Provisional Flora Checklist for Mesquite Wash Area between elevation 2100 and 2200 ft elevation. Maricopa Co., Arizona




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Provisional Flora Checklist for Mesquite Wash Area between elevation 2100 and 2200 ft. elevation. Maricopa Co., Arizona.

Compiled By Michael Plagens

additions/corrections: mjplagens@arizonensis.org

More Info: arizonensis.org/sonoran/places/mesquitewash.html



  • Acanthaceae        Acanthus Family

    • Anisacanthus thurberi       Desert Honeysuckle



  • Amaranthaceae        Pigweed Family

    • Amaranthus albus        Prostrate Pigweed

    • Amaranthus fimbriatus       Fringed Amaranth

    • Amaranthus palmerii        Pigweed



  • Aizoaceae        Carpetweed Family

    • Trianthema portulacastrum       Horse Purslane

  • Anacardiaceae        Sumac Family

    • Toxicodendron rydbergi        Poison Ivy

    • Rhus trilobata        Skunkbush



  • Apiaceae        Carrot Family

    • Bowlesia incana        Hairy Bowlesia

    • Daucus pusillus        American Wild Carrot

  • Aristolochiaceae

    • Aristolochia watsoni        Indian Root; Pipevine

  • Asclepiadaceae        Milkweed Family

    • Asclepias nyctaginifolia        Mojave Milkweed

    • Funastrum cyanchoides        Milkweed Vine



  • Asteraceae        Sunflower Family

    • Acourtia wrightii        Brownfoot

    • Adenophyllum porophylloides        San Felipe Marigold

    • Ambrosia artemesiafolia        Canyon Ragweed

    • Ambrosia confertifolia        Bur Ragweed

    • Artemisia ludoviciana        Silver Wormwood

    • Baccharis salicifolia        Seep Baccharis

    • Baccharis sarothroides        Desert Broom

    • Baccharis sergiloides      Waterweed

    • Baileya radiata        Desert Marigold

    • Bebbia juncea        Sweet Bush

    • Brickelia coulteri        Coulter's Brickell Bush

    • Centaurea melitensis        Malta Star Thistle

    • Cirsium neomexicanum        New Mexico Thistle

    • Conyza canadensis        Horseweed

    • Encelia farinosa        Brittlebush

    • Ericameria laricifolia        Turpentine Bush

    • Erigeron divergens sp.        Spreading Fleabane

    • Gutierrezia sarothrae        Broom Snakeweed

    • Heliomeris longifolia        Annual Goldeneye

    • Heterotheca subaxillaris        Camphor Weed

    • Hymenothrix wrightii       Wright's Thimbalhead

    • Isocoma acradenia       Alkali Goldenbush

    • Lactuca seriola       Prickly Lettuce

    • Machaeranthera pinnatifida       Lacy Tansy Aster

    • Microseris linearifolius       Silver Puffs

    • Porophyllum gracile       Odora

    • Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum        White Cudweed

    • Psilostrophe cooperi       Paper Flower

    • Ratibida columnaris       Mexican Hat

    • Senecio flaccidus       Sand Wash Groundsel

    • Sonchus asper        Spiny Sow Thistle

    • Stephanomeria pauciflora       Wire Lettuce

    • Thymophylla pentachaeta        Golden Dyssodia

    • Trixis californicus        Trixis

    • Xanthium strumarium       Cocklebur



  • Berberidaceae        Barberry Family

    • Mahonia haematocarpa        Red-berry Barberry

  • Betulaceae        Birch Family

    • Alnus oblongifolia        Arizona Alder

  • Bignoniaceae        Trumpet Vine Family

    • Chilopsis linearis        Desert Willow

  • Boraginaceae

    • Amsinkia intermedia        Orange Fiddleneck

    • Cryptantha nevadensis       

    • Cryptantha barbigera       

    • Cryptantha pterocarya sp.        Wingnut Cryptantha

    • Heliotropium curassavicum        Heliotrope

    • Pectocarya platycarpa        Comb Bur



  • Brassicaceae        Mustard Family

    • Arabis perennans        Perennial Rock Cress

    • Capsella bursa-pastoris        Shepherd's Purse

    • Descurainia pinnata        Tansy Mustard

    • Guillenia lasiophylla        California Mustard

    • Lepidium lasiocarpum        Peppergrass

    • Nasturtium oficinale        Watercress

    • Sisymbrium irio        London Rocket

    • Thelypodium wrightii        Wright's Thelypody

    • Thysanocarpus curvipes        Lacepod



  • Cactaceae        Cactus Family

    • Carnegiea gigantea        Saguaro Cactus

    • Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa        Buckhorn Cholla

    • Cylindropuntia bigelovii        Teddy Bear Cholla;Jumping Cholla

    • Cylidropuntia leptocaulis        Desert Christmas Cactus

