Revised Checklist of New York State Plants




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*Plantago media L. DWARF PLANTAIN, HOARY PLANTAIN, LAMB'S-TONGUE
*Plantago patagonica Jacq. PLANTAIN

(P. purshii R. & S.)


*Plantago psyllium L. FLAXSEED PLANTAIN, FLEAWORT, PSYLLIUM

(P. arenaria Waldst. & Kit.; P. indica L., a nomen illeg.)


*Plantago pusilla Nutt. DWARF PLANTAIN, SLENDER PLANTAIN
Plantago rugelii Dcne. PALE PLANTAIN, GRAND PLANTAIN, RUGEL'S PLANTAIN,

WHITE-MAN'S FOOT


Plantago virginica L. HOARY PLANTAIN, PALE-SEEDED PLANTAIN
Order: Scrophulariales
BUDDLEJACEAE (BUTTERFLY-BUSH FAMILY)
Buddleja L.
*Buddleja davidii Franch. SUMMER LILAC, BUTTERFLY-BUSH, BUDDLEJA
Polypremum L.
*Polypremum procumbens L. POLYPREMUM
OLEACEAE (OLIVE FAMILY)
Chionanthus L.
*Chionanthus virginicus L. OLD-MAN'S-BEARD, FRINGE-TREE
Forsythia Vahl
*Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl FORSYTHIA, GOLDEN-BELLS
*Forsythia viridissima Lindl. FORSYTHIA, GOLDEN-BELLS
Fraxinus L.
Fraxinus americana L. WHITE ASH, AMERICAN ASH

(F. americana var. microcarpa A. Gray)


*Fraxinus excelsior L. EUROPEAN ASH
Fraxinus nigra Marsh. BLACK ASH
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. RED ASH, GREEN ASH

(F. lanceolata Borkh.; F. pubescens of American authors, not Lam.; F. quadrangulata of NY reports, not Michx.)


*Fraxinus profunda (Bush) Bush PUMPKIN ASH, RED ASH (REPORT ONLY)

(F. michauxii Britt; F. tomentosa Michx. f.)


Ligustrum L.
*Ligustrum amurense Carr. AMUR PRIVET
*Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. PRIVET
*Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. PRIVET, (CALIFORNIA) PRIVET, PRIM

(L. californicum Hort.; L. medium Franch. & Sav.)


*Ligustrum vulgare L. PRIVET, HEDGE-PRIVET, PRIM
Syringa L.
*Syringa vulgaris L. LILAC, PURPLE LILAC, WHITE LILAC
SCROPHULARIACEAE (FIGWORT FAMILY)
Agalinis Raf.
Synonym: Gerardia Benth.
Agalinis acuta Pennell SANDPLAIN GERARDIA, FALSE-FOXGLOVE

[Gerardia acuta (Pennell) Pennell]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered Federal Status: Endangered
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf. GERARDIA

[A. virgata Raf.; A. purpurea var. racemulosa (Pennell) Boivin; Gerardia purpurea var. racemulosa (Pennell) Gleason; G. racemulosa Pennell]



State Rarity: Listed Rare
Agalinis maritima (Raf.) Raf. SEASIDE GERARDIA, SALTMARSH GERARDIA

(Gerardia maritima Raf.)


Agalinis paupercula (A. Gray) Britt. FALSE-FOXGLOVE, NORTHERN GERARDIA

var. borealis Pennell

[Gerardia paupercula var. borealis (Pennell) Deam]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened

var. paupercula

[Gerardia paupercula (A. Gray) Britt.]



Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell GERARDIA, FALSE-FOXGLOVE

(Gerardia purpurea L.)


*Agalinis setacea (J. Gmel.) Raf. NEEDLE-LEAF GERARDIA, FALSE-FOXGLOVE

[A. holmiana (Greene) Pennell; Gerardia setacea (Walt.) Gmel.]


Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Raf. GERARDIA, FALSE-FOXGLOVE

var. macrophylla (Benth.) Blake

[A. besseyana Britt. ex Britt. & Brown; Gerardia tenuifolia ssp. macrophylla (Benth.) Pennell]



var. parviflora (Nutt.) Pennell

(Gerardia tenuifolia var. parviflora Nutt.)



var. tenuifolia

(Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl)



Antirrhinum L.
Synonym: Misopates Raf.
*Antirrhinum majus L. SNAPDRAGON
*Antirrhinum orontium L. LESSER SNAPDRAGON

[Misopates orontium (L.) Raf.]


