Rd instruction 1924-a table of Contents




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HOW DO I KNOW IF MY HOME HAS LEAD-BASED PAINT?

Rural Development inspection does not determine whether a home actually has lead-based paint. It only identifies whether there is defective paint in a home that might have lead-based paint. Therefore, the only way you can know for sure is to have the home tested by a qualified firm or laboratory. Both the interior and exterior should be tested. You should contact the local health or environmental office for help.



WHAT DO I DO IF MY HOME DOES HAVE LEAD?

Do not try to get rid of lead-based paint yourself. You could make things worse for you and your family. If your home contains lead-based paint and you are the owner, contact a company that specializes in lead-based paint abatement. Have professionals do the job correctly and safely. This may cost thousands of dollars, depending on the amount of lead-based paint found in your home, but it will also protect you and your children from the effects of lead poisoning. If you are a renter, notify the management or landlord immediately and cooperate with the management's office or landlord's efforts to repair any deficiencies and keep your home in good shape. To prevent peeling paint, most housing should be repainted every 3 to 5 years. If your home has not been repainted within this period of time, inform the management office or landlord. In the meantime, there are things you can do immediately to protect your child:


o Keep your child away from paint chips and dust.

o Wet-mop floors and wipe down surfaces often, especially


where the floors and walls meet. Be sure to clean the
space where the window sash rests on the sill. Keeping
the floor clear of paint chips, dust, and dirt is easy
and very important. Do not sweep or vacuum lead-based
paint chips or dust with an ordinary vacuum cleaner.
Lead dust is so fine it will pass through a vacuum
cleaner bag and spread into the air you breathe.

o Make sure your children wash their hands frequently and


always before eating.

o Wash toys, teething rings, and pacifiers frequently.



o0o


(05-04-94) PN 223

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit H

Attachment 2

For all existing housing or buildings constructed before 1978, Rural Development requires that the applicant, borrower, or tenant be notified of a potential lead-based paint hazard by delivering to them a copy of the caution note provided below.
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CAUTION NOTE ON LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD

THIS HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BEFORE 1978.


There is a possibility that it may contain some lead-based paint that was in use before 1978.



SEE "WARNING - LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARDS"

Attachment 1 to Exhibit H of RD Instruction 1924-A,

for more information.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------

CAUTION NOTE ON LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD

THIS HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BEFORE 1978.


There is a possibility that it may contain some lead-based paint that was in use before 1978.



SEE "WARNING - LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARDS"

Attachment 1 to Exhibit H of RD Instruction 1924-A,

for more information.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------

CAUTION NOTE ON LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARDS

THIS HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BEFORE 1978.


There is a possibility that it may contain some lead-based paint that was in use before 1978.



SEE "WARNING - LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARDS"

Attachment 1 to Exhibit H of RD Instruction 1924-A,

for more information.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------

(Cut along lines)


o0o

(05-04-94) PN 223

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 1

(Revision 3)



GUIDELINES FOR SEASONAL FARM LABOR HOUSING

SECTION 100


GENERAL - This Exhibit sets forth the guidelines and minimum standards for

planning and construction of new Labor Housing (LH) that will be occupied on a seasonal basis. Rehabilitation LH projects will be in substantial conformance with these guidelines and standards. A "seasonal basis" is defined as 6 months or less per year. Seasonal housing for the farmworker need not be convertible to year-round occupancy; however, the living units shall be designed for the intended type of tenant, the time of occupancy, the location, the specific site, and the planned method of operation. It is important that the design of the LH site and buildings will help to create a pleasing lifestyle which will promote human dignity and pride among its tenants.


SECTION 200
CODES AND REGULATIONS - Compliance is required with National, state and

local codes or regulators affecting design, construction, mechanical, electrical, fire prevention, sanitation, and site improvement.


SECTION 300
PLANNING
300-1 Complete architectural/engineering services in accordance with

this subpart will be required if an LH grant is involved or the LH loan will involve more than four individual family units, or any number of group living units, or dormitory units accommodating 20 or more persons.


300-2 Building and site design shall provide for a safe, secure,

economical, healthful, and attractive living facility and environment suited to the needs of the domestic farm laborer and his/her family.


300-3 At least 5 percent of the individual family units in a

project, or one unit, whichever is greater, and all common use facilities will be accessible to or adaptable for physically handicapped persons. This requirement may be modified if a recipient/borrower shows, through a market survey acceptable to Rural Development, that a different percentage of accessible or adaptable units is more appropriate for a particular project and its service area.


(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 2


(Revision 3)
SITE DESIGN
301-1 General - The site design shall be arranged to utilize and

preserve the favorable features and characteristics of the property and to avoid or minimize the potential harmful effect of unfavorable features. Particular attention is directed to §1944.164 (l), (m), and (n) of Subpart D of Part 1944 of this chapter with reference to compliance with 7 CFR part 1970. Some of the features which must be considered are the topography, drainage, access, building orientation to sun and breezes; and advantageous features, such as vegetation, trees, good views, etc.; or disadvantageous features, such as offensive odors, noxious plants, noise, dust, health hazards, etc. (Revised


04-01-2016, SPECIAL PN.)
301-2 Drainage - Surface and subsurface drainage systems will be

provided in accordance with the applicable development standard and Subpart C of Part 1924 of this chapter.