    • Echinocereus engelmannii        Engelmann Hedgehog Cactus

    • Ferocactus acanthoides        Compass Barrel;California Barrel

    • Mammalaria grahamii        Graham's Pincushion Cactus

    • Opuntia phaecantha        Prickly Pear



  • Caesalpinioidae

    • Parkinsonia floridum        Blue Palo Verde

    • Parkinsonia microphyllum        Foothills Palo Verde; Yellow Palo Verde

    • Senna covesii        Desert Senna



  • Campanulaceae        Bellflower Family

  • Caprifoliaceae        Honeysuckle Family

    • Sambucus nigra        Mexican Elder

  • Caryophylaceae        Pink Family

    • Herniaria cinerea        Burstwort

  • Celastraceae        Bitter Sweet Family

    • Canotia holocantha        Canotia

  • Chenopodiaceae        Goosefoot Family

    • Atriplex canescens        Four-winged Saltbush

    • Chenopodium incanum        Mealy Goosefoot



  • Cleomaceae

    • Polanisia trachysperma        Clammy Weed

  • Convolvulaceae        Morning Glory Family

    • Cuscuta indecora        Bigseed Dodder

    • Evolvulus arizonicus        Dwarf Morning-glory

    • Ipomoea barbatisepala        Canyon Morning-glory

    • Ipomoea cristulata        Trans-Pecos Morning-glory

    • Ipomoea hederaceae        Morning Glory

  • Crassulaceae        Stonecrop Family

    • Dudleya saxosa        Rock Echeveria

  • Cucurbitaceae        Gourd Family

    • Marah gilensis        Bigroot

  • Equisetaceae        Horsetail Family

    • Equisetum hyemale        Common Scouring Rush

  • Euphorbiaceae

    • Bernardia incana        Bernardia

    • Chamaesyce indivisia       

    • Chamaesyce setiloba        Yuma Sandmat

    • Tragia nepetaefolia        Nose Burn







  • Fagaceae        Oak Family

    • Quercus turbinella        Scrub Live Oak



  • Fouquieraceae       

  • Fumariaceae

    • Corydalis aurea        Scrambled Eggs

  • Gentianaceae

    • Centaurium calycosum        Centaury

  • Geraniaceae

    • Erodium cicutarium        Red-stemmed Fillaree



  • Hydrophilaceae        Waterleaf Family

    • Eriastrum eremicum        Woolly Desertstar

    • Emmenanthe penduliflora        Whispering Bells

  • Krameriaceae

    • Krameria grayi        White Ratany

  • Juglandaceae        Walnut Family

    • Juglans major        Arizona Walnut

  • Juncaceae        Rush Family

    • Juncus torreyi        Torrey Rush

    • Juncus xiphioides        Rush



  • Lamiaceae        Mint Family

    • Salvia columbariae        Chia

    • Hyptis emoryi        Desert Lavender

    • Marrubium vulgarae        Horehound

    • Stachys coccinea        Texas Betony



  • Loasaceae

    • Mentzelia pumila        Blazing Star



  • Lythraceae        Loosestrife Family

    • Lythrum californicu        California Loosestrife

  • Malpighiaceae        Malpighia Family

    • Janusia gracilis        Janusia Vine

  • Malvaceae        Mallow Family

    • Abutilon incanum        Indian Mallow

    • Malva parviflora        Cheeseweed

    • Sphaeralcia ambigua        Desert Globe Mallow



  • Mimosaceae

    • Acacia constricta        White-thorn Acacia

    • Acacia greggii        Catclaw Acacia

    • Calliandra eriophylla        Fairy Duster

    • Mimosa aculeaticarpa biuncifera        Wait-a-minute Bush

    • Prosopis velutina        Velvet Mesquite



  • Moraceae        Fig Family

  • Nyctaginaceae        Pink Family  

    • Allionia incarnata    Trailing Four O'Clock

    • Boerhavia coccinea        Scarlet Spiderling

    • Mirabilis laevis        Bigelow's Four O'Clock



  • Oleaceae        Olive Family

    • Fraxinus pennsylvanica velutina        Velvet Ash



  • Onagraceae        Evening Primrose Family

    • Camissonia californica        California Sundrop

    • Camissonia pallida

    • Epilobium canum        Hummingbird Trumpet

    • Oenothera hookeri        Hooker's Evening Primrose

    • Oenothera primiveris        Desert Evening Primrose



  • Papaveraceae        Poppy Family

    • Argemone spp.        Prickly Poppy

    • Eschscholzia californica        California Poppy

    • Platystemon californicus        Creamcups



  • Papilionidae       Typical Bean Sub-Family

    • Amorpha fruiticosa        False Indigo

    • Lotus humistratus        Foothill Deervetch

    • Lotus rigidus        Desert Rock Pea

    • Lupinus concinnus        Bajada Lupine

    • Lupinus sparsiflorus        Lupine

    • Medicago polymorpha        Burclover