Aureolaria Raf.
Synonym: Gerardia Benth. in part
Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. YELLOW FALSE-FOXGLOVE

var. flava

[A. glauca (Eddy) Raf.; Gerardia flava L.]



var. macrantha Pennell

[Gerardia flava var. macrantha (Pennell) Fern.]


Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. CUTLEAF FALSE-FOXGLOVE

(A. pedicularia var. intercedens Pennell; Gerardia pedicularia L.)


Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell DOWNY FALSE-FOXGLOVE

[Gerardia virginica (L.) BSP.]


Buchnera L.
Buchnera americana L. BLUE-HEARTS

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.
(*)Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng. INDIAN-PAINTBRUSH, SCARLET PAINTBRUSH,

PAINTED CUP



State Rarity: Listed Endangered

Note: A rare native on the barrens of the northern Lake Plains only; also escaping cultivation widely elsewhere in NY.
Chaenorrhinum (DC.) Reichenb.
Synonym: Linaria Mill. in part
*Chaenorrhinum minus (L.) Lange DWARF SNAPDRAGON

[Linaria minus (L.) Desf.]


Chelone L.
Chelone glabra L. TURTLE-HEADS, BALMONY, SNAKE-HEADS

(C. glabra var. dilatata Fern. & Wieg.; var. elatior Raf.)


*Chelone lyonii Pursh RED TURTLE-HEADS
Collinsia Nutt.
Collinsia verna Nutt. BLUE-EYED-MARY, INNOCENCE

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Cymbalaria Hill
Synonym: Linaria Mill. in part
*Cymbalaria muralis Gaertn., Meyer & Sherb. KENILWORTH-IVY, COLISEUM-

IVY


[Linaria cymbalaria (L.) Mill.]
Digitalis L.
*Digitalis grandiflora Mill. YELLOW FOXGLOVE
*Digitalis lanata Ehrh. GRECIAN FOXGLOVE
*Digitalis lutea L. YELLOW FOXGLOVE
*Digitalis purpurea L. PURPLE FOXGLOVE

(D. purpurea var. alba Hort.)


Euphrasia L.
*Euphrasia stricta Wolff ex Lehm. EYEBRIGHT

(E. condensata Jord.; E. officinalis L.; E. rigidula Jord.)


Gratiola L.
Gratiola aurea Mühl. GOLDEN-PERT, GRATIOLA

(G. lutea Raf.)


Gratiola neglecta Torrey MUD-HYSSOP, HEDGE-HYSSOP

(G. virginiana of some early NY reports, not L.)


Kickxia Dumort.
Synonym: Linaria Mill. in part
*Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort. CANKER-ROOT

[Linaria elatine (L.) Mill.]


*Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort. FLUELLIN

[Linaria spuria (L.) Mill.]


Leucospora Nutt.
Synonym: Conobea Aubl. in part
Leucospora multifida (Michx.) Nutt. LEUCOSPORA

[Conobea multifida (Michx.) Benth.]



State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Limosella L.
Limosella australis R. Br. MUDWORT

(L. aquatica of authors, not L.; L. subulata Ives)



State Rarity: Listed Rare
Linaria Mill.
Synonym: Nuttallanthus D. Sutton
Linaria canadensis (L.) Dumort. OLD-FIELD TOADFLAX

[Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D. Sutton]


*Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. DALMATIAN TOADFLAX

[L. genistifolia (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petit.]


*Linaria maroccana Hooker f. MOROCCAN TOADFLAX
*Linaria vulgaris Mill. BUTTER-AND-EGGS, WILD SNAPDRAGON, COMMON

TOADFLAX, RAMSTEAD

[L. linaria (L.) Karst.]
Lindernia All.
Synonyms: Gratiola L. in part; Ilysanthes Raf.
Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell FALSE-PIMPERNEL

var. anagallidea (Michx.) Cooperrider

[Gratiola anagallidea Michx.; G. inaequalis Walt.; Ilysanthes inaequalis (Walt.) Pennell; L. anagallidea (Michx.) Pennell]



var. dubia

[Gratiola dubia L.; Ilysanthes dubia (L.) Barnh.; L. dubia var. riparia (Raf.) Fern.; var. inundata (Pennell) Pennell; L. procumbens of authors, not (Krock.) Philcox; L. pixidaria of NY reports, not L.]


