Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)

Anemone quinquefolia L. WOOD ANEMONE, SNOWDROPS

[A. nemerosa var. quinquefolia (L.) Pursh]


Anemone virginiana L. THIMBLEWEED, TALL ANEMONE

var. alba (Oakes) Wood

[A. riparia Fern.; A. virginiana var. riparia (Fern.) Boivin]



var. cylindroidea Boivin

var. virginiana
Aquilegia L.
Aquilegia canadensis L. WILD COLUMBINE, RED COLUMBINE, ROCK-BELLS,

MEETINGHOUSES

[A. canadensis var. coccinea (Small) Munz; A. coccinea Small]
*Aquilegia vulgaris L. BLUE COLUMBINE, PURPLE COLUMBINE, EUROPEAN

COLUMBINE, GARDEN COLUMBINE


Caltha L.
Caltha palustris L. MARSH MARIGOLD, COWSLIP, MAY-BLOB, KING-CUP

[C. flabellifolia Pursh; C. palustris var. flabellifolia (Pursh) Torrey & A. Gray; var. radicans (Forst.) Hartm.; C. radicans Forst.]


Ceratocephala Moench
Synonym: Ranunculus L. in part
*Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Roth SAGE BUTTERCUP

(Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz)


Cimicifuga L.
Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. BLACK SNAKEROOT, BLACK COHOSH

(C. americana of NY reports, not Michx.)


Clematis L.
Synonyms: Atragene L.; Viorna Reichb.
Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC. PURPLE CLEMATIS, PURPLE VIRGIN'S-

BOWER, MOUNTAIN CLEMATIS

(Atragene americana Sims.; C. verticillaris DC.)
Clematis ochroleuca Soland. ex Ait. CURLY-HEADS, SILKY LEATHER-FLOWER

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
*Clematis recta L. GROUND CLEMATIS
*Clematis terniflora DC. YAM-LEAF CLEMATIS, YAM-LEAF VIRGIN'S-BOWER

(C. dioscoreifolia Levl. & Van.; C. maximowicziana Franch. & Sav.; C. paniculata Thunb.)


Clematis virginiana L. VIRGIN'S-BOWER, TRAVELLER'S-JOY

(C. canadensis Mill.; C. fragrans Salisb.)


*Clematis viticella L. GARDEN CLEMATIS, TRELLIS CLEMATIS
Consolida (DC.) S. Gray
Synonym: Delphinium L. in part
*Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur ROCKET LARKSPUR

[C. ambigua (L.) Ball & Heyw.; Delphinium ajacis L.; D. ambiguum L.; D. consolida of Torrey's NY Flora, not L.]


*Consolida regalis S. Gray ROYAL LARKSPUR

(Delphinium consolida L.)


Coptis Salisb.
Synonyms: Anemone L. in part; Helleborus L. in part
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. GOLDTHREADS, CANKER-ROOT, GOLDEN-THREAD

[Anemone groenlandica Oed.; C. groenlandica (Oed.) Fern.; C. trifolia ssp. groenlandica (Oed.) Hultén; var. groenlandica (Oed.) Fassett; Helleborus trifolius L.]


Enemion Raf.
Synonym: Isopyrum L.
Enemion biternatum Raf. FALSE RUE-ANEMONE

[Isopyrum biternatum (Raf.) Torrey & A. Gray]



State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
Eranthis Salisb.
*Eranthis hyemalis (L.) Salisb. WINTER ACONITE
Helleborus L.
*Helleborus viridis L. GREEN HELLEBORE
Hepatica Mill.
Hepatica nobilis Mill. LIVERLEAF, LIVERWORT, HEPATICA

var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm. SHARP-LOBED HEPATICA

[Anemone acutiloba (DC.) G. Lawson; H. acutiloba DC.]



var. obtusa (Pursh) Steyerm. BLUNT-LOBED HEPATICA

[Anemone americana (DC.) Hara;H. americana (DC.) Ker]


Hydrastis L.
Synonym: Warnera Mill.
Hydrastis canadensis L. GOLDEN-SEAL, ORANGE-ROOT, YELLOW PUCCOON

[Warnera canadensis (L.) Mill.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Nigella L.
*Nigella damascena L. LOVE-IN-A-MIST, FENNEL-FLOWER
Ranunculus L.
Synonyms: Batrachium S. Gray; Ficaria Guett.
Ranunculus abortivus L. KIDNEY-LEAF CROWFOOT, BUTTERCUP

var. abortivus

(R. abortivus var. acrolasius Fern.)



var. eucyclus Fern.
*Ranunculus acris L. COMMON BUTTERCUP, TALL BUTTERCUP, FIELD

BUTTERCUP, FIELD CROWFOOT

[R. acer L.; R. boreanus Jord.; R. acris var. latisectus Beck; var. villosus (Drab.) Cole]
Ranunculus allegheniensis Britt. ALLEGHENY CROWFOOT, MOUNTAIN

CROWFOOT
Ranunculus ambigens S. Wats. AMERICAN SPEARWORT, WATER-PLANTAIN

SPEARWORT

(R. obtusiusculus of authors, not Raf.)


