS

[R. acetosella ssp. angiocarpus (Murb.) Murb; R. angiocarpus Murb.]


Rumex altissimus Wood PALE DOCK, WATER DOCK, TALL DOCK, PEACH-LEAF

DOCK
*Rumex crispus L. CURLY DOCK, YELLOW DOCK, SOUR DOCK


*Rumex crispusobtusifolius = R.acutus L. CURLY DOCK

(R.pratensis Mert. & Koch)


*Rumex crispuspatientia = R.confusus Simonkai LARGE CURLY DOCK
Rumex hastatulus Baldw. ex Ell. HEART SORREL, RED SORREL, SHEEP SORREL

(R. engelmannii Meisn.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
*Rumex longifolius DC. YARD DOCK

(R. domesticus Hartm.)


Rumex maritimus L. GOLDEN DOCK, SEASHORE DOCK

var. fueginus (Phil.) Dusén

(R. maritimus var. athrix St. John)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened

var. persicarioides (L.) R. Mitchell (REPORT ONLY)

(R. persicarioides L.)

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
*Rumex obtusifolius L. BITTER-DOCK, RED-VEINED DOCK

[R. conglomeratus of NY reports, not Murr.; R. crispatulus Michx.; R. pulcher of NY reports, not L.; R. sanguineus of NY reports, not L.]


Rumex orbiculatus A. Gray GREAT WATER DOCK

(R. britannica of American authors, not L.; R. hydrolapathum var. americanum A. Gray; R. orbiculatus var. borealis Rech. f.)


Rumex pallidus Bigel. WHITE DOCK, SEASHORE DOCK (REPORT ONLY)
*Rumex pallidussalicifolius var. mexicanus DOCK

(R. pallidus of western NY reports)


*Rumex patientia L. PATIENCE DOCK, MONK'S RHUBARB
*Rumex salicifolius Weinm. WILLOW-LEAF DOCK

var. mexicanus (Meisn.) Hitchc.

[R. mexicanus Meisn. ex DC.; R. salicifolius Weinm. ssp. triangulivalvis Danser; var. triangulivalvis (Danser) Hickm.; R. triangulivalvis (Danser) Rech. f.]


Rumex verticillatus L. SWAMP DOCK, WATER DOCK
Order: Plumbaginales
PLUMBAGINACEAE (LEADWORT FAMILY)
Limonium Mill.
Synonym: Statice Willd.
Limonium carolinianum (Walt.) Britt. SEA-LAVENDER, MARSH-

ROSEMARY, STATICE, CANKER-ROOT

[L. carolinianum var. angustatum (A. Gray) Blake; L. nashii Small ex Blake; var. trichogonum Blake; Statice caroliniana (Willd.) Pursh]
*Limonium leptostachyum (Boiss.) Kuntze STATICE

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