Mazus Lour.
*Mazus miquelii Makino MAZUS

(M. reptans N. Brown)


*Mazus pumilus (Burm. f.) Steenis MAZUS

[M. japonicus (Thunb.) Kuntze]


Melampyrum L.
Melampyrum lineare Desr. COW-WHEAT

[M. lineare var. americanum (Michx.) Beauv.; var. latifolium Bart., not (Mühl.) Beauv.; var. pectinatum (Pennell) Fern.]


Micranthemum Michx.
Synonym: Hemianthus Nutt.
Micranthemum micranthemoides (Nutt.) Wettst. MICRANTHEMUM

(Hemianthus micranthemoides Nutt.)



State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated; Possibly Extinct (Unprotected)
Mimulus L.
Mimulus alatus Ait. WINGED MONKEYFLOWER

State Rarity: Listed Rare
*Mimulus guttatus Fisch. ex DC. MONKEYFLOWER

(M. langsdorffii Donn ex Greene)


*Mimulus moschatus Dougl. ex Lindl. MUSKFLOWER
Mimulus ringens L. COMMON MONKEYFLOWER, PURPLE MONKEYFLOWER,

ALLEGHENY MONKEYFLOWER


Odontites Ludw.
*Odontites vernus (Bellardi) Dumort. EYEBRIGHT, BARTSIA

ssp. serotinus (Dumort.) Corb.

[O. rubra Gilib.; O. serotina (Lam.) Dumort.]


Orthocarpus Nutt.
*Orthocarpus bracteosus Benth. OWL'S-CLOVER
Pedicularis L.
Pedicularis canadensis L. LOUSEWORT, WOOD-BETONY

(P. canadensis var. dobbsii Fern.)


Pedicularis lanceolata Michx. LOUSEWORT, WOOD-BETONY

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Penstemon Mitchell ex Schmid.
Synonym: Pentstemon of authors
*Penstemon calycosus Small PENSTEMON, BEARD-TONGUE

[P. laevigatus Ait. var. calycosus (Small) Bennett]


*Penstemon digitalis Nutt. FALSE-FOXGLOVE, BEARD-TONGUE

[P. laevigatus of NY reports, not Ait.; P. penstemon of NY reports, not (L.) Britt.]


Penstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd. PENSTEMON, BEARD-TONGUE
Penstemon pallidus Small PALE PENSTEMON, BEARD-TONGUE
*Penstemon tubiflorus Nutt. PENSTEMON, BEARD-TONGUE

(P. tubiflorus var. achoreus Fern.)


Rhinanthus L.
*Rhinanthus alectorolophus (Scop.) Pollich LARGE RATTLEBOX

(R. major L., a nomen ambiguum)


*Rhinanthus minor L. YELLOW-RATTLE, RATTLEBOX

[R. borealis of NY reports, not (Stern.) Chab.; R. crista-galli L. in part; R. minor ssp. groenlandicus of NY reports, not (Ostenf.) Neum.]



Note: Ours is the weedy, European ssp. minor, originally mistaken for native North American plants in the Adirondacks.
Schwalbea L.
Schwalbea americana L. CHAFFSEED

State Rarity: Presumed Extirpated (Unprotected)

Federal Rank: Listed Endangered
Scrophularia L.
*Scrophularia auriculata L. SHORELINE FIGWORT

(S. aquatica of NY reports, not L.; S. umbrosa of NY reports, not Dumort.)


Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh HARE-FIGWORT
Scrophularia marilandica L. CARPENTER'S-SQUARE, FIGWORT
*Scrophularia nodosa L. EUROPEAN FIGWORT
Verbascum L.
*Verbascum blattaria L. MOTH-MULLEIN
*Verbascum lychnitis L. WHITE MULLEIN
*Verbascum lychnitisthapsus = V.spurium Koch MULLEIN
*Verbascum phlomoides L. MULLEIN
*Verbascum phoenecium L. MULLEIN
*Verbascum sinuatum L. MULLEIN
*Verbascum thapsus L. MULLEIN, MULE'S-EAR, FLANNEL-PLANT, DEVIL'S-

