Anon. 2001. Conserving biodiversity in the Ulugurus. World Birdwatch 2391): 12-15. (No address given)
Update on a project to help this Eastern Arc range in conjunction with local people.
Archer A.L. 2001. Control of the Indian House Crow Corvus splendens in eastern Africa. Ostrich Supp. 15: 147-152. (Anim. Pest Control, PO Box 15676, Nairobi, Kenya; email@example.com)
Bird causes major problems wherever introduced. Control programmes and methods now well known and effective but need funding and follow-up.
Brooks T. & Thompson H.S. 2001. Current bird conservation issues in Africa. Auk 118: 575-582. (Cent. Appl. Biodiv. Sci., Conservation International, 1919 M St NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC20036, USA; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Major inroads have been made in data issues (especially distribution), some success with planning but not yet with implementation.
Brooks T. & 12 other authors. 2001. Conservation priorities for birds and biodiversity: do East African Important Bird Areas represent species diversity in other terrestrial vertebrate groups? Ostrich Supp. 15: 3-12. (Cent. Appl. Biodiv. Sci., Conservation International, 1919 M St NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC20036, USA; email@example.com)
First tests show that there is good agreement and also for regionally endemic and threatened species.
Brouwer J. 2001. SYSTANAL: a checklist for analysing ecosystems for the conservation of biological diversity. Ostrich Supp. 15: 178-182. (Wetlands Int., PO Box 7002, 6700 CA Wageningen, Netherlands)
A compilation of the important information to be compiled for ecosystem conservation.
Burgess N., Rondal T.S. & Rahner M. 2001. Forest loss in the Ulugurus, Tanzania and the status of the Uluguru Bush Shrike Malaconotus alius. Bull. ABC 8: 89-90. (DOF, Birdlife Denmark, Vesterbrogade 138, DK-1620 Copenhagen, Denmark)
Now found to be about 1200 pairs but forest destruction threatens.
Burke A., Hudson V., Wilkins H., McCann K., Krige F., Foden W. & Rodwell L. 2001. South African Wattled Crane supplementation programme June 1999-June 2000, with notes on the non-breeding flock in KwaZulu-Natal. Ostrich Supp. 15: 143-146. (S. Afr. Crane Working Group, P Bag X11, Parkview 2122, South Africa)
3 Bugeranus carunculatus released into wild flock. Initial aggression but accepted after 11 days. Inappropriate roost behaviour noted.
Cordeiro N.J., Pohjonen V.M. & Mulungue E. 2001. Is the endangered Long-billed (Moreau’s) Tailorbird Orthotomus [Artisornis] moreaui safe in the East Usambaras? Bull. ABC 8: 91-94. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Univ. Illinois, 845 West Taylor Str., Chicago, IL60607, USA)
150-200 individuals exist (June 2000 survey) mainly in the Reserve. More studies are continuing.
Crowe T.M. & Ratcliffe C. 2001. Farming it out. The decline of the Helmeted Guineafowl in KwaZulu-Natal. Africa: Birds & Birding 6(2): 48-52. (No address given)
Numida meleagris has expanded its range massively over last 150 years but recently there has been a major decline in Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal. Habitat fragmentation and destruction as a result of increase in crop agriculture are mainly to blame.
Diagana C.H., Ould Messaoud B. & Diawara Y. 2001. Potentiel d'utilisation des Systemes d'Information Geographique comme aide a la question des oiseaux d'eau au Parc National du Diawling (Mauritanie). Ostrich Supp. 15: 171-175. (UICN-Mauritanie, Bur. De liaison, BP 4167, Nouakchott, Mauretania)
Impact of hydraulic installations on Senegal River considerable. Parc created in 1991 to alleviate some of this. Now holds more than 1% of several waterbirds in West Africa.
Dinesen L., Lehmberg T., Rahner M.C. & Fjeldsa J. 2001. Conservation priorities for the forests of the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, based on primates, duikers and birds. Biol. Conserv. 99: 223-236. (Regulus Consult, Valdemarsgada 19, 2, DK-1665 Copenhagen V, Denmark; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Results from 14 surveys of forest fragments. Appropriate village based conservation measures need to address questions about sustainable use, hunting and possibilities of forest regeneration.