*Ranunculus arvensis L. CORN CROWFOOT, DEVIL'S-CLAWS, HUNGERWEED
*Ranunculus bulbosus L. BULBOUS CROWFOOT, BUTTERCUP, MEADOW-BLOOM

(R. tuberosus Hornem.)


Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh SEASIDE CROWFOOT, SEASIDE BUTTERCUP

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Ranunculus fascicularis Mühl. ex Bigel. EARLY BUTTERCUP, PRAIRIE

BUTTERCUP


*Ranunculus ficaria L. LESSER CELANDINE

var. bulbifera Marsden-Jones

[Ficaria ficaria (L.) Karst.; R. ficaria ssp. bulbifera (Marsden-Jones) Lawal. ex Rob.]


Ranunculus flabellaris Raf. ex Bigel. YELLOW WATER-CROWFOOT

(R. delphinifolius Torrey; R. fluviatilis Bigel.; R. lacustris Beck & Tracey; R. multifidus Pursh; R. purshii of NY reports, not Richards.)


Ranunculus flammula L. CREEPING SPEARWORT, LESSER SPEARWORT

var. filiformis (Michx.) Hooker

[R. filiformis Michx.; R. reptans var. filiformis (Michx..) DC.; var. reptans of authors, not L.]



var. flammula

[R. flammula var. ovalis (Bigel.) Benson; R. reptans var. ovalis (Bigel.) Torrey & A. Gray]


Ranunculus hispidus Michx. BUTTERCUP, CROWFOOT

var. caricetorum (Greene) Duncan SWAMP BUTTERCUP, MARSH

BUTTERCUP

(R. caricetorum Greene; R. septentrionalis of authors, not Poir. ex Lam.; R. sicaeformis Mackz.)

var. hispidus HAIRY BUTTERCUP, HISPID BUTTERCUP

[R. marylandicus Poir.; R. hispidus var. falsus Fern.; var. marylandicus (Poir.) Benson]



var. nitidus (Mühl. ex Ell.) Duncan SWAMP BUTTERCUP

(R. carolinianus DC.; R. septentrionalis Poir. ex Lam.)



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Ranunculus longirostris Godr. WHITE WATER-CROWFOOT, STIFF WATER-

CROWFOOT

[Batrachium longirostre (Godr.) F. Schultz; R. circinatus of American authors, not Sibth.; R. longirostre of authors; R. subrigidus Drew]

Ranunculus micranthus Nutt. ex Torrey & A. Gray SMALL-FLOWERED

CROWFOOT

[R. micranthus var. dilitescens (Greene) Fern.]

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
*Ranunculus parviflorus L. SMALL-FLOWERED CROWFOOT

(R. trachysperma Ell.)


Ranunculus pensylvanicus L. f. BRISTLY BUTTERCUP, BRISTLY CROWFOOT
Ranunculus pusillus Poir. ex Lam. LOW SPEARWORT

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)
Ranunculus recurvatus Poir. ex Lam. HOOKED BUTTERCUP, ROUGH

BUTTERCUP, HOOKED CROWFOOT

(R. boraeanus Jord.; R. hirsutus Mühl.; R. recurvatus var. adpressipilus Weath.)
*Ranunculus repens L. CREEPING BUTTERCUP, SPOTTED-LEAF BUTTERCUP,

MEG-MANY-FEET, TOAD-TETHER

(R. repens var. degeneratus Schur; var. pleniflorus Fern.)
*Ranunculus sardous Crantz HAIRY CROWFOOT, HAIRY BUTTERCUP
*Ranunculus sceleratus L. CURSED CROWFOOT, BLISTERWORT
Ranunculus trichophyllus Chaix ex Vill. WHITE WATER-CROWFOOT, LIMP

