Currently the applications as follows are regarded as SRDs and are covered by annexes of Recommendation CEPT/ERC/REC 70-03:
Non-specific SRD (telemetry, telecommand, data in general)
Equipment for detecting avalanche victims
LANs, RLANs and HIPERLANs
Automatic vehicle identification (AVI)
Road transport and traffic telematics (RTTT)
Equipment for detecting movement and equipment for alert
Radio frequency identification (RFID) application
Ultra low power active medical implants
Wireless audio applications
It should be noted that Recommendation CEPT/ERC/REC 70-03 is regarded as a “living document” and additional annexes for further applications may be added if required.
3 Technical Requirements
The ETSI is responsible for producing standards for telecommunications and radiocommunications equipment. Until about the end of 1996 these Standards were either European Telecommunications Standards (ETS) or Interim European Telecommunications Standards (I-ETS). The standards nowadays developed according to the new ETSI rules and expected to be used for regulative purposes are European Norms (EN).
Radio standards contain by their nature several requirements which relate to the efficient use of the spectrum and many radio standards developed by ETSI specify requirements which are intended to be used for conformity assessment purposes. The application of standards as developed by ETSI is voluntary. The national standardization organizations are, however, obliged to transpose European Standards for Telecommunications (ETSs or ENs) into national standards, and to withdraw any conflicting national standards.
With regard to SRDs, ETSI developed three generic standards (EN 300 220; EN 300 330 and EN 300 440) and a number of specific standards covering specific applications. All SRD relevant standards are listed in Appendix 2 of Recommendation CEPT/ERC/REC 70-03.
In general, one can say that all European countries have EMC requirements, based on IEC and CISPR standards or in some cases on the ETSI EMC standards. In the EEA (EEA EU and European Free Trade Association (EFTA)) the European harmonized standards from ETSI and CENELEC are the reference documents for presumption of conformity with the “essential requirements” of EMC Directive 89/336/EEC (most of these European standards are referred to in Recommendation CEPT/ERC/REC 70-03). The manufacturer may affix the CE marking to his radiocommunication products, based on a conformity certificate issued by a notified body for EMC (competent body). This body will base its certificates mainly on conformity with the relevant ETSI/CENELEC harmonized standards. Most European harmonized standards in the EEA are based on IEC/CISPR standards.
The European countries outside the EEA mostly accept a test report from an accredited EEA laboratory as proof of conformity. However, some request a conformity test report from one of their national laboratories.
In general, the European countries have (electrical) safety requirements, based on IEC standards. In most cases IEC 950 + Amendments apply to radiocommunication equipment.
In the EEA the European harmonized standards from CENELEC are the reference documents for presumption of conformity with the “essential requirements” of the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC. The most relevant European harmonized standard for radiocommunication equipment is EN 60950 + Amendments, which is based on IEC 950.
The European countries outside the EEA, usually require, a CB Scheme Certificate (international certification scheme under IECEE), granted by one of the members of the CB scheme as proof of conformity to IEC 950.
NOTE 1 – Most customs authorities of the EU, require that equipment coming from outside the EEA, should be CE-marked for EMC and (electrical) safety and that an EC declaration of conformity (of the manufacturer) should be presented, before they grant an import licence.
Currently all European countries which are members of CEPT, but that have not implemented the R&TTE Directive, have national specifications for radio equipment which are based on transposed ENs or ETSs or still in some cases based on their predecessors as CEPT Recommendations or fully national standards.
4 Spectrum requirement
This list of frequencies sets out the general position on common spectrum allocations for SRDs for countries within the CEPT. It should be remembered that it represents the most widely accepted position within the CEPT but it should not be assumed that all allocations are available in all countries.
RR No. 5.138 (ISM - bands):
6 765-6 795 kHz
RR No. 5.150 (ISM - bands):
13 553-13 567 kHz
26 957-27 283 kHz
2 400-2 483.5 MHz
5 725-5 875 MHz
Other recommended frequency bands:
9-135 kHz (inductive applications)
457 kHz (avalanche detection)
4.515 MHz (railway applications – Euroloop)
7.40-8.80 MHz (inductive applications)
27.095 MHz (railway applications – Eurobalise)
35.03-35.20 MHz (model control)
402-405 MHz (medical implants)
863-865 MHz (audio applications and radio microphones)
868-870 MHz (non-specific SRD and alarms)
1 785-1 800 MHz (professional radio microphones)
2 446-2 454 MHz (railway applications – AVI and RFID)
5 150-5 250 MHz (broadband RLAN applications)
5 250-5 300 MHz (broadband RLAN applications, extension band)
5 470-5 725 MHz (broadband RLAN applications)
5 795-5 805 MHz (road transport and telematics (RTTTs))
5 805-5 815 MHz (RTTTs)
9 200-9 500 MHz (movement detection)
9 500-9 975 MHz (movement detection)
10.5-10.6 GHz (movement detection)
13.4-14.0 GHz (movement detection)
17.1-17.3 GHz (HIPERLAN)
63-64 GHz (RTTTs)
76-77 GHz (RTTTs)