Regulated pests for trinidad and tobago




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(Note: These pests are NOT present in Trinidad and Tobago)

Pest No.

Pest Type

Scientific Name

Common Name

Major Hosts

Mite

1

1

Aceria mangiferae Sayed


Mango bud mite

Mangifera indica (mango)

2

2

Oligonychus mangiferus (Rahman & Sapra)

Mango spider mite

Mangifera indica (mango)

3

3

Panonychus citri McGregor

Citrus red mite

Citrus , Citrus deliciosa (mediterranean mandarin), Citrus limon (lemon), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Citrus sinensis (navel orange), Citrus unshiu (satsuma), Citrus x paradisi (grapefruit)

4

4

Siteroptes graminum (Reuter)

Grass mite

Grass

5

5

Steneotarsonemus ananas (Tryon)

Pineapple tarsonemid

Ananas comosus (Pineapple)

6

6

Steneotarsonemus furcatus DeLeon

Taro tarsonemid mite

Allium cepa (onion)

7

7

Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval)

Carmine spider mite

Abelmoschus esculentus (okra), Arachis hypogaea (groundnut), Carica papaya (papaw), Citrullus lanatus (watermelon), Citrus , Cucurbitaceae (cucurbits), Fragaria ananassa (strawberry), Gossypium (cotton), Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Malus domestica (apple), Manihot esculenta (cassava), Musa (banana), Phaseolus (beans), Prunus persica (peach), Ziziphus jujuba (common jujube)

8

8

Tetranychus desertorum Banks

Desert spider mite

Gossypium (cotton), Manihot esculenta (cassava)

9

9

Tetranychus tumidus Banks

Tumid spider mite

Araceae, Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

Insect

10

1

Anastrepha ludens (Loew)

Mexican Fruit Fly

Citrus , Mangifera indica (mango), Prunus persica (peach)

11

2

Anastrepha suspensa Loew

Caribbean Fruit Fly

Annona , Annona reticulata (bullock's heart), Eugenia , Fortunella margarita (oval kumquat), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla), Psidium, Psidium guajava (guava), Syzygium , Syzygium jambos (rose apple), Terminalia catappa (Singapore almond)

12

3

Anomala orientalis Heyden, 1887. *Preferred SN: Exomala orientalis (Waterhouse, 1875)

Oriental beetle

Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass)

13

4

Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky)

Asian long-horned beetle

Acer (maples), Acer negundo (box elder), Aesculus hippocastanum (buckeye), Populus (poplars), Populus canadensis (hybrid black poplar), Populus dakuanensis , Populus deltoides (poplar), Populus nigra (black poplar), Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust), Salix (willow), Salix babylonica (weeping willow), Salix matsudana (Peking willow), Ulmus (elms)

14

5

Anthonomus eugenii Cano

Pepper weevil

Capsicum (peppers), Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Capsicum frutescens (chilli)

15

6

Anthonomus grandis Boheman, 1843

Boll weevil

Gossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton), Gossypium hirsutum (Bourbon cotton)

16

7

Ophiusa disjungens (Walker, 1858)

guava moth

Psidium guajava (Guava)

17

8

Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock

Carambola Fruit Fly

Annona muricata (soursop), Artocarpus integer, Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Carica papaya (papaw), Citrofortunella mitis , Citrus aurantiifolia (lime), Citrus limon (lemon), Fortunella margarita (oval kumquat) and others

18

9

Bactrocera caryae (Kapoor)

A member of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Aegle marmelos (golden apple), Citrus maxima (pummelo), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Malpighia glabra (acerola), Mangifera indica (mango), Pouteria sapota, Psidium guajava (guava)

19

10

Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett

Melon Fly

Cucumis melo (melon), Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin), Cucurbita pepo (ornamental gourd), Trichosanthes cucumerina var. anguinea (snakegourd)

20

11

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912)

Oriental Fruit Fly

Aegle marmelos (golden apple), Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut), Annona reticulata (bullock's heart), Annona squamosa (sugarapple), Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit), Artocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit), Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Carica papaya (papaw), Chrysophyllum cainito (caimito), Citrus, and others

21

12

Bactrocera invadens (Drew et al., 2005)