Ebels E.B. 2001. Amsterdam and its albatross. Dutch Birding 23: 7-12. (Joseph Haydnlaan 4, 3533 AE Utrecht, Netherlands; email@example.com)
Brief review of information on Diomedea amsterdamensis which had a total of 15 breeding pairs in 2000.
Fairbanks D.H.K., Reyers B. & van Jaarsveld A.S. 2001. Species and environment representation: selecting reserves for the retention of avian diversity in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 98: 365-379. (Cons. Plan Unit, Dept. Zool. Entom., Univ. Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Species assemblages (566 breeders and nonbreeders included) and 20 environmental variables. Hierarchical classification suggested 5 types of community, four of which and 37 species currently underrepresented in reserve system.
Fishpool L.D.C. 2001. The Important Bird Areas in Africa programme -a preliminary synthesis. Ostrich Supp. 15: 167-170. (Birdlife Int., Wellbrook Court, Girton Rd, Cambridge CB3 0NA, UK)
A review of this major project covering 1238 sites in 58 countries.
Gerlach J. & Le Maitre S. 2001. Sex ratio variation in small island population of an endangered bird, the Seychelles Magpie Robin, Copsychus sechellarum. Ostrich 72: 114-117. (133 Cherry Hinton Rd., Cambridge CB1 7BX, UK)
Need to bear sex ratios in mind when reintroducing small numbers.
Glass N., Lavarello I., Glass J.P. & Ryan P.G. 2000. Longline fishing at Tristan da Cunha: impacts on seabirds. Atlantic Seabirds 2: 49-56. (Nat. Res. Dept., Tristan da Cunha, S. Atlantic Ocean (via Cape Town); email@example.com)
Pelagic tuna, demersal bluefish and alfoncino fisheries are present and cause some problems. Urgent need for better policing of Tristan’s waters.
Groombridge J.J., Bruford M.W., Jones C.G. & Nichols R.A. 2001. Evaluating the severity of the population bottleneck in the Mauritius Kestrel Falco punctatus from ringing records using MCMC estimation. J. Anim. Ecol. 70: 401-409. (RAN at Sch. Biol. Sci., Queen Mary, Univ. London, London E1 4NS, UK; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Results show that low of 2 pairs in 1974 was accurate and that few nests remained undiscovered. Recovery was initiated by intense conservation effort. Eastern population much more reliant on management for future growth.
Hille S. & Thiollay J.-M. 2000. The imminent extinction of the Kites Milvus milvus fasciicauda and M.m. migrans on the Cape Verde Islands. Bird Cons. Int. 10: 361-369. (Konrad-Lorenz-Inst. For Comp. Ethol., Savoyenstr. 1a, 1160 Vienna, Austria; email@example.com)
Only 2 individual Red Kites and 1 Black found in 1999. Presumed causes (man- induced) are discussed.
Hockey P. 2001. African island extinctions. Africa: Birds & Birding 6(2): 32-40. (No address given)
A brief review of what has happened on several islands including Madagascar, Gulf of Guinea islands, those on mid-Atlantic ridge, and especially the Mascarenes.
Howard P.C., Viskanic P. & Kigenyi F.W. 1999. Biodiversity assessment for conservation planning in Uganda’s forests. J. E. Afr. Nat. hist. Soc. 88: 59-67. (Forest Dept., PO Box 1752, Kampala, Uganda)
Major national inventory completed on plants, small mammals, large moths, butterflies and birds in 5 National Parks and 60 Forest Reserves. 95% of species found in 10 Nat. Parks and extra 11 Forest Reserves. Scoring system developed.
Inchausti P. & Weimerskich H. 2001. Risks of decline and extinction of the endangered Amsterdam Albatross and the projected impact of longline fisheries. Biol. Conserv. 100: 377-386. (Lab. d’Ecol., Ecole Norm. Sup., 46 rue d’Ulm, Paris 75005, France; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Diomedea amsterdamensis is in severe danger especially if long-line fishing is resumed in the foraging range. All breeding birds are ringed.
Jansen R., Robinson E.R., Little R.M. & Crowe T.M. 2001. Habitat constraints limit the distribution and population density of redwing francolin, Francolinus levaillantii, in the highland grasslands of Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 39: 146-155. (Address not known)
Less plant species and more invertebrates infested in heavily grazed and frequently burnt grasslands. Quantity and quality of habitat in terms of food abundance, diversity and cover are important factors in distribution.
