Rd instruction 1927-b table of Contents




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1

(Revision 1)


(04-22-96) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1927-B

§1927.52 (Con.)

Approval official. The agency employee who has been delegated the authority to approve, close, and service the particular kind of loan will approve an attorney or title company as closing agent for the loans. If a loan must be approved at a higher level, the initiating office may approve the closing agent.
Approved attorney. A duly licensed attorney, approved by the agency, who provides title opinions directly to the agency and the borrower or upon whose certification of title an approved title insurance company issues a policy of title insurance. Approved attorneys also close loans, assumptions, credit sales, and voluntary conveyances and disburse funds in connection with agency loans. Approved attorney is further defined in §1927.54(c).
Approved title insurance company. A title insurance company, approved by the agency, (including its local representatives, employees, agents, and attorneys) that issues a policy of title insurance. Depending on the local practice, an approved title insurance company may also close loans, assumptions, credit sales, and voluntary conveyances and disburse funds in connection with agency loans. If the approved title insurance company does not close the loan itself, the loan closing functions may be performed by approved attorneys or closing agents authorized by the approved title insurance company.
Borrower. The party indebted to the agency after the loan, assumption, or credit sale is closed.
Certificate of title. A certified statement as to land ownership, based upon examination of record title.
Closed loan. A loan is considered to be closed when the mortgage is filed for record and the appropriate lien has been obtained.
Closing agent. The approved attorney or title company selected by the applicant and approved by the agency to provide closing services for the proposed loan. Unless a title insurance company also provides loan closing services, the term "title company" does not include "title insurance company."

2

(Revision 1)


RD Instruction 1927-B

§ 1927.52 (Con.)



Closing protection letter. An agreement issued by an approved title insurance company which is an American Land Title Association (ALTA) form closing protection letter or which is otherwise acceptable to the agency and which protects the agency against damage, loss, fraud, theft, or injury as a result of negligence by the issuing agent, approved attorney, or title company when title clearance is done by means of a policy of title insurance. Depending on the area, closing protection letters may also be known as "Insured Closing Letters," "Indemnification Agreements," "Insured Closing Service Agreements," or "Statements of Settlement Service Responsibilities."
Cosigner. A party who joins in the execution of a promissory note or assumption agreement to guarantee repayment of the debt.
Credit sale. A sale in which the agency provides credit to the purchasers of agency inventory property. Title clearance and closing of a credit sale are the same as for an initial loan, except the property is conveyed by quitclaim deed.
Deed of trust. See trust deed.
Exceptions. Exceptions include, but are not limited to, recorded covenants; conditions; restrictions; reservations; liens; encumbrances; easements; taxes and assessments; rights-of-way; leases; mineral, oil, gas, and geothermal rights (with or without the right of surface entry); timber and water rights; judgments; pending court proceedings in Federal and State courts (including bankruptcy); probate proceedings; and agreements which limit or affect the title to the property.
Fee simple. An estate in land of which the owner has unqualified ownership and power of disposition.
FSA. The Farm Service Agency, an agency of the United States Department of Agriculture (and any successor agency). FSA is the successor agency for farm program loans of the former Farmers Home Administration.
General warranty deed. A deed containing express covenants by the grantor or seller as to good title and right to possession.
Indemnification agreement. An agreement that protects agency against damage, loss, fraud, theft, or injury as a result of useful conduct or negligence on behalf of the issuing agent, approved attorney, or title company. This agreement may also be entitled closing protection letter, insured closing letter, insured closing service agreement, statement of settlement service responsibilities, or letters which provide similar protection.

3

(Revision 2)


(04-22-96) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1927-B

§ 1927.52 (Con.)

Issuing agent. An individual or entity who is authorized to issue title insurance for an approved title insurance company.
Land purchase contract (contract for deed). An agreement between the buyer and seller of land in which the buyer has the right to possession and use of the land over a period of time (usually in excess of 1 year) and makes periodic payments of a portion of the purchase price to the seller. The seller retains legal title to the property until the final payment is made, at which time the buyer will receive a deed to the land vesting fee title in the buyer.
Mortgage. Real estate security instrument which pledges land as security for the performance of an obligation such as repayment of a loan. For the purpose of this regulation the term “mortgage” includes deed of trust and deed to secure debt. Form RD 1927-7 (State), "Real Estate Mortgage or Deed of Trust for (Rural Housing)," or Form RD 3550-14, “Real Estate Mortgage or Deed of Trust for (State),”will be used to secure a mortgage to the agency. (Revised 06-21-06,
PN 399.)
National Office. The National Headquarters Office of FSA or RHS depending on the loan program involved.
OGC. The Office of the General Counsel, United States Department of Agriculture.
Program regulations. The agency regulations for the particular loan program involved (e.g., 7 CFR part 3550 for single family housing (SFH) loans). (Revised 01-23-03, SPECIAL PN.)
Quitclaim deed. A transfer of the seller’s interest in the title, without warranties or covenants. This type of deed is used by the agency to convey title to purchasers of inventory property.
RHS. The Rural Housing Service, an agency of the United States Department of Agriculture, or its successor agency. RHS is the successor agency to the Rural Housing and Community Development Service (RHCDS) which was, in turn, the successor agency to the Farmers Home Administration.
Seller. Individual or other entity which convey ownership in real property to an applicant for an agency loan or to the agency itself.


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