New polyphagous fruit fly species (Central Africa) Asian fruit fly

Mangifera indica (mango), Psidium guajava (guava), Citrus spp., Carica papaya (pawpaw), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato)

22

13

Bactrocera kandiensis Drew & Hancock

A member of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut), Annona glabra, Areca catechu (betelnut palm), Artocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit), Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Citrus maxima (pummelo), Mangifera indica (mango), Persea americana (avocado), Psidium guajava (guava), Punica granatum (pomegranate) and others

23

14

Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel)

Malaysian fruit fly

Capsicum (peppers), Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)

24

15

Bactrocera minax (Enderlein)

Chinese citrus fly

Citrus aurantium (sour orange), Citrus maxima (pummelo), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Citrus sinensis (navel orange)

25

16

Bactrocera occipitalis (Bezzi)

A member of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Mangifera indica (mango), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla), Psidium guajava (guava), Spondias purpurea

26

17

Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock

Asian papaya fruit fly

Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut), Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit), Artocarpus integer, Averrhoa bilimbi , Borassus flabellifer (toddy palm), Carica papaya (papaw), Castanopsis , Chrysophyllum cainito (caimito), Citrofortunella mitis , Citrus aurantiifolia (lime), Citrus limon (lemon), Citrus maxima (pummelo), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), and others

27

18

Bactrocera philippinensis Drew and Hancock

A member of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit), Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Carica papaya (papaw), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Mangifera indica (mango), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla), Psidium guajava (guava), Spondias purpurea , Syzygium malaccense (malay-apple)

28

19

Bactrocera pyrifoliae Drew & Hancock

A member of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Prunus persica (peach), Psidium guajava (guava)

29

20

Bactrocera tsuneonis (Miyake)

Japanese orange fruit fly

Citrus aurantium (sour orange), Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Citrus sinensis (navel orange), Fortunella margarita (oval kumquat), Fortunella x crassifolia (meiwa kumquat)

30

21

Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt)

Queensland Fruit Fly

Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut), Annona glabra, Annona muricata (soursop), Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Carica papaya (papaw), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Malus sylvestris (crab-apple tree), Mangifera indica (mango), Psidium guajava (guava) and others

31

22

Bactrocera zonata (Saunders 1841)

Peach fruit fly

Mangifera indica (mango), Prunus persica (peach), Psidium guajava (guava)

32

23

Bedellia orchilella Walsingham

Sweet potato leafminer

Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

33

24

Caryedon serratus (Olivier)

Tamarind seed weevil

Arachis hypogaea (groundnut), stored products (dried stored products)

34

25

Caulophilus oryzae (Gyllenhal, 1838)

Broadnosed grain weevil

Cicer arietinum (chickpea), Panicum miliaceum (millet), Pennisetum (feather grass), Zea mays (maize)

35

26

Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)

Mediterranean Fruit Fly

Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Citrus, Coffea (coffee), Ficus carica (fig), Malus domestica (apple), Prunus (stone fruit), Psidium guajava (guava), Theobroma cacao (cocoa)

36

27

Ceratitis cosyra (Walker)

Mango/marula fruit fly

Mangifera indica (mango), Sclerocarya birrea (marula)

37

28

Ceratitis quinaria (Bez.)

Rhodesian fruit fly

Citrus, Prunus americana (apricot), Prunus persica (peach), Psidium guajava (guava)

38

29

Ceratitis rosa Karsch

Natal Fruit Fly

Citrus, Coffea (coffee)

39

30

Chaetocnema confinis Crotch, 1873

Sweet potato flea beetle

Beta vulgaris (beetroot), Calystegia sepium (great bindweed), Ipomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory), Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato), Ipomoea pandurata, Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Pharbitis purpurea (Tall morning glory), Zea mays (maize)

40

31

Chaetococcus bambusae (Maskell)

Bamboo mealybug

Bambusa vulgaris (Bamboo)

41

32

Contarinia maculipennis Felt

Blossom midge

Plumeria (Frangipani), Hibiscus (Rosemallows), pikake (Jasmine), Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis (White mustard cabbage or pak choi), Lycopersicon esculentum (Tomato), Solanum melongena (Eggplant), Capsicum sp. Pepper), Solanum tuberosum (Potato) and others