WATER-CROWFOOT

[Batrachium trichophyllum (Chaix ex Vill.) Bosch; R. aquatilis var. calvescens (Drew) Benson; R. trichophyllus var. capillaceus (Thuill.) DC.]
Thalictrum L.
Synonyms: Anemone L. in part; Anemonella Spach; Syndesmon Hoffm.
*Thalictrum aquilegifolium L. GARDEN MEADOW-RUE
*Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch. & Ave-Lall. PURPLE MEADOW-RUE
Thalictrum dioicum L. EARLY MEADOW-RUE
Thalictrum pubescens Pursh TALL MEADOW-RUE, LATE MEADOW-RUE

(T. canadense Mill. of reports.; T. polygamum Mühl., a nomen nudum)



Thalictrum revolutum DC. WAXY MEADOW-RUE, SKUNK MEADOW-RUE, LATE

MEADOW-RUE

[T. canadense Mill. var. hebecarpum (Fern.) House; T. dasycarpum of some early NY reports, not Fisch. & Ave-Lall.; T. purpurascens of early NY reports, not Pursh]
Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & Boivin RUE ANEMONE, WOODS-POTATO

[Anemone thalictroides L.; Anemonella thalictroides (L.) Spach; Syndesmon thalictroides (L.) Hoffm.]


Thalictrum venulosum Trel. VEINY MEADOW-RUE, LATE MEADOW-RUE

[T. confine Fern.; T. venulosum var. confine (Fern.) Boivin]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Trollius L.
Trollius laxus Salisb. SPREADING GLOBEFLOWER, EASTERN GLOBEFLOWER

State Rarity: Listed Rare
Xanthorhiza Marsh.
Synonym: Xanthorrhiza L'Hér.
*Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marsh. YELLOWROOT

(X. apiifolia L'Hér.)


BERBERIDACEAE (BARBERRY FAMILY)
Berberis L.
*Berberis thunbergii DC. JAPANESE BARBERRY
*Berberis vulgaris L. COMMON BARBERRY, EUROPEAN BARBERRY
Caulophyllum Michx.
Caulophyllum giganteum (Farw.) LeConte & Blackwell BLUE COHOSH,

PAPOOSE ROOT

(C. thalictroides var. giganteum Farw.)
Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. BLUE COHOSH, PAPOOSE-ROOT


Jeffersonia B. Barton
Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers. TWIN-LEAF, RHEUMATISM ROOT

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Mahonia Nutt.
*Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. GRAPE-HOLLY, OREGON GRAPE
Podophyllum L.
Podophyllum peltatum L. MAY-APPLE, WILD MANDRAKE
LARDIZABALACEAE (LARDIZABALA FAMILY)
Akebia Decne.
*Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne. FIVE-LEAF AKEBIA
MENISPERMACEAE (MOONSEED FAMILY)
Menispermum L.
Menispermum canadense L. MOONSEED, YELLOW PARILLA
Order: Papaverales
PAPAVERACEAE (POPPY FAMILY)
Argemone L.
*Argemone albiflora Hornem. WHITE PRICKLY-POPPY

(A. alba Lestib., not James, a nomen nudum)


*Argemone mexicana L. YELLOW POPPY, MEXICAN PRICKLY POPPY
Chelidonium L.
*Chelidonium majus L. GREATER CELANDINE, SWALLOW-WORT


Eschscholzia Cham. ex Nees
*Eschscholzia californica Cham. ex Nees CALIFORNIA POPPY
Glaucium Mill.
Synonym: Chelidonium L. in part
*Glaucium corniculatum (L.) J. Rudolph HORNED POPPY

(Chelidonium corniculatum L.)


*Glaucium flavum Crantz HORNED POPPY

[Chelidonium glaucium L.; G. glaucium (L.) Karst.]


Macleaya R. Br.
Synonym: Bocconia L. in part
*Macleaya cordata (Willd.) R. Br. PLUME-POPPY, TREE CELANDINE

(Bocconia cordata Willd.)


Papaver L.
*Papaver argemone L. PALE POPPY (REPORT ONLY)
*Papaver dubium L. CORNFIELD POPPY, BLIND EYES, GRAINFIELD POPPY
*Papaver glaucum Boiss. & Hausskn. TULIP POPPY
*Papaver orientale L. ORIENTAL POPPY
*Papaver rhoeas L. CORN POPPY, SHIRLEY POPPY, FIELD POPPY
*Papaver somniferum L. OPIUM POPPY
Sanguinaria L.
Sanguinaria canadensis L. BLOODROOT, RED PUCCOON, WHITE PUCCOON
FUMARIACEAE (FUMITORY FAMILY)
Adlumia Raf.
Synonym: Fumaria L. in part
Adlumia fungosa (Ait.) Greene ex BSP. ALLEGHENY VINE, MOUNTAIN FRINGE,

