Project Update: August 2012




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Project Update: August 2012

VASCULAR EPIPHYTES OCCURRING IN GUAMUHAYA MOUNTAINOUS MASSIF, CENTRAL CUBA. PRELIMINARY CHECKLIST

The richness of vascular epiphytes occurring in the mountain range Guamuhaya, Central Cuba, comprises 271 species (Table 1), 88 genera and 23 plant families. Most of them are holo-epiphytes (53,5%), followed by casual epiphytes (35,8%), climbers (Semi-epiphytes 5,5%) and hemi-epiphytes (4%). The endemic species are 32, most of them are orchids. Only 40% of the species have a global or local conservation status category, 24 species are considered threatened, of them 6 are Critically Endangered (CR), 4 Endangered (EN) and 8 Near Threatened (NT). The taxonomy of the 96% of the species is accurate, only 10 species needs to be revised in order to clarify taxonomy. According to these results the conservation action plan (in preparation) is directed to the management of natural habitat and in agro-ecosystems the strategy is to preserve native shadow trees in coffee plantations where epiphytes commonly occur, always involving local people. 

Table 1: Preliminary checklist of vascular epiphytes occurring in Guamuhaya mountainous massif, Central Cuba. Scientific names updated according to www.theplantlist.org, endemic species are in bold. Threatened species (T): (1) taxon populations are small (<10 000 mature individuals),(2) the taxon is distributed in small regions (presence extension < 20 000 km2), (3) taxon populations diminished in a 50% or more in the last 10 years, (4) taxon populations severed fragmented in the last 10 years or are only occurring in less than 10 localities. Near Threatened (NT): (1) if it is predicted that taxon populations could diminish in a 50% or more in the next 10 years (2) if it is predicted that taxon populations could be severed fragmented in the next 10 years. Low Concern(LC): (1) taxon populations are large (>10 000 mature individuals), (2) taxon occurs in large regions (> 20 000km2), (3) if it is not predicted the taxon populations could diminished in a 50% or more in the next 10 years (4) if it is not predicted that taxon populations could be severed fragmented in the next 10 years. Deficiente Data (DD): si no se dispone de información confiable o suficiente para evaluar de manera preliminar el taxón (González et al. 2008, 2009).



Plant Family

Scientific Name

Conservation status

Habit

Araceae

Anthurium gymnopus Griseb.

T, CR

Holo-epiphytic




Philodendron consanguineum Schott

LC

Semi-epiphytic (climber)




Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott

LC

Semi-epiphytic (climber)




Philodendron lacerum (Jack.) Schott

LC

Semi-epiphytic (climber)

Aspleniaceae

Asplenium abscissum

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium auriculatum Sw.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium auritum Sw.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium cristatum

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium cuneatum Lam.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Asplenium diplosceum Hieron.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium erosum

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium jenmanii Proctor

NT

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium juglandifolium Lam.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Asplenium monodon Liebm.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium myriophyllum (Sw.) K. Presl

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium rectangulare Maxon

T, CR

Holo-epiphytic




Asplenium rhomboidale Desv.

T, EN

Holo-epiphytic




Asplenium salicifolium L.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Asplenium serratum L.

LC

Casual epiphytic

Begoniaceae

Begonia banaoensis J. Sierra




Casual epiphytic




Begonia glabra var glabra Aubl.

T, V

Casual epiphytic

Blechnaceae

Blechnum fragile (Liebm.) C. V. Morton & Lellinger

LC

Hemi-epífita

Bromeliaceae

Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Catopsis berteroniana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Mez

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Catopsis floribunda L.B. Sm.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Catopsis nitida (Hook.) Griseb.

NT

Holo-epiphytic




Catopsis nutans (Sw.) Griseb. var nutans

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez var. lingulata

NT

Holo-epiphytic




Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez var monostachia

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Guzmania monostachia var alba Ariza-Julia

T

Holo-epiphytic




Guzmania monostachia var rosea nsp

T

Holo-epiphytic




Guzmania monostachia var variegata hort. ex Nash

T

Holo-epiphytic




Hohenbergia penduliflora (A. Rich.) Mez

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia argentea Griseb.