42

33

Cylas formicarius Fabricius

Sweet potato weevil

Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

43

34

Dacus oleae Gmelin, 1790

Olive Fruit Fly

Olea europaea subsp. europaea (olive)

44

35

Dasineura mangiferae Felt *Preferred SN: Erosomyia mangiferae Felt

Mango flower midge

Mangifera indica (mango)

45

36

Delia platura (Meigen)

Seedcorn maggot

Polyphagous (polyphagous)

46

37

Diaphorina citri Kuwayama

Asian Citrus Psyllid

Citrus, Citrus aurantiifolia (lime), Citrus limon (lemon), Murraya koenigii (curry leaf tree)

47

38

Elixothrips brevisetis (Bangnall)

Banana rind thrips

Musa sp. (Banana), Carica papaya (Pawpaw), Wedelia trilobata (creeping daisy) Canna spp., Ficus spp., Cestrum pallidum, Dioscorea spp., Ipomoea alba, and Morinda citrifolia.

48

39

Faustinus cubae (Boheman)

Stem borer (Hot Pepper)

Capsicum sp. (pepper) and Solanum (nightshade)

49

40

Frankliniella williamsi Hood

Corn thrips

Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane), Zea mays (maize)

50

41

Geococcus coffeae Green

Coffee root mealybug

Ananas comosus (pineapple), Citrus, Coffea (coffee)

51

42

Gynaikothrips ficorum (Marchal, 1908)

Cuban laurel thrips

Ficus benjamina (Benjamina fig), Ficus carica (fig), Ficus elastica (rubber plant), Ficus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)

52

43

Heilipus lauri Boheman

Avocado seed weevil

Persea americana (avocado)

53

44

Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari, 1867)

Coffee Berry Borer

Coffea (coffee), Coffea arabica (arabica coffee)

54

45

Omphisa anastomosalis Guenée

Sweet potato vine borer

Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

55

46

Orchidophilus aterrimus (Waterhouse)

Orchid weevil

Cattleya, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Orchidaceae (orchids), Paphiopedilum (lady's slipper orchid), Phalaenopsis

56

47

Orchidophilus peregrinator Buchanan 1935

Lesser orchid weevil

Orchidaceae (orchids: (Vanda, Phalaenopsis, Renanthera, Grammatophylum))

57

48

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Linnaeus)

Saw toothed grain beetle

Avena sativa (oats), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Myristica fragrans (nutmeg), Oryza sativa (rice), Panicum miliaceum (millet), Sorghum bicolor (sorghum), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (wheat), Zea mays (maize)

58

49

Othreis fullonia Linnaeus *Preferred SN: Eudocima fullonia (Clerck, 1764)

Pacific fruit-piercing moth

Averrhoa carambola (carambola), Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Carica papaya (papaw), Citrus, Citrus reticulata (mandarin), Citrus sinensis (navel orange), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Mangifera indica (mango), Psidium guajava (guava) and others

59

50

Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara de Willink, 1992

Papaya Mealy bug

Annona squamosa (sugarapple), Carica papaya (papaw), Hibiscus (rosemallows), Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose), Hibiscus sabdariffa (Jamaica sorrel), Manihot esculenta (cassava), Persea americana (avocado), Plumeria (frangipani), Solanum melongena (aubergine)

60

51

Penicellaria jocosatrix Guenee, 1852

Mango shoot caterpillar

Mangifera indica (mango)

61

52

Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller, 1873)

Potato tuber worm

Solanum tuberosum (potato)

62

53

Pieris rapae Linnaeus

Imported cabbage worm

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower), Brassica oleracea var. capitata (cabbage), Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera (Brussels sprouts), Brassica oleracea var. viridis (collards), Brassicaceae (cruciferous crops) and others

63

54

Prodiplosis longifila Gagné

Citrus gall midge

Citrus aurantifolia (Lime), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Solanum tuberosum (potato), Capsicum chinense (hot pepper), Gossypium sp. (wild cotton) other-beans, tomato, white potato and alfalfa

64

55

Pseudacysta perseae (Heidemann)

Avocado lacebug

Persea americana (avocado)

65

56

Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller 1873)

Potato tuber moth

Solanum tuberosum (potato), Solanum esculentum (egg plant), Lycopersicum esculentum (tomato), Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco)