CLIMBING FUMITORY

(A. asiatica Ohwi; Fumaria fungosa Ait.; F. recta Raf.)
Corydalis Vent.
Synonym: Capnoides Mill.
Corydalis aurea Willd. GOLDEN CORYDALIS

[Capnoides aureum (Willd.) Kuntze]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Corydalis flavula (Raf. ex Desv.) DC. YELLOW HARLEQUIN, PALE CORYDALIS

[Capnoides flavulum (Raf. ex Desv.) Kuntze]


*Corydalis lutea (L.) DC. YELLOW CORYDALIS, ROCK FUMITORY
Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Pers. PINK CORYDALIS, ROCK HARLEQUIN, PINK,

PURPLE HARLEQUIN, PALE HARLEQUIN

[Capnoides sempervirens (L.) Borck. ex Roemer]
Dicentra Bernh.
Synonym: Capnorchis Mill.
Dicentra canadensis (Goldie) Walp. SQUIRREL-CORN, TURKEY-CORN

[Capnorchis canadensis (Goldie) Kuntze]


Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. DUTCHMAN'S-BREECHES

[Capnorchis cucullaria (L.) Planch.]


*Dicentra eximia (Ker) Torrey WILD BLEEDING-HEART, TURKEY-CORN,

STAGGERWEED

[Capnorchis eximia (Ker) Planch.]

*Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem. BLEEDING-HEART

Fumaria L.
*Fumaria capreolata L. FUMITORY, FUMEWORT (REPORT ONLY)
*Fumaria officinalis L. FUMITORY, FUMEWORT, EARTH-SMOKE
Subclass: Hamamelidae
Order: Hamamelidales
CERCIDIPHYLLACEAE (KATSURA FAMILY)
Cercidiphyllum Sieb. & Zucc.
*Cercidiphyllum japonicum Sieb. & Zucc. ex Hoffm. & Schultes KATSURA

TREE
PLATANACEAE (PLANE-TREE FAMILY)


Platanus L.
Platanus occidentalis L. SYCAMORE, PLANE-TREE, PLANE, BUTTONWOOD,

BUTTONBALL


*Platanus occidentalisorientalis = P.hybrida Brot. LONDON

PLANE (-TREE)

[P.acerifolia (Ait.) Willd.]
HAMAMELIDACEAE (WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY)
Hamamelis L.
Hamamelis virginiana L. WITCH-HAZEL, SPOTTED ALDER, WINTERBLOOM,

SNAPPING HAZEL

[H. macrophylla Pursh; H. virginiana var. parviflora (Nutt.) Torrey & A. Gray]
Liquidambar L.
Liquidambar styraciflua L. SWEET-GUM, RED GUM, BLACK GUM, BILSTED


Order: Urticales
ULMACEAE (ELM FAMILY)
Celtis L.
Celtis occidentalis L. HACKBERRY, SUGARBERRY

[C. canina Raf.; C. crassifolia Lam; C. occidentalis var. canina (Raf.) Sarg.; C. pumila Pursh; C. tenuifolia of authors, not Nutt.]


Ulmus L.
Ulmus americana L. AMERICAN ELM, WHITE ELM
*Ulmus glabra Huds. WYCH ELM, SCOTCH ELM

(U. montana With.; U. scabra Mill.)


*Ulmus minor Mill. ENGLISH ELM, CORK ELM

(U. campestris L. in part; U. procera Salisb.; U. scabra Mill.)


*Ulmus pumila L. DWARF ELM, SIBERIAN ELM

(U. parviflora of NY reports, not Jacq.)


Ulmus rubra Mühl. SLIPPERY ELM, RED ELM, SWAMP ELM

(U. fulva Michx.)


Ulmus thomasii Sarg. ROCK ELM, CORK ELM, WINGED ELM

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
CANNABACEAE (HEMP FAMILY)
Cannabis L.
*Cannabis sativa L. HEMP, MARIJUANA

[C. indica Lam.; C. sativa ssp. indica (Lam.) Small & Cronq.]


Humulus L.
*Humulus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc. JAPANESE HOP(S)
*Humulus lupulus L. COMMON HOP, BREWER'S HOPS

(H. lupulus var. lupuloides E. Small; var. pubescens E. Small)


MORACEAE (MULBERRY FAMILY)
Broussonetia L'Hér. ex Vent.
Synonyms: Morus L. in part; Papyrius Lam.
*Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. PAPER MULBERRY

[Morus papyrifera L.; Papyrius papyrifera (L.) Kuntze]


Ficus L.
*Ficus carica L. COMMON FIG, CULTIVATED FIG
Maclura Nutt.
Synonym: Toxylon Raf. ex Sarg.
*Maclura pomifera (Raf. ex Sarg.) Schneid. OSAGE ORANGE

(Toxylon pomiferum Raf. ex Sarg.)