T

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia balbisiana Schult. f.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia bulbosa Hook.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia butzii Mez

T

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia clavispica Mez

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia deppeana Steud. var. deppeana

T

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia festucoides Brongn.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia flexuosa Sw.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia juncea (Ruiz & Pav.) Poiret

LC

Casual epiphytic




Tillandsia paucifolia Baker

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia polystachia (L.) L.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia pruinosa Sw.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Tillandsia schiedeana Steud.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia setacea Sw.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia tenuifolia L.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia tephrophylla Harms

NT

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia uncispica Mez

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia usneoides L.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia utriculata L. var utriculata

NT

Holo-epiphytic




Tillandsia variabilis Schlecht.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Vriesea ringens (Griseb) Harms

LC

casual epiphytic

Cactaceae

Rhipsalis baccifera (J. S. Muell.) Stearn subsp. baccifera

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Selenicereus boeckmannii (Otto ex Salm-Dyck) Britton & Rose

LC

Secondary Hemi-epiphytic




Selenicereus brevispinus Britton & Rose

T, EN

Secondary Hemi-epiphytic




Selenicereus grandiflorus (L.) Britton & Rose

LC

Secondary Hemi-epiphytic




Selenicereus urbanianus (Gurke & Weing.) Britton & Rose

LC

Secondary Hemi-epiphytic

Clusiaceae

Clusia minor L.

LC

Primary Hemi-epiphytic




Clusia rosea M. Jacq.

LC

Primary Hemi-epiphytic

Dryopteridaceae

Arachniodes chaerophylloides (Poir.) Proctor

LC

Casual epiphytic

Dryopteridaceae

Arachniodes chaerophylloides var sericea Christ

DD

Casual epiphytic

Dryopteridaceae

Arachniodes pubescens (L.) Proctor

DD

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum chartaceum (Baker ex Jenman) C. Chr.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum cubense (Mett. ex Kunhn) C. Chr.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum gramineum (Jenman) Urb.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum herminieri (Bory ex Fée) T. Moore

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Elaphoglossum maxonii Underw. ex C. V. Morton

DD

Holo-epiphytic




Elaphoglossum palmeri Underw. & Maxon

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Elaphoglossum procurrens (Mett. Ex D. C. Eaton) Moore

LC

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum raywaense (Jenman) Alston

LC

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum revolutum (Liebm.) T. Moore

DD

Casual epiphytic




Elaphoglossum simplex (Sw.) Schott ex J. Sm.

DD

Holo-epiphytic




Maxonia apiifolia (Sw.) C. Chr.

T, CR

Casual epiphytic




Olfersia cervina (L.) Kunze

LC

Casual epiphytic




Polybotria osmundacea Humb. & Bonpl. Ex Willd.

LC

Hemi-epífita




Rumohra adiantiformis (G. Forst.) Ching

NT

Holo-epiphytic

Grammitidaceae

Cochlidium serrulatum (Sw.) L. E. Bishop

DD

Holo-epiphytic




Lellingeria delitescens (Maxon) A. R. Sm. & R. C. Moran

DD

Holo-epiphytic




Hymenophyllum darwinii Hook. F. ex Bosch

NT, LC

Holo-epiphytic




Hymenophyllum hirsutum (L.) Sw.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Hymenophyllum polyanthos (Sw.) Sw.

LC

Holo-epiphytic




Sphaerocionium hirtellum (Sw.) C. Presl

T, CR

Holo-epiphytic




Trichomanes angustatum Carmich.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes capillaceum L.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes crispum L.

LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes holopterum Kunze

LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes hymenophylloides Bosch

LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes kapplerianum J. W. Sturm

T, LC

Casual epiphytic




Trichomanes krausii Hook. & Grev.

LC

Casual epiphytic
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