66

57

Rhagoletis cingulata (Loew)

Cherry Fruit Fly

Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry)

67

58

Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh

Apple Maggot

Malus (ornamental species apple), Malus baccata, Prunus americana (apricot), Prunus angustifolia (Mountain cherry tree), Prunus armeniaca (apricot), Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry), Prunus mahaleb, Prunus persica (peach), Prunus virginiana (common chokecherrytree) and others

68

59

Scirtothrips aurantii Faure

South African citrus thrips

Citrus, Citrus limon (lemon), Citrus sinensis (navel orange)

69

60

Scirtothrips citri (Moulton, 1909)

California citrus thrips

Citrus

70

61

Scirtothrips perseae Nakahara, 1997

Avocado thrips

Persea americana (avocado)

71

62

Sericothrips staphylinus Haliday, 1836

Gorse thrips

Ulex europaeus (gorse)

72

63

Siphoninus phillyreae Haliday, 1835

Ash whitefly

Malus spp. , Pyrus spp.

73

64

Sitophilus granarius Linnaeus, 1785

Granary weevil

Hordeum vulgare (barley), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (wheat)

74

65

Sitophilus linearis (Herbst)

Tamarind weevil

Tamarindus indica (Indian tamarind)

75

66

Sitophilus oryzae (Linnaeus)

Rice weevil

Manihot esculenta (cassava), Oryza sativa (rice), Sorghum bicolor (sorghum), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (wheat), Triticum spelta (spelt), Zea mays (maize)

76

67

Spodoptera litura (Fabricius)

Cluster caterpillar

Abelmoschus esculentus (okra), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Manihot esculenta (cassava), Musa (banana), Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco), Oryza sativa (rice), Papaver (poppies),Phaseolus (beans), Piper nigrum (black pepper), Solanum tuberosum (potato), Sorghum bicolor (sorghum), Theobroma cacao (cocoa), Vigna unguiculata (cowpea), Zea mays (maize) and others

77

68

Spoladea recurvali (Fabricius)

Hawaiian beet webworm

Amaranthus (grain amaranth), Arachis hypogaea (groundnut), Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera (sugarbeet), Citrullus lanatus (watermelon), Cucurbitaceae (cucurbits), Phaseolus (beans), Solanum melongena (aubergine), Spinacia oleracea (spinach), stored products (dried stored products)

78

69

Stictoptera cuculioides Guenee

A noctuid moth

Garcinia cambogia, Mammea americana (mammee apple), Calophyllum inophyllum (kamani), Clusia rosea (autograph tree), Ochrocarpus obovalis, and O. excelsus

79

70

Tarophagus proserpina (Kirkaldy, 1907)

Taro leafhopper

Colocasia esculenta (taro)

80

71

Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus

Yellow mealworm

Poaceae (grasses), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (wheat), wheat bran , wheat flour , Zea mays (maize)

81

72

Tenebrio obscurus Fabricius

Dark mealworm

stored products (dried stored products)

82

73

Tenomerga mucida (Chevrolat, 1829)

A cupedid beetle

Timber

83

74

Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan, 1913)

Hawaiian flower thrips

Abelmoschus esculentus (okra), Chrysanthemum vestitum, Citrus, Mangifera indica (mango), Musa (banana), Musa x paradisiaca (plantain), Rosa rugosa (Rugosa rose), Syzygium samarangense (water apple), Vitis vinifera (grapevine), Zea mays (maize)

84

75

Thrips tabaci Lindeman, 1889

Onion thrips

Allium (onions, garlic, leek, etc.), Allium cepa (onion), Allium porrum (leek), Brassica oleracea var. capitata (cabbage), Chrysanthemum (daisy), Cucumis sativus (cucumber), Cucurbitaceae (cucurbits), Gossypium (cotton), Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco), Piper nigrum (black pepper)

85

76

Trialeurodes abutilonea Haldeman

Bandedwinged whitefly

Capsicum annuum (bell pepper), Glycine max (soyabean), Gossypium (cotton), Lactuca sativa (lettuce), Manihot esculenta (cassava)