    • Melilotus alba        White Sweet Clover

    • Melilotus indicus        Yellow Sweet Clover

    • Pediomelum mephiticum        Skunktop

    • Phasiolus filiformis        Slimjim Bean

    • Trifolium mucronatum



  • Pedaliaceae        Seseme Family

    • Proboscidea althaeifolia        Devil's Claw

  • Plantaginaceae        Plantago Family

    • Plantago ovata        Indian Wheat

    • Plantago patagonica        Woolly Plantain

  • Plantanaceae

    • Platanus wrightii        Arizona Sycamore

  • Poaceae        Grass Family

    • Cynadon dactylon        Bermuda Grass

    • Avena fatua        Wild Oats

    • Bouteloua aristidoides     Needle Grama

    • Bouteloua curtipendula      Sideoats Grama

    • Bouteloua barbata     Six Weeks Grama

    • Bromus rubens        Red Brome Grass

    • Digitaria californica        Arizona Cottontop

    • Eragrostis megastachya        Stink Grass

    • Eragrostis pectinacea       Desert Lovegrass

    • Hordeum jubatum       Foxtail Barley

    • Muhlenbergia rigens       Deer Grass

    • Muhlenbergia porteri       Bush Muhly

    • Panicum capillare       Witchgrass

    • Polypogon monspeliensis        Rabbitfoot Grass





  • Polygonaceae

    • Chorizanthe brevicornu        Brittle Spine Flower

    • Eriogonum deflexum        Skeleton Weed

    • Eriogonum fasciculatum        Flat-topped Buckwheat

    • Eriogonum inflatum        Desert Trumpet

    • Eriogonum wrightii        Wright's Buckwheat

    • Polygonum lapathifolium        Curlytop Knotweed

    • Rumex crispus        Curly Dock



  • Polemoniaceae        Phlox Family

    • Gilia flavocincta        Yellowthroat Gilia

    • Gilia subulata

    • Linanthus aureus        Golden Linanthus



  • Polypodiaceae        Fern Family

    • Cheilanthes wootoni       Beaded Lip Fern

    • Notholaena standleyi             Standley Cloak Fern

    • Pellaea truncata       Cliff Brake



  • Portulaceae        Portulaca Family

    • Calandrinia ciliata        Rock Purslane

    • Portulaca retusa       

  • Primulaceae        Primrose Family

    • Anagallis arvensis        Scarlet Pimpernel

  • Ranunculaceae        Buttercup Family

    • Aquilegia chrysantha        Yellow Columbine

    • Clematis drummondii        Virgin's Bower



  • Rhamnaceae        Buck Thorn Family

    • Zizyphus obtusifolia        Graythorn

  • Rubiaceae        Coffee Family

    • Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush



  • Salicaceae

    • Populus fremontii        Fremont Cottonwood

    • Salix goodingii        Goodding's Willow

  • Sapindaceae        Soapberry Family

    • Dodonaea viscosa        Hop Bush

    • Sapindus saponaria   Western Soapberry

  • Scrophulariaceae

    • Castilleja exserta        Purple Owl's Clover

    • Castilleja minor        Lesser Indian Paintbrush

    • Keckiella antirrhinoides        Snapdragon Bush

    • Maurandella antirrhiniflora        Snapdragon Vine

    • Mimulus cardinalis        Cardinal Monkey Flower

    • Mimulus guttatus        Seep Monkey Flower

    • Mimetanthe pilosa        Downy Monkeyflower

    • Mimulus rubellus        Monkey Flower

    • Veronica anagalis-aquatica        Water Speedwell

    • Veronica peregrina



  • Simmonsiaceae        Box Family

    • Simmondsia chinensis        Jojoba

  • Solanaceae Potato Family

    • Calibrachoa parviflora        Seaside Petunia --

    • Datura metaloides        Sacred Datura

    • Lycium berlandieri        Wolfberry

    • Nicotiana obtusifolia        Desert Tobacco

    • Solanum douglasii        Nightshade

    • Solanum eleagnifolium        Silver-leaf Nighshade



  • Tamaricaceae

    • Tamarix pentandra        Tamarisk;Salt Cedar

  • Typhaceae        Cattail Family

    • Typha domingensis        Southern Cattail

  • Ulmaceae        Elm Family

    • Celtis ehrenbergiana        Desert Hackberry

    • Celtis laevigata reticulata        Netleaf Hackberry

  • Verbenaceae

    • Aloysia wrightii        Oreganillo

    • Glandularia pinnatifida        Dakota Mock Vervain

  • Viscaceae        Mistletoe Family

    • Phoradendron californicum        Desert Mistletoe

    • Phoradendron macrophyllum        Mistletoe

  • Vitaceae        Grape Family

    • Vitis arizonica        Canyon Grape

  • Zygophyllaceae        Caltrop Family

    • Larrea tridentata        Creosote Bush



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