(Revised 6-22-87, SPECIAL PN.)
301-3 Water and Sewage Disposal - Water supply and sewage disposal

installations shall comply with Subpart C of Part 1924 of this chapter, the applicable development standard and all governing state and local department of health requirements. Where environmentally and economically feasible, the LH facility shall correct to public water and waste disposal system. (Revised 6-22-87, SPECIAL PN.)


301-4 Electrical - Adequate electrical service shall be provided for exterior and interior lighting and for the operation of equipment.
301-5 Vehicular Access and Parking
301-5.1 Safe and convenient all-weather roads shall be

provided to connect the site and its improvement to the off-site public road.


301-5.2 All-weather drives and parking shall be provided for

tenants, and for trucks and buses as needed within the site. Driveways, parking areas and walkway locations shall be in substantial conformance with the applicable development standard.

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 2A

(Added 08-20-93, SPECIAL PN.)



301-6 Walks
301-6.1 Walks shall be provided for safe convenient access to

all dwellings and for safe pedestrian circulation throughout the development between locations and facilities where major need for pedestrian access can be anticipated, such as laundry, parking to dwelling units, common dining rooms, etc.


RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 3

301-6.2 Walkways shall be hard surface, such as concrete, asphalt or stabilized travel, and shall be adequately drained.


301-7 Building location
301-7.1 Side and rear yards and distances between buildings shall conform to the applicable development standard.
301-8 Garbage and Refuse
301-8.1 Garbage and refuse containers for individual units are required and shall be stored on durable functional racks or shall be located in a central screened area with easily cleaned surfaces. Single containers for multiple units shall be screened and in locations designed to accommodate collection vehicle functions.
301-9 Fencing
301-9.1 Fencing used in the site design for project privacy or building security shall be harmonious in appearance with other fences and surrounding facilities which fall within the same view.
301-10 Outdoor living
301-10.1 All public areas where pedestrian use can be anticipated after sunset shall be adequately lighted for security purposes, such as walkways to common use facilities - laundry, dining halls, building entrances, parking areas, etc.
301-11 Planting and Landscaping
301-11.1 Planting and lawns or ground covers shall be provided as required to protect the site from erosion, control dust, for active and passive recreation areas, and provide a pleasant environment.

(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 4
BUILDING DESIGN
302-1.1 Living Units Design
302-1.1 Individual Family Unit - One family or extended family to a unit which shall contain adequate space for living, dining, kitchen, bath and bedrooms. Multifamily type units are required whenever possible for economy of site and building construction.
a. The minimum total net living unit size shall be 400 square feet. This size assures occupancy of four persons. Units planned for additional occupants shall include an additional 60 square feet of living area per person.
b. A living/dining area shall be provided to accommodate a table and chairs with adequate dining and circulation space for the intended number of occupants. The living/dining area should be combined with the kitchen area.
c. The kitchen shall contain a sink, cooking range and refrigerator. A minimum free countertop area of six square feet is required. A minimum of 40 square feet of shelf area is required.
d. Each bathroom shall contain adequate space and circulation for a bathtub and/or shower, water closet and lavatory. Access to the bathroom shall not be through another bedroom in dwelling units containing more than one bedroom.
e. Bedroom areas separate from living areas are required. The design of the unit shall provide a minimum of 50 square feet of sleeping area per intended occupant including storage. Housing for families with children shall have a separate bedroom or sleeping area for the adult couples. A two foot by two foot shelf with a two foot long clothes hanging rod is required for each occupant.
302-1.2 Group Living Unit - A living unit designed for the occupancy of more than one family or for separate occupancy of male and/or female groups. Common bath spaces shall be contained in the same building. Group living units for families shall have separate bedrooms for each adult couple.
a. The design of the unit shall provide for a minimum of 620 square feet of total net living area for eight persons and an additional 60 square feet for each additional occupant.

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 5
Additional area shall be planned for a second bathroom when anticipated occupancy will exceed eight persons, or if it will be occupied by persons of both sexes.