TOBACCO, VELVET DOCK, MULLEIN-DOCK


*Verbascum virgatum Stokes MOTH-MULLEIN
Veronica L.
*Veronica agrestis L. FIELD SPEEDWELL
Veronica americana (Raf.) Schwein. ex Benth. AMERICAN SPEEDWELL,

AMERICAN BROOKLIME


Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. WATER SPEEDWELL, BROOK PIMPERNELL,

WATER PIMPERNELL

[V. anagallis L.; V. brittonii Porter ex Pennel; V. catenata Pennell; V. comosa Richter; V. connata of authors, not Raf.; V. cymbalaria of NY reports, not Bodard; V. glandulifera sensu House (1924), not Pennell or Freyn; V. salina of authors, not Shur]
*Veronica arvensis L. CORN SPEEDWELL
*Veronica austriaca L. BROADLEAF SPEEDWELL

ssp. teucrium (L.) Webb

(V. latifolia L.; V. teucrium L.)


*Veronica beccabunga L. BROOKLIME

(V. baxteri House)


*Veronica biloba L. SPEEDWELL

(V. campylopoda Boiss.)


*Veronica chamaedrys L. BIRD'S-EYE SPEEDWELL
*Veronica dillenii Crantz SPEEDWELL

(V. verna of NY reports, not L.)


*Veronica filiformis Sm. BIRD'S-EYE
*Veronica grandis Fisch. ex Spreng. HEARTLEAF SPEEDWELL

(V. bachofenii Heuffel)


*Veronica hederifolia L. IVY-LEAF SPEEDWELL
*Veronica longifolia L. SPEEDWELL

(V. maritima of American authors, not L.)


*Veronica officinalis L. SPEEDWELL, GYPSY-WEED
Veronica peregrina L. NECKWEED, PURSLANE-SPEEDWELL

ssp. peregrina

ssp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell

[V. peregrina var. xalapensis (Kunth) St. John & Warren]


*Veronica persica Poir. BIRD'S-EYE, SPEEDWELL
*Veronica polita Fries SPEEDWELL

(V. didyma Ten. in part)



Veronica scutellata L. MARSH SPEEDWELL

(V. scutellata var. villosa Schum.)


*Veronica serpyllifolia L. THYME-LEAF SPEEDWELL

ssp. humifusa (Dicks. ex With.) Syme

[V. humifusa Dicks. ex With.; V. serpyllifolia var. humifusa (Dicks. ex With.) Vahl; V. tenella All.]



ssp. serpyllifolia
Veronica spicata L. SPEEDWELL
Veronicastrum Heister ex Fabr.
Synonym: Veronica L. in part
Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw. CULVER'S-ROOT

(Veronica virginica L.)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
OROBANCHACEAE (BROOM-RAPE FAMILY)
Conopholis Wallr.
Synonym: Orobanche L. in part
Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. SQUAWROOT, CANCER-ROOT

(Orobanche americana L.)


Epifagus Nutt.
Synonyms: Leptamnium Raf.; Orobanche L. in part
Epifagus virginiana (L.) Bartr. BEECH-DROPS, CANCER-ROOT

[Leptamnium virginianum (L.) Raf.; Orobanche virginiana L.]


Orobanche L.
Synonyms: Aphyllon Mitchell; Thalesia Raf.
*Orobanche minor Sm. ex Sowerby BROOM-RAPE
Orobanche uniflora L. ONE-FLOWERED CANCER-ROOT

[Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torrey & A. Gray ex A. Gray; Thalesia uniflora (L.) Britt.]


ACANTHACEAE (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
Justicia L.
Synonym: Dianthera L. in part
Justicia americana (L.) Vahl WATER-WILLOW, WILLOW-WEED

(Dianthera americana L.)


*Ruellia humilis Nutt. RUELLIA
PEDALIACEAE (SESAME FAMILY)
Proboscidea Schmid.
Synonym: Martynia L.
*Proboscidea louisiana (Mill.) Woot. & Standl. UNICORN-PLANT, PROBOSCIS-

FLOWER, RAM'S-HORN, ELEPHANT'S-TRUNK

(Martynia louisiana Mill.; P. louisianica sensu Thell.)
Sesamum L.
*Sesamum indicum L. SESAME

(S. orientale L.)