86

77

Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood 1856

Greenhouse whitefly

Brassica, Chrysanthemum (daisy), Cucumis melo (melon), Cucumis sativus (cucumber), Cucurbitaceae (cucurbits), Gossypium hirsutum (Bourbon cotton), Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), Persea americana (avocado), Solanum melongena (aubergine) and others

87

78

Tribolium castaneum Herbst

Red flour beetle

Arachis hypogaea (groundnut), Avena sativa (oats), Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil nut), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Juglans (walnuts), Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris (lentil), Oryza sativa (rice), Phaseolus (beans), Phaseolus lunatus (lima bean), Pisum sativum (pea), Zea mays (maize) and others

88

79

Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val

Confused flour beetle

Avena sativa (oats), Oryza sativa (rice), Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet), Sorghum bicolor (sorghum), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), wheat flour , Zea mays (maize)

89

80

Trogoderma granarium Everts

Khapra beetle

Arachis hypogaea (groundnut), Gossypium (cotton), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Oryza sativa (rice), Panicum miliaceum (millet), Sesamum indicum (sesame), Sorghum bicola (sorghum), stored products (dried stored products), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (wheat) Zea mays (maize)

Slugs


90

1

Vaginula plebeia Fischer

Brown slug

Lactuca sativa (lettuce), Phaseolus (beans), Solanum tuberosum (potato)

91

2

Veronicella cubensis (Pfeiffer)

Two-striped slug

most species of melon, pumpkin, pepper, eggplant, cabbage, cassava, taro, sweet potato, yam, papaya, banana, star fruit, mango, noni, citrus, and coffee.

92

3

Veronicella leydigi (Simroth)

Black slug

stems, leaves, flowers and roots of many plant species. Besides plants, they can live on decaying vegetable matter, fungi, molds, earthworms, and dead or slow-moving insects.

Bacterium

93

1

Liberobacter condidotus asiaticus Murray

Citrus greening, Huanglongbing of Citrus

Citrus

94

2

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Citri (Hassee) Dye

Citrus Canker

Citrus

Phytoplasma

95

1

Spiroplasmataceae

Lethal Yellowing of coconuts

Coconut

Fungus

96

1

Botryotinia squamosa Viennot-Bourgin

Leaf blight, neck rot

Alium spp.

97

2

Botrytis aclada Fresenius

Grey mold, neck rot

Allium spp.

98

3

Colletotrichum circinans (Berk.) Voglino

Onion smudge, anthracnose

Allium spp.

99

4

Guignardia bidwelli (Ell.) Viala & Ravaz

Black rot

Vitis spp.

100

5

Hemileia vastarix Berk. & Br

Coffee leaf rust

Coffee

101

6

Moniliophthora roreri (Ciferri) H.C. Evans et al

Monilia Pod rot

Cocoa

102

7

Mycocentrospora acerina (Hartig) Deighton

Leaf spot, root rot, storage rot, crown rot, anthracnose

Anemone, carrot, celery, caraway, parsley, parnsnip

103

8

Puccinia allii Rud., Linnaea

Rust

Allium spp.

104

9

Sclerotium cepivorum Berk.

White rot, bulb rot

Allium spp.

Nematode

105

1

Aphelenchoides besseyi Christie

White tip nematode

Multiple

106

2

Belonolaimus Longicaudatus Steiner

Sting nematode

Multiple

107

3

Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kuhn) Filip' ev

Stem and bulb nematode

Multiple

108

4

Globodera pallida (Wollenweber) Behrens

White tip nematode Golden nematode- (G.p)

Solanum spp.

109

5

Globodera rostochiensis (Wollenweber) Behrens

Golden nematode- (G.r)

Solanum spp.

110

6

Radopholus citrophilus Huettel, Dickson and Kaplan, 1984

Burrowing nematode

Citrus, Anthurium, Bananas

Virus

111

1

Bananas bunchy top virus

Bananas bunchy top virus

Bananas bunchy top virus

112

2

African cassava mosaic virus (Begomovirus)

African cassava mosaic virus

Cassava

113

3

Yam mosaic virus (Potyvirus)

Yam mosaic virus

Yam (prabably present in Caribbean) in Guadeloupe Migliori and cadillac (1976) Ann's phytopath 8:73 1976

Viroid

114

1

Avsunviroid

Avocado sunblotch Disease

Avocado




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