b. The kitchen shall contain an adequate sink, cooking range, refrigerator, and space the size of which is commensurate with the needs of the group living unit. A minimum of free countertop area of eight square feet is required. A minimum of 50 square feet of shelf area is required.
c. Refer to paragraph 302-1.1 b for living/dining requirements.
d. Each bathroom shall contain adequate space and circulation for comfortable access to, and use of, fixtures which will include a bathtub and/or shower, water closet and lavatory. In no case shall minimum fixtures be less than that required per paragraph 302-1.3 c below.
e. Refer to paragraph 302-1.1 e for bedroom requirements.
302.1.3 Dormitory Living Unit - A building which provides common sleeping quarters for persons of the same sex and may or may not contain kitchen and/or dining facilities in the same building as the sleeping quarters.
a. The design of areas for sleeping purposes, using single beds, shall provide for not less than 72 square feet per occupant including storage.
b. The design of areas for sleeping purposes, using double bunk beds, shall provide for not less than 40 square feet per occupant. Triple bunk beds will not be allowed.
c. The design of each dormitory building must include a water closet and a bathtub or shower for each 12 occupants, and a lavatory for each 8 persons. Urinals may be substituted for men's water closets on the basis of one urinal for one water closet, up to maximum of one-third of the required water closets.
d. Adequate kitchen and dining facilities must be provided which maybe in the dormitory building or detached at a distance of not more than 200 feet from the sleeping quarters. In either case, the space must contain adequate cooking ranges, refrigerators, sinks, countertop, food storage shelves, tables and chairs, and circulation space. These facilities will comply with the requirements of the "Food Service Sanitation Ordinance and Code," Part V of the "Food Service Sanitation Manual," U.S. Public Health Service Publication 934 (1965).
(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 6


302-2 Other Facilities
302-2.1 General - Other facilities, authorized by Subpart D of Part 1944 of this chapter, needed by farm workers may be provided in several ways: Part of a living unit, located in the project, or, with the exception of laundry facilities, available nearby.

302-2.2 Laundry Facilities - Laundry facilities shall be required on-site. Drying yards shall be provided if dryer units are not provided. The design of washing facilities shall plan for a minimum rate of one washer for each 20 occupants. One drying unit may be provided for every two washers, if automatic dryers are customarily provided for rental housing in the community. Laundry facilities shall have adequate space for loading the units, circulation, and clothes folding.


302-2.3 Office and Maintenance - An office and maintenance space shall be provided or available, commensurate with the number of living units served, and shall meet the criteria of the Rural Development Manual of Acceptable Practices. If necessary, the maintenance space shall have sufficient area to accommodate furniture storage.
302-2.4 Child Care Center - Where feasible, a child care center may be included to provide supervised activity and safety for children while the parents work. Supervisors and workers for such centers are sometimes enlisted on a volunteer basis and the cost borne by nonprofit associations or community organizations. Grants are sometimes available through Federal or state programs. Consequently, the design of the child care center should meet the requirements of those sources providing organizational personnel and/or financing.
302-2.5 Manager's Dwelling - If a manager's dwelling unit is to be provided as a part of the Rural Development loan or grant, it will meet these guidelines. However, if it is necessary to provide a year-round caretaker/manager dwelling unit with Rural Development loan or grant funds, it will meet the applicable development standard.

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 7


302-2.6 Recreation - Outdoor recreation space is required and shall be commensurate with the needs of the occupants. Active and passive recreation areas will be provided which may consist of outdoor sitting areas, playfields, tor lots and play equipment.
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
303-1 Materials and Construction - All materials and their installation in a LH facility shall meet the applicable development standard. Any exceptions to these requirements for materials and their installation must be obtained with the approval of the Rural Development National Office. Material should be selected that is durable and easily cleaned and maintained.
303-2 Fire Protection - Fire protection and egress shall be provided to comply with the applicable development standard.
303-3 Light, Ventilation, Screening - Natural light and ventilation requirements as specified in the applicable development standard shall be followed. Screening of all exterior openings is required.
303-4 Ceiling Heights - Ceiling heights of habitable rooms shall be a minimum of seven feet six inches clear, and seven feet in halls or baths in dwelling units. Public rooms shall have a minimum of eight feet clear ceiling height. Sloping ceilings shall have at least seven feet six inches for 1/2 the room with no portion less than five feet in height.
303-5 Heating and Cooling - Heating and cooling and/or air circulation equipment shall be installed as needed for the comfort of the tenants, considering the climate and time of year the facility will be in operation. Maximum feasible use of passive solar heating and cooling techniques shall be required. All equipment installed will be in accordance with the applicable development standard to protect the health and safety of occupants.
303-6 Plumbing - Plumbing materials and their installation shall meet the applicable development standard, but water will be required to all living units, baths, kitchens and laundry facilities.

(5-12-87) SPECIAL PN

RD Instruction 1924-A

Exhibit I

Page 8

303-7 Insulation, Thermal Standards, Winterization - Insulation will be required where either heating or cooling is provided as per paragraph 303-5 above or when climatic conditions dictate a need for insulation. Insulation Standards will comply with Exhibit D, paragraph IV C 3, of this subpart, or the state insulation standards, whichever are the more stringent.


303-8 Electrical - Electrical design, equipment and installation shall comply with the requirements of the latest edition of the National Electrical Code, and the applicable development standard for materials and their installation. Individual family units may be separately metered; other types of dwelling units may be separately metered as required.
303-9 Security and Winterization - Adequate management and physical measures will be provided as necessary to protect the facility during off-season periods, including adequate heating and insulation as required.


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