Morus L.
*Morus alba L. WHITE MULBERRY, RUSSIAN MULBERRY, SILKWORM TREE

[M. alba var. tatarica (Pallas) Ser.; M. nigra of NY reports, not L.; M. tatarica Pallas, not L.]


Morus rubra L. RED MULBERRY
URTICACEAE (NETTLE FAMILY)
Boehmeria Jacq.
Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. FALSE-NETTLE, BOG-HEMP

[B. cylindrica var. drummondiana (Wedd.) Wedd.]


Laportea Gaud. ex Freyc.
Synonyms: Urtica L. in part; Urticastrum Fabr.
Laportea canadensis (L.) Wedd. WOOD-NETTLE, GIANT STINGING-NETTLE

[Urtica canadensis L.; U. divaricata L.; Urticastrum divaricatum (L.) Kuntze]


Parietaria L.
*Parietaria judaica L. PELLITORY, HAMMERWORT

(P. officinalis of NY reports, not L.)


Parietaria pensylvanica Mühl. ex Willd. PELLITORY, HAMMERWORT

[P. pensylvanica var. obtusa (Rydb. ex Small) Shinners]


Pilea Lindl.
Synonym: Adicia Raf.
Pilea fontana (Lunell) Rydb. EMERALD-FRUITED CLEARWEED, COOLWORT,

RICHWEED


(Adicia fontana Lunell)
Pilea fontanapumila CLEARWEED, COOLWORT, RICHWEED
Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray RICHWEED, CLEARWEED

[Adicia pumila (L.) Raf.; P. pumila var. deamii (Lunell) Fern.]


Urtica L.
*Urtica chamaedryoides Pursh WEAK NETTLE, RED NETTLE
Urtica dioica L. STINGING NETTLE, GREAT NETTLE

*ssp. dioica

ssp. gracilis (Ait.) Selander

[U. dioica var. gracilis (Ait.) Taylor & McBr.; var. procera (Mühl.) Wedd.; U. gracilis Ait.; U. procera Mühl.]


*Urtica urens L. BURNING NETTLE, DOG-NETTLE
Order: Juglandales
JUGLANDACEAE (WALNUT FAMILY)
Carya Nutt.
Synonym: Hicoria Raf.
Carya cordiformis (Wang.) Koch BITTERNUT, SWAMP HICKORY

[Hicoria cordiformis (Wang.) Britt. ex Britt. & Schafer; C.laneyi of NY report, not Sarg.]


Carya glabra (Mill.) Sweet PIGNUT (HICKORY)

[C. glabra var. megacarpa (Sarg.) Sarg.; Hicoria glabra (Mill.) Britt.]


Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don BIG SHELLBARK (HICKORY), KINGNUT

[Hicoria laciniosa (Michx. f.) Sarg.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Carya laciniosaovata = C.dunbari Sarg. HYBRID SHELLBARK

[Hicoriadunbarii (Sarg.) House]


Carya ovalis (Wang.) Sarg. SWEET PIGNUT, FALSE SHAGBARK

[Hicoria ovalis (Wang.) Ashe]


Carya ovata (Mill.) Koch SHAGBARK HICKORY, SHELLBARK HICKORY

[Hicoria alba of some American authors, not (L.) Nutt. ex Ell.; H. ovata (Mill.) Britt.; var. fraxinifolia (Sarg.) Ashe; var. nuttallii (Sarg.) Ashe]


Carya tomentosa (Poir. ex Lam.) Nutt. MOCKERNUT, WHITE-HEART HICKORY

[C. alba (L.) Nutt. ex Ell. in part; Hicoria tomentosa (Poir. ex Lam.) Raf.]


Juglans L.
Synonym: Wallia Alef.
Juglans cinerea L. BUTTERNUT, WHITE WALNUT, OILNUT, LEMON-WALNUT
Juglans nigra L. BLACK WALNUT, WALNUT
*Juglans regia L. CARPATHIAN WALNUT, ENGLISH WALNUT
Order: Myricales
MYRICACEAE (BAYBERRY FAMILY)
Comptonia L'Hér. ex Ait.
Synonyms: Liquidambar L. in part; Myrica L. in part
Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coult. SWEET-FERN

[C. peregrina var. aspleniifolia (L.) Fern.; Liquidambar peregrina L.; Myrica aspleniifolia L.; M. peregrina (L.) Kuntze]


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