Jenkins A.R. & Hockey P.A.R. 2001. Prey availability influences habitat tolerance: an explanation for the rarity of peregrine falcons in the tropics. Ecography 24: 359-367. (Percy Fitzpatrick Inst. of Afr. Orn., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa; email@example.com)
Falco peregrinus is a specialist in the tropics. Probably restricted to optimal conditions. No evidence for competition with Lanner F. biarmicus.
Kerley G.I.H., Watson J.J. & Boschoff A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance, reproduction and hunting of common quail Coturnix coturnix in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 38: 303-311. (Address not known)
Spring peak in abundance and reproduction coincided with hunting season. Numbers between years varied. Offtake is high and some management suggestions proposed.
Mangnall M.J. & Crowe T.M. 2001. Managing Egyptian Geese on the croplands of the Agulhas Plain, Western Cape, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 31: 25-34. (TMC at Percy Fitzpatrick Inst. of Afr. Orn., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Barley and wheat farmers regard Alopochen aegyptiacus as a serious pest on the Agulhas Plain. Recommendations based on detailed knowledge of biology there are proposed.
Manu S. 2001. Possible factors influencing the decline of Nigeria's rarest endemic bird, the Ibadan Malimbe Malimbus ibadanensis. Ostrich Supp. 15: 119-121. (EGI, Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK)
Found in 2 of 21 sites surveyed in 2000. Occurs in mixed species flocks but no obvious differences between occupied and not occupied sites. Reasons for decline remain unknown.
Maytham J. 2001. Reviewing the troops. Africa: Birds & Birding 6(4): 52-55. (No address given)
Review of the population of African Penguin Spheniscus demersus a year after the Treasure oil spill.
McCann K.I. 2001. Population status of South Africa's three crane species as of the end of 1999 based on a National Crane Census and regional aerial surveys. Ostrich Supp. 15: 126-129. (Endang. Wildl. Trust, PO Box 1047, Mooi River 3300, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradisea estimated as 20100 individuals with 53% in Western Cape. Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum is 4220 individuals. Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus now 238 individuals.
McCulloch N. & Norris K. 2001. Diagnosing the cause of population changes: localized habitat change and the decline of the endangered St Helena wirebird. J. appl. Ecol. 38: 771-783. (KN at Sch. Anim. & Microb. Sci., Univ. Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK; k.norris@reading .ac.uk)
Analysing decline of Charadrius sanctaehelenae showed that, although there were some general vegetation changes to pasture correlated statistically to the decline, it was only on 3 sites that the birds had declined and that some very site specific reasons were there. General management recommendations given.
Millet J. 2001. Rats’ loss is magpie robin’s gain. World Birdwatch 23(2): 21-23. (No address given)
Brown Rats now successfully removed from Fregate, the home of Copsychus sechellarum, having been introduced 5 years ago.
Muheebwa-Muhoozi J. 2001. The status of the Grey Crowned Crane, Balearica regulorum in Uganda, with special reference to breeding. Ostrich Supp. 15: 122-125. (Makerere Univ. Inst. Env. Nat. Res., PO Box 7298, Kampala, Uganda)
Breeding success low but intentional harassment not a major factor due to superstition. Unintentional disturbance usually leads to failure though. Education through Wildlife Clubs is promising way forward.
Nachuha S. & Pomeroy D. 2001. Using bird survey data for conservation planning in Uganda's savannas. Ostrich Supp. 15: 162-166. (Islamic Univ. in Uganda, PO Box 2555, Mbale, Uganda)
14 savanna types evaluated. Higher rainfall supports more birds but were limited for threatened species. 4 moist types and 2 dry types identified as of high importance for conservation.
Nunes M. & Hazevoet C. 2001. Cape Verde’s seabirds in trouble. World Birdwatch 23(2): 24-26. (SPEA, Rua de Vitoria 53-3, 1100-618 Lisboa, Portugal)
A brief overview of the status of the sometimes unique forms which occur. Urgent conservation measures are needed.
Pomeroy D., Tushabe H. & Green M. 1999. Using biodiversity data to review coverage of Uganda’s protected areas. J. E. Afr. Nat. hist. Soc. 88: 41-57. (Makerere Univ. Inst. Env. & Nat. Res., PO Box 7298, Kampala, Uganda)
Usefulness of National Biodiversity Data Bank assessed. Several vegetation types not well protected and coverage by protected areas of some bird categories incomplete.