BIGNONIACEAE (BIGNONIA FAMILY)
Campsis Lour.
Synonyms: Bignonia L. in part; Tecoma Juss.
*Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau TRUMPET-CREEPER, TRUMPET-VINE,

COW-ITCH, TRUMPET-FLOWER

[Bignonia radicans L.; Tecoma radicans (L.) Juss.]
Catalpa Scop.
*Catalpa bignonioides Walt. CATALPA, CATAWBA, INDIAN-BEAN

[C. catalpa (L.) Karst.]


*Catalpa ovata G. Don CHINESE CATALPA
*Catalpa speciosa (Warder ex Barney) Engelm. CATALPA, INDIAN-BEAN,

CATAWBA, CIGAR-TREE


Paulownia Sieb. & Zucc.
*Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. PRINCESS-TREE,

EMPRESS TREE, KARRI TREE, PAULOWNIA


LENTIBULARIACEAE (BLADDERWORT FAMILY)
Pinguicula L.
Pinguicula vulgaris L. BUTTERWORT, BOG-VIOLET

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Utricularia L.
Utricularia cornuta Michx. HORNED BLADDERWORT
Utricularia geminiscapa Benj. BLADDERWORT

(U. clandestina Nutt. ex A. Gray)


Utricularia gibba L. CONE-SPUR BLADDERWORT

(U. biflora Lam.; U. pumila Walt.)


Utricularia inflata Walt. LARGE FLOATING BLADDERWORT

State Rarity: Listed Endangered
Utricularia intermedia Hayne MILFOIL BLADDERWORT
Utricularia juncea Vahl RUSH BLADDERWORT

(U. virgatula Barnh.)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Utricularia macrorhiza LeConte COMMON BLADDERWORT

(U. vulgaris of American authors, not L.)


Utricularia minor L. LESSER BLADDERWORT

State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Utricularia ochroleuca Hartm. BLADDERWORT

(U. intermediaminor; U. occidentalis A. Gray)


Utricularia purpurea Walt. PURPLE BLADDERWORT
Utricularia radiata Small SMALL FLOATING BLADDERWORT

[U. inflata ssp. radiata (Small) Stone; U. inflata var. minor Chapm.]



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Utricularia resupinata B. Greene ex Bigel. BLADDERWORT
Utricularia striata LeConte ex Torrey BLADDERWORT

(U. fibrosa Britt; U. fibrosa Walt. of some NY reports)



State Rarity: Listed Threatened
Utricularia subulata L. BLADDERWORT

[U. cleistogama (A. Gray) Britt.]


Order: Campanulales
CAMPANULACEAE (BLUEBELL FAMILY)
Campanula L.
Synonym: Campanulastrum Small
Campanula americana L. TALL BELLFLOWER

[Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small]


Campanula aparinoides Pursh MARSH BELLFLOWER

[C. aparinoides var. grandiflora Holz; var. uliginosa (Rydb.) Gleason; C. uliginosa Rydb.]


*Campanula glomerata L. CLUSTERED BELLFLOWER
*Campanula patula L. BELLFLOWER
*Campanula persicifolia L. WILLOW BELLFLOWER, PEACH-BELLS
*Campanula rapunculoides L. CREEPING BELLFLOWER, ROVING BELLFLOWER

[C. rapunculoides var. ucranica (Bess.) Koch]


Campanula rotundifolia L. HAREBELL, BLUEBELL
*Campanula trachelium L. NETTLE-LEAF BELLFLOWER, THROATWORT
Jasione L.
*Jasione montana L. SHEEP'S-BIT
Lobelia L.
Lobelia cardinalis L. CARDINAL-FLOWER, INDIAN-PINK
Lobelia dortmanna L. WATER LOBELIA, WATER GLADIOLE
Lobelia inflata L. INDIAN-TOBACCO
Lobelia kalmii L. KALM'S LOBELIA, BROOK LOBELIA
Lobelia nuttallii R. & S. NUTTALL'S LOBELIA

State Rarity: Listed Rare
Lobelia siphilitica L. GREAT LOBELIA, BLUE CARDINALFLOWER
Lobelia spicata Lam. PALE-SPIKED LOBELIA
Platycodon A. DC.
*Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC. BALLOON-FLOWER

(P. grandiflorum of authors)



Triodanis Raf.
Synonym: Specularia Heist. ex Fabr.
Triodanis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl. VENUS' LOOKING-GLASS
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