Rd instruction 1924-a table of Contents




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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
CHAPTER 4 BUILDING DESIGN 4 - 1


400 GENERAL 4 - 1
401 SPACE PLANNING 4 - 1

401-1 GENERAL 4 - 1

401-2 NON-RESIDENTIAL SPACES 4 - 1

401-3 LIVING, DINING, BEDROOMS 4 - 2

401-4 KITCHENS, BATHS, LAUNDRIES 4 - 3

401-5 CLOSETS AND GENERAL STORAGE 4 - 6

401-6 GARAGES AND CARPORTS 4 - 7

401-7 CEILING HEIGHTS 4 - 7


402 ACCESS AND CIRCULATION 4 - 7

402-1 GENERAL 4 - 7

402-2 ENTRANCE FACILITIES 4 - 8

402-3 DOORS AND OPENINGS 4 - 8

402-4 CORRIDORS 4 - 9

402-5 CIRCULATION 4 - 9

402-6 STAIRWAYS 4 - 9
403 LIGHT AND VENTILATION 4 - 10
404 ACOUSTIC CONTROL 4 - 10
405 FIRE PREVENTION 4 - 10

405-1 GENERAL 4 - 10

405-2 FIRE RESISTANCE REQUIREMENTS (One & Two Family 4 - 10

Dwellings Only)

405-3 INTERIOR FIRE PROTECTION (One & Two Family 4 - 11

Dwellings Only)

405-4 INTERIOR FINISH 4 - 11

405-5 FIRE ALARM AND EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS 4 - 12

405-6 STANDPIPES 4 - 13
406 MISCELLANEOUS 4 - 13

406-1 ANTENNA SYSTEMS 4 - 13

(5-11-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Guide 2

Page 4 - 1


CHAPTER 4

BUILDING DESIGN


400 GENERAL
Building design should provide for an attractive living facility and environment suited to the social, economic, and recreational needs of resident families and individuals. It should provide for ease of circulation and housekeeping, visual and auditory privacy, appropriate light and ventilation, fire and accident protection, economy in maintenance and use of space, accessory services, energy efficiency, and sanitation facilities.
401 SPACE PLANNING
401-1 GENERAL
In multi-family housing projects designed for both elderly and for families with children, living units for the elderly should be located in separate structures, floors or wings of the building.
401-2 NON-RESIDENTIAL SPACES
401-2.1 Community Social Rooms
Where community social and recreational rooms are provided, they should be designed in accordance with the needs of the occupants and have adjacent toilet facilities for men and women which are accessible to the handicapped. An adjacent storage area should be provided. Such spaces should be provided in housing for the elderly.
401-2.2 Management and Maintenance Space
Space should be provided to commensurate with the number of living units served. Also, space should be provided for necessary staff where social services are provided.
401-2.3 Central Laundries
Central laundry facilities containing space for automatic washers, dryers and sorting tables should be located near the elevators or other pedestrian traffic center for the convenience and safety of the users. The space within the laundries should be visible from an adjacent public area.
401-2.4 Project Storage
Space for storage of maintenance supplies and equipment such as paint, hand tools, lawn mowers, snow blowers, etc., should be provided in accordance with the needs of the project.

(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Guide 2


Page 4 - 2
401-2.5 Facilities for Trash and Garbage Disposal
(a) Provide for the temporary sanitary storage of trash and garbage and for its subsequent disposal or removal.
(b) Design and construction of trash chutes should be of appropriate size and type and in accordance with NFPA Standard No. 82, Incinerators and Rubbish Handling. Each trash chute hopper should be located in a room of not less than 20 sq. ft.
401-3 LIVING, DINING, BEDROOMS
401-3.1 Each dwelling unit should contain space for general family

living and group activities, dining, sleeping, dressing, and personal care.


401-3.2 Minimum Room Sizes Based on Sq. Ft. Area

TABLE 4-1.1


RECOMMENDED MINIMUM ROOM SIZES
A. Minimum Room Sizes for Separate Rooms
Minimum Area (Sq. Ft.) (7) Least

Name of Space (1) LU with LU with LU with LU with LU with Dimen-

0-BR 1-BR 2-BR 3-BR 4-BR sion
LR NA 160 160 170 180 11'-0"

DR NA 100 100 110 120 8'-4"

BR (primary) (2) NA 120 120 120 120 9'-4"

BR (secondary) NA NA 80 80 80 8'-0"

Total area, BR's NA 120 200 280 280 _____
B. Minimum Room Sizes for Combined Spaces

Minimum Area (Sq. Ft.) (7) Least

Combined Space LU with LU with LU with LU with LU with Dimen-

(1) (4) 0-BR 1-BR 2-BR 3-BR 4-BR Sion (3)


LR-DA NA 210 210 230 250

LR-DA-SL 250 NA NA NA NA

LR-DA-K (5) NA 270 270 300 330

LR-SL 210 NA NA NA NA

K-DA (6) 100 120 120 140 160

RD Instruction 1924-A

Guide 2

Page 4 - 3


Notes
(1) Abbreviations:
LU = Living Unit K = Kitchen

LR = Living Room NA = Not Applicable

DR = Dining Room BR = Bedroom

DA = Dining Area SL = Sleeping Area

O-BR = LU with no separate bedroom
(2) Primary bedrooms should have at least one wall space of at least 10 ft. Uninterrupted by openings less than 44 in. above the floor.
(3) The minimum dimensions of a combined room should be the sum of the dimensions of the individual single rooms involved except for the overlap or combined use of space.
(4) For two adjacent spaces to be considered a combined room, the horizontal opening between spaces should be at least 8 ft. - 0 in. except that between kitchen and dining functions the opening may be reduced to 6 ft. - 0 in. Spaces not providing this degree of openness should meet minimum room sizes required for separate rooms.
(5) A combined LR-DA-K should have a clear opening between the kitchen and dining area of at least 4 ft. - 0 in.
(6) These minima apply when the only eating space is in the kitchen.
(7) The floor area of an alcove, or recess off a room, having a dimension less than required for the room should be included only if it is not more than 10 percent of the minimum room size permitted and is useful for the placement of furniture.
401-4 KITCHENS, BATHS, LAUNDRIES
401-4.1 Kitchen
(a) Kitchen fixtures and countertops should be provided in accordance with Table 4-1.2. Countertops should be approximately 24 in. deep and 36 in. high. Clearance between base cabinet fronts in food preparation area should be 40 in. minimum.
(b) Countertops may be combined when they are located between two fixtures stove, refrigerator, sink. Such a countertop should have a minimum frontage equal to that of the larger of the countertops being combined. This combined counter may also be the mixing counter when its minimum length is equal to that required for the mixing counter. Countertop frontages may continue around corners.
(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Guide 2

Page 4 - 4



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