Rasamoelina A.D. 2001. Impact de la peche sur la ressource piscicole et la population de pygargues de Madagascar, Haliaeetus vociferoides, dans le complexe des lacs de Manambolomaty, Antsalova, Madagascar. Ostrich Supp. 15: 210-215. (Peregrine Fund, PO Box 4113, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar)
Survey of fish population in region of 3 lakes in western Madagascar to evaluate impacts on Madagascar Fish Eagle. Both eagles and local fisheries are threatened.
Ratcliffe C.S. & Crowe T.M. 2001. Habitat utilization and home range size of helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris) in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 98: 333-345. (TMC at Percy Fitzpatrick Inst. of Afr. Orn., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa; email@example.com)
Species has declined and 15 birds radiotracked. Small maize fields, waste grain and fallow lands are important in non-breeding season. Grasslands avoided. Habitat mosaics preferred.
Ratcliffe N. and 7 others. 2000. The status and distribution of Fea’s Petrel Pterodroma feae in the Cape Verde Islands. Atlantic Seabirds 2: 73-86. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Beds SG19 2DL, UK)
3 islands produced over 300 pairs of P. (mollis) feae. Fourth island known to have had species not surveyed. Colonies continue to be threatened by humans, cats and rats.
Rocamora G. & Francois J. 2001. Seychelles White-eye news. World Birdwatch 23(2): 7. (SWERP, PO Box 445, Min. Env. & Transport, Rep. of Seychelles; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Brief report on recent research on Zosterops modestus. It has a remarkable and complex cooperative breeding system.
Ryan P.G., Cooper J. & Glass J.P. 2001. Population studies, breeding biology and conservation of the Tristan Albatross Diomedea [exulans] dabbenena. Bird Cons. Int. 11: 35-48. (Percy Fitzpatrick Inst. of Afr. Orn., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa; email@example.com)
1129 chicks recorded in 1999-2000 on Gough Island, the entire population, and 1 on Inaccessible. Breeding biology figures given and conservation recommendations.
Ryan P. & Spottiswoode C. 2001. Tailorbirds ‘rediscovered’ in Mozambique. Africa: Birds & Birding 6(5): 18-19. (No address given)
Long-billed (Moreau’s) Tailorbird Artisornis moreaui (now usually in Orthotomus) refound in Serra Jeci in June/July 2001.
Schuurman D. 2000. The threatened bird life of Madagascar. World Birdwatch 22: 10-13. (No address given)
General notes on conservation of the island’s endemics.
Simmons R.E. 2000. What is the world population of the Chestnutbanded Plover? Bird Nos. 9(2): 45. (Nat. Biodiv. Proj., Min Env. Tourism, P Bag 13306, Windhoek , Namibia)
Charadrius pallidus pallidus in July 1998 estimated just over 11000 birds, higher than previously thought.
Smallie J. 2000. Grey Crowned Cranes and farmers. Bird Nos. 9(2): 21-23. (Whitley/NE Cape Crane Proj., PO Box 441, Ugie 5470, South Africa)
A Balearica regulorum project to try to resolve conflicts of birds and crop damage.
Tassin J. & Riviere J.-N. 2001. Le role potential du Leiothrix jaune Leiothrix lutea dans la germination de plantes envahissantes a la Reunion (Ocean Indien). Alauda 69: 381-385. (Cent. Coop. Int. en Rich. Agro. par le Develp., Dept. For., 7 chemin de l’IRAT, F-97410 Saint-Pierre, France)
Ingestion by the introduced Pekin Robin did aid germination of 2 out of 3 invasive alien plant species into primary forest but no effect on third.
Thomsett S. & Mundy P. 2001. Bearded Vultures fly again at Hell’s Gate. Africa: Birds & Birding 5(6): 18. (No address given)
Notes on release of 2 young Gypaetus barbatus near Lake Naivasha in Kenya.
Thompson H.S. 2001. Future directions for bird conservation in Africa. Ostrich Supp. 15: 13-21. (BirdLife Int., Wellbrook Court, Girton Rd, Cambridge CB3 0NA, UK)
A review of issues which will impact on conservation in Africa. Local involvement is seen as a key. The role of the PAOC is discussed.
Underhill L.G. 2000. The Treasure saga. Bird Nos. 9(2): 10-13. (Avian Demography Unit, Dept Stat. Sci., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa)
A brief summary of the story